During the winter of 1862 and spring of 1863, General Grant conducted a series of amphibious operations aimed at taking the city of Vicksburg. Vicksburg was of strategic importance, being situated on a steep bluff standing guard over a bend in the Mississippi River. The city was protected from the Union forces by artillery batteries along the river and an intricate maze of bayous, swamps and creeks to the south and north. So far during the war, Vicksburg had stood fast against the Union Army.

     The goal of Grant's amphibious operations, also known as The Bayou Expeditions, was to open up Vicksburg to the Union troops via the bayous, swamps and creeks, recently swollen by the spring rains. One of these expeditions was known as the Steele's Bayou Expedition. This failed expedition encompassed an area north of Vicksburg including Deer Creek, Steele's Bayou and other creeks and extended into a large portion of Issaquena County. The following reports included detailed first-hand information about this expedition. Many old Issaquena County landmarks, plantations and names are mentioned in the reports.
 
 


Locations

Bunch's Bend
Deer Creek Road
Dr. Chaney's House
Eagle Bend
Fall's Landing
Fore's Plantation
Good Intent Plantation
Greenville
Gwin Plantation
Gwin's Farm
Hardee's Plantation
Haynes' Bluff
Haynes' Landing
Hill's Plantation
Indian Mound
Island 93
Kelsaw Plantation
Montauk Mounds
Moore's Plantation
Omega Plantation
Paxton's Plantation
Port Hudson
Reality Plantation
Snyder's Bluff
Tallulah
Tallulah Bridge
Vicksburg
Warrenton
Watson's Mills
Watson's Plantation
Wilson's Plantation
Wright's Farm
Yazoo City
Young's Point

Bodies of Water

Big Black
Black Bayou
Bogue Phaliah

Bodies of Water

Cypress Bayou
Deer Creek
Greasy Bayou
Little Sunflower
Muddy Bayou
New Deer Creek
Rolling Fork Creek
Rolling Fork Cutoff
Silver Creek
Steele's Bayou
Sunflower River
Yazoo River

Boats

Arcadia - Confederate Steamer
Black Hawk - Flag Ship
Carondelet - Gunboat
Champion - Transport Steamer
Cincinnati - Gunboat
David Tatum - Transport Steamer
Diligent - Transport Steamer
Eagle - Transport Steamer
Emma Bett - Confederate Steamer
Fanny Bulitt - Transport Steamer
Fanny Odgen - Steamer
Fern - Tug
Grope - Mortar
Linden - Gunboat
Louisville - Gunboat
Minnehaha - Transport Steamer
Mound City - Gunboat
Pittsburg - Gunboat
Price
Sharp - Confederate Transport
Silver Moon- Transport Steamer
Silver Wave - Transport Steamer
Sunny South - Transport Steamer
Swallow - Steamer
Wave

March 14-27, 1863 - The Steele's Bayou Expedition (to Rolling Fork, Miss., by Muddy, Steele's and Black Bayous and Deer Creek), with skirmishes (21st and 22d) on Deer Creek and (24th and 25th) on Black Bayou.


 

No. 1.
Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, U.S. Army, commanding Fifteenth Army Corps. 

No. 2.
Brig. Gen. David Stuart, U.S. Army, commanding Second Division 

No. 3.
Col. Giles A. Smith, Eighth Missouri Infantry, commanding First Brigage 

No. 4.
Col. George B. Hoge, One hundred and thirteenth Illinois Infantry 

No. 5.
Col. Thomas Kilby Smith, Fifty-fourth Ohio Infantry, commanding Second Brigade 

No. 6.
Lieut. Col. Americus V. Rice, Fifty-seventy Ohio Infantry, commanding regiment and Second Brigade 

No. 7.
Col. Hamilton N. Eldridge, One hundred and twenty-seventh Illinois Infantry 

No. 8.
Capt. Benjamin H. Myers, Eighty-third Indiana Infantry 

No. 9.
Lieut. Col. Cyrus W. Fisher, Fifty-fourth Ohio Infantry 

No. 10.
Capt. John McClure, Fifty-seventh Ohio Infantry 

No. 11.
Brig. Gen. Hugh Ewing, U.S. Army, commanding Third Brigade 

No. 12.
Lieut. Col. Theodore Jones, Thirtieth Ohio Infantry 

No. 13.
Col. Edward Siber, Thirty-seventy Ohio Infantry 

No. 14.
Col. Augustus C. Parry, Forty-seventh Ohio Infantry 

No. 15.
Col. Joseph A.J. Lightburn, Fourth West Virginia Infantry 

No. 16.
Maj. Gen. Carter L. Stevenson, C.S. Army, commanding district 

No. 17.
Maj. Gen. Dabney H. Maury, C.S. Army, commandy division 

No. 18.
Brig. Gen. Winfield S. Featherston, C.S. Army, commanding brigade 

No. 19.
Brig. Gen. Stephen D. Lee, C.S. Army, commanding brigade 

No. 20.
Col. Samuel W. Ferguson, C.S. Army, commanding detachment


(click on thumbnail for full size illustration)



Sources:
Text and Maps:
THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A COMPILATION OF THE OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR, BY BVT. LIEUT. COL. ROBERT N. SCOTT, THIRD U.S. ARTILLERY AND PUBLISHED PURSUANT TO ACT OF CONGRESS APPROVED JUNE 16, 1880.
The US Government Printing Office
Volume: XXXVI: Pages 430-667
Boat Photographs:
NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
Washington Navy Yard
805 Kidder Breese Street SE
Washington Navy Yard, DC 20374-5060

Back to the Issaquena Genealogy and History Project

Entire Contents Copyright © 2003, 2004 Bob Franks.
THE ISSAQUENA GENEALOGY AND HISTORY PROJECT
Some of the photographs on this page are courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division