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Crow Nation Record Collection


Note: Most of these records inter-connect with the other record forms, including the NPR.


Crow Reservation

Indexed collection of various Crow Indian Reservation articles, including land leases.

Crow Reservation Agents

For the period of examination of wagon roads created in the Reservation (1888 through 1920), agents were assigned to look over the interests of the Government (and the Indians.) It appears that if the Agent showed loyalty to the Indians’ needs he was certainly to be removed from office. The Government took a stand that the Indians had rights of rejection, but if they want to receive benefits it was up to the Government to make arrangements for what was best for their interests. The listing of the dates compiled from various sources is in minor conflict. After 1914 there are duplicated Agents assigned to the Reservation, and until Robert Yellowtail assumed the duties on April 1, 1934 research hasn’t been conducted to rectify the listings. Some dates are compiled from “Crow Tribal Treaty 1868-1871” by Eloise Pease, June 10, 1968 (Editor) files

Crow Land Leases

Most all materials are extracted from “After the Buffalo Days, by Charles Crane Bradley, Jr’s book, published in 1970 and is used to assist in locating the leaseholds and wagon trails that eventually passed by the Twin Monuments located at the edge of the South Hills. This book is a “must” for any serious investigation into the operation of the Crow Indian Reservation. The Agents assigned to manage the Government affairs on the Reservation sometimes tried to represent the Indians’ point of view, but were almost always thwarted in their attempts and promptly removed.

Crow Indians & Land Leases

The primary purpose of this article is to assist in locating the primary trails that were used by wagons prior to 1920. During the time period that land leases were popular, virtually all of the area occupied by the Crow Indians was opened for leasing. Additionally there was a great deal of traffic throughout the region for distribution of feed and food supplies. This created many wagon trails that to some may appear as portions of the “Bozeman Trail.” To isolate the real trails from the service supply routes, the land leases were examined. Charles Crane Bradley, Jr, who published his findings in August 1970, reviewed the source records available at Crow Agency in detail.

The Antler Ranch

Matt Tschirgi was born on the Crow Indian Reservation 12 February 1866, son of George and Maria Theresa Tschirgi. [Maria Theresa Heinrich was born 1 August 1861 in Dubuque, IA, George Tschirgi was born 13 March 1861 in Dubuque, IA; and died 4 January 1936 from a cerebral hemorrhage. George’s father, Matthew Tschirgi was born in Germany; Marie’s father, Frank Heinrich was born in Metz, Loraine, France.] At age 13 Matt got his first taste of cattle business when he worked for his uncle, Frank Heinrich. This is a story of his lease holdings.

Chief Plenty Coups

Plenty Coups realized in 1888 that if his people were to survive they must adopt the white man’s way of life and dedicated his life to set an example. He selected a ‘farm allotment’ on the reservation near to the town of Pryor and plowed the land. He was the first Indian to do so. He also planted fruit trees. His Indian name is “Ales-cheah-ahoosh”, meaning “many accomplishments.” The tribal clerk, apparently not knowing how to spell, placed his name on the roll as “Plenty Coos.” Many other variations have existed, with “Plentycus” being one of the many. He became a leader at an early age and was recognized as Chief before 1875. The Chief title is an earned one, not inherited.

Crow Oral History

(pdf - 1971)