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Reed-Hatteras Island Group

 

Genealogy Report

Information from Paul Heinegg's site:

http://www.freeafricanamericans.com 

extracted by: Jen

 

REED FAMILY

1.    William1 Reed, born about 1673, was a mixed-race child born to a white servant woman in the Charles City County, Virginia household of Robert Jones. Jones bequeathed him a cow and a gun and his freedom from his indenture at the age of twenty-one years. Jones' executors refused to comply with his wishes, so William sued them in Charles City County court. On 3 September 1694 the court ruled in William's favor [Orders 1687-95, 522]. He was a taxable in James Ellis' household in the lower precinct of Southwarke Parish in Surry County from 1699 to 1703: called "Wm Read a Malatta" in 1699 [Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, vol.24, 2:77, 84; 3:68, 73; DW 5:289]. In May 1708 he began a suit against William Edwards in Surry County court for which he was awarded 1,285 pounds of tobacco on 21 September 1715 [Haun, Surry Court Records, VI:102; VII:89]. He may have been identical to the William Read who was living with his wife Mary Read in Brunswick County in 1729 when they sold 100 acres on the north side of the Nottoway River and both sides of Sappony Creek [Surry DW&c 8:22]. They may have been the parents of

2        i. Elizabeth, born say 1713.

3        ii. Ann, born say 1724.

4        iii. John, born say 1738.

5        iv. Jane, born say 1740

 

2.    Elizabeth Reed, born say 1713, was fined 6 pounds on 3 May 1735 by the vestry of Chowan County, North Carolina, for having two "Molatto bastards" [Fouts, Vestry Minutes of St. Paul's Parish, 51]. Perhaps her descendants were

6        i. Rachel, born say 1735.

7        ii. Jemima, born say 1745.

iii. Shadrack1, born say 1750, head of a South Orangeburg District, South Carolina household of 7 "other free" and 3 slaves in 1790 [SC:99]. He received a little over 7 pounds on 9 January 1785 for supplying beef to the state commissary [South Carolina Archives, Accounts Audited for Revolutionary War Service, AA 6307].

iv. Willis, born say 1755, head of a South Orangeburg District household of one "other free" in 1790 [SC:99], paid a little over 35 pounds for militia duty as a horseman from 15 April 1781 to 15 February 1782 [South Carolina Archives, Accounts Audited for Revolutionary War Service, AA 6309].

v. Sarah, born say 1757, married Peter Gordon on 14 January 1778 in St. Philip's Parish, South Carolina.

vi. Hardy1, head of a South Orangeburg District, South Carolina household of 7 "other free" in 1790 [SC:99].

vii. Charity, head of a South Orangeburg District, South Carolina household of 2 "other free" in 1790 [SC:99] and 3 in 1800 [SC:53].

viii. Cloe, head of a South Orangeburg District, South Carolina household of 3 "other free" in 1790 and 3 in 1800 [SC:53].

ix. Sarah, head of a Barnwell District, South Carolina household of 2 "other free" in 1800 [SC:58].

x. William2, head of a Chesterfield County, South Carolina household of 9 "other free" in 1800 [SC:106].

 

3.    Ann Reed, born say 1724, was the servant of James Ridley in Southampton County, Virginia, on 10 January 1752 when the court ordered the churchwardens to bind out her unnamed "Mulatto" child to her master. On 9 April 1752 the churchwardens sued her for debt, and on 18 November that year the court ordered the churchwardens to bind out her "Mulatto" son Isaac and her daughter Winney, "a poor child" [Orders 1749-54, 195, 201, 219; 1754-9, 27]. Her children were

8        i. Isaac, born about 1740.

9        ii. Ann2, born say 1748.

iii. Winney, born say 1750.

iv. ?Dempsey, born say 1758, listed in the Revolutionary War accounts, hired as a substitute by Nathaniel Harris in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina [Crow, Black Experience in Revolutionary North Carolina, 101]. On 3 June 1779 he purchased 200 acres in Warren County on Buffalo Branch for 200 pounds and sold 75 acres of this land to his neighbor, Joshua Capps, on 25 __ 1784 [DB 7:406; 8:203]. The October 1784 session of the Warren County court allowed him 30 pounds for building the bridge across Fishing Creek, and the April 1786 court ordered Warren Williams, base born child of Sarah Williams, bound to him as an apprentice cooper [Minutes 1783-87, 62, 67, 127]. He was taxable in Warren County from 1782 to 1791, taxable on 2 polls and 80 acres in 1787 [Tax List 1781-1801, 32, 57, 85, 95, 126, 150, 171, 211], head of a Warren County household of 8 "other free" in 1790 [NC:78], 13 in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, in 1800 [NC:534], and 12 "free colored" in Cabarrus County in 1820 [NC:160].

