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Drake  Surname  Research File 

Reason for surname research ?any findings about this surname

Drake, Bernard (Sir), Part of the squadron to Newfoundland 1586, ordered there by the Queen to seize Spaniards and warn English fishermen not to take their catches to Spain. Sir Bernard Drake met Lion and maybe Dorothy off Newfoundland, perhaps by prearrangement.
Write up extracted from: ROANOKE VOYAGES  

Sir Francis Drake, Born: ABT 1540, Buckland Abbey, Devon, England; Died: 28 Jan 1596/7, aboard DEFIANCE off Porto Bello. Know as the Queen's Pirate.

In 1572 Drake was equipped with 2 ships and 73 sailors by his cousin Hawkins and associates. Queen Elizabeth commissioned Drake as a privateer to sail for America. In 25 days Drake crossed the Atlantic and found himself in the Caribbean Sea. After an unsuccessful attack on the Spanish port Nombre de Dios (Nicaragua), Drake started to make new plans on plundering a Spanish caravan transporting gold. From the beginning, the entire escapade seemed to be another loss for Drake.

However, inspite of many set backs, the voyage brought Drake success and fame. Bringing his plunder to Queen Elizabeth, he was selected to be the head of an expedition that was to sail around the world. Drake was flattered with this appointment and made new more extravagant and hazardous plans. Drake established fame for his bravery and courage, he wasn't well liked by his contemporaries. He was, however, liked by Queen Elizabeth and she placed him in command of a fleet of ships with which he inflicted a great deal of damage on the Spanish Empire. 

Records for 1581 and 1582 show that Drake was investing and speculating heavily in real estate, and that he was hobnobbing with those for whom it was second nature. Sir Arthur Bassett of Umberleigh, Devon, a West Country Puritan and associate of the Earl of Bedford and Richard Grenville, was one of them. 

In 1586 came Drake's plan to create havoc on several Spanish held ports in South America and the Caribbean. As usual court and peerage were well represented. The Earls of Rutland, Shrewsbury and Bedford, seem to have invested money in the venture, and Shrewsbury supplied the bark Talbot. Leicester contributed the Galleon Leicester, commanded by his brother-in-law, Francis Knollys, and the tiny Speedwell. Some of the main investors were connected with the navy. Sir William Winter provided the Sea Dragon; the Lord Admiral, Charles, Lord Howard of Effingham, the White Lion, captained by James Erisey, a West Country man; and the Hawkins brothers, the Bark Bond (Capt. Robert Crosse), the Hope, the Bark Hawkins (Capt. William Hawkins the younger), probably the Galliot Duck (Richard Hawkins), and possibly also the Bark Bonner, whose captain, George Fortescue, had been one of Drake's circumnavigators.

Among the families Drake may have met through the Champernownes none was more prestigious than the Blounts, who were connected by the marriage of Catherine Blount, sister of the 5th Lord Mountjoy, to John Champernowne. Catherine Champernowne, John's sister, was the mother of Sir Walter Raleigh and of the Gilberts. Catherine and John were the nephews of Kate Ashley, Queen Elizabeth's faithfull servant. In 1592 the 7th Lord Mountjoy leased to Sir Francis Drake fishing rights on the Tavy, and his younger brother, Charles Mountjoy, was a volunteer aboard Drake's Revenge during the Armada campaign. Lord Arundel, who married Lady Mountjoy's niece, also willed Drake a ring. 


Drake, Thomas Captain - ship Thomas, owned by Sir Francis Drake (his brother)
Brother of Sir Francis Drake, inherited some of his brother's estate. He was Admiral Captain Drake. 

He was the youngest and sole survivor of Sir Francises' eleven brothers. Served in the voyage around the world. Absent with his brother as the Captain of the Thomas Drake. He commanded the ship Thomas on Francis Drake's West Indies raid. Some items from Book Title :Papers Relating to the Navy During the Spanish War, 1585-1587 By Julian Stafford Corbett - 1898  


Bernard Drake, his history: John Drake married Amy, daughter of Roger Grenville, His wife was a descendant in the 8th generation of Edward 1, King of England, by the marriage of the latter's daughter to Humphrey de Bohun. John Drake of Ashe died in October 1558, and his wife in 1578. They are commemorated by one of the three groups of sculpture on the large Drake monument in Musbury church. Of their six sons only three survived them Bernard, Robert and Richard

BERNARD DRAKE who is interesting on his own account and also because of his acquaintance with Admiral Sir Francis Drake. He was the son of John Drake of Ashe who died in 1558, and succeeded him in the estate there. He was one of Queen Elizabeth's Naval Commanders, and she knighted him at Greenwich in January 1585, for his services' against the Spaniards in an action off Newfoundland. It is evident that he knew Sir Francis Drake well because in 1585 he borrowed 600 pound from him, giving him a mortgage upon Ashe. The deeds were lodged with a Sir Richard Martyn. A year later Sir Bernard Drake died. In 1596 his son John repaid the principal, but put forward a claim to have the outstanding interest remitted on account of an agreement said to have been made with his father by the Admiral to "forgive the interest if he (Sir Francis) made a saving voyage". (He was about to embark In the "Elizabeth Bonaventure" for an attack on Spanish possessions In the New World.) This claim was repudiated by the Admiral's brother and heir, Thomas Drake, who refused to allow the return of the deeds of Ashe until he was paid the Interest due. He won his case; and the resulting ill-feeling between the two families may account for a spiteful story told by a distant connection of the Drake family [a] to the effect that when Sir Francis Drake was knighted he wished to adopt the arms borne by the Drakes of Ashe, a red winged dragon on a silver ground, and that Sir Bernard refused his permission. Therefore a special coat of arms was designed for the Admiral, including a ship "in the rigging whereof Is hung up by the heels a wivern gules" i.e., in heraldic language a red winged dragon, In derision. The same story says that Sir Bernard boxed Sir Francis Drake's ears and "that within the verge of the Court".

Information above gathered by Nelda Percival



From Roberta Estes:


After working with the names of these early colonists for several years I've begun to imagine what some of them looked like. There are portraits or engravings of Raleigh, Drake, Cavendish, Grenville, and perhaps a few of the others who are fairly well known. I also discovered that portraits of Edward Gorges and David Williams exist and that a portrait at Trinity College, Oxford, may be of Thomas Hariot.


Next in alphabetical order comes Sir Francis Drake. He, too, is well known and is still one of England's greatest heroes. His home is now a museum and his famous drum, on display there, is said to be heard at any time when England is in danger. The famous bowl with which he is said to have been playing on the Hoe at Plymouth when the Spanish Armada approached is also there. Incidentally, his home, Buckland Abbey near Plymouth, had earlier belonged to the Grenville family and it is believed to have been the birthplace of Sir Richard.



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