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The Lost Colony Research Group

Genealogy ~ DNA ~ Archaeology

Newsletter

July  2012


 

Bideford 1641 Protestations

 Andy Powell/Roberta Estes

 

I never know what is going to show up in my mailbox.  It's always my lucky day when something totally unexpected and wonderful appears.  Recently, it was the Bideford Protestations.  If you're like me, the very next question is "what's that?"  Great question. I had to figure it out too.

The list of protestations is found on this Devon historical website.

 

http://www.devonheritage.org/Places/Bideford/BidefordProtestationReturn.htm

 

I am including their list, and have modified it to show which of these names are Lost Colonist surnames, bolded and in red.  As you know, we're actively hunting the Lost Colonist families, and we feel many of them are in Devon and likely, right in the area surrounding Bideford since that is where Sir Richard Grenville was headquartered.

 

Andy Powell sent me this list which was taken in 1641, only 54 years after the Roanoke voyage.  If the Lost Colonist families were living in Bideford in 1587, they were still probably there 60 years, or two generations, later.  He also noted that the town's population about that time was approximately 2500 people.  Using the old family rule of thumb for 5 members for every male head of household, that produces about 500 lhouseholds.  Counting the families below, we show 639 households with 393 different surnames, counting every spelling as a different surname. Of course, some of these were the same, but counting them separately removes judgement calls.  Of these, there are 33 different surnames that are similar to the colonist's surnames, or about 8% of the total surnames. A total of 73 families carry these surnames, for a total of 11%. Surely, one would think, if 10% of the town's families lost someone in the Roanoke adventure, there would be some record of this someplace!

 

I wonder how many of these families are still living in the vicinity today.

 

 

 

BIDEFORD - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular. Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers)

who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish

Bideford belonged to the Hundred of Shebbear

The original spelling has been preserved

Bartholomew Ackeland

William Galseworthy

Daniel Pearde

Humphrey Ackeland Philip Gannion George Pearse
Nicholas Addam Robert Garland Tobias Peckarde
John Addams John Gealarde, Gent John Peckarde
Ellis Adgintin John Geffery, Gent John Packarde
Abel Akkyn Peter George John Peckarde
James Allen Walter German Richard Peckarde
James Allen William Gibbows William Peckarde
Richard Allen George Gilberte Evans Peeke
Jenkin Alowen James Gill Walter Peeke
John Alowen John Gist Edward Penphrase
Thomas Alsehorne Edward Gist James Perdon
Henry Amery Nathaniel Gliddon  Thomas Perryman
Ambrose Anderton Jonathan Glover John Perryn
Daniel Anderton John Glover Anthony Phillips
Ambrose Andrewe Abraham Glowen John Phutts
Goerge Andrewe Baldwin Glyver Matthew Pugesly
Hunphrey Andrewe Richard Gofe John Pyckarde
Thomas Andrewe Michael Goodman Richard Pymcombe
Nicholas Arnoll John Gorringe John Pyne - (RJE Payne?)
Thomas Arnoll John Gourye John Randell
William Arnoll Richard  Greade Henry Raven
John Arscott, Esq. William Greening William Rayner
Peter Atkyns Jasper Greeninge William Reade
Edward Atwill Richard Greenith Richard Reate
Phillip Ayshe Simon Gregory Abraham Recorde
Richard Babbacombe John Griffith Marke Reede
William Bagglehole Philip Grify William Reive
Christopher Baker John Grudgeworthy Hugh Rendle
Walter Baker William Gylberte Richard Resether
John Bale William Halliford Walter Rewe
John Bale John Halse Robert Reymer
Stephen Bellemy William Halse David Rice
John Ballenn Thomas Hammett Jenkin Rice
Able Banberry Andrewn Haniver William Rice
William Banberry William Hankeridge John Rich
Thomas Barnard Maetin Hannaforde William Rich
Thomas Barnefilde George Harris David Richards
Robert Barrett Jenkin Harris John Richards
Edward Bartlett Robert Harris John Richards
James Bartlett Robert Harris William Richards
Brate Bawdon -  (RJE-Borden?) George Harry Nicholas Ridler
John Bawdon John Harvey James Risdon, Gent
John Bawdon Emmanuel Harvy John Risdon
Philip Bawdon John Harvy Anthony Roadle
Richard Bawdon Lewis Harvy John Robbinson
Jihn Beaforde William Harteforde John Robbyns
Emmanuel Beale Hugh Hawkeridge Michael Robbyns
John Beale Simon Hawkeridge Nicholas Rooke
Philip Beale Thomas Hawkes David Rowe
Thomas Beale Abraham Hayman David Rowe
Andrew Beare Edward Hayman John Rowe
Humphrey Beare John Haynes Luke Rowe
Roger Beare John Hearde - Alderman William Rowe
John Beate Nicholas Hearde Thomas Rowse
John Benson David Heath John Rudd
Anthony Berill John Heath John Salterne
Henry Berry sen Nicholas Health John Salterne
Henry Berry jun. Hugh Heddon William Salterne
Richard Berry Nicholas Heddon William Sam
Edward Berryman Nicholas Heddon John Sawnders
George Berryman Thomas Heddon John Sawnders
William Beth Bartholomew Helliar John Sawnders sen.
Ethelred Binnard Rosamer Bennole John Sawnders Jun.
John Bishoppe Robert Hill Richard Sawnders
Nicholas Bishoppe Walter Hockaday William Scam
Thomas Bishoppe John Hocking John Scott
Thomas Bishoppe Thomas Hockinge Richard Scott
John Blackemore Martin Holeman Anthony Seller
William Blackewell Richard Holeman Thomas Shebber
Edward Blake Thomas Holland Richard Sheere
Philip Blake William Hollider Michael Shepherde
Edward Blewe Edward Hooper Robert Sherbrooke
Robert Boole Matthew Hooper

John Sherman -Alderman

Diggory Bowden

(RJE - Borden?)
Richard Hooper Richard Sherman
Robert Bowden William Hooper George Shorte - Gent
John Braforde William Hooper John Shorte
John Bragge Robert Hopeland Philip Shorte
Richard Bragge Walter Hopkin Silvester Shorte
Edward Brasey William Horwoode Daniel Shurte
Diggory Braunton David Howarde Nicholas Siwaders
Diggory Braunton William Howarde Daniel Slade
Joseph Bright Nicholas Howe Esakeus Slooman
John Browne John Howell Anthony Smale
William Browne Nicholas Howell John Smale
John Browninge William Huckmore John Smale jun.
George Burden Thomas Humbles William Smith

 

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