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The Furr family has a long history of service to its country. From Fighting Henry Furr in the Revolutionary War to Sergeant William Frazier Furr, killed in World War II, the Furrs have responded to the call to arms to defend their country. This history of the 19th Mississippi Regiment is dedicated to my great­grandfather, William Meek Furr, who together with many of his kinfolk from both Mississippi and North Carolina volunteered to serve in the military forces of the Confederate States of America. While their reasons for serving varied widely, each endured the horrors of war and in some cases made the ultimate sacrifice. I have been able to document 47 direct descendants of Heinrich Furrer who served in the Civil War and seven who lost their lives. There were probably more.

Like many Mississippi Civil War regiments, the 19th Mississippi does not have a published history. In fact, it is not even mentioned in some histories of Mississippi regiments such as John C. Rietti's Military Annals of Mississippi. I have been able to find very few primary source documents related to the 19th Mississippi. In preparing this manuscript, I relied heavily on The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, known as the O.R., which includes many original reports by the brigade and regimental commanders of the 19th Mississippi. I also relied on Confederate unit and soldier service records compiled and maintained by the National Archives. While these records include specific records for the 19th Mississippi and for Private William Meek Furr, the information available is unfortunately very limited. My best primary source was the diary of Private James J. Kirkpatrick. Although not a member of the 19th Mississippi (he was a member of the 16th Mississippi), Private Kirkpatrick's observations and insights are particularly relevant. For most of the war, the 16th and 19th Mississippi belonged to the same brigade and, therefore, shared similar experiences.

I hope the readers of this manuscript find its contents entertaining and informative. I will continue my search for information about the 19th Mississippi Regiment, particularly diaries, letters, or other original source documents. I would appreciate any help in this endeavor.

William Frazier Furr
75 Oldfield Circle
Montgomery, AL 36117

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FLAG OF THE SOUTH In Memory of the Men Who Wore the Grey Flag of the sunny Southland, Within your bonny folds Are all the love, the hope, the dreams That the human heart e'er holds. The love of sweetheart, wife, and home, Of honor, truth, and right; Love of our sovereign right to live As God gave us the might. Hope of the finest bravest men That e'er unsheathed a sword; Knightly, true as steel were they - Men who sacred kept their word. Dreams of our homeland unfulfilled, Bathed in the tears we shed - Flag of sacrifice - symbol and shield Of our immortal dead.
Anabel F. Thomason* [*Crute, Joseph H. Jr., Emblems of Southern Valor: The Battle Flags of the Confederacy. Louisville, KY: Harmony House, 1990, p. 1. The flags were adapted from a lithograph entitled, The Five Banners of the Confederacy, by Sam McCausland.]

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