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Solomon Lea (1807-1897)

Solomon Lea
  • Born 1807 Leasburg, N.C.
  • Degrees from University of North Carolina
  • First President Greensboro College
  • Founded Somerville Institute
  • Methodist Preacher
  • Died 1897 Leasburg, N.C.

Biographical Sketch

Solomon Lea was born November 21, 1807, in Leasburg, North Carolina, the third son of William Lea and Sarah McNeil Lea. It was in Leasburg, a town named for his family (early settlers of the area that became Caswell County), that Lea spent a good part of his life, died, and was buried. He was awarded two degrees from the University of North Carolina, including a Master of Arts in 1838. He taught at the prestigious Warrenton Academy, at Randolph Macon College in Virginia, and was president of the Farmville Female School also in Virginia (1841).

Greensboro Female College (now called Greensboro College), the first chartered female college in North Carolina, selected Lea as its first president (1846). There, in addition to his administrative duties, he taught ancient languages and mathematics. Greensboro College records provide the following:

On the first of February, 1846, the trustees selected a faculty, with Rev. Solomon Lea, a local minister of Leasburg, North Carolina, as president--a gentleman of liberal culture and pleasing manners, and a teacher by profession. He had the honor of organizing the classes in the first regularly chartered female college in North Carolina, and the second south of the Potomac--the Wesleyan Female College at Macon, Georgia, being the first.

However, he remained only a short time at Greensboro College (two terms, 1846 and 1847). At the conclusion of the 1847 term he returned to Leasburg where, in 1848, he established the Somerville Female Institute. Solomon Lea operated the Somerville Female Institute for forty-four years, making it one of the most respected and successful schools of its kind. Over the years, in addition to Solomon Lea himself, teachers included his wife Sophia Ainger Lea (who also had taught at Greensboro College) and his daughters. The school became co-educational after the Civil War and closed its doors in 1892.

It was also in 1848 that Lea was licensed by the Methodist church to preach. While he had no regular pastorates, he did preach on the Leasburg Methodist circuit for over fifty years and was a popular guest minister.

Solomon Lea and Sophia Ainger (1810-1866) were married in 1837. They had eight children, six daughters and two sons. One of the best-remembered and loved of his daughters, Wilhelmina Lea (1843-1936), had the following to say about her father and his devotion to his profession:

In the school room he was in his natural element and as a teacher was very interesting. Seven of his granddaughters were partly educated by him, two of whom afterwards graduated from Greensboro Female College, and he often said he would like to teach long enough to give an education to all his granddaughters, as the most valuable legacy he could give them. Even after he quitted the school-room he gave the ones who stayed with him many an hour's drill in various branches, so eager was he to help and improve them; and then he wanted to be doing something.

Solomon Lea and his wife Sophia Ainger are buried in the Leasburg Cemetery. A large monument marks his grave.

Alexander R. Foushee of Person County knew Solomon Lea and provided the following in his collection of letters to the editor, Reminiscences: A Sketch and Letters Descriptive of Life in Person County in Former Days, Alexander R. Foushee (1921) at 49-50:

Editor Courier:

In my last letter I wrote of the preachers of the various denominations who served in this county during my boyhood days and middle life, but I overlooked the names of some, among whom was Rev. Solomon Lea, of Leasburg, who spent his life in school work and preaching the gospel in Person and Caswell counties. He was the first president of Greensboro Female College, but resigned this position and established the "Summerville Institute" for girls and young ladies at Leasburg, in Caswell County, which he kept up until the time of his death in 1896.

Mr. Lea did a great work for the cause of education to which a great many ladies now living can testify. This school was patronized by Caswell, Rockingham, Person, Halifax, Pittsylvania and other counties in Virginia. It was in a great measure the life of the town socially and otherwise. No one has ever been found to fill the gap caused by the death of this good, sweet-spirited, useful man. Leasburg must have been a very healthful town, as it was noted for its old citizens, many living to be upward of 80 and some very near to 100 years of age.

.   .   .   .

Roxboro, N.C.
January 5, 1916

The following is from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography. Volume 4, L-O at 37-38. Edited by William S. Powell ("Lea, Solomon" by Lindley S. Butler). Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1991:

Lea, Solomon (21 Nov. 1807-30 Apr. 1897), Methodist minister and educator, was born in Leasburg, the son of William [Lea], a merchant and a county sheriff, and Sarah McNeil Lea. He was a descendant of James Lea, of King and Queen County, Va., a pioneer settler of Caswell County and a founder of Leasburg. Solomon's brothers, Lorenzo Dow and Addison, were also Methodist ministers. Lea was reared in Leasburg and attended The University of North Carolina, where he received an A.B. degree in 1833. He was awarded an A.M. degree in 1838.

Beginning in 1834, Lea taught for a year in the Warrenton Academy. There he met Sophia Ainger (1810-1866), a native of England and a music teacher in the school, whom he married in 1837. Leaving Warrenton, he accepted a teaching position in the preparatory department of Randolph Macon College in Boydton, Va., where he remained until 1841, when he became president of Farmville Female School, also in Virginia.

On 1 Feb. 1846 Lea became the first president of Greensboro Female College in Greensboro, N.C. This new Methodist institution was the first chartered women's college in North Carolina and the second in the South. In addition to serving as president, he was professor of mathematics and ancient languages. Sophia Lea taught modern languages and was principal of the music department. Lea resigned from his position in December 1847 because of difficulties with a faculty member and lack of support from the trustees.

From Greensboro the Leas returned to Leasburg; here they resided for the rest of their lives except for two years when Solomon taught in Shelby, Tenn. In 1848 Lea opened the Somerville Female Institute, a preparatory school that gained a wide reputation for quality secondary education. His interest in astronomy led to naming the school for Miss Mary Somerville, a noted Scottish mathematician and astronomer. At its height, the institute employed four teachers and enrolled between fifty and seventy-five students from several states; Sophia Lea taught music until her death in 1866. Solomon operated the school for forty-four years, until declining health forced him to close it in 1892. In 1848 he had been licensed by the Methodist church to preach. Although he held no regular pastorates, he assisted on the Leasburg circuit for over fifty years and was in demand as a guest minister.

Solomon and Sophia Lea had six daughters and two sons, one of whom died in infancy. The surviving children were Annis Sophis, Lilyanne, Wilhelmina, Adeline, Eugenia, Henrietta, and Edward W. Wilhelmina studied music and taught for many years in the Somerville Female Institute and at Louisburg College.




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