v. ?Frederick, born say 1765, head of a Franklin County, North Carolina household of 4 "other free" in 1790 [NC:60]. He married Toppin Johnson, 25 December 1815 Franklin County bond, James Ferrell bondsman.

 

4.    John Read, born say 1738, was living in Southampton County on 9 September 1762 when he and John Brooks were sued for a debt of 9 pounds, 17 shillings [Orders 1759-63, 239]. He was taxable on a horse and 4 cattle in St. Luke's Parish, Southampton County, from 1782 to 1789 and taxable on 4 horses in 1790 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-92, frames 508, 524, 597, 645, 668, 717, 767]. His 23 August 1790 Southampton County will was proved 10 December the same year. He left a cow to his daughter Patience Sweat and left 120 acres of land and the remainder of his estate to his wife Sarah. After her death the land was to go to his son Cordall and the estate was to be divided among his children Tabitha Byrd, Priscilla Byrd, Patience Sweat, Mason Read, Salley Read and Cordall Read. Cordall Francis and Hardy Hunt were witnesses [WB 4:395]. Sarah was the daughter of James Brooks who mentioned his daughter Sarah Read in his 21 May 1798 Southampton County will, recorded 21 May 1798, James Sweat executor [WB 5:58]. Sarah Read was taxable on 4 horses in Southampton County in 1791, 2 in 1792, taxable on John Brooks' tithe in 1793, on Cordall Read's tithe in 1795, on 2 horses from 1794 to 1804, called a "Mulatto" from 1802 to 1806, taxable on a free male tithable and 3 horses in 1806 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-92, frames 823, 882; 1792-1806, frames 61, 88, 169, 277, 327, 389, 423, 527, 565, 634, 702, 851]. She was head of a Southampton County household of 5 "other free" in 1810 [VA:88]. Their children were

i. Patience, born say 1768, "daughter of John and Sarah," married James Sweat, 3 March 1790 Southampton County bond, David Reed surety.

ii. Cordall, born before 1776, married Delilah Kersey, 19 November 1798 Southampton County bond, James Sweat surety. He was taxable in St. Luke's Parish, Southampton County, in Sarah Read's household in 1795, charged with his own tax from 1799 to 1813, called a "Mulatto" in 1802 and thereafter, listed with wife Delila in 1812 and 1813 [Personal Property Tax List 1792-1806, frames 390, 416, 565, 634, 702, 818, 851; 1807-21, frames 56, 77, 175, 200, 298, 324]. He was head of a Southampton County household of 7 "other free" in 1810 [VA:88] and a Northampton County, North Carolina household of 9 "free colored" in 1820 [NC:258].

iii. Tabitha Byrd, born say 1772, married Godfrey Scott, 16 November 1795 Southampton County bond, Cordall Reed surety, 22 November marriage. Godfrey was a witness to the 9 January 1800 Northampton County will of Philip Byrd [WB 2:363].

iv. Priscilla Byrd, perhaps identical to Priscilla Reed whose children Edward, Vine, and James were ordered bound by the churchwardens of Sussex County to Henry Brown on 15 January 1778 [Orders 1777-82, 32].

v. Mason, born say 1775, "daughter of Sary Read," married Claxton Roberts, 29 January 1793 Southampton County bond, James Sweat surety.

vi. Sally.

 

5.    Jane Reed, born say 1740, was living in Southampton County, Virginia, on 13 December 1759 when the court ordered the churchwardens to bind out her "mullatoe" child Clement [Orders 1759-63, 11]. She was the mother of

i. ?Raymond, born say 1758, a "mullatto" child (no parent named) bound out by the Southampton County court for twenty-one years on 11 May 1758 [Orders 1754-9, 434].

ii. Clement, born say 1759, married Amy Malone, 17 November 1796 Brunswick County, Virginia bond. The Malone family were counted as "Free Negroes" in Brunswick County [Wynne, Register of Free Negroes].

