The Lost Colony Research Group

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December 2011

Hatteras Island in the 1750s

The 1750s is a very interesting time in the history for Hatteras Island.  Some records are nonexistent today, like many of the marriage records, but others are abundant, relatively speaking.  One particular set of records is particularly telling, because it tells us specifically who lives on Hatteras Island.  Currituck County covered not only all of Hatteras Island, Roanoke Island and part of the adjacent mainland. However, the Hatteras Island community was close knit and intermarried extensively.  After all, they were 30 miles, by boat, over open water, away from the mainland.  That makes courting a bit difficult. 

 

I started with Job Carr's militia list.  We know it 's from the 1750s, but not exactly when  We do know that in 1756, he was noted as Capt. Carr, so he was a militia captain by that time.  This list of men lived on Hatteras Island.  This is the list I began with.  It's quite interesting that we find many of the old Island  families on this list, but it's also interesting who is missing. 

 

The Miller family, for example, appears not to have yet migrated from the mainland to Hatteras Island.  By 1785 in Thomas Miller's will, he leaves land on Hatteras to his heirs, but in the 1750s, no Millers were yet on Hatteras.  They still lived on the mainland, as the militia lists confirm.  Hillary White, John Lorry and Jacob Caron, militia captains, lived on the mainland, not on Hatteras Island.  By 1761, Evan Miller was selling land in "Coinjock" to sons Evan and Thomas Miller.  Evan Sr. died on the mainland, and this land in Coinjock seems to be the introduction of the Miller family to the Outer Banks. In fact, it is indeed this Thomas Miller who is the progenitor of the Miller family of Hatteras Island.  The Miller oral history relates that the Miller family was Native.  Another version claims a shipwreck with the survivor marrying a Native woman on Hatteras Island before it was settled by whites.  Romantic, but the facts point elsewhere. We don't know who Thomas or Evan Miller's wives were, but we do know they weren't shipwrecked on Hatteras Island.

 

Jacob Farrow's 1754 list is equally as interesting, but included some people who did not live on Hatteras Island.  From the looks of the names, this list also seems to include Roanoke Island.  I'm positive that's where the Baum family lived, as they owned the land where the original Lost Colony Fort was located. The location of the fort was still evident and visible as late as 1778.

 

Given the 1750s militia records, I then checked the 1751, 1752 and 1755 tax and tithable records for Currituck County.  For 1751 and 1752, I added other individuals with the same surname where they existed.  For 1755, I did not add any additional people, although most were the same except for Campbell and Jones who had increased significantly. 

 

Person

1751 Tax

1752 Tax

1750s Militia - Job Carr

1750s Militia - Hillary White

1750s Militia - Other

1754 Jacob Farrow

1755 Tax

Thomas Allen

1

1

 

 

 

 

1

Cornelius Ostin

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Austin Sr.

1

2

Job Carr's

 

 

 

 

Thomas Austin Jr.

1

 

Job Carr's

 

 

 

 

John Ballance

1

1

 

 

 

 

2

Richard Barret/ Barrit

1

1

 

 

 

 

1

Willoughby Bartlit (poss Basnett)

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Joseph Barnett

 

 

 

 

John Lorry

 

1

Samuel Barnit

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

?? Baum

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Adam Baum

1

1

 

 

 

Sergeant

1

John Baum

1

1

 

 

 

X

1

Moris Baum

1

1

 

 

 

 

1

Peter Bawm

2

1

 

 

 

 

 

Edmond Beechum

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

John Bennet

3

2

 

 

 

 

 

Nehemiah Bennett

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solomon Bennett

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

John Bradley

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Henry Bright

1

 

 

 

 

X

2

John Bright

1

1

 

 

 

 

2

Samuel Bright

3

 

 

 

 

 

2

Silas Bright

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Solomon Bright

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

William Brock

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robert Brooks

1

1

 

 

 

 

1

Stephen Brooks/ Brucks

1

1

Job Carr's

 

 

X

 

William Brooks/ Brucks

1

1

Job Carr's

 

 

 

1

Elekander Brown

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

John Burgess

 

1

 

 

 

X

 

Sarah Burgess

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Solomon Burges

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Burges

5

4

 

 

 

 

4

John Burres/ Burras

 

 

 

 

 

X

1

Sarah Burrus/ Burras

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Job Carr

 

2

X

 

 

 

2

Joshua Campbell

2

1

Job Carr's

 

 

 

1

Henry Clark

1

1

Job Carr's

 

 

X

1

Alexander Curtis

 

 

Job Carr's

 

 

 

 

William Daniel

2

3

 

 

 

X

3

William Daniel Jr.

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Cornelius Davis

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

George Davis

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

Thomas Davis

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Doe

 

1

 

 

 

X (twice)

1

Sampson Doe

 

 

 

 

 

X (twice)

 

John Dowdy

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Thomas Edbine

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Robert Ewen

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Hezekiah Farrow

1

1

Job Carr's

 

 

X

1

Isaac Farrow

 

 

Job Carr's

 

 

X

1

Jacob Farrow

3

3

Job Carr's

 

 

Capt.

3

Jacob Farrow Jr.

 

 

 

 

 

X

1

John Farrow

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

John Fulks

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

William Gray

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

William Harper

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

George Howard

 

1

Job Carr's

 

 

X

1

Peter Howard

 

 

Job Carr's

 

 

 

 

William Howard

 

 

 

 

 

X

1

John Ives

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

George Gamewell

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

John Gamewell

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

James Garrot

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Jabesh/ Jabez/Jabe Gennett (Jennett)

2

2

 

 

 

X

 

James Grant

 

 

 

 

 

X (twice)

 

Edward Jillet

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Isaac Jillet

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

John Jillet

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Thomas Jillet

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Jonathan Johnson

 

 

 

 

 

X (twice)

 

Elizabeth Jones

2

2

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

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