Juniata, named by the Burlington Railroad for a river in Pennsylvania, is the oldest town in Adams County, and was the original county seat. The first settlers, members of the Michigan Colony, arrived in 1871 under the auspices of the Burlington Railroad. The town was surveyed and platted in November, 1871 in Section 12, Juniata Township. The county organizational election was held December 12, 1871 at the home of Titus Babcock in Juniata. 29 votes were cast and Juniata was elected the county seat of Adams County.
The first official county business was transacted on January 12, 1872 when the commissioners, S.L. Brass, Edwin M. Allen, and W.W. Selleck ordered the first county courthouse to be erected in Juniata. The building, to be built in ten days, was 20 feet by 16 feet.
Adams County's first newspaper, the Adams County Gazette began publishing on November 25, 1871. No issues, except the first, of this newspaper which printed in Juniata until 1876, are known to exist. The first train pulled into Juniata on June 8, 1872. Before that the mail was carried overland from Grand Island, in Hall County, or from Sutton, in Clay County. A large flour mill, operated by steam power, was erected in 1874, and settlers from all over south central Nebraska and north central Kansas brought their grain to Juniata to be ground into flour and animal feed.
The Juniata post office was established in December, 1871. Names of postmasters with dates their service began follow: Titus Babcock, December, 1871; Wm. Knickerbocker August, 1881; Samuel J. Shirley October, 1881; Samuel L. Brass June, 1885; David V. Stephens November, 1889; Walter E. Shaver May, 1893; Isiah H. Rickel November, 1897; Howard L. Sergeant August, 1914; Tim N. Cannon May, 1934; C. Lavern Gangwish March, 1951; Melvin A. Hagemeyer June, 1952; Bonnie Sittner March, 1973; Kay Brown .
The Commercial Hotel on Juniata Avenue, south of the railroad depot, was one of the largest in Nebraska west of Lincoln during the 1870s. Among its amenities were a "sample room" (bar) ladies parlor, and an ornate dining room. It was demolished in 1897.
The first school, District No. 1, Juniata, was organized in 1871. A large brick school building was erected in 1896 and stood until 1977 when it was demolished. The last high school class graduated from Juniata in 1967. Juniata Cemetery, located one mile west of town, organized in 1873, is the oldest cemetery in Adams County.
The first Methodist Church in Adams County was organized at Juniata in 1872, and built a church building in 1875. It is still in operation. The Baptists also organized in 1872, and built a church in 1878. Their church is now the Community Church. The Church of the Brethren organized in 1881, built a church in 1893 and disbanded in 1922.
Juniata's history took a fateful turn on April 12, 1872. that day representatives of the St. Joseph and Denver Railroad appeared before the county commissioners, asking for $75,000 in county bonds to complete twenty-five miles of track in Adams County. In a decision that had major consequences, the commissioners declined to fund the project, reasoning that the railroad would build through the county regardless. The St. Joseph and Denver did build, but its tracks crossed the Burlington line at a place seven miles east of Juniata. Named Hastings by the railroad, this crossroads grew so rapidly that six years later the county seat was moved there after a bitter fight.
Despite loss of the county seat, Juniata continued to grow. The 1897 business directory contains fifty-four listings. In 1881 Geary Post No 82, Grand Army of the Republic, (an organization of Union veterans of the Civil War) was organized.
In 1879 C.R. Jones Bank was established. It later became the State Bank of Juniata and in 1934 merged with the State Bank of Prosser to become the Adams County Bank of Kenesaw. The Adams County Bank built a new branch facility at Juniata in 1996.
Juniata has suffered many disastrous fires in its history. In 1883 seven business buildings burned, in 1892 the flour mill burned and was rebuilt, in 1908, the Thorne Block, the largest building in town with its second story opera house, and the bank of Juniata burned. In 1917 several brick buildings built after the fire of 1883 burned. The mill burned for the second time in 1925 and was not rebuilt. The last major fire in the business district occurred in 1961 when the gymnasium-auditorium, built on the site of two previous fires, burned.
The Juniata Grain and Livestock Association was incorporated in 1897, changed its name to Juniata Farmers Co-op in 1943 and is now Heartland Co-op. Juniata's grain elevator is one of the largest in the area, and a sizable livestock feedyard is located north of town.