 

6.    Rachel Reed, born say 1735, may have been one of the illegitimate children born to Elizabeth Reed in Chowan County before 3 May 1735 when she was presented by the churchwardens of St. Paul's Parish. Rachel was living in Chowan County on 5 January 1758 when she was presented by the churchwardens of St. Paul's Parish for having several base born children. In April 1763 the Chowan County court bound her "Mulatto" children Jacob and Reuben to James Bond, but on motion of her attorney Samuel Johnston on 23 June 1769 the court ordered Bond to show cause why the children should not be moved from their apprenticeship [Minutes 1761-3, 131; 1766-72, 472-3]. Rachel was a "mixt Blood" taxable in Hertford County on one person in 1768 and 1769 and on two persons in 1770 [Fouts, Tax Receipt Book, 50]. She was head of a Gates County household of 2 "other free" in 1790 (abstracted as Rude but appears to be Reede in the microfilm copy of the original) [NC:24; National Archives film M7, p. 329] and 5 "free colored" in Edenton, Chowan County, in 1820 [NC:130]. Her children were

i. Jacob1, born about 1755, eight years old in April 1763 when the Chowan County court bound him to James Bond until the age of twenty-one. He served in the Revolutionary War and died before 23 May 1792 when the Gates County court appointed (his mother) Rachel Reid, administratrix of his estate. On 4 August 1792 in Gates County she gave her son Benjamin power of attorney to settle the balance of his army wages from 20 November 1778 to June 1779 [NCGSJ XV:103].

ii. Benjamin, born about 1758, enlisted with Colonel Murfree for the term of the war. He made a declaration in Gates County court to obtain a pension on 19 November 1821, saying he had a stiff arm from a wound, and he had a sixty-two-year-old wife named Treasey [M805, reel 680, frame 89]. He was head of a Gates County household of 3 "other free" in 1790 (abstracted as Rude but appears to be Reede in the microfilm copy of the original) [NC:22; National Archives film M7, p. 323], 3 in 1810 [NC:842], and 3 "free colored" in 1820 [NC:154].

iii. Shadrack2, born say 1760, head of a Hertford County household of 6 "other free" in 1790 [NC:26], 3 in 1810 [NC:98], and 3 "free colored" in 1820 [NC:192]. He and his brother Jeremiah were two of the "Sundry persons of Colour of Hertford County" who petitioned the General Assembly in 1822 to repeal the act which declared slaves to be competent witnesses against free African Americans [NCGSJ XI:252].

iv. Reuben, born about 1760, three years old in April 1763 when he was bound by the Chowan County court to James Bond until the age of twenty-one to be a cordwainer [Minutes 1761-3, 131].

v. Jeremiah, born say 1770, head of a Hertford County household of 7 "other free" in 1800 (called Jeremiah Scotch Reed) and 9 "free colored" in 1820 [NC:186].

 

7.    Jemima Reed, born say 1745, a "free Mullatoe," was taxable in Hertford County, North Carolina, from 1768 to 1770 [Fouts, Tax Receipt Book, 25]. She was living in adjoining Gates County in November 1785 when the court bound her eighteen-year-old, illegitimate son Abraham as an apprentice cooper to John Duke, Jr. [Fouts, Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions 1779-86, 97]. Her son was

i. Abraham, born about 1767, head of a Gates County household of one "other free" in 1790 (abstracted as Rude) [NC:22]. He married Charlotte Bird/ Byrd, 27 February 1786 Southampton County bond.

 

