Colony Research Group
Genealogy ~ DNA ~ Archaeology
most of our knowledge of the voyages to Roanoke comes from the writings of
Richard Hakluyt, I thought perhaps I should know the man a little better.
So I did a little research.
was born c. 1552 and died 23 Nov 1616. His first book was published in
1582 under the title “Divers Voyages touching the discoverie of
America and the Ilands adjacent unto the same, made first of all by
Englishmen and afterwards by the Frenchmen and Britons”. This
consisted of a collection of documents to support England‟s claim to
the prior discovery of America.
Hakluyts were of Welsh extraction, rather than Dutch as is often
suggested. They settled in Herefordshire around the 13th century
and established themselves at Yatton. A person named Hugo HAKELUTE who may
have been an ancestor or relative of Richard was elected Member of
Parliament for the Borough of Yatton in 1304 and between the 14th and 16th centuries
five individuals surnamed de HACKLUIT or HACKLUIT were Sheriffs of
Herefordshire. A man named Walter HAKELUT was knighted in the 34th year of Edward
I (1305). In 1349 Thomas HAKELUYT was chancellor of the diocese of
HAKLUYT, the second of four sons, was born in Hereford.. His father was
also named Richard and he was a member of the Worshipful Company of
Skinners who dealt in skins and furs. He died in 1557 when his son was
about five years old. His wife Margery died soon after and Richard HAKLUYT‟s
cousin, also named Richard HAKLUYT of the Middle Temple became his
guardian. Hence his move to London and the error made by many historians
that he was born there.
educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford, entering in 1570
taking a Bachelor of Arts degree 19 Feb 1574. His education was financed
by the Skinners‟ Company. He completed his Master of Arts on 27 Jun
1577 and began giving public lectures in geography.
ordreained in 1578 the same year he received a „pension‟ from the
Worshipful Company of Clothworkers to study divinity. The pension lapsed
in 1583 but William Cecil, 1st Baron
Burghley intervened to have it continued until 1586.
writings brought him to the notice of Lord Howard of Effingham and Sir
Edward Stafford, Lord Howard‟s brother-in-law. At the age of 30
HAKLUYT was selected as chaplain and secretary to accompany Stafford, now
English ambassador at the French court of Paris, in 1853. In accordance
with the instructions of Sir Francis Walsingham he occupied himself
chiefly in collecting information of the Spanish and French movements and
„making diligent inquirie of such things as might yield any light unto
our westerns discoverie in America”.
Walsingham (c.1532 – 6April 1590) was Principal Secretary to Elizabeth I
of England from 1573 until 1590, and is popularly remembered as her
"spymaster". Walsingham is frequently cited as one of the
earliest practitioners of modern intelligence methods both for espionage
and for domestic security. He oversaw operations which penetrated the
heart of Spanish military preparation, gathered intelligence from across
Europe, and disrupted a range of plots against the queen, securing the
execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.
appear that Richard HAKLUYT was one of his spies.
In the late
1590s HAKLUYT became the client and personal chaplain of Sir Robert Cecil,
of Salisbury, Lord Burghley‟s son who was to be HAKLUYT‟s most
fruitful patron. Cecil, who was the principal Secretary of State of
Elizabeth I and James I rewarded him by installing him as prebendary of
Westminster Abbey on 4 May 1602. In the following year he was elected
archdeacon of the Abbey.
was married twice, once c. 1594 and again c. 1604. The licence of his
second marriage is dated 30 Mar 1604 and he is described as one of the
chaplains of the Savoy Hospital. His Will refers to chambers occupied by
him there up to the time of his death.
a Director of The Virginia Company of London in 1589. In 1605 he secured
the prospective living of Jamestown, the intended capital of the intended
colony of Virginia. In 1606 he signed the petition to James I for Letters
Patent to colonize Virginia which were granted on 10 April 1606. When the
colony was established he supplied this benefice with its chaplain Robert
It has come
to my mind that with his vested interests in the colonization of Virginia,
his connections to Walshingham & Cecil as well as John White, perhaps
everything in HAKLUYT‟s Voyages should be taken „with a
grain of salt‟. 16th Century spin doctoring, if you
the Thirteen Colonies of North America 1497-1763 by Reginald W. Jeffery,
M.A. Brasenose College, Oxford published by Methuen & Company, London
c. 1908. Wikipedia
- From the Burlington, Vermont Free Press
Taylor found an 1843 article from the Burlington, Vermont Free Press about
Croatan. This area is not Hatteras Island, but the area of the mainland
today represented by Mann's Harbour.
what the article says:
Edenton (NC) Sentinel states that there is a small and secluded district,
called Croatan on the North Carolina costs, separated from the mainland by
the Croatan Sound, which is deemed to be without parallel.
contains 150 inhabitants, nearly all are members of the Methodist Church,
and assemble for worship every Sabbath; there are but two who drink ardent
spirits, and all, to a man, are Whigs. There is not a story or ship,
doctor, lawyer, justice of the peace, coroner, constable or any other
officer of any kind. If any difficulty occurs among them, the matter is
referred to their friends and they settle it. They live like one family
and broils as seldom occur as they do in the best regulated families.
What a blessed
What the Vermont
paper couldn't possible know is that it's likely that the 150 inhabitants,
in 1840, were probably indeed one large family!
