The Lost Colony Research Group

Genealogy ~ DNA ~ Archaeology

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September 2011

 

Cohabitation Records

 

With the end of slavery in 1865, new challenges emerged.  Among them were how to recognize and record the slave marriages that already existed, even though they weren't performed "as marriages" in the traditional European sense.  Relationships that functioned as and were considered marriages clearly did exist between former slaves. 

 

Each county was required to register those who were "cohabiting" that had been slaves.  In many cases, the former slave owner was also named.  In Hyde County, the former owner was listed in about half of the registrations.

 

One of the problems genealogists face is determining how people who had been enslaved obtained their names.  In emancipation records registered with the general assembly prior to the end of slavery, about half of the freed slaves in North Carolina adopted their former master's names. 

 

In Hyde County, in 1866, of the 94 couples who registered, only one person did not retain their master's surname.  In this case, they may not have had a choice in their surname.  They may simply have been registered with the surname of their former master.  In the one case where the surname was different, it matched the first name of their master, Ellis, suggesting perhaps that Ellis may have been a family name.

 

Twenty two couples had belonged to the same master, and seventy two belonged to different masters. Those couples were registered individually under their master's surnames, not under the surname of the male. 

 

In most cases, the year that cohabitation began, or the number of years it has been occurring was also recorded.  Given the legendary stories of family separation, I was surprised to see so many long-term marriages, many over 20 years.  The longest marriage had lasted for 49 years, one at 48 years, two at 47 years, one at 46 years, and so forth.  These marriages were apparently stable and relatively successful, or they at least endured and the people involved were committed enough to register their marriages, even 49 years after the fact.

 

My purpose for going through these records was to look specifically for Mattamuskeet surnames.  I really didn't expect to find any, as the Mattamuskeet families who lived on the reservation that was sold in the late 1700s were never enslaved.  None of those surnames were found.  The surnames of the newly free slaves were reflective of the slaveholding European population in Hyde County in the 1860s. 

 

To view this list, visit the Hyde County Genweb site at:  http://www.ncgenweb.us/hyde/vitals/COHABIT.HTM

 

 

Alphabetical Rent Roll of Virginia 1704/05

                             

The rent roll of Virginia from 1704 is a critically important historical document for a number of reasons.  First, and foremost, it's one of the earliest, complete, documents we have.  As you know, death and taxes are the two permanent things, and sure enough, this comes in the "taxes" category.  Everyone paid unless you were a servant on someone else's property. 

 

Relative to the Lost Colony, I don't expect any of our colonists to turn up in Virginia in 1704.  After all, that is 117 years after the colony was left on Roanoke Island.  However, that doesn't mean this list won't provide us with valuable clues.

 

We have the colonists list, the list of military colonists, and the Jamestown settler list.  Many of the families who were involved with the maritime trades or inclined to "adventure" were involved repeatedly.  There may indeed be some parallels in surnames that might help lead us to the proper families in England, a task that has for the most part evaded us.

 

Secondly, we also have the list of early Hatteras families.  We may find our colonist popping up there, but as Native people, not as English.  However, we have to research each one of the Hatteras surnames in order for the DNA testing program to be relevant.  If we can prove the families came from locations other than the island, and they don't match "Dare" as a surname, for example, then we can remove that particular paternal line as a possible colonist line. 

 

We know from other historical records that North Carolina was settled by Virginians.  Mostly, but not always, second generation Virginians.  You can see from the surnames and matches that some of these families are likely to be the same. 

 

By 1704, some Europeans were settled in North Carolina, so some folks would not be represented in this Virginia Rent Roll.  However, Hatteras Island was not settled by Europeans, at least not officially, until after the Tuscarora War in 1711. 

 

On the list below, if the surname was not found either on the Lost Colonist roster or on early Hatteras Island, it is not included.  However, if it is listed on either of these lists, then I've listed the other occurrences as well, such as the military voyages, Drake, etc.                                                      

Name                        Land held in:

 

Allen - Colonist Roster and Hatteras

 

Allen Arthur                Isle Wighte County, 1704

Allen Charles               Warwick County 1704

Allen Daniell    Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Allen Hugh                  Glocester, Abbington Parish

Allen Reynold  Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Allen Richard               James City County 1704

Allen Richard   Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Allen Robt      Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Allen Samll      Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Allen Tho                   Accomack

Allen Thomas                Isle Wighte County, 1704

Allen Wm.                   York County, 1704

Alligood Henry              Northampton County, 1704

Alligood John               Northampton County, 1704

Allin Arthur Major          Surry County, 1704

Allin Edmd                  Accomack

Allin Erasmus               Essex County, 1704

Allin Richard               Middlesex County, 1704

Allin Thomas                Elizabeth City County, 1704

Allin Thomas                King & Queen County, 1704

Allin Widd[o]               Henrico County, 1705

Allin Wm.                   Essex County, 1704

 