8.    Isaac Reed, born about 1740, the son of Ann Reed, a "Mulatto," was ordered bound out by the Southampton County court on 14 December 1752 [Orders 1749-54, 285]. He was taxable in Chowan County in John Lewis' list in 1756. He was taxed as a "Negro man" with a "Negro" woman in an untitled 1766 Chowan tax list, and in 1768 and 1769 he and his wife Margaret were taxables in Timothy Walton's list for Chowan County [CR 24.701.2]. His land on the east side of Bennett's Creek was mentioned in an 8 June 1799 Gates County deed [DB 4:345 by Taylor, Abstracts of Deed Books A-5, 188]. The Gates County court appointed him administrator of the estate of Jacob Reid on 22 May 1792 [Fouts, Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions 1787-93, 110]. As administrator of the estate he appointed Samuel Smith attorney to settle the Continental Army Accounts of (his son?) Jacob Reid, Jr., from 10 December 1778 to 10 April 1779. On 5 June 1792 Captain Arthur Gatling testified in Northampton County, North Carolina court that Jacob was a soldier in a company of new levies on the Continental Establishment which he marched from Hertford to South Carolina from November 1778 to March 1779, and Jacob died in the service in South Carolina [NCGSJ XV:102]. Isaac was head of a Gates County household of 4 "other free," one white woman, and one white male over sixteen years of age in 1790 (abstracted as Rude by appears to be Reede in the microfilm copy of the original) [NC:23; National Archives film M7, p.334]. His children may have been

i. Jacob2, Jr., born about 1760, died in Revolutionary War service.

ii. Hardy2, born say 1762, married Tabitha Reed, 20 January 1784 Gates County bond, William Gwinn bondsman. He was head of a Gates County household of 8 "other free" in 1790 (abstracted as Rude but appears to be Reede in the microfilm copy of the original) [NC:23; National Archives film M7, p. 329]. On 22 May 1792 the Gates County court granted him administration on the estate of (his brother?) James Reid, deceased.

iii. James, born say 1763, died before 22 May 1792 when (his brother?) Hardy Reid was granted administration on his Gates County estate [Fouts, Minutes of County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions 1787-93, 110].

10      iv. Micajah, born say 1765.

v. Henderson, born before 1776, head of a Gates County household of one "free colored" in 1820 [NC:155].

vi. Lettis, head of a Gates County household of 7 "free colored" in 1820 [NC:155].

vii. Sarah, married Dempsey Turner of Pasquotank County, 19 May 1801 Gates County bond. He was head of a Pasquotank County household of 4 "other free" in 1790 [NC:29].

 

9.    Ann2 Reed, born say 1748, was living in Southampton County on 14 February 1782 when the court ordered the churchwardens to bind out her "poor children" David and Jeremiah Reed. Jeremiah was ordered bound out again by the overseers of the poor on 11 September 1789 [Orders 1778-84, 183; Minutes 1786-90]. She was taxable in St. Luke's Parish, Southampton County, in 1787, taxable on David Reed's tithe and a horse in 1789 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-92, frames 645, 718]. She may have been the "Anne Read a free Mulato" who was required by the Halifax County, North Carolina court on 28 August 1799 to post bond of 200 pounds during her stay in North Carolina [Minutes 1799-1802, 54]. She was the mother of

i. David, born say 1767, taxable on a horse in St. Luke's Parish, Southampton County in 1788 and 1790, taxable in John Robertson's household in 1793 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-92, frames 669, 718, 768; 1792-1806, frame 61]. He was head of a Chatham County, North Carolina household of 11 "other free" in 1810 [NC:193].

ii. Jeremiah, born say 1772, taxable in St. Luke's Parish, Southampton County, from 1793 to 1799 [Personal Property Tax List 1792-1806, frames 61, 89, 169, 278, 328, 390].

iii. ?Artis, taxable in St. Luke's Parish, Southampton County, in Isham Newsum's household in 1795 [Personal Property Tax List 1792-1806, frame 167].

iv. ?Balaam, born about 1781, a poor child living in Sussex County on 15 June 1786 when the court ordered the overseers of the poor on the southside of the Nottoway River in district 3 to bind him to William Brown [Orders 1786-91, 31]. He registered in Sussex County on 10 June 1806: black complexion, 5 feet 5-1/2 inches high, age 25, free born [Register of Free Negroes, 1800-50, no. 50].

v. ?Jacob, a "free Negro" listed in Southampton County with his wife Charity on Sophia Powell's land in 1813 and 1814 [Personal Property Tax List 1807-21, frames 324, 424].

vi. ?Stephen, taxable in St. Luke's Parish, Southampton County in Simon Pope's household in 1794, charged with his own tax in 1802, a "Mulatto" in 1804 [Personal Property Tax List 1792-1806, frames 87, 565, 703].

