Colony Research Group
Genealogy ~ DNA ~ Archaeology
Moseley Map of 1733
turned out, Valentine and William owned property together on Hatteras
Island, as evidenced in this 1734 deed that also mentions John Boyd (Boyd
again?) as the purchaser of their 570 acres of Hatteras property:
Well, they purchased this 570 acres on
Hatteras Island near where Dr, David S, Phelps excavated the
“workshop” where natives and Europeans worked side by side since the
late 1600s. Here, Valentine built a house and first entered the Currituck
County records as an afterthought. As
a merchant, he probably was interested in the products produced there.
That house would later fall into the hands of Job Carr, who
investigated the Thomas Robb Jr.-Elks Indian dispute of 1756 that
initiated the unusual 1759 “William Elks and the Rest of the Hatteras
Indians” land patent that literally began the hunt that I have been on
for the past two years! Wallis’
house was then sold to Hezekiah Farrow and has since been lost beneath the
sands (what I wouldn’t give to dig that house up!).
But at least we know about where to find it now.
And at least we now know about how it got there and, because of the
search, we have learned a great deal about the connections that Pasquotank
Quakers had to Hatteras and through the thinly veiled records of North
Carolina. We are teasing the
facts from these sources and I have no doubt that, one day, we will know
certainty is that
the early commerce of Hatteras Island merchants and mariners, its many
maritime uses for porpoise oil and, ironically, trees (don’t see many
now, do you?), affected its development and especially that of its native
inhabitants. John Gray
Blount’s enterprises from 1785-1820 did more to shape
Hatteras Island today than any other influence.
He had a hand in building the famed Cape Hatteras Lighthouse.
Yet, the Blounts, Wallises, Davises, and other Quaker families have
had a long-time interest in the island and its resources, even since the
late 1600s. Did you know that
Valentine Wallis’ mother (the “Ann Grey” from earlier) is reputed to
be Ann Blount? Wow!
There’s more to come…
by the way, Valentine’s wife was Ann Elliot.
I told you it keeps growing!
Col. Thomas Boyd, the Hatteras Indians, and more Quakers!
County deed records (Book A: 40) tell of an “authentick Bill of Sale”
by a member of the governor’s council, Thomas Boyd and his wife,
Winifred, written on January 20, 1713, for acreage with plantation house
“escheated” or lapsed from Thomas Jones and lying between the lands of
John Ferme/Hume and Anthony Markham for the price of one “Negro boy”
valued at £30. Boyd issued
this bill of sale to Ashby Evans through his attorney, “Eliz. Evans.”
Blank spaces left for the amount of acreage to be filled in were
left unmarked, yet the deed was registered as it was.
That’s because Thomas Boyd, by the time of registration for the
deed, was presumed dead. Anglican
minister Giles Rainsford wrote to John Chamberlaine from “Chowan in
North Carolina” July 25th 1712:
presume you are no stranger to the Indian War which has some time since
begun and continues in the barbarous Massacres of so Many English
Inhabitants Most families of Pamlico hourly feeling the effects of their
Cruelty nor truly can the Govr promise himself one hours safety being
continually alarmed by the Tuskarora Spies in his own Quarters Col1 Boyde
was the other day sent out with a party against the Indians but was
unfortunately shot through the head and few of his men came home but what
shared in his fate and fell sacrifices to the same common misfortune— (NCCR,
reputedly been killed by the enemy Indians (most of them Tuscarora), while
many of his men were captured. Some
of those men were probably Hatteras Indians.
At least, that’s what Rainsford reported.
Rainsford’s report was premature for Thomas Boyd was alive and
well to meet the Hatteras upon their escape and return.
report has been made to this board that ye Hatteress Indyans have lately
made their Escape from ye Enemy Indyans and are now at Coll Boyds house…
is ordered By this Board that the afsd Coll Boyd Doe supply the Said
Indyans wth Corne for their Subsistance untill they can returne to their
owne habitations againe and lay his Accot thereof before ye next Assbly fforasmuch
as there is like to be a great Want of Corne in this Governmt for ye
Supply of our fforces agt ye Indyan Enemy… (NCCR, 2: 129-30)
colonial records confirm Boyd’s “resurrection” and continued
presence at council meetings. Reports
to officials in London from a wilderness province like early North
Carolina were often plagued with mistakes or misreports.
Obviously a skirmish occurred that resulted in the Hatteras’
capture. Somehow, Boyd made it safely home and the Hatteras Indians
found him there. After
collecting their corn, the Hatteras could make their way back to their
home of Hatteras Island, some 80 miles by water.
Settlers in Pasquotank
County had long been familiar with the Hatteras Indians.
While no direct references are extant, men of names like Scarboro,
Quidley, Whidby, Davis, and about a dozen others who once lived in
Pasquotank became permanent residents of Hatteras Island.
Others, like Valentine Wallis and his brother William stayed on
Hatteras long enough to make a little money before they headed for
Carteret County, not far away.
Hatteras Island had been
used by the earliest North Carolinians, as well as mariners from much of
maritime America, since first arriving in the future state.
Many mariners crash-landed upon Hatteras and early Virginians
probably knew about the Indians who lived there.
They may even have spoken with them.
No records remain of such an encounter before Capt. Thomas
Bilton’s accidental visit in 1707, when he spoke to “Virginians,” not
Indians, on shore. Still, we
learned of their European-Indian cooperative business enterprise in 1997-8
when Dr. David S. Phelps, along with student archaeologists from East
Carolina University, excavated a “workshop” upon the Buxton end of the
island. Phelps dated his find
to a range of 1650-1720. This
date may be a bit early, but not by much.