Colony Research Group
Genealogy ~ DNA ~ Archaeology
migration from NC to NY is finally concluded. By then, approx. 20
"Old families" remained on the Indian Woods, NC.
were 400 Tuscaroras living on the 6,249 acre NY Tuscarora Reservation.
Also about 400 Tuscaroras living among the Six Nations of Grand River,
Ontario. Today the Six Nations territory covers about 44,000 acres in
Tuscarora Township in the County of Brant.
Reservation, Lewiston ,NY population was 1,138 at the 2000 census.
Nations of Grand River, Brantford, Ontario, Canada. Members now stand at
approx. 20,000 with at least half of the tribal members living within the
community. Six Nations now has a land base of about 45,000 acres.
Tribe of Southern US, eastern NC/SC border lands. These are bands, groups,
and organizations without federal recognition, but with continuous
ancestry dating back prior to the Tuscarora War and European Contact:
Nation of the Carolinas, Maxton, NC and McColl, SC
Band Tuscarora Indian Tribe, Windsor, NC
Tuscarora, Cape Fear, NC
Katenuaka Nation at Robeson Co, NC'
Katenuaka,Tosneoc Village, Elm City, NC
Indian Populations in NC Past and Present
1,200 warriors and 15 towns
- 1761: 300
105 on the Roanoke, Neuse, Tar and Pamlico Rivers in N.C
Lumbee (descendants of the Tuscarora) 56,000 in Robeson, Hoke, Scotland
and Cumberland Counties
migrated steadily to N.Y. and other northern states from 1713 (end of
Tuscarora War) to 1802 (closing of Bertie County reservation). With a
substantial number of descendants remaining in the Carolinas and merged
with various eastern NC/SC tribes
1,000 in 1,600; 510 in 1715. Traditionally found in Northwest SC, western
NC, central NC, central SC. Some may have merged with Catawba and Saponi.
Descendants among many of today's state-recognized tribes, including
Haliwa-Saponi, Sappony, Lumbee, and Occaneechi-Saponi.
700 warriors in 1584–1585;1,500 in 1600; 240 in 1713; 20 families in
1731; 5 in Chowan River, north central N.C. The tribe is thought extinct,
but members of Meherrin tribe trace ancestry to Chowanoc.
1,000 with the Neusiok in 1600; 75 in 1709 Neuse River in N.C. Thought
extinct. Some may have merged with Tuscarora following the Tuscarora War.
500 in 1600 near current High Point, N.C., Albemarle Sound in NC, Pee Dee
River in SC. Merged with Catawba and possibly Robeson Co. Indians.
700 in 1600;180 in 1669; 7–8 warriors in 1755; 20 warriors in 1761.
Found on the Meherrin River along NC - VA border. Following the Tuscarora
War, many Meherrin moved to the Tuscarora reservation in Bertie County.
When the reservation closed in 1802, some moved to N.Y. Descendants of
those who remained live in Northampton County and surrounding counties.
Present day Meherrin claim Iroquois, both Tuscarora and Algonquin
ancestry. NC population in 2000: Meherrin 800 in Hertford, Bertie, Gates
Counties, NC .
or Notowega: 1,500 in 1600; 300 in 1715; 47 in 1825; 300 in Va. in 1827.
Found in western NC. Some may have merged with the Meherrin or Tuscarora.
610 in 1715. Found on the Waccamaw River in NC and the Lower Pee Dee River
in SC. Some may have moved to Lumber River and Green Swamp areas of N.C.,
with descendants among the Tuscarora, Lumbee and Waccamaw-Siouan.
Population in 2000 was Waccamaw-Siouan 2,000 in Columbus, Bladen Counties,
Genealogy, "Tuscarora Indian Tribe History", 2011
Teresa and John Herr, et al. "American Indian Population in NC,
and Present," NC Museum of History, 2011.
George L., Research and Traditions of the Tuscarora of the Carolinas, SC,
Wayne E., "Indians in Maryland, an Overview", Maryland Online
Encyclopedia, 2004-2005, accessed 22 Mar 2010
David , "History of the Six Nations," NY 1828
Elizabeth, "Natives & Newcomers: The Way We Lived in North
Carolina Before 1770, " UNC Press, 1983.
F.W. "Tuscarora", Handbook of American Indians, Washington, DC:
Smithsonian Institution, 1906, Access Geneaology, 2009
Elias, "Native Tuscarora: Legends, Traditions and Laws of the
Iroquois, or Six Nations, and History of the Tuscarora Indians," 1881
F.Roy, "The Tuscaroras, Vol. 2: Death of a Nation", Murfreesboro
NC. Reprinted Coastal Carolina Indian Center, Emerald Isle, NC, 2010.
Elaine, “The Ones that Stayed Behind: Tuscarora Ancestors of the
Carolinas,” Generations, Sierra Home, Horseshoe, NC 2006.
Isabel, "Joseph Brant 1743-1780 Man of Two Worlds," Syracuse
University Press, NY, 1984.
Marilyn, Southern Band Tuscarora Tribe, "Onkwehonweh-the first
people-Tuscarora", Windsor , NC, 2011.
World Encyclopedia, Editors and Contributors, "Tuscarora
(tribe).", World Wide Web, Oct, 2008
Allred, editor, et al, "1700's Timeline," Allred Family
Newsletter, Allred Family Organization,1989-2011.
Douglas L., ”The American Indian in North Carolina," Duke
University Press, 1947, Durham, NC, Reprinted: John F. Blair Publisher,
Winston-Salem, NC: 1957 and 1988. Reprinted: Carolina Algonkian Project,
Nations Writers, "Our Community: The Six Nations of the Grand
River," Ohsweken, ON, 2011
Sheila, Working World New Media/GoodMinds.com, "The Great Peace...The
Gathering of Good Minds", 1997
Bruce ed., "Handbook of American Indians;" Volume 15, 1978, pp.