 

10.    Micajah Reed, born say 1765, purchased 25 acres in Gates County on Collage Branch on 17 November 1796 and sold this land on 15 August 1807 [DB 4:127; 7:50]. He was head of a Gates County household of 4 "other free" in 1790 [NC:24], 8 in 1800 [NC:277], 10 in 1810 [NC:853], and 11 "free colored" in 1820 [NC:155]. In August 1817 he proved to the Gates County court that he was the lawful heir of Nathaniel Hall, who died in Revolutionary War service. Nathaniel may have been the father of Nathaniel Hall, a "Molatto Boy," born about 1786, bound an apprentice cooper in Gates County in May 1806 [Fouts, Minutes of Gates County, IV:1001; III:499]. One of Micajah's children may have been

i. James, born say 1787, married Sealy Robbins, 25 October 1808 Gates County bond, James Lassiter bondsman. He was head of a Gates County household of 3 "other free" in 1810 [NC:837].

 

Nansemond County

Members of the Read family in Nansemond County were

i. Elisha1, Sr., born say 1760, a "Free Negro" taxable in Nansemond County in 1815 [Yantis, Supplement to the 1810 Census of Virginia, S-14].

ii. Amos, born about 1758, a seventy-five-year-old "free man of Colour by birth" who applied for a pension in Nansemond County on 13 May 1833 for his service in the Revolution [M805-678, frame 0166].

iii. Ameriah, born about 1762, about seventy-two years old on 13 January 1834 when he applied for a pension for his service in the Revolution. He stated that he enlisted in 1778 and had always lived in Nansemond County [M805-678, frame 0154].

iv. Abram, born about 1764, a "free man of Colour by birth" who had always lived in Nansemond County and was about seventy-nine years old on 13 May 1833 when he applied for a pension for his service in the militia digging embankments at Portsmouth during the Revolution [M805-678, frame 0148].

v. Harrison, a "Free Negro" taxable on one head of cattle in Nansemond County in 1815.

vi. Jonathan, a "Free Negro" taxable in Nansemond County in 1815.

vii. Elisha2, Jr., a "Free Negro" taxable in Nansemond County in 1815.

viii.Jacob3, a "Free Negro" taxable in Nansemond County in 1815 [Yantis, Supplement to the 1810 Census of Virginia, S-14], perhaps the Jacob Reed (born about 1780) who was counted in the 1850 census for Hertford County, North Carolina, with Margaret Reed (born about 1785), both listed as "Black" [NC:666].

 

Endnotes:

1.    Abram Read was called "Abram of Read" in his pension application, indicating that he was the emancipated slave of a member of the Read family, despite the fact that he was called "a free man of Colour by birth" in the same sentence. The early nineteenth-century Nansemond County tax and census records listed all free persons of color this way regardless of their origins.

 

Eastern Shore of Virginia

1.    Rebecca Read, born say 1745, was taxable in the Northampton County household of Nathan Drighouse (Driggers) in the List of John Marshall in 1765 [L.P. 1765]. She may have been the ancestor of

i. Isaac, born about 1760, a "Mulatto" taxable in Northampton County from 1791 to 1794 [PPTL 1782-1823, frames 126, 183]. He registered as a free Negro in Northampton County on 11 June 1794. Tamer Stevens sued him for slander in a case that was agreed to at his costs in Northampton County court on 13 June 1794 [Orders 1789-95, 354, 363]. He registered in Accomack County: Isaac alias Isaac Read, a light Black inclining to yellow...Born Free [Register of Free Negroes, no. 115].

ii. Reubin, sued in Northampton County by Peter Toyer on 9 July 1788, called a "free Negro" on 11 May 1792 when he was charged with plotting and conspiring to rebel and murder the white inhabitants of the county. The court sent him for trial at the next district court held in Accomack County [Minutes 1789-95, 157, 212]. He was security for the 3 January 1793 Northampton County marriage bond of Zerobabel Weeks and Nancy Beavans and the 23 January 1794 Northampton County marriage bond of Nathan Driggers and Elizabeth Bingham. He was taxable in Northampton County from 1786 to 1792: taxable on a slave in 1789 [PPTL, 1782-1823, frames 54, 103, 147].

iii. Rachel, head of an Accomack County household of 4 "other free" and 5 slaves in 1810 [VA:53].

iv. Betty, born before 1776, head of a Northampton County household of 10 "free colored" in 1820 [VA:216A].

 

 

 

 

end of file

 


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