Biography: Dr. Stephen Duncan
Editor's Note: Dr. Stephen Duncan was a resident of Natchez but had considerable holdings in Issaquena County including Homochitto, Carlisle, Holly Ridge, Oakley, Reserve, Duncannon, Middlesex and Elleslie plantations. Duncan's son, Henry P. was a resident of Issaquena County and was enumerated in the 1860 Issaquena County Federal census. The biographical sketch below is an excellent report on the parentage of Henry P. Duncan.
Dr. Stephen Duncan (deceased) was a native of the Keystone state, born in Carlisle March 4, 1787, and was educated at Dickinson college, in his native city, from which he graduated in medicine in 1805. Three years later he came to Natchez, and practiced his profession there with marked success for a number of years. He subsequently became very extensively engaged in cotton planting, and was one of the largest cotton planters in the South. He was one of the most successful and thorough business men in the Union, and from a small capital amassed a great fortune, being one of the leading capitalists of the South. He was president of the State bank at Natchez during the most prosperous days of Adams county, and was a man of strong and vigorous mind, rare sagacity, wonderful ability, great enterprise, and was noted for the interest he took in public affairs. He was not alone noted for his acumen as a business man. He was a litterateur of more than average attainments, and he arose to a prominent position in the first rank of physicians. He was twice married, first, to Miss Margaret Ellis, a descendant of one of the prominent pioneer families of Adams county, and after her death, or in 1819, he was married to Miss. Catherine Bingaman, a very intelligent and refined lady, who was born at Natchez in February, 1801, and who died October 1, 1868. She was a sister of the lamented and distinguished Col. Adam L. Bingaman, who graduated with high honors in belles-lettres from Harvard college, and who became one of the wealthiest planters in Adams county. He was born in 1793, and died about 1867. His wife was a Miss Julia Murray, the daughter of a celebrated Unitarian clergyman of Boston. Colonel Bingaman was the acknowledged leader of the democratic party for many years, and was a member of the legislature with Hons. S.S. Prentiss, who was perhaps his only superior in the state as a debater and politician. Mr. Bingaman was a man of rare qualifications for a popular leader, being gifted by nature in mind and personal appearance (which was most dignified and commanding), with a polished education and fascinating manners; he was a natural orator. Dr. Duncan continued to reside in Natchez until 1863, when he removed to New York, and there his death occured January 29, 1867.
Source: Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Mississippi, Volume 1, Chicago: The Goodspeed Publishing Company, 1891, page 676.
A Dr. Stephen Duncan, of Mississippi, a large planter, and well known in the North, has written a letter in which he says: -- "If the Union is dissolved, I, for one, would be for selling out my possessions immediately. Any man of sense and reflection cannot fail to see that after disunion, we would be in no better condition in any one respect, and almost in all respects infinitely worse. Our taxes alone would consume more than one quarter of our products; for under a Southern republic there would be no premium collected from imports, but all derived from direct taxation and to an enormous extent."
Source: The Farmer' Cabinet, Amherst, New Hampshire, September 26, 1860, Page 3
Duncan -- On Tuesday, Jan. 29, DR. STEPHEN DUNCAN, late of Natchez,
Miss. in the 80th year of his age. The friends of the family are invited
to attend the funeral services at Grace Church, on Thursday at 10 o'clock
Source: The New York Times, January 31, 1867, Page 5
Henry P. Duncan. Natchez, Miss. Is now residing opposite to Natchez,
on the Mississippi River; spending his summers at the North. Was married
to Mary Sargeant of Philadelphia, October 6, 1847. Has no children.
Source: Report of the Class of 1844 From 1844 to 1854, Decennial Reunion at Yale College, Thursday July 27, 1854, pp. 12-13.
Dr. Stephen Duncan was born, March 4, 1787 in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He was the son of John Duncan and Sarah C. Postlehwaite. Stephen Duncan married (1) Margaret Ellis and (2) Catherine Binghaman (born 1801, died 1868) during 1819. Catherine Binghaman was the daughter of Adam Lewis Bingaman (born 1767, died Oct 27, 1819) and Charlotte Catherine Surget (born 1777, died August 12, 1841). Catherine Binghaman's maternal grandparents were Pierre (born 12 May 1731, died 27 July 1796) and Katrina (Catherine) Hubbard Surget. Dr. Stephen Duncan died at his home at Number 12, Washington Square in New York City on Tuesday, January 29, 1867. He was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia, back in his native state of Pennsylvania.