Old Indian Mound
August 22, 1941, a very interesting article appeared in the Dare County
Journal Sentinel, a newspaper now defunct. After Hurricane Irene struck
Hatteras Island, one of the Hatteras Island Historical Society members
gave Dawn Taylor a lovely gift - a big box of old newspaper clippings.
Dawn has been kind enough to share with us. The article was a letter
written by J.H. Fulcher of Norfolk, Virginia.
may be interesting to note that it is through the carelessness of some of
the people of Cape Hatteras Banks that we are unable to preserve in the
Smithsonian Institute, Washington DC, at least one visible trace of the
first English colony that was planted on this continent. It has been
handed down by tradition from the most reliable people of Cape Hatteras
that at the place called Indiantown, which lies west of Cape Hatteras
Lighthouse on the Pamlico Sound many years ago an Indian was uncovered in
this sandhill by the wash of the sound tides and with this Indian was
found an old flint lock musket, a crown and a number of heads. It was
supposed by the people that this Indian was the chief of some Indian
tribe, and very evident that the old gun was a direct trace of the Lost
Colony. Of course, at that time, when people would only regard things for
their real useful value, the gun was considered so insignificant it was
cast aside as being unworthy of anyone's notice. Indian Town was supposed
to be the headquarters of this Indian Tribe that lived in true aboriginal
manner. This section is the widest part of Cape Hatteras Banks, being
approximately 3 miles from ocean and sound.
In the Beginning
been asked how our group of primary researchers was assembled. It is an
interesting story, but it's not at all what you would think.
the year 2000, the first genetic genealogy testing was done. Shortly
thereafter, the first surname project was established, and this very
infant industry was being hatched before our eyes. The genealogy grapevine
was vibrating with tales of this new technology for genealogists. And what
do genealogists do, they form newsgroups. Within a year or so, a newsgroup
on Rootsweb was established for DNA testing focused on genealogy. There
weren't many subscribers in the beginning. As it turns out, both Nelda
Percival, our webmaster, and I were both subscribers, but we didn't yet
know each other.
One day, I
saw a very off-topic message come through the list. I couldn't believe my
eyes. I had to read it a second time....but it said what I thought it
said. It was a request, on a DNA list, for help with how to feed an orphan
kitten. Yes, you read correctly - an orphan kitten. Nelda lives in a very
remote area of Missouri - and I do mean very remote. She gets her mail
once a week, at best, because she has to go to town, 20 miles distant, to
get it, so she had no access to either a vet, a farm supply store, or even
I had done
rescue work in Michigan for decades, so I worked with Nelda to save the
kitten, which Nelda did manage to do. Nelda and I became fast friends, and
when I had been nudged 2 or 3 separate times to start the Lost Colony DNA
project, Nelda said she would help me. Although I was an experienced DNA
surname project administrator, as was she, the Lost Colony project was
several magnitudes different - with over 100 surnames - and research
needed both in the US and in Great Britain for each one. It was
overwhelming, to say the least.
created a web page for us, began the Lost Colony Yahoo group, and did a
great number of the original postings on the Rootsweb surname lists and
boards as well as Genforum. That alone was over 400 postings, without the
county lists. This has been a daunting project. But I'm not done. Nelda
also has performed a significant amount of research - finding - from her
remote location in Missouri - a previously undiscovered document in London
about John Dare, the son of Ananias Dare, who did not travel to the new
world with his father. Not only that, but she obtained a copy of the
original document and sent it to me.
And all of
this, all 8000 pages of the website she created for us and maintains
almost daily - on a dial up modem - not even a highspeed link - from a
house that she built with her own two hands - while helping me with the
Lost Colony project. And by the way, I mean that literally, she physically
built her own house while she more or less camped on the site. So in her
camper, on her dial up line - after she pounded nails all day - she would
come inside to work on the Lost Colony project.
indeed is a profile of dedication. And this is how it all began. From
there, Nelda and I met Anne Poole and Jennifer Sheppard, and then, in
time, the rest of our researchers. But it all began with me and Nelda and
a kitten, through the magic of the internet - nearly a decade ago.
comments, most of what Bobbi has written is correct but, I live 40 miles
from town, 15 miles from the Post Office, 100 miles from my doctor/A VA
Medical Hospital. I bought a rent to own storage building that I wired,
and plumbed. I put in insulation and ceiling and walls. I built my kitchen
cabinets. I built my porch from scratch. My house is much
smaller then what most of you live in, but then I spent 13+ years in the
Army, so have lived in small places. My house 30ft x 12ft. Last month I
got Hughes net, so my internet speed is much faster. The mail is
changed to delivery to a mail box down on the paved road, half a
mile away.. I go down there twice a week. My sister lives here too
she has her house, I have mine. Our land will be paid off this summer. But, we still do not have indoor
plumbing... have to get a well dug... I ride a motor scooter when
ever the weather is good... And believe me I'm no where near the "SAINT"
Bobbi just painted...... But that is how we met! I am a non-kill animals advocate,
but not a vegetarian.
I'm also a 67 year old single female, I have 10 cats that live outside and
a female pit bull, she is in the picture . All the Pets were drop offs, abandoned.
See my blog on pets: http://hey-you-info.blogspot.com/