Colony Research Group
Genealogy ~ DNA ~ Archaeology
Their true names, their true numbers only written now in God‟s own
This document is the combined effort of
many people. The compilers, to whom we are very grateful, wish to remain
anonymous. Our many thanks for your efforts. The Tuscarora played a
pivotal role in the development of North Carolina in many ways.
Tuscarora Historical location: VA and NC -
villages were located along the Neuse and Roanoke Rivers. Estimated
population precontact - 25,000; By 1700 that population was estimated to
be roughly 5,000.
In early times the Tuscarora territory
stretched from the Atlantic shores to the Shenandoah and Appalachian
Mountains. They had as many as 24 large towns and could muster 6,000
warriors. Lawson wrote that in 1708 the Tuscarora had 15 towns and about
1,200 warriors. Perhaps a minimum estimate of the true number of their
fighting men would be 1,200 persons and 6 towns.
In the 17th and early 18th-centuries,
there were two main branches of the Tuscarora in NC and VA: a northern
group led by Chief Tom Blount/Blunt, and a southern group led by Chief
Hancock. Varying accounts circa 1708-1710 estimated the number of
Tuscarora warriors from 1200-2000. Historical estimations put their total
population at about three to four times that number.
As time went on, years of harsh treatment
were endured by the Tuscarora. These included loss and encroachments of
game and fishing lands along with broken treaties. Kidnappings, rape,
beatings, murder and Native slavery finally culminated in The Tuscarora
conflicts between Colonists and Tuscarora resulted in numerous deaths to
the general population on both sides. The final straw seemed to be
twofold; first the enslavement of Tuscarora children and secondly, the
Tuscarora Village, Chattokka, was "given" by John Lawson to
Barron DeGraffenreid for the town of New Bern. The caused the powder keg
that had been simmering to explode, beginning the Tuscarora War.
Hancock killed 120 colonists on Sept 22, 1711, took others captive, burned
houses, and seized crops and livestock in Bath County. Then white settlers
retaliated. The Tuscarora War was put into motion.....
is thought that about 3,000 Tuscarora survived the war of 1711-1713. Later
however all but about 1,000 fled their villages and forts led by Chief Tom
Total population: 7,500+. Regions with significant populations are NY, NC,
Ontario by 2008 statistics.
Chowanoc and Weapemeoc people gradually abandoned their lands. Some become
slaves, indentured servants, and others migrate south to join the
about 500 American Indians remain in the Albemarle region.
escaped slave serves as an architect in the construction of a large
Tuscarora Indian fort near the Neuse River.
Gen John Lawson, identified 15 major Tuscarora towns along the North
begin moving west and south of the Albemarle area.
becomes the first incorporated town in North Carolina.
his book, “A New Voyage to Carolina,” published in 1709, but compiled
over the prior decade, John Lawson describes the colony‟s flora and
fauna and its various groups of American Indians. Lawson also publishes a
map of Carolina.