Charlotte County

History          Parishes          Place Names

Geography & Maps

Last Updated    Oct 2004

HISTORY
Shortly after the arrival of the Loyalist in 1783, the province of New Brunswick was formed out of two Counties of Nova Scotia. These were the entire County of Sunbury and most of the northern section of the County of Cumberland. Cumberland County Nova Scotia  is now Westmorland {and Albert} County. Sunbury County, Nova Scotia  took in most of the rest of the area now known as New Brunswick.  Todd Gilbert has written a very good Genealogical Overview  of the province as well.

In 1785, as part of the formation of the new province of New Brunswick, Charlotte County was established as one of the original counties.  7 original  parishes were created and set off in 1786 but they did not include all the lands assigned to the County. These 7 parishes were later subdivided as warranted by population increases. Today, the county has 15 parishes.  The Province of New Brunswick uses a system of counties and civil parishes(Here's a List of NB Parishes!).  Each county is divided into civil parishes which can be considered similar to American townships.

1861 map
1881 map

Craig Walsh,   provides an excellent discussion/history of the province, the county and parishes along with legislative acts.  You can read all about it on his NB History Site.

Loyalists and Quakers played a key role in establishing Charlotte County as we know it today. If you would like to learn more about Loyalists, please see Brenda Dougall Merriman's Introduction to Loyalist in Canada and  another article by Brenda The Fighting Loyalist .  Both of these articles were  from The Global Gazette, Canada's leading Genealogy Magazine.  Please don't forget to click your Browser's BACK button to return here!

 Also, the W.O. Raymond Scrapbook gives us an idea of what it was like in the Woodstock and surrounding areas of New Brunswick, as well as a great historical perspective of the Loyalist. Regimental history is abundant on this site!

Cleadie Barnett  former Coordinator of New Brunswick GenWeb, offers the following thoughts on the role of Parishes.


PLACE NAMES
Here's a list of over 700 place names in Charlotte County.  If you know the village or settlement that your ancestors came from, you can   click here    to find out which parish it is located in.

PARISHES        Boundaries

PARISH CREATED   PARISH CREATED
Campobello
Heather Waddingham, Site Admin
01 Mar 2000
1803, from West Isles   St. Croix 1874, from Saint Andrews. Altered in 1881, perhaps modified again in 1896
Clarendon 1869 from unassigned land  in Pennfield and Lepreau. No legal justification was found to credit these lands to Pennfield although  maps credit  them  to this Parish after 1814.   St. David
Tom Moffatt, Site Admin
05 Nov 2000
1785, original parish. Nearly as at present
Dufferin 1873, from St. Stephen   St. George
Charlene Beney, Site Admin
16 Dec 1999
1785, original parish. Extended only about half its northern depth until 1814
Dumbarton 1856, from St. Patrick   St. James
Marilyn S Henderson, Site Admin
24 Apr 2001
1823 from unassigned lands and part of St. Stephen Parish
Grand Manan, 
Karen Small, Site Admin
01 Oct 2001
1816, from West Isles   St. Patrick
1785, original parish. Nearly as at present, but did not extend as far north.  In 1814 it extended to the County line thus took in Dumbarton
Lepreau
Chris Larsen, Site Admin
July 2005
1857, from Pennfield   St.  Stephen 1785, original parish. Set off nearly as is today, but for a period (1813-1873) it included lands that are  now  in other areas.
Pennfield
Chris Larsen,Site Admin
27 Oct 2003
1785, original parish Included Lepreau, and  extended north to County line in 1850   West Isles 1785, original parish. Included Campobello until 1803, Grand Manan until 1816, Moose,  Frederick and  Dudley Islands until they were transfered to the US in 1817
Saint Andrews 1785, original parish. Nearly as at present, but included St. Croix      

GEOGRAPHY

Return to Charlotte County Index