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Census Returns

Westmorland County is divided into 7 parishes plus the town/city of Moncton.  The first surviving census was for a portion of the county, taken in 1803.  Another partial census dates from 1820 and possibly 1824 as well.  The first nominal census was taken in 1851, then each 10 years until 1911, the last year for which federal censuses have been released to the public.

Census Returns 1851-1911

From 1851 to 1901, nominal censuses (listing each person in a household) were taken for Westmorland County.  The details on microfilm numbers and availability of records for each parish in each of the censuses can be found from the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick web-site.

Year Description of census Microfilm #s Printed Transcriptions Online Transcriptions / Images
1851
Pre-confederation
Nominal census (all individuals)
PANB F1591, F1592, F1593

LAC C996, C997, C998
From PANB - ordering information

Automated Genealogy (transcription)

Library and Archives Canada (index and images)
1861
Pre-confederation
Nominal census (all individuals)

Available from Ken Kanner
1871
Federal census
Nominal census (all individuals)

Available from Ken Kanner www.ancestry.ca (with subscription)
1881 Federal census
Nominal census (all individuals)

LDS site www.familysearch.org

Library and Archives Canada
1891
Federal census
Nominal census (all individuals)

Available from Ken Kanner Library and Archives Canada
1901 Federal census
Nominal census (all individuals)

Automated Genealogy

Library and Archives Canada

1911 Federal census
Nominal census (all individuals)

Automated Genealogy

Library and Archives Canada





Microfilm F859 from the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick contains the following census returns for Westmorland County.  Some are clear, some not, some have the dates of return, others do not.  The years given here are either explicitly mentioned on the microfilm or are the most commonly accepted for the census returns.  Returns are listed in the order they appear on F859, and alternate sources shown if transcriptions are available.



Other Census Records

1761 - Return of persons in Sackville (Cumberland Township)

1765 - list of persons in in Sackville in 1765

1770 - head of household census of Nova Scotia included parts of New Brunswick, particularly the sections listed as Hillsborough, Sackville, and possibly Cumberland.

1788  - an early mini-census of Monckton Township is available here.

1803 - head of household census for parts of Sackville and Westmorland parishes.  This census has been transcribed and printed in, for example, Generations:
       Volume 1 (June 1979) - Hopewell, in present-day Albert Co.
         Volume 2 (Sept. 1979) - Hopewell and Hillsborough, in present-day 
                      Albert Co., as well as Moncton
       Volume 3 (Dec 1979)  -  Salisbury parish
       Volume 4 (April 1980) - Sackville parish
       Volume 5 (Aug 1980)  -  Sackville and Shediac parishes

Note: The previous transcription of Shediac dated 1803 has been re-examined and found to be that for 1820. The transcription may be found under 1820, below.

1820 - head of household census for parts of Westmorland County.  This census has also been transcribed and printed in back issues of Generations:
                Volume 5 (Aug 1980)  - Botsford Parish
                Volume 7 (Feb 1981)   - Chemogue, Little Chemogue, Cape Bald, 
                              Cape Tormentine, Scoodock areas 

Many parts of the 1820 census have been transcribed and are online (excluding Shediac which was originally mis-labelled as 1803)..


The 1820 census for Shediac has also been transcribed and is available online.


1885 (Local religious census)

1885 - Catholic census of Sackville


1909 (Local religious census)

1909 - Catholic census of St. Anselme


 

 
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