The Civil War information was contributed
Ed Grooms . Thanks Ed!
During the Civil War men from Oregon County
marched off to fight for the Confederate States
of America on three separate occasions.
In July, 1861 the Second Infantry
Regiment of McBride's Seventh Division, Missouri
State Guard was formed. Oregon County men made
up Companies A, D, F, and G. On August 10, 1861
they fight at the BATTLE
OF WILSON'S CREEK near Springfield, Missouri
and are victorious.
In early 1862 the Missouri State
Guard is disbanded and regular Confederate Army
units are formed. During February and March
of 1862 Oregon County men are mustered into
companies D and I of the Fourth Missouri Infantry.
The Fourth Missouri is sent to Mississippi where
they engage in the BATTLE
OF CORNITH, on October 3 & 4, 1862.
The valiant Oregon County men suffer heavy losses
to disease and battle causalities and finally
surrender with 30,000 other Confederates at
OF VICKSBURG, on July 4, 1863.
In the late winter and spring
of 1864 MAJOR MATTHEW G. NORMAN began organizing
another regiment of troops. These men would
join Northern Arkansas men led by Lt. Colonel
James H. Tracy to form FRISTOE'S
REGIMENT, MISSOURI CAVALRY. Colonel Edward
T. Fristoe of Rappahannoch, Virginia would lead
his command on the ill-fated MISSOURI
INVASION of General Sterling Price in the
fall of 1864.
Other units that Oregon County
men joined were FREEMAN'S
REGIMENT, MISSOURI CAVALRY, and the Fifteenth
Missouri Cavalry Regiment from neighboring Ripley
Only a handful of Oregon County
men joined the Union Army. The county suffered
greatly during the war from raids of Union troops
as well as the atrocities of bushwhackers.