A two story town pump with band stand was erected over the public pump and cistern at the intersection of Juniata Avenue and Tenth Street in 1904. It was later reduced in size and finally destroyed by a tornado in 1960.
Because of its proximity to Hastings, Juniata is now a commuter suburb with few businesses. Its population (about 900) is larger today than it was during the 1880s.
ERDMANN & HAMEN'S
Hastings City and Adams County Directory, 1895
Alphabetical list of Juniata residents
Situated in the central part of the county, six miles west of Hastings, has two railroads, the B&M and M.P. The village has a population of 700, has one bank, one weekly newspaper, the Herald, one flour mill, two hotels, two general stores, one exclusive grocery, one harness shop, two elevators, one lumber yard, three livery and feed barns, two graded schools, three church buildings--Methodist Episcopal, German Baptist Brethren, and First Baptist; also a society of Episcopalians. Among the secret societies are the following: Junaita Lodge No. 70, IOOF; Miriam Lodge No 43, Daughters of Rebecka, IOOF; Juniata Lodge 42, AF & AM; Mt Olivet Chapter No 51, Order Eastern Star; Junaita Lodge No 223, AOUW; Geary Post No 81, GAR; Geary Women's Relief Corps No 55; White Clover Camp No 1240; Modern Woodmen of America. Also Company F, 1st Regiment Nebraska National Guards with armory.
Adams Espress Co., G.A. Brass agt
Alves, Henrietta Mrs.
Alves, L. F.
Ackley, Winfield, physician, & Mrs. Florence
Allen, Edwin M
Allen, Ethan, retired
Allen, Marilla Mrs.
Angell, Clara, Miss
Angell, Edward G, trav agt
Angell, Geo O, prop. Cottage House, furniture dealer
Angell, Hannah M Mrs
Angell, C H, jeweler
Angell, Inez Mrs, deputy postmaster
Angell, Nettie M Mrs
Aylsworth, Wallace G, & Hattie M Mrs.
B & M RR, G.A. Brass agt
Ball, Miss Sadie
Barker, Wm L, & Susan L Mrs
Barry, Daniel, & Elizabeth Mrs, & Lillie Miss
Beach, James H, & Darcy Mrs.
Bechtelheimer, Geo W. (Oliver & Bechtelheimer)
Bechtelheimer, Jessie L, Mrs
Bechtelheimer, Joseph M, meat market
Bechtelheimer, Catharine Mrs. & Medea, Miss
Bowers, Harrison W, & Catherina F Mrs.
Brass, Anna Miss
Brass Cora B. Mrs
Brass, Geo A, station agt, B&M RR
Brass, Margaret A Mrs.
Brass, Samuel L. lawyer
Bobbio, L. D, laborer, & Frances Mrs.
Brookley, Wm G. druggist, & Estella Mrs.
Brown, Ella J Mrs
Brown, Emma Mrs
Brown, Geo E. (C.R. Jones & Co.)
Brown, George T., bk C R Jones & Co.
Brown, Jessamine E. Miss, music teacher
Brown, Samuel T. livery
Burwell, Judson, & Mary A Mrs.
Burbank, Geo L. Rev. M.E. Church, & Sarah Mrs.
Chambers, Mollie Miss, teacher
Champlin, Wm W. hostler, G.N. McGonegal
Cole, Albert V, insurance agt
Cole, Ely C, clk
Cole, Mable Miss, student
Cole, Susie P Mrs
Collins & Stoner, millers
Commercial Hotel, Richard Van Buskirk, prop
Cottage House, Geo O Ngell, prop
Coulter, J H miller, & Leona, Mrs.
Collins, E G, miller (Collins & Stoner)
Crone, Boliver W, engineer (GG Vreeland), Emma C, Mrs
Dage, Jacob gardener, & Ella M Mrs
Diekman, Wm carpenter, & Mary, Mrs, & Martha Miss
Doll, Louis, shoemaker, & Emma C. Mrs
Drake, S W, miller
Drake, W. T.
Drake, Mary J Mrs
Everhardt, Margaret, Miss
Eldridge, Mary E Mrs
Fisher, Elizabeth, Mrs
Fisher, Milton M, painter
Fairbanks, Warren, & W. Mrs
Frew, Washington C, wagon maker & Josephine L, Mrs.
