History of St. Clair County, MO, 1883, pp. 835, 1029:
Monegaw Springs, Chalk Level Township
Monegaw Springs - These famous springs take their name from the equally famous Indian chief, "Monegaw," who was for many years the moving spirit of the Osage tribe of Indians, as well as their chief ... Lindsay and Charles Applegate were the first to settle at or by these springs, and they put up a cabin there in 1833 or early 1834. They had put up also a little water mill, the first in the county, but small. In 1835 James Anderson bought the Applegates claim and lived there for several years. The Andersons came from Virginia.