Archard - Colonist Roster, Archer - Jamestown

 

Archer Elizb.               York County, 1704

Archer Geo                  Henrico County, 1705

Archer Jno                  Henrico County, 1705

Archer Stephen              Nansemond County, 1704

 

Austin - Hatteras

 

Austin Danll                King & Queen County, 1704

Austin James   Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Austin Johanna              Glocester, Abbington Parish

Austin           Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Austin Rich      Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Austin Thomas               King & Queen County, 1704

 

Baile, Bailey - Colonist Roster and Drakes Voyage, Bailes - Hatteras

 

Baile Jno                   Surry County, 1704

Bailer Jno                  Essex County, 1704

Bailey Richd                Glocester, Petso Parish

Bailey Richd.               Glocester, Ware Parish

Bailey Thomas               Henrico County, 1705

Baines Thomas               Elizabeth City County, 1704

 

 

Barret, Barnett, Basnett, Basnight - Hatteras

 

Barratt Wm                  James City County 1704

Barrett Christo Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Basnett Jon                 Princess Anne County, 1704

 

Bennett - Colonist Roster and Hatteras

 

Bennett Alexander           King & Queen County, 1704

Bennett James               Surry County, 1704

Bennett Richard             Isle Wighte County, 1704

Bennett Richard             Surry County, 1704

Bennett Sawyer              King & Queen County, 1704

Bennett Wm                  King & Queen County, 1704

 

Berry - Colonist Roster (2)

 

Berrey Robert               Norfolk County, 1704

Berry Patrick               Glocester, Kingston Parish

Berry Wm. (Richmond County) Essex County, 1704

 

Berde - Colonist Roster

 

Bird Robt (Sheriff)         King & Queen County, 1704

Bird Widdo                  Essex County, 1704

Bird Wm                     King & Queen County, 1704

Bird Wm Maj Qr              King William County

Byrd Coll Esq               Prince George County, 1704

Byrd Esq[r]                 Henrico County, 1705

Byrd Wm                     Nansemond County, 1704

 

Bishop - Colonist Roster

 

Bishop Jno Jun              Prince George County, 1704

Bishop Jno Sen              Prince George County, 1704

Bishop Robt                 Charles City County, 1704

Bishop Wm                   Norfolk County, 1704

 

Black - Hatteras

 

Black Geo                   James City County 1704

 

Bridger - Colonist Roster

 

Bridger Joseph              Isle Wighte County, 1704

Bridger Samuel & Wm         Isle Wighte County, 1704

Bridger Samuell Coll        Nansemond County, 1704

Bridger Samuell             Isle Wighte County, 1704

Bridger Wm (Sheriff (?))    Isle Wighte County, 1704

 

Bright - Colonist Roster and Hatteras

 

Bright Robert Sen           Elizabeth City County, 1704

 

Brook(e) - Colonist roster, Jamestown and Hatteras

 

Brook Robt                  Essex County, 1704

Brooken Martha              Glocester, Petso Parish

Brookins Quartr             Essex County, 1704

Brooks James                Essex County, 1704

Brooks Jane (belonging to Wm Walker New Kent)      Henrico County,

Brooks Jeane                Northampton County, 1704

Brooks Jno                  Princess Anne County, 1704

Brooks Job                  Princess Anne County, 1704

Brooks Joseph               Glocester, Kingston Parish

Brooks Peter                Essex County, 1704

Brooks Richd   Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Brooks Robt                 Charles City County, 1704

Brooks Robt                 Essex County, 1704

Brooks Robt    Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Brooks Wm                   Gloucester, Kingston Parish

 

Browne - Colonist roster and Jamestown

 

Brown Andrew                Nansemond County, 1704

Brown Buskinghan            Essex County, 1704

Brown Charles               Essex County, 1704

Brown Danll Senr.           Essex County, 1704

Brown Danll. Junr           Essex County, 1704

Brown Edward                Norfolk County, 1704

Brown Francis               Essex County, 1704

Brown James                 James City County 1704

Brown Jno      Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Brown Lancelet              King & Queen County, 1704

Brown Marmaduke             Charles City County, 1704

Brown Martha                Henrico County, 1705

Brown Tho Blakes Land   King & Queen County, 1704

Brown Tho                   Northampton County, 1704

Brown Tho.                  Essex County, 1704

Brown Widdow                Norfolk County, 1704

Brown Wm                    Isle Wighte County, 1704

Brown Wm                    Norfolk County, 1704

Brown Wm.                   Essex County, 1704

Browne Abraham              King William County

Browne Doctor               Princess Anne County, 1704

Browne Edward               Surry County, 1704

Browne Geo.                 York County, 1704

Browne James                Warwick County 1704

Browne Jno                  Isle Wighte County, 1704

Browne Jno                  Surry County, 1704

Browne Joseph               King William County

Browne Wm Capt              Surry County, 1704

Browne Wm Coll              Surry County, 1704

Browne Wm                   James City County 1704

Browne Wm.                  York County, 1704

 

