American History and Genealogy Project

Civil War


Excerpts about Mississippi

A Diary from Dixie

Edited by Isabella D. Martin, Myrta Lockett Avary

Google Books

Page 16 1Mrs. Chesnut's father was Stephen Decatur Miller, who was born in South Carolina in 1787, and died in Mississippi in 1838. He was elected to Congress in 1816, as an Anti-Calhoun Democrat, and from 1828 to 1830 was Governor of South Carolina. He favorted Nullificatio, and in 1830 was elected United States Senator from South Carolina, but resigned three years afterward in consequence of ill health. In 1835 he removed to Mississippi and engaged in cotton growing. [This was a footnote.]

Page 70 1 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, a native of Georgia and of Huguenot descent, who got his classical names from his father: his father got them from an uncle who claimed the privilege of bestowing upon his nephew the full name of his favorite hero. When the war began, Mr. Lamar had lived for some years in Mississippi, where he had become successful as a lawyer and had been elected to Congress. He entered the Confederate ARmy as the Colonel of a Mississippi regiment. He served in Congress after the war and was elected to the United States Senate in 1877. In 1885 he became SEcretary of the Interior , and in 1888, a justice of the United States Supreme Court. [This was a footnote.]

Page 321 Grant Before Richmond August 19th.--Began my regular attendance on the Wayside Hospital. To-day we gave wounded men, as they stopped for an hour at the station, thier breakfast. Those who are able to come to the table do so. The badly owunded remain in wards prepared for them, where their wounds are dressed by nurses and surgeons, and we take bread and butter, beef, ham, and hot coffee to them. One man had hair as long as a woman's, the result of a vow, he said. He had pledged himself not to cut his hair until peach was decleared and our Southern country free. Four made this vow together. All were dead but himself. One was killed in Missouri, one in Virginia, and he left one at Kennesaw Mountain. This poor creature had had one arm taken off at the socket. When I remarked that he was utterly disabled and ought not to remain in the army, he answered quietly, "I am of the First Texas. If old Hood can go with one foot, I can go with one arm, eh?" How they quarreled and wrangled among themselves--Alabama and Mississippi, all were loud for Joe Johnston, save and except the long-haired, one-armed hero, who cried at the top of his voice: "Oh! if we had had a leader, such as Stonewall, this war would have been over long ago! What we want is a leader!" shouted a cripple.

Page 163 Hampton Girls on Slavery "...Hampton estate has fifteen hundred negroes on Lake Washington, Mississippi. Hampton girls talking in the language of James's novels: "Neither Wade nor Preston - that splendid boy! - would lay a lance in rest - or couch it, which is the right phrase for fighting, to preserve slavery. They hate it as we do." "What are they fighting for?" "Southern rights - whatever that is. And they do not want to be understrappers forever to the Yankees. They talk well enough about it, but I forget what they say. " Johnny Chesnut says: "No use to give a reason - a fellow could not stay away from the fight - not well. " It takes four negroes to wait on Johnny satisfactorily.

Page 179 Cornith Evacuated "...Now, the Mississippi is virtually open to the Yankees. Beauregard has evacuated Cornith." [footnote: 1 Cornith was besieged by the Federals, under General Halleck, in May , 1862, and was evacuated by the Confederates under Beauregard on May 29th."

Page 168 "Before the war shut him in, General Preston sent to the lakes for his salmon, to Mississippi for his venison, to the mountain s for his mutton and grouse. It was good enough, the best dish at all these houses, what the Spanish call "the hearty welcome."

Page 146 "Went to see sweet and saintly Mrs. Bartow. She read us a letter from Mississippi - no so bad: "more men there than the enemy suspected, and torpedoes to blow up the wretches when they came." Next to see Mrs. Izard. She had with her a relative just from the North. This lady had asked Seward for passpports, and he told her to "hold on a while: the road to South Carolina will soon be open to all, open and safe." Today Mrs. Arthur Hayne heard from her daughter that Richmond is to be given up. Mrs. Buell is her daughter."

Page 186 "June 14th. 1862 --- All things are against us. Memphis gone. Mississippi fleet annihilated, and we hear it all as stolidly apathetic as if it were a story of the English war aginst China which happened a year or so ago."

Page 376 "...April 5, 1865 ..He [General Hood] had been offered a command in Western Virginia, but as General Lee was concerned because he and Joe Hohnston were not on cordial terms, and as the fatigue of the mountain comapaign would be too great for him, he would like the chance of going across the Mississippi. Texas was true to him, and would be his home, asi it had voted him a ranch somewhere out there. They say General Lee is utterly despndent, and has no plan if Richmond goes, as go it must."

Page 299 "General Grant is charmed with Sherman's successful movements; says he has destroyed milions upon millions of our property in Mississippi."

Page 291 "1 General Polk, commanding about 24,000 men scattered throughout Mississippi and Alabama, found it impossible to check the advance of Sherman at the head of some 40,000, and moved rom Meridian south to protect Mobile. Feb. 16, 1864, Sherman took posession of Meridian. [This was a footnote]

Page 159 "..April 27th, 1862... New Orleans gone and with it the Confederacy. That Mississippi ruins us if lost. The Confederacy has been done to death by the politicians. What wonder we are lost."

Page 101 "1Mrs. Davis was born in Natchz, Mississippi, and educated in Philadelphia. She was married to Mr. Davis in 1845. In recent years her home has been in New York City, where she still resides (Dec. 1904). [This was a footnote.]

Page 219 "A man came in, stood up, and read from a paper, "The surrender of Vicksburg." I felt as if I had been struck a hard blow on the top of my head, and my heart took one of its queer turns. " [Footnote in the text above: "Vicksburg surrendered onJuly 4, 1863. Since the close of 1862, it had again and again been assulted by Grant and Sherman. It was commanded by Johnston and Pemberton, Pemberton being in command at the time of the surrender. John C. Pemberton was anative of Philadelphia, a graduate of West Point, and had served in the Mexican War."

Source: A Diary from Dixie, Google Books

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