Gibson, Emily G Mrs
Gibson, Norman E, pensioner
Gibson, Lottie, Miss
Green, G W. laborer, & Mary M Mrs
Gripe, John W
Gripe, Anna B, Mrs
Gripe, Mary Mrs
Gripe, Oliver B
Halte, George, & Elizabeth, & Mrs, Emma, Miss
Hampton, T.S, clerk A.P. Slack, & Mary, Mrs. & Nellie, Miss
Hancock, Ellen Mrs
Hardin, M.B., druggist, & Maud, Mrs.
Heldenbrand, Henry A, & Pernulla Mrs.
Hill, Anna G Mrs
Hill, Edna J, Mrs
Hill, Benjamin F
Hill, John T, drayage
Hill, Rev. F, pastor Baptist church
Hill, Mary Mrs
Hill Wm & Mrs. Wm
Hill, Alta, Miss
Holm, M, & M.E. Mrs. milliner
Hibberd, L, & Kate Mrs.
Hoover, Harry C, plasterer
Hoover, Martha E, Miss, clk Mrs. M.E. Holm
Hoover, Phillip, brick mason, & Susan, Mrs. & Miss Beulah, & Emma R. Miss
Huckfeldt, Henry B. (Huckfeldt & Co. implement dealers) & Winnie Mrs. & Edith, Miss
Huckfeldt, H. J.
Huff, Henry, well sinker, & Elizabeth Mrs
Huffman, Henry, B&M section, & Mrs. H
Hughes, Sarah Mrs.
Julian, W.A. principal of schools, & Mrs. Grace, teacher
Jones, C.L. & Co. bankers (C.L. Jones & G.T. Brown)
Juniata Herald, I.H. Rickel prop.
Keller, Wm F, & Fannie Mrs, & Nellia A, Miss, seamstress
Kindig, Jacob J. Rev. pastor Dunkard Brethren, & Mrs. Phebe C.
Land, Gertrude M Mrs
Langjahr, Albert H harness makr, & Lena M Mrs
LeFever, Joseph R, & Elizabeth M Mrs
Lemon, John D., stock raiser, & Sarah B Mrs
Light, James, & Amanda A, Mrs
Lineiger & Metcalf Co.
Liveringhouse, Louis & Mary C Mrs
Lewis, Bayard T & Gertrude S Mrs
McCracken, Imogne Mrs.
McCracken, Lola L, school teacher & Tira, Miss, & Margaret Mrs.
McClure, C.T. general merchandise
McClure, Elvea Mrs
McClure, Theodore, clerk
McFerren, J.D. & Sarah Mrs, & Belle, Miss & Frank
McFerren, L. F.
Morse, W.A. manager Sewell elevator,& Nellie Mrs, & Ernest
McGonegal, guy N, veterinary surgeon & Sarah A Mrs.
Marsh, Seth D. fireman SIA, & Lucy M Mrs
Mason, Wm C
Martin, Henry N & Cora L Mrs
Missouri Pacific RR,
McLean, L.R, agt MP RR & Mrs.
Mizen, Geo E, mgr Liniger & Metcalf Co., & Anna C Mrs
Monger, Elvira Miss
Moreland, Hugh A, auctioneer & constable, & Josie, Mrs
McCarty, A.W. justice of the peace,
McCartney, J S, & Ed, & Will, & Mary Mrs
Neimeyer, Asa, & Sarah, Mrs, & Wm, clk Will Brookley
Norris, Osea & Belle Mrs
Ohlheiser, Wm J (Ohlheiser Bros, hardware)
Ohlheiser, Ed, (Ohlheiser Bros. hardware)
Oliver & Bechtelheimer, lumber and coal
Page, Edmon J & Anna Mrs
Palmer, Robert O, stock breeder, & Solina Mrs, & Grace M, Miss
Pierce, Walter H, painter & Hattie Mrs
Perham, John R, carpenter & Eva G Mrs, & Essie Miss
Pritchard, Alfred H, & Marie M Mrs
Preston, Wm C, & Ralph, & Ray, & Susan Mrs
Pope, Geo A, photographer, & Nancy, Mrs, & Grace Miss
Rants, Isaiah B, carpenter & Eva M, Miss, & Mary O Mrs
Rants, Thaddeus H, barber
Reynolds, George, blacksmith & Mary A Mrs
Rhiner, Christopher B, confectionery, & Emily Mrs,
Rhiner, Sheridan L, asst agyt B&M RR, & Flora Mrs
Rickel, Isaiah H, prop Juniata Herald, & Mrs Catharine
Rickel, Earl C, printer Juniata Herald
Rickel, Jennie, Miss, & Ella, Mrs, & Edna L, Miss
Robertson, Joseph & Mary E Mrs
Robinson, James & Rachael A Mrs
St. John, James
St. John, Wm E, trav agt
St John, Seward T
Sayle, Ida I Mrs
Schneider, Katie Miss, waitress Commercial Hotel
Scholl, Matthew & Lizzie Mrs
Sears, Edwin C, drayman, & Anna C Mrs
Sewell, J. M. Co. grain dealers
Siegner, Albert E, farmer& Rena Mrs
Sergeant, Haward E & Clara E Mrs
Shattuck, Amos, carpenter, & Debbie L. Mrs
Shaver, Elsie E Mrs.