Burras - Hatteras and Jamestown

 

Burrough Wm                 Princess Anne County, 1704

Burroughs Benj. Mr.        Princess Anne County, 1704

Burrows Wm (Wm. Blackwell New Kent) Henrico County, 1705

Burrus John                 King William County

Burrus Thomas               King William County

 

Butler - Colonist Roster

 

Butler Elizabeth            Nansemond County, 1704

Butler James                Nansemond County, 1704

Butler Jno                  Nansemond County, 1704

Butler Jno                  Prince George County, 1704

Butler Jno.                 Essex County, 1704

Butler John                 Essex County, 1704

Butler John                 Glocester, Abbington Parish

Butler Thomas               King William County

Butler Wm                   Nansemond County, 1704

Butler Wm                   Prince George County, 1704

 

Carr - Hatteras

 

Carr Robert                 Nansemond County, 1704

Carr Thomas                 King William County

 

Casey - Hatteras

 

Casey Nicholas              Isle Wighte County, 1704

 

Chapman - Colonist Roster

 

Chapman Benjamin            Surry County, 1704

Chapman Henry           Princess Anne County, 1704

Chapman Jno.                York County, 1704

Chapman John                King & Queen County, 1704

Chapman Mary                King & Queen County, 1704

Chapman Richard             Norfolk County, 1704

 

Clark - Hatteras and Jamestown

 

Clark Daniell               Charles City County, 1704

Clark Edwd                  Charles City County, 1704

Clark Edwd                  Middlesex County, 1704

Clark James                 Glocester, Ware Parish

Clark Jno                   Surry County, 1704

Clark John                  Henrico County, 1705

Clark Joseph                Accomack

Clark Joseph                Charles City County, 1704

Clark Margarett             King William County

Clark Robert                Isle Wighte County, 1704

Clark Robert                Surry County, 1704

Clark Tho                   Accomack

Clark Wm                    Henrico County, 1705

Clark Wm                    Isle Wighte County, 1704

Clarke Jno                  Isle Wighte County, 1704

Clarke Jno                  Nansemond County, 1704

Clarke Jno                  Surry County, 1704

 

Clement - Colonist Roster

 

Cleaments Francis           Surry County, 1704

 

Colman, Coleman - Colonist roster

 

Coleman Daniell             King & Queen County, 1704

Coleman Francis             Prince George County, 1704

Coleman Jno                 Glocester, Petso Parish

Coleman Jno                 Prince George County, 1704

Coleman Joseph              Glocester, Abbington Parish

Coleman Robert              Nansemond County, 1704

Coleman Robt                Essex County, 1704

Coleman Tho                 King & Queen County, 1704

Coleman Thomas              Glocester, Abbington Parish

Coleman Wm Jun          Prince George County, 1704

 

Cooper - Colonist Roster, Jamestown

 

Cooper Cha.                 Elizabeth City County, 1704

Cooper Edward               Princess Anne County, 1704

Cooper George Sen       Elizabeth City County, 1704

Cooper George Sen        Elizabeth City County, 1704

Cooper James                Surry County, 1704

Cooper Jno                  Norfolk County, 1704

Cooper Joseph               Nansemond County, 1704

Cooper Joseph               Warwick County 1704

Cooper Philip               Glocester, Ware Parish

Cooper Richd.               Essex County, 1704

Cooper Samuell              York County, 1704

Cooper Tho                  James City County 1704

Cooper Tho.                 Essex County, 1704

Cooper Wm                   Norfolk County, 1704

Cooper Wm.                  Essex County, 1704

 

Dailey - Hatteras

 

Dalley Henry                Norfolk County, 1704

Dalley Wm                   Norfolk County, 1704

 

Davis - Hatteras

 

Davis Arthur                Surry County, 1704

Davis Christopher           Elizabeth City County, 1704

Davis Christopher           Prince George County, 1704

Davis Edward                Norfolk County, 1704

Davis Edward                Princess Anne County, 1704

Davis Edward                Warwick County 1704

Davis Edwd                  King & Queen County, 1704

Davis Elizar     Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Davis Evans                 Essex County, 1704

