Merrick County, Nebraska

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 John L. Martin

Note: Endnotes are unique. That is to say, each endnote may be used more than once in the text.

1. John L.1 MARTIN was born on 12 May 1813 at Lancaster county, Pennsylvania.1,2 He married Rebecca Caskey, daughter of Samuel Caskey and Mary Ann Caldwell, on 9 May 1841 at Stark county, Ohio.3,4 He married Elmira Cunningham , daughter of Stephen Cunningham and Sarah Ann Richards, on 26 Feb 1874 at Shelby, Nebraska.5,6 He died on 15 Mar 1893 at Chapman, Merrick county, Nebraska, at age 79.5 He was buried at City Cemetery (sec 1, row 2, lot 14), Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska.7

John L. Martin was one of the California argonauts of 1849, making the long overland trip in company with other Stark County, Ohio men. The trip was fraut with peril from Indians and disease (Landmarks of Canton, p. 669).

He eventually returned to Ohio and about 1859, he moved his family westward settling on the north fork of the Platte river in Nebraska (ibid).

In 1849, John L. Martin went to California, returning to Ohio after three years. On 11 October 1859, he arrived in Nebraska and resided in Platte county until May 1861 when he moved to Merrick county where he lived the remainder of his life (Death notices, John L. Martin).8,9

On 22 December 1849, John L. Martin wrote a letter home to his wife Rebecca in care of his brother Impertus Martin, New Franklin, Stark County, Ohio. He uses the return address of Sacramento city post office, Upper California (J.L. Martin manuscript file, Stuhr Museum, Grand Island letter of 22 December 1849, ).

This appears to be his first letter since arriving in California as part of the great gold rush. He mentions the following locations along the route taken: Laramie, North Platte river, Salt Lake, the sandy desert and Mud Lake; also he writes of the many hardships encountered in route. "We were on the trip 149 days and made 125 travelling days. I would not start again with the same company and run the same risk, toil, etc. for $25,000" (ibid).

He mentions burying Platt at Salt Lake. This Platt is probably the father-in-law of Impertus Martin, brother of John L. Martin (ibid).

He writes of meeting Wean twice in route to California. Wean is most likely his brother-in-law, husband of Mary Martin: "I seen Wean, he pulled me off my mule, we cried some, after we were over the sandy desert I seen him again at Mud Lake" (ibid).

He is disillusioned by the small amounts of gold he has been able to find. He writes, "If any person wish to know my advice about them coming out here, I tell you honestly, if you love your family half as much as I do, if you like good victuals and nights rests, if you do no wish to make a fool of yourself, stay at home, now for the gold, there is gold her plenty, but hard to get, the best places and handy to be got at are all worked out" (ibid).

In a later undated letter, perhaps 1850 or 1851, he again writes to his brother Impertus from the California "howling wilderness." Still hunting gold, but he has none yet and has been able to keep his health. Are the big strikes that newspapers report factual - yes, but hardly one in two thousand makes a fortune (ibid, undated letter).

Apparently John L. Martin preferred not to make the trip home across the continent. In a Fourth of July speech draft, John L. Martin writes of his return trip from the gold fields of California. The draft is undated, but it was probably written twenty years after the fact. He was a passenger on the steam packet Constitution when an encounter was made with the American Man of War Vincence (U.S.S. Vincennes) commanded by a Captain Rodgers. According to the National Archives records, the Vincennes with a Lt. John Rodgers on board, sailed via the Horn from the west coast to the east coast, leaving San Francisco 1 February 1856 and arriving in New York 13 July 1856. In the draft, John L. Martin mentions crossing the Isthmus of Panama (ibid, undated Fourth of July speech).10

John L. Martin, one of the first settlers of Merrick County, Nebraska. After living at Silver Creek for a year and a half previously, he settled upon a claim about a mile and a half southeast of Chapman on Tuesday, 21 May 1861. Mrs. Martin was for five years, the only physician between Columbus and Fort Kearney. (Johnson's History of Nebraska, page 467).

Compiler's note: Rebecca (Caskey) Martin was probably no physician, perhaps she gave medical assistance and performed midwife duties.11

Hall County tried to "steal" a six mile strip of land off Merrick County. A bill in the Legislature had been introduced to do this. On Friday, 29 January 1864, John L. Martin heard of the bill - Saturday a meeting was called and resolutions were adopted denouncing this action. By Sunday night, all citizens of the county had signed the resolution. However, the bill had been passed and put into law by the time the petition reached the Governor. All was not lost, the resolution reached the governor and the law was repealed. The organization of a county government and the first election was held in 1864. (Merrick County's 100th year, page 5).

The above is in slight variance with this item. Some old letters and papers of Fred Hedde had been discovered in 1909. In 1864, Hedde was a member of the territorial legislature and his papers included this letter from John L. Martin: 21 January 1864. Dear Mr. Hedde: I learn you will introduce a bill to change the boundary line of Hall county, which is evidently on the east. My wish is either to have Merrick county organized, or attach me to Hall county. Otherwise I protest. I want to be of age, I want to vote, to vote, TO VOTE, and I want to vote for good old Abe, too. I think all persons in Merrick are willing to have the county organized. I want to belong to some organized county, sure. Do as you think best, but do not make the east line of Hall west of me, if you change it. We are all well. Let me hear from you soon. Yours truly, John L. Martin (Grand Island Independent, 6 May 1909).

In 1864, there were many terrifying clashes and incidents with Indians. The following items come from a diary kept by John L. Martin:

29 May, Sioux (300) here; stole muslin
5 Jun, Indians here. Bartley stabbed.
6 Jun, Indians drove away cattle.
9 Jun, Military company camped here.
21 Jun, 500 Indians here; tried to stab me.
23 Jun, Report 1000 Indians coming down the valley.
24 Jun, Went to Jim's (James Vieregg) and stayed all night.
26 Jun, Started for home for assistance.

The item of 21 June refers to a fracas when Indians came up where Mr. Martin and his son Henry were breaking sod. Refusing to give up one of his horses to the Indians, an attempt was made to stab John L. Martin. Retreating to the house, the Martins were safe and the Indians left. The Indians took the clothing which that morning had been hung out to dry. (Merrick County's 100th year, page 6).

John L. Martin was a unique and eccentric character, deeply involved in the early history of Merrick County. He was an uncompromising, almost rabid republican and known to become life long enemies with equally ardent democrats. Mr. Martin had the offensive habit of biting the ear of any friend whom he chanced to meet. One Tom Gosnell objected to this gesture and retaliated by biting Mr. Martin's ear so seriously as to require a doctor's attention. (Ibid, page 57).

Mrs. F.J. Clark of Central City writes: John L. Martin's records were taken over by one son Blaine of Grand Island, but after his death, don't know what became of them. A grandson, Guss Fonner of Grand Island had access to the records and wrote quite an article for the Historical society. (Ibid, page 58).

[Compiler's comment: The John L. Martin records referred to, probably are now in the archives of the Stuhr Museum, Grand Island, Nebraska].12,13

1850 Census, Ohio, Stark County, Paris Township District 139, Page 412. John Martin, 31, Gold Digger, Real Estate value $100, b. Pa; Rebecca, 27, b. Pa; (following children all born Ohio); Henry, 8; Impertus, 7; Mary, 5; Sarah 4; Anna, 2. Included with family group is David (Raddle)?, 22, blacksmith, b. Gy.

1860 Census, Nebraska Territory, Platte County, El Dorado Post Office, page 1. John L