Estes with Baylus Brooks
some time, I've wondered what part Valentine Wallace had to play on early
Hatteras Island. He is mentioned in conjunction with a 1740 land sale, as
Co deed  DB3, p. 24: 2 Apr 1740, 1 Apr 1740, 22 Aug 1740; Jacob
Farrow to Charles Squires, Indian of Arromuskeet in Currituck,
consideration of 100 pounds, 200 acres on Hatteras Banks, beg. at the
north side of Cutting Sedge Marsh, by a house that Valentine Wallis built,
the sound side, Callises Dreen, Sea Side; wit: Cornelius Jones, Thos.
Dudley; signed: Jacob Farrow.
second connection to Hatteras is found in December of 1748 when Habakkuk
Russell sells to Valentine Wallis Jr. 180 acres in Carteret County.
(Carteret County Deeds)
not much of a hint, but since Wallace is mentioned in conjunction with a
land sale to Charles Squires, an Indian, what, if anything, does Valentine
Wallace have to do with Native people? Why was he on Hatteras anyway? Who
is he related to?
Brooks stumbled across this information while researching something else.
The Wallace family, it appears, made their way to Hatteras from upper
Currituck County, taking the same route and following the same pattern as
the Midgett (Midyett), the Whedbee family and the Blounts.
it sounds like Valentine might be living on land with the Native people in
a small shack, the truth of the matter is that he was a wealthy man. Many
of the early Hatteras residents had economic interests there, whaling and
rendering the oil of both whales and porpoises. It appears the Wallace
family indeed followed suit. We also know that historically, in Nantucket,
the Algonquian natives there participated extensively in the whaling
industry. They may well have done so on Hatteras as well. In fact, some of
the sea captains were one and the same, in both locations, such as the
Pinkham family who was involved with the Native Elks family on Hatteras
Island, so it's quite likely that the pattern was the same.
Wallace Jr. died and his estate was probated in 1784 in Pasquotank County.
His father, Valentine Wallace Sr. had died in about 1747 in Carteret
County. We can tell by this transcription (thanks Baylus) that Valentine
Jr. was indeed a wealthy man for that time period, so he certainly wasn't
living in a shack in an Indian town. Although, the 1740 transaction says
Valentine Wallace built the house, not that he lived there. Th reference
to "Callises Dreen" is probably "Wallis' Drain" just
mis-transcribed. It was right beside his house on the Buxton end of
Hatteras. Job Carr lived in the same house which he sold to Hezekiah
Farrow in 1764. But back to Valentine Wallace's estate:
Inventory of all the Goods and Chattles belonging to the Estate of
Vallentine Wallis Deceased ? follows Viz ............
Twelve Beds & Chairs
Sundry Earthen Wares [Slact?]
Two Looking Glasses
five [Posts?] Iron
Two Griddles Iron
Two Tea [Shettles?]
four Cases With Bottles
One Emty Do five Eight Bedstead
four Woolen Wheels
four Linnen Do Two Loombs
Two frying Panns & four fire Tongs
6 five pewter Dishes & 8 pewter Plates
Eleven Bosons pewter 4
One pewter Perring
Two cass pott Tramels
One Casse mills
One Grid Iron
Hammers Sundry Blacksmiths Tooles
Sundry Coopers Tooles
Shoe Makers Tooles
Two Plows & harrow
One [Ox?] Chain
4 axes & Chipping [hatthe?]
Sundry Wooden Ware
6 Harnes Waring of Hors --
1 Cloths Bench
Two Int. Stands
Sundry Chunk Bottles
Two metal Seves
Pott & Pott Hooks
Sundry Old Barrels
6 Barrels Tar
Roberta Estes 2012 Page 25
4 Bridles old
5 Lanecits Two Raizors
2 ? money Scales
3 pair of Steelyards
78 head of Neet Cattle
three Candle Sticks
Sundry Knives & forks and pewter Spoon
Sundry old Bolts
Sundry Waring apperal
Sundry old Books.
11 Crown Peices
29 Round Dollars
4 h? Joes
Guinies 1 ?? 28 of a Soc ---
Sundry Notes to the amount L25, 5 ---
28 [pines?] 2/4 in small ? peices of Silver
this list, Valentine Wallis would appear to be a Blacksmith and/or a
Cooper by trade. He also had shoemaker's equipment. Maybe he was none of
the above and employed all of the above. The looking glasses might
indicate a familiarity with the sea as well, as in spyglasses, or they
could have been mirrors for his lady-love. He had a large home and was
most certainly well-off. Aside from his business, he had a great deal of
stock in cattle, horses, and hogs. The “Scales” meant that he was
familiar with his trade and conducted a lot of business.
is a huge number and the most I've ever seen in any personal inventory
from this timeframe. Remember that many people didn't sleep in beds, and
those who did thought nothing of sharing a bed with several other people,
even in the inns of the time. But, all of this and only 3 candlesticks?
following estate sale states the he was deceased and the sale was held on
April 7, 1784. The items in the sale match those in the inventory. Sales
to Asa Wallis, Sarah Wallis, Abigail Wallis, Widow (Ann Elliot) Wallis,
William Eageston/Eagerton, David Russell, Armisted Hassel, William Marston?,
William Dennis, Henery Boone, Henery Garmon, Thomas Wise, Habicock
Russell, Isaac Eastlick/Eastwick, Ross Bruce/Breen, Williby Capps,
Jonathan Reigs?, Owen Owens, John Osteen, William Heath
William Dennis Shff.