Davis Francis               Isle Wighte County, 1704

Davis James                 Accomack

Davis Jno (Isle of Wight)   Surry County, 1704

Davis Jno                   Isle Wighte County, 1704

Davis Jno                   King & Queen County, 1704

Davis Jno                   Northampton County, 1704

Davis John                  King William County

Davis John                  Middlesex County, 1704

Davis John     Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

Davis Lewis                 King William County

Davis Moses                 Elizabeth City County, 1704

Davis Nath.                 Surry County, 1704

Davis Nathll                King & Queen County, 1704

Davis Owen                  York County, 1704

Davis Richd                 Charles City County, 1704

Davis Richd                 King & Queen County, 1704

Davis Robert                King William County

Davis Robt                  Accomack

Davis Thomas                Charles City County, 1704

Davis Thomas                Isle Wighte County, 1704

Davis Thomas                Nansemond County, 1704

Davis Thomas                Nansemond County, 1704

Davis Thomas                Nansemond County, 1704

Davis Thomas                Norfolk County, 1704

Davis Thomas                Norfolk County, 1704

Davis Widdo                 Glocester, Kingston Parish

Davis Wm                    Elizabeth City County, 1704

Davis Wm                    King William County

Davis Wm                    Norfolk County, 1704

Davis Wm                    Prince George County, 1704

Davis Wm Sen                Norfolk County, 1704

Davis Wm                    York County, 1704

Davis Wm                    York County, 1704

 

Dimmock - Colonist roster - added per Andy Powell's research

 

Dimmock Tho                 King & Queen County, 1704

 

Dorrell - Colonist roster

 

Dorrell Sampson             Glocester, Ware Parish

Dorrell Sampson Qr          King William County

 

Duncan - Hatteras

 

Duncon David                Princess Anne County, 1704

Dunkin Thomas               Prince George County, 1704

 

Durant - Hatteras

 

Durrat Widdo                King & Queen County, 1704

 

Elks - Hatteras

 

Elkes Jno                   Princess Anne County, 1704

Elkes Robert                Nansemond County, 1704

Elkes Wm                    Nansemond County, 1704

 

Ellis - Colonist roster, Ellys - Jamestown

 

Ellis Edward                Surry County, 1704

Ellis James                 Surry County, 1704

Ellis James                 Surry County, 1704

Ellis Jere                  Surry County, 1704

Ellis Jno. Jun              Prince George County, 1704

Ellis John                  Henrico County, 1705

Ellis John                  King & Queen County, 1704

Ellis John Sen              Prince George County, 1704

Ellis Joseph                Nansemond County, 1704

Ellis Robert                Prince George County, 1704

Ellis Timothy               King & Queen County, 1704

Ellis Wm                    Norfolk County, 1704

Ellis Wm         Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

 

English - Colonist roster

 

English Mungo Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul,1704

English Thomas              Isle Wighte County, 1704

 

Etheridge - Hatteras

 

Etherdge Charles            Norfolk County, 1704

Etherdge Edward Cooper      Norfolk County, 1704

Etherdge Edward             Norfolk County, 1704

Etherdge Edward Sen         Norfolk County, 1704

Etherdge Marmaduke          Norfolk County, 1704

Etherdge Thomas B R         Norfolk County, 1704

Etherdge Thomas Cooper      Norfolk County, 1704

Etherdge Thomas Jun         Norfolk County, 1704

Etherdge Thomas Sen         Norfolk County, 1704

Etherdge Wm Jun             Norfolk County, 1704

Etherdge Wm                 Norfolk County, 1704

 

Evans - Hatteras, military colonist

 

Evans Abrah.                Surry County, 1704

Evans Abrigall              Norfolk County, 1704

Evans Antho                 Surry County, 1704

Evans Benj                  Prince George County, 1704

Evans Charles               Henrico County, 1705

Evans Jno                   Accomack

Evans Jno                   Prince George County, 1704

Evans John                  Charles City County, 1704

Evans John                  Northampton County, 1704

Evans Mary                  Prince George County, 1704

Evans Peter                 Prince George County, 1704

Evans Rice                  Essex County, 1704

Evans Tho                   Northampton County, 1704

 

Farre - Colonist roster, Farrow - Hatteras

 

Farrar Capt Wm              Henrico County, 1705

Farrar Jno                  Henrico County, 1705

Farrar Tho                  Henrico County, 1705

 

Florrie - Colonist roster, Flower and Flowers, Hatteras

 

Flowers Isaac               Essex County, 1704

Flowers Richd               Accomack

Flowers Samll               Charles City County, 1704

 

Freeman - Family of Interest - Native

 

Freeman George              James City County 1704

Freeman Henry               Middlesex County, 1704

Freeman Jno                 Norfolk County, 1704

Freeman Jno                 Prince George County, 1704

Freeman Robt                Glocester, Ware Parish

Freeman Wm  Parish of St. Peters and St. Paul, 1704

 

Fulcher - Hatteras

 

Fulsher Jno                 Norfolk County, 1704

 

Gibbs - Colonist roster and Hatteras

 

 

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