The fort was a Tuscarora palisaded stronghold. The zigzag design made the fort especially defensible. The final battle of the Tuscarora War was fought here. The South Carolinian forces under Colonel James Moore destroyed the fort, killing an estimated 900 people inside the fort. Others were sold into slavery. This destroyed the Southern Tuscarora tribes in North Carolina. Those who survived, joined the Iroquois Five Nations in New York, becoming the Sixth Nation. Excavations at the site in 2006 have revealed escape tunnels from inside the fort. Local Tuscarora descendants (the Tuscarora in New York are the only federally recognized Tuscarora tribe) have requested that the remains be returned to them for burial.