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Cheyenne County

The following descriptions appeared Sunday 5 June 1887 in the Lincoln Journal. This was an "immigrant issue" intended to provide the towns of Nebraska with an opportunity to attract new residents.


Resources and Advantages
        This is the southwestern county, in the state.  It is 102 miles from east to west, and seventy miles from north to south.  It contains 177 townships, with 4,078,050 acres.  The surface of the county is much diversified.  Valley, bluffs and gently undulating prairie uplands alternate one another.  Four-fifths of the surface is smooth upland prairie.
    The county is well watered.  The North Platte river flows through the northern part from west to east.  Besides the Platte are many smaller streams, the principal ones being the Lodge Pole, a fine perennial stream raising near the mountains and flowing through the center of the county.  It affords over 100 miles of running water in the county.  The Pumpkin Seed, Greenwood, Lawrence, Rush and Cedar creek are smaller streams.  All these creeks have fine valleys, and some of them excellent hay lands.  These valleys are skirted by a range of bluffs, from forty to eighty feet high, in which are occasionally found some timber.  Behind the bluffs the country slopes off into a fine smooth prairie known in the west as a "divide" -- an upland prairie.  These divides extend for many miles, and are the richest portion of the country.
    Numerous living springs have been discovered here during the last season which in addition to many little lagoons on the level prairie, prove a great advantage to the early settlers.  Both upland and valley is covered with a good growth of the most nutritious grasses.
    Cheyenne county has two fine large divides.  One lies north of Potter and is from ten to twenty-five miles wide and about forty-nine miles long; the other lies south of Potter and is about nine to fifteen miles wide, and some thirty miles long.  The divide lands are the most valuable for general farming and grazing purposes.
    In the vicinity of Potter fine lime stone suitable for building purpose has been discovered, it also makes a good lime for plastering.
    Timber is found on the Lawrence creek fifteen to twenty miles north of Potter.  The timber skirts the bluff on both sides of the creek and measures about twelve miles in length and three-fourths to one mile in width on each side of the creek.
    The Union Pacific railroad runs from one end of the county to the other, affording good markets both to the mountains west and the cities east.  The best markets for Cheyenne county farmers will always be the mines of the rocky Mountains.  The coal mines are only about 200 miles distant west, and fuel is abundant.  Lumber is shipped into the county from Minnesota via Omaha, and can be had at from $25 to $30 per 1,000 feet.
    Abundance of land can be had on easy terms.  In this county are for sale 100,000 acres of land formerly owned by the railroad company, at from $4 to $7 per acre, comprising all varieties of soil, fine valley and hay lands, grazing and agricultural lands.  Much of this land has fine streams of water running through it.  The alternate sections are government land and open to settlement, thus affording free government lands and railroad lands side by side.
    These lands are of that nature that a good return can be, and is secured from the first year's plowing, as evidenced by the yield of twenty and thirty bushels of corn to the acre from the first year, while the yield of millet, grasses and vegetables is equal to those produced on older grounds.
    There is no alkali in these parts nor do we know of any within 45 miles of Potter.  Nor are the dreaded sandhills of Nebraska.  The sandhills run into the northeastern corner of our county, but at no point are they nearer than fifty miles to Potter.  Our soil is that western prairie soil, covered with a mold from two to four feet thick on the uplands, and from two to ten feet in the valleys.
    Our country is excellent for stock.  Thousands of sheep have been herded here for the last ten years, without diseases.  Cattle and horses thrive.  Hog diseases are entirely unknown.
    Cheyenne county offers advantages to both the man of large means and of small means.  From the cheapness by which lands can be obtained, and the ease and cheapness with which the ground is converted into producing all the cereals, grasses and vegetables, and the climate being extremely favorable for stock, makes this a country highly favorable to the man of small means who wishes to engage in mixed farming and stock raising.
    The man of means can find here a splendid field for investment, insuring large returns for his investment.  All of those branches of business requiring investments of considerable sums of money are yet to be made, and the time is at hand when their want is forcing itself upon the people.

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