Kings County GenWeb 
New Brunswick - Canada

HISTORICAL NOTES OF KINGS COUNTY AND ITS PARISHES

Kings County was one of the eight original Counties formed when New Brunswick came into being.  It has retained much the same boundaries as it had when formed, although it did experience some changes on its eastern line. It had four original parishes*, and now has 15. The original parishes of Kings county were created in 1786 and given the names Kingston, Sussex, Springfield and Westfield.
  • Cardwell Parish - set off in 1874 from Sussex  Parish
  • Greenwich Parish - set off from Kingston  Parish in 1796
  • Hammond Parish - set off in 1858 from Upham Parish in 1835, with alterations in 1874
  • Hampton Parish - set off parts of Kingston and Sussex  Parishes in 1796, and  included all of what are now Upham Parish until 1835; Hammond Parish until 1858; and Rothesay Parish until 1870
  • Havelock Parish - set off in 1845 from Studholm Parish
  • Kars Parish - set off in 1859 from Kingston Parish
  • Kingston Parish* - Included Greenwich  and part of Norton Parishes until 1795; Kars Parish until 1859
  • Norton Parish - set off from Kingston Parish in 1796
  • Rothesay Parish - set off in 1870 from Hampton Parish
  • Springfield Parish* - Included part of Studholm Parish until 1840; all of Havelock Parish until 1845. It was reduced to present size in 1899.
  • Studholm Parish - set off in 1840 from Sussex Parish.  Included Havelock Parish until 1845
  • Sussex Parish* - It included parts of  Norton & Hampton Parishes until 1796; Upham Parish until 1835; Studholm Parish until 1840; Hammond Parish until 1858; Rothesay Parish until 1870; and Cardwell & Waterford Parishes until 1874. There were many  changes before it was reduced to its present size.
  • Upham Parish - set of from Hampton in 1835.  Included Hammond. Altered to present size in 1897
  • Waterford Parish - set off in 1874 from Sussex Parish
  • Westfield Parish* - It was altered slightly in 1796, but remains much the same as formed.
 History of New Brunswick - Be sure to visit the web site of Craig Walsh!
Contains excellent information about New Brunswick

Communities
  • EAST RIVERSIDE-KINGSHURST: An  excellent article about  East Riverside-Kingshurst
  • FAIRVALE: Once known as FAIR LEIGH.  In 1909 was renamed FairVale Station after a newly built railway stattion. Then became known as FAIRVALE.
  • HAMPTON: Settlement began about 1783 with the arrival of the Loyalists.  Hampton Station is situated half way between Moncton and Saint John. In 1871 Hampton became the townshire for King's County. At this time the Jail was moved from Kingston to Hampton. Hampton
  • QUISPAMSIS: 
  • RENFORTH: The  village of Renforth had been known as "The Chalet" until 1903. It was named Renforth, after James Renforth, a celebrated English oarsman, died during a championship race between the English "Tyne" crew and the famous New Brunswick "Paris" crew. ROWING the LEGACY OF RENFORTH
  • Also be sure to read about Fox Farm Road at this website!
  • ROTHESAY: Rothesay for the Prince of Wales, one of whose titles is Duke of Rothesay.  It was named in August 1860. It is said to have reminded him of Rothesay, Bute, in Scotland. Town of Rothesay 
  • A Coat of Arms and Flag was presented to the Town of Rothesay on Friday, June 4, 1999. 
  • Be sure to visit the website: "Rothesay the Living Museum" http://rothesaylivingmuseum.nbed.nb.ca/
  • WELLS: Began as a settlement in the late 1800's. Closely located to French Village.
  • Be sure to visit Kennebecasis Island - 
  • The proximity of Kingston Parish to Saint John City, has led to many events in the lives of its residents to take place in the city. In fact, in years gone by, it was not uncommon for whole families to live in Saint John during the winter months and return to the land in time for spring planting. Or for families of mariners to wile away the long months of separation there. With this in mind, it is wise to consider that such events as marriages might well have occurred there. 

  • The Kingston Peninsula was early an area for ship building, and has also supplied New Brunswick with many river and sea captains. Once a ships was built, the local mariners sailed it to Saint John, and often on to the British Isles where it was sold. Occasionally these ships were built for local sale, and then sailed away to follow the international trade. 
    A voyage would take up much of the year. Several years ago, I had typed up letters to and from family members involved in such a voyage. These letters gave an insight into the lives of those who stayed at home, as well as the shipping trade in that era. Sailing Days (The Holder Family) and the Crawford Diary, fills in our knowledge of the era. I think both items are at the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick (PANB), and would be well worth the time spent reading them, even if they are not of our own lineage. 
  • The Gorham manuscript(s), also at PANB, and recorded in part under the title of R. P. Gorham Collection , is a collection of Historical data, and brief accounts of Loyalist settlers in the area of Kingston Parish.
  • When New Brunswick was still part of Nova Scotia (in the pre Loyalist era) the lands that were set apart as the Township of Conway extended up the Saint John River to encompas part of the land now within Kings County. (see: The Studholm Report and the accompanying map.)

  • Also, some land quit rent, for land owners in Wickham Parish, Queens County, were paid to Kings County. The quit rent books are at the Archives in Fredericton. (Information received from Ernest Graham, Kings County, N. B.)