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The Lost Colony Research Group

Genealogy ~ DNA ~ Archaeology




January 2012


All about GENUKI

By Nancy Frey


One of the most overlooked sites on the internet as a starting place for UK genealogy is GENUKI.  The acronym stands for Genealogy in the UK and Ireland.    If you're taking notes, the URL is .

GENUKI contains records for England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man.  The best way to approach GENUKI is to go to the home page, bookmark it and start clicking.

Over the years, volunteers have gathered information, transcribed records and sent them to County Co-ordinators who upload them to their GENUKI pages.

Once you have read "Guidance for First-Time Users of These Pages" and perhaps "Getting started in Genealogy", you are ready to go.

There are general interest pages, then county pages and those are further divided into parishes.  Not all parishes have a page as yet, so if you are knowledgeable about a certain parish, they are always looking for volunteers.

If you are new to UK genealogy, it might be helpful to read the GENUKI pages regarding census records – when they were taken, what the enumerators were expected to do and how the records were presented.  Knowing these facts can make your search easier as you will realize how mistakes in names can happen.

You may ask "what can I expect to find on the county or parish pages?"  It will vary from county to county and from parish to parish.  Many parish pages will have a description of the parish from an historical directory giving information as to the hundred the parish belongs to in an historical context, as well as information about the ownership of the parish, the villages and hamlets in it, and often a description of the land itself.

In case you're wondering what a "hundred" is, I should explain that when the Church of England was established by Henry VIII he continued the Norman ecclesiastical division of counties which were divided into hundreds.  There is some controversy as to what exactly constituted a hundred – whether it was the area or the number of inhabitants, but you don't need to worry about that.  All you need to remember is what hundred your parish is in when looking for records.


William Howard - Blackbeard's Quartermaster


The Howard family is a long-time Hatteras Island Family.  And Hatteras, being the neighbor to Ocracoke, share the same families. 

In an article published on an internet travel page about Blackbeard's revenge and the Outer Banks, some interesting historical information came to light.

Blackbeard, as everyone knows, was really Edward Teach.  He used his huge black beard and Methusala-like hair to frighten his victims.  Blackbeard put lighted canon wicks in his hair and beard when he was attacking other ships to make them think he was the devil himself. probably worked.

Blackbeard was brave and ruthless, shooting his own sailmaster in the knee to discourage mutiny.  While he was a savage pirate, he was also something of a local legend in then-wild Carolina.  Teach is quoted as saying that there wasn't a home in Edenton that wasn't open to him.  Whether from fear or otherwise is uncertain. 

According to Philip Howard, a 10th generation resident of Ocracoke Island and a descendant of William Howard, Blackbeard's quarter-master, William Howard was one lucky man. 

In 1718, following a series of political chess-board moves, including a royal pardon for pirating and pillaging that Blackbeard ignored, and continued with his plundering behavior, the English Navy cornered Blackbeard on November 22, 1718 at Teach's Hole.  Blackbeard fought valiantly, and it took 5 pistol and musket ball wounds plus 20 stab wounds to kill him.  His infamous devil-like head was removed from his body and was placed on the bow of the British warship on the way back into port. 

William Howard was one lucky man however.  He happened to be away in Virginia at the time, taking care of business.  Howard was subsequently arrested, pardoned, and then bought Ocracoke island from the Wocow Indian hunters for about 105 pounds.  With the feared Blackbeard gone, and the land safely in the hands of Europeans, Ocracoke Island was then settled.

This article sounded intriguing.  I had never heard of the Wocow Indian tribe, so I decided to follow up with Phillip Howard.   He attended my presentation this past spring in Avon and Dawn Taylor was kind enough to forward my inquiry to him.  Indeed, I'm glad she did, as the facts, you see, were just "slightly different" that the article said. 

Phillip was kind enough to reply and here's what he had to say:

"The information about William Howard and the Indians is not correct. Here is the condensed version: William Howard bought Ocracoke from Richard Sanderson in 1759 for 105 British Pounds. Sanderson received the island from his father (or perhaps his uncle) also named Richard Sanderson. The elder Sanderson bought the island from John Lovick. Lovick, a Welsh Quaker, was granted the island by the Lords Proprietors in 1719. They got Ocracoke from King George I. King George "stole" Ocracoke from the Native Americans. That is how I describe it on my Ghost & History Tours.


It is a bit more complicated than that. Governor Eden owned Ocracoke for a time, as did the privateer, Roger Kenyon. The details are in my book, Digging up Uncle Evans, on pages 15 & 24.  


There is no evidence that Indians had permanent settlements on Ocracoke, though artifacts (arrowheads, pipe bowls) have been found here.


The earliest European spelling for Ocracoke was Wococon, likely derived from Wocon (not Wocow), the name of the tribe most associated with Ocracoke in 1585 when John White drew his map. See Chapter two of my book for more details about that...and for alternate theories."

I've ordered his book at and I'm looking forward to my next trip to the Outer Banks.  I'd love to go on one of Phillip's historical tours.  I mean, you never know what you're going to discover. (Craft Gallery) (Ghost & History Walks)



A Little Bit about Old London


By Nancy Frey


It has been speculated that some of our Lost Colonists may have been residents of London known to John WHITE.  That led me to do some research about London at the time of the voyage, ie the late 1500’s.


Full Title: 	
Plan of Arundel and Essex Houses.
Map Maker: 	
John Thomas Smith
Taken from "Antiquities Of The City Of Westminster" by John Thomas Smith, 1807; containing "Sixty-Two Additional Plates To Smiths Antiquities Of Westminster" by John Thomas Smith, c1809.
London. Published as the Act directs, Augt 20. 1808, by John Thomas Smith, No. 31, Castle Street East, Oxford Street.
Plate Size: 	
30.3cm x 25.2cm (12" x 10" Approx)
The caption below the map reads:

Plan Of Arundel And Essex Houses.

Copied from Ogilby's & Morgan's twenty-sheet plan of London, etched by Hollar. - N.B. For the friendly loan of this rare print the publisher is indebted to Mr Samuel Woodburn, of St Martin's Lane.

London. Published as the Act directs, Augt 20. 1808, by John Thomas Smith, No. 31, Castle Street East, Oxford Street.



Before the Roman invasion in 43AD what we know as London was an important trading community on the north side of the Thames River inhabited by iron age Celts.  The city is said to have been established by Brutus, son of Aenaes of Troy and named Llandin.  In 60 or 61 AD the Romans burnt the city, killed the inhabitants, fortified it with walls and gates and named it Londinium.  On the south there was Dour Gate and Belins Gate.  On the west Ludgate, New Gate & Alders Gate.  To the north Cipple Gate, Moor Gate and Bishops Gate and to the east Eald Gate & Postern Gate.  Each of these gates was the site of a road leading out of the city and many of the district names of today’s London are derived from them.  The map above shows Roman London, AD 190.

In the 1500s London had grown to extend beyond the gates to the north and west, and south across the river.  But even today, London has an area known as ‘the city’.

Many of the important buildings were built to the west, in Westminster, formerly known as Thorney Island.  Law Courts, Financial Buildings and the homes that housed the influential men who carried on business there. 



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