Issue of Dr. Stephen Duncan and Margaret Ellis:
1. John Duncan
2. Sarah Duncan (married Dr. William Irvine)
Issue of Dr. Stephen Duncan and Catherine Binghaman:
1. Henry P. Duncan (born in Adams County, Mississippi ca. 1823; married Mary Sergeant of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on October 6, 1847, died during December of 1879) (resident of Issaquena County) Henry P. and Mary Sergeant Duncan had no children.
2. Samuel P. Duncan (married Martha Parker)
3. Charlotte Duncan (born ca. 1833, married Samuel Manuel Davis of Natchez on 6 June 1846, resided in New York City after the Civil War). Her children included: Catherine B. (b. ca. 1848 Natchez), Maria (born ca. 1849 in Natchez) and Charlotte D. (born ca. 1852 in Natchez).
4. Maria Linton Duncan (born January 1,1826, died October 15, 1908, buried Sabaou Cemetery, Biarritz, France), married on March 20, 1849 at Auburn in Natchez, John Julius Pringle (born September 2, 1824, died 30 October 1901, Biarritz, Basses-Pyrenees, France, a Louisiana sugar planter in Pointe Coupee Parish, son of South Carolina rice planter William Bull Pringle and Mary Motte Alston. John Julius Pringle was educated in England and graduated from the Naval Academy. He served in the Mexican War at Vera Cruz. After marrying Maria Linton Duncan, the young family spent much of their time in Europe and lived in Paris and Biarritz France during and after the Civil War. However, frequent trips were made to their Louisiana and Mississippi plantations). Her children included: Stephen Duncan (born January 17, 1854, died July 13, 1917, never married), Catharine "Cassie" Duncan (born February 22, 1850, died October 29, 1923, buried in Versailles, France, never married), Mary Motte (born January 13, 1852, died May 6, 1945 in Biarritz, France, never married), Maria "Maizie" Duncan (born May 4, 1856, died January 15, 1940 in Biarritz, France, never married) , Susan (born in Newport, Rhode Island, died January 21, 1942 in Biarritz, France, never married), and Charlotte Duncan (born August 21, 1859 in Newport, Rhode Island, died 1945, married ___ Radcliffe of Devon, England. No children).
5. Stephen Duncan Jr. (born 1836, never married), oversaw the Duncan and Pringle Mississippi River plantations during and after the Civil War in Louisiana and Mississippi. He did this so profitablly that by 1873 he was free to leave the operation of the plantations to others and spend the rest of his life a wealthy, globe-trotting expatriate in Europe. He made his headquarters in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany but traveled extensively and often kept company with his brother-in-law, John Julius Pringle in his travels to Paris, London and Louisiana. He died during 1910.
Parentage of Dr. Stephen Duncan
John Duncan, father of Dr. Stephen Duncan married Sarah C. Postlehwaite. He was the son of Stephen Duncan and Ann Fox. He was killed in a duel with James Lamberton during June of 1793, after a hotly contested militia officer election in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
Issue of John Duncan and Sarah C. Postlehwaite:
1. Dr. Stephen Duncan (extensive landowner in Issaquena County, resident of Natchez)
2. Dr. Samuel P. Duncan (never married, born October 28, 1788 in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, died January 17, 1830 in Natchez) (At Natchez, his late residence, on the 17th of Jan. 1830, Samuel Duncan, M.D., much regretted, as he was greatly beloved by his relatives, and highly respected and esteemed by his mumerous friends and acquaintances. Dr. Duncan was a native of Carlisle Pennsylvania. The National Gazette, January 30, 1830)
3. Mary Anne Duncan (married Dr. James Gustine on April 5, 1808, moved to Natchez)
4. Matilda Duncan (never married)
5. Emily Duncan (never married)
Parentage of John Duncan
Stephen Duncan, father of John Duncan was born 1729. He was a prominent merchant and landowner in Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. He married Ann Fox. He died on March 30, 1794 in Carlisle.
Issue of Stephen Duncan and Ann Fox:
1. Margaret Duncan (married Judge John Carson
The Story of Thomas Duncan and His Six Sons: Katherine Duncan Smith, Tobias A Wright, Inc., New York, 1928
1850 Adams County, Mississippi Federal Census: page 49, dwelling 242, family 212, Stephen Duncan family
1860 Issaquena County, Mississippi Federal Census: page 5, dwelling
51, H.P. Duncan family
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