Siren, Mathew A & Barbara Mrs.
Slack, Addison P. (A.P. Slack Co. general merchandise) & Ida T Mrs
Seward, Roscoe A
Smith, Benjamin F, lawyer & Sarah E Mrs
Smith, Philip T,
Smith, Sarah, Mrs
Smith, John W, physician
Smith, Mary K Mrs.
Smith, Susie, Mrs.
Spade, Wm H, carpenter & Ellen Mrs
Scudder, C.C. & M. F. Mrs, & Marion G Miss
Schmid, Jacob section B&M RR, & Mrs. J
Stoner, N. H.
Strunk, Eliza S Mrs
Sunby, Christen C & Anna Mrs
Tappan, Merritt, carpenter
Thompson, Frances M, carpenter
Thompson, Fred M, laborer
Ticknor, Theodocia E, Mrs & Elsie H Miss
Todd, Rush H, bk Oliver & Bechtelheimer, & Ada Mrs
Twidale, Aubrey L (Twidale & Son)
Twidale, Wm T. (Twidale & Son meat market)
Trausch, Nicholas, & Anna, Mrs, & John, & Emma, Miss
Van Buskirk, Richard, prop Commercial Hotel, & Hannah Mrs
Vanhouten, Frederick, hostler
Vanhouten, John R, livery, & Sallie Mrs
Vreeland, Garrett G, grain dealer, & Sabrina Mrs, & Louisa M Miss
Walker, Charles A
Walker, Daniel G
Walker, John H
Walker, Sarah, dressmaker
Webster, Sanford, & Jennie P. Mrs
Wells, Herbert E & Ida D Mrs
Wells, Alvin E
White, Anna Mrs.
Willett, J. V. & Mrs.
Willett, Edwin (Willett & Son grocers)
Wilson, Eliza, Mrs.
Wiltrout, John E & Ella M Mrs
Workman, Wm S.
Workman, J.M., & Mrs.
Workman, R. L.
ADAMS COUNTY DIRECTORY 1925-26
Published by Wolfe and Pickering, Kenesaw, Nebraska
Alphabetical List of Juniata Residents
Adrian, John, wife Lena; Barbara 18, Marian 11, Geraldine 13 mos, William 16, Raymond 14, John 6.
Alves, Louis F. retired traveling salesman, wife Minnie, Lilly.
Austin, Harve, stock buyer, wife Agnes Jean; Agnes 18, Florence 16.
Baker, A. B. laborer, wife Marguerite; Clifford 11, Clayton 10.
Baker, Troy, cigar maker, wife Opal; Gwendlyn 8, Maxine 6, Margaret 4.
Banister, J. H. DLD maintainer, wife Nancy; Phillip 11, Walter 9, Orvil 7, Amy & Unice 6, George 4, Dettamay 2, Clyde 6 mos.
Bates, C.L. barber, Lois 2, Doris 8 mos.
Battreall, Thomas, section hand, wife mary; Oliver 15.
Battreall, Billy, mail carrier , wife Ruth.
Bottomley, W. H. Missouri Pacific Railroad Depot Agent, wife Ema.
Bradley, A. W. farmer and stock buyer, wife Ella.
Burroughs, Chas. cream station, wife and two children.
Burwell, Judson, retired.
Buskirk, Edgar, works oil station in Hastings, wife Ruth; Edgar Jr 1 mo.
Buskirk, Mrs. Mary, widow of J. T.
Butler, Mrs. Mary, widow.
Butler, Frank, cigar store, single.
Butler, R. elevator manager, wife Mary.
Cannon, Tim, drug store, wife Myrtle; Laurene 9.
Carl, B. F. grocerman, wife Sadie; Evert 17.
Carter, S. M. laborer, wife Mildred; Ruth 6, Charles 4, Myrtle 3, Luella 8 mos.
Chase, G. B. retired minister, wife Mary.
Childs, W. L. carpenter, wife Sarah; mabel Newell granddaughter 16.
Clauder, Mrs. Libbie, widow of L. H.; Leland.
Clayton, B. C. works on road, wife Sarah.
Craft, Cora, housekeeper.
Crane, Mrs. E. V., Dale 18.
Crosier, Evelyn, primary teacher Juniata Schools.
Davidson, Lucy, second grade teacher, Juniata Schools.
Davis, C. L. barber, wife Edith; Cletrac 4, Clenore 3, Cleo 1.
Davis F. laborer, wife Lottie; Evelyn 15.
Davis, John, harness maker, wife Alice; Oral 17, Willard 14.
Day, Henry, drayman, wife Bertha; Dora 1, Evert 6, Edward 4.
Dean, B. M. laborer.
DeLay, R. D. traveling salesman, wife Rose; Lela 12, Ersel 13, Zura 14, Friel 17, Rosel 19.
Doll, Mrs. Emma, domestic.
Eckersley, Joe, school janitor, wife Florence.
Foster, F. W. barber, wife Maud; Kenneth 10, Virginia 9.
Frye, R. W. laborer, wife Virgil; Phyllis 3, Robert 11 mos.
Gangwish, Albert, works in elevator, wife Clara; Albert Dale 5.
Gangwish, Elmer F. blacksmith, wife Caroline; Augusta 2, Gertrude 14, Velma 13, Verna 9, Eunice 5, Marjorie 3, Reinhard 11, Harold 8.
Gangwish, J. F. retired farmer, wife Rosella; Fern 17.
Gangwish, Mae, school teacher.
Gooding, U. S. wife Rosa.
Hall, G. W. retired farmer, widower.
Halsey, B. A. section foreman, wife Rose; Hannah 7, Mary 5, William 3, Irmise 9 mos.
Halsey, Jerome, retired, Civil War Vet. widower.
Harris, Fred, retired farmer.
Harris, Miss Mary.
Harris, Lydia, widow of J. W.
Hayes, E. B. machinist, wife Stella; Cal 3.
Helman, John L. mgr Juniata Lumber, wife Odessa; Gwendolyn 11, Evelyn 9, Irene 7, Jack 8, Glen 5.
Hendrickson, J. M. Burlington freight house, Hastings; wife Katie.
Hendrickson, Ora, Riggs Optical, Hastings
Hohfield, August, carpenter, Mrs. Conover housekeeper, John 17.
Holt, Wm. gardener.
Hoover, Harry, mail carrier, wife Florence; Alice 17, Grace 12, Philip 15.
Howe, James, farmer, wife Alma.
Howland, Frank G. mail carrier, wife Rose; James 18, Winfield 16, Kenneth 14, Elton 10.
Howland, S. P. Civil War Vet. wife Sabie.
Hubbard, E. P. manager grain assn. wife Hattie.
Hurst, Marguerite, grammar teacher, Juniata Schools.
Itzen, S. H. cashier, State Bank of Juniata, wife Harmka; Alverta 4.
Jessie, Joe, brick mason, wife Marie; Helen 12, Nellie 8.
Johnson, Rev A. W. M.E. minister, wife Irma; Lois Loree 2.
Johnson, S. retired farmer, widower.
Karr, F. L. stock dealer, wife Oma; Dorothy 7, Maxine 6, Ellen 3, Janice 2 mos. Keith 4.
Lancaster, John, retired, widower.
Land, Mary, widow of Adam.
Lapp, Titus S. Assistant Principal Juniata Schools.
Lawritson, Gladys, Principal Juniata Schools.
Lilly, S. W. retired farmer, wife Mary.
Liveringhouse, Louis, retired farmer, wife Mary.
McElfresh, C. A. retired farmer, Cecil DeMoulin grandson 15.
McFerren, Ida, widow; Darrel 18, Lauvella 16, Frances 14.
McHarry, Gale, McHarry Bros Garage, wife Elizabeth
McHarry, Walter, auto mechanic
McHarry, J. W. retired framer, wife May; Miss Maud.
McKelvy, Mrs. J. widow.
Madison, M. retired blacksmith, wife Anna.
Magner, Roy, wife Anna; Bernice 10, Dale 2.
Marsh, S. D. engineer at Ingleside, wife Lucy; Opal 14.
Martie, J. C. drayman, wife Bessie; Virginia 8, Phyllis 4, Violet 5, Alva 10, Virgil 1.
Martin, M. C.
Mays, Tom, laborer, wife Mrs. Tom; Arland 17.
Miller, Leo, mechanic, Miller Bros. Garage, single.
Miller, Ralph, mechanic, Miller Bros. Garage, wife Marie.
Moran, J. M. poultry dealer, Miss Belle.
Nash, A. J. wife Mina.
Nation, Al, widower.
Needham, E. L. railroader, wife Martha; Selma 8, Olive 10, Verneda 14, Raymond 12, Ezar 18.
Needham, Cyril,& Wayne.
Nelson, Erland, Superintendent of Schools, wife Naida; Isabell 2 mos.
Newell, C. E. retired farmer, wife Cynthia
Nida, George, retired farmer, wife Isabell.
Ormond, Joseph, retired druggist, wife Elizabeth.
Ormond, Ralph, barber.
Palmer, C. S. laborer, wife Stella.
Pierce, Mrs. C. H., widow
Plum, Joseph, laborer, wife Lydia.
Preston, Lillie, widow, Rex 14.
Randall, E. S. retired farmer, wife Isabell.
Rankin, John, laborer, wife Julia; Dorothy 9, Earl 14, Harvey 12, Junior 2.
Reynolds, George, retired farmer, wife Mary; Joe 10.
Robinson, J. A. laborer, wife Helma.
Savery, H. R. retired, wife Lydia; Rex.
Scudder, I. B. team work, wife Jennie; Leola 13, Charley 14. Helen, Walter, Lyle.
Sergeant, H. L. Post master, wife Clara; Doris 17, John, Luther, Lucy..
Sergeant, Helen, First intermediate teacher, Juniata Schools.
Sergeant, Neal, mail carrier, wife Jean; Elfie Mae 5.
Smith, G. W. retired farmer, single.
Snavely, J. C. stock dealer, wife Martha; Helen 4, Charles 8, Junior 4.
Snell, F. M. section hand, wife Della; Sherman 12, William 10, Mae 9.
Snell, G. H. section foreman, wife Mary; Mildred 15, Anna 6, Wayne 13.
Snell, Mrs., widow, Dan 18.
Stephens, Hannah E. widow.
Stone, E. E. widower, Myrtle 18.
Stone, Ted, road maintainer; Leslie, road maintainer.
Strong, C. E. Baptist Minister, wife Muriel; Marjorie 7, Carolyn 3.
Strong, Ella T. widow.
Tatro, C. H. section foreman, wife Mary; Imogene 10 mos.
Tooley, A. L. farmer, single, nieces Beatrice 12, Grace 17.
Trousch, Theodore, John, threshermen.
Trousch, Thomas, farmer, wife Lulu; Vivian 9, Richard 6, June 1.
Vreeland, Cora, telephone operator, widow, Leta 17.
Vreeland, N. E. railroader, wife Donnie; Jand 18 mos. Nelson Jr 18 mos.
Weseman, M. L. salesman, wife Lolaha; Cecil 14, Gaylord 11, Irene 5, Betty 18 mos.
Wheat, Earl, Steins Store, Hastings, wife Hattie.
Whiting, E. L. bookkeeper, Juniata State Bank, single.
Wiltfong, Frank, salesman, wife Lillie; Bertha 12, Mildred 9, Fern 6, Violet 2, Isaac 11, Franklin 4.
Wiltrout, J. E. farmer, wife Ella.
Wood, Mrs. Jennie, widow of R. O.
Wood, R. G. retired farmer, wife Eliza.
Woods, O. W. retired farmer, wife Bell.
Woods, George, & Floyd.