This page updated 25 April 1998.
 
 

 
 
 
Welcome To Clay County, Nebraska
 

 
 
Clay County Communities 
Clay county was created in 1855 and as such is an 'original county'. 
U.S. Census Reports are available for 1860, 1870, and 1880.
If you have some information that can be added to this page,
please e-mail Bill Oliver for inclusion.
Sources listed at the bottom.
 
 
 
Alma Junction Annandale Clay Center Davis
Deweese Dilworth Eden Edgar
Eldon Eldora Eldorado Fairfield
Flickville Frankfort Georgetown Glenvil
Greenbury Harvard Inland Joong
Liberty Farm Liberty Farms Ludlow Marshall
Ong Saronville Spring Ranch Sutton
Sweden Trumbull Verona White Elm
 
 
  • Alma Junction: St Joe, Grand Island & Burlington RR Station

  •  
  • Annandale: Post Office from 1879 'till 1881. Four states have towns/cities named Annandale: MN, NJ, NY & VA.

  •  
  • Clay Center [county seat]: Altitude is 1,781 ft. It was founded in 1879 to settle a county seat dispute. In 1918 the $100,000 courthouse was built. An incubator factory operated and flourished from 1920 to 1925. Post Office at first named Marsall. There's quite a history in the dispute to move the county seat here in the 1870s.

  •  
  • Davis:  Name changed from Dilworth in 1877, in honor of a local settler.

  •  
  • Deweese:  Named for a James W. Deweese, Attorney for the Burlington Railroad.  Mr. Deweese was a resident of Lincoln where he died.  Deweese Post Office has the distinction of being the only one by that name in the United States.

  •  
  • Dilworth:  Named for C. J. Dilworth, Nebraska Attorney General.  Name later changed to Davis.

  •  
  • Eden:  Name was changed to Edgar.

  •  
  • Edgar:  The town of Edgar was named for the son of local pioneer, Ed Graham.  Town was previously named Eden.

  •  
  • Eldon:  There was never a post office here, but a general store was opened in 1889 by William Stockham.  It was also a railway station on the Fremont, Elkhorn and Missouri Valley Railroad.

  •  
  • Eldora:  Possibly the railroad name for Eldorado

  •  
  • Eldorado:  The name is Spanish and means "gilded" or "golden".  The soil around the town-site has a yellowish cast, hence the name.

  •  
  • Fairfield:  This town was originally named White Elm.  When the name was later changed to Frankfort, it was discovered that a town of this name already existed in the state.  The town was then changed to Fairfield.  This name was given the to the town in accordance with the railroad's alphabetical naming system.

  •  
  • Flickville:  Former railroad station in Adams Co., was moved to Clay Co.  Named for Joseph Flick.

  •  
  • Frankfort:  Early name for Fairfield.  Originally named White Elm.

  •  
  • Georgetown:  Original name of Glenvil.

  •  
  • Glenvil:  Originally named Georgetown.  It was given the nickname Dogtown because it had more dogs than citizens.  When the name was first changed, it was spelled Glenville.  At the time, there were at least ten other towns in the United States with this name.  The post office here received such large quantities of missent mail, the spelling was changed to Glenvil.  The name was given to the town by the railroad in accordance with its alphabetical naming system.

  •  
  • Greenberry:  The original name of Ong.  Named for Greenberry L. Fort, a prominent land owner in the area.

  •  
  • Harvard:  Named after Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.  Name given by officials of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad Co., using its alphabetical naming system.

  •  
  • Inland:  The town dates back to around 1878.  The name was transferred from an old town in Adams Co.  It was given the name by the railroad using its alphabetical system,  presumably in reference to its location.

  •  
  • Joong:  Original name of Greenberry.

  •  
  • Liberty Farm:  No. 8 Pony Express station in nebraska.

  •  
  • Liberty Farms:  Post office was established in 1871 and discontinued in 1874.

  •  
  • Ludlow:  Original name of Trumbull.

  •  
  • Marshall:  Post office established in 1873 and moved to Clay Center in 1879.

  •  
  • Ong:  Originally named Greenberry.  Ong was platted on 22 August 1886 and named in honor of Judge J. E. Ong who owned the land on which the town was located.

  •  
  • Saronville:  A Swedish Lutheran minister, Rev. Haterius, named the local church Saron, after a small village in Sweden.  When the post office was established, it was named after the church.

  •  
  • Spring Ranch:  A post office was established here in 1870.  The first settlement in the vicinity was made on June 8, 1864.  The town received its name because of numerous water springs in the area.  (In the United States postal guide, Springranch appears as one word.  On the railroad maps as Spring Ranch.)

  •  
  • Sutton: Altitude 1,682 ft. Sutton was named for Sutton, Massachusetts. Once the seat of Clay County, it is the oldest and largest[?] town in the county. Most of the early settlers were Russian-German peasants.
  • Sweden:  Original name of Verona.

  •  
  • Trumbull:  Named in honor of a Burlington Railroad official.  Post office name changed from Ludlow.

  •  
  • Verona:  The name was changed to Verona from Sweden in 1884.  It was named in honor of the Veronica family that lived in the area and played an important part in the develpment of the town.

  •  
  • White Elm:  Original name of town which was later changed to Frankfort and then to Fairfield.

  •  
     

     
    Sources: 
    1. _A Research Guide to Genealogical Data In CLAY COUNTY, NEBRASKA_, compiled by Jane Taylor & Catherine Renschler, © Nebraska State Genealogical Society, Jan 1986 [Available from NSGS, POB 5608, Lincoln, NE 68505-0608, cost $8.00 Apr. 1997]
    2. _NEBRASKA, A Guide to the Cornhusker State_, Compiled and Written by the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of Nebraska, Sponsored by the NSHS, Hastings House Pub, NY, 1939
    3. _Perkey's Nebraska Place Names_, by Elton A Perkey, J&L Lee Co, 1995 [Available for NSHS, POB 82554, Lincoln, NE 68501, cost $12.95+S/H$4.00 Apr 1997]
    4.  _Nebraska Place-Names_, by Lilian Linder Fiszpatrick, A.M.; University of Nebraska, Studies in Language and Literature, © Lincoln, 1925.
     

     
     
     
    Return to Clay County Home Page 
     
     
    Copyright 1996 Bill Oliver
    1998 - Randy Jones
    May 2000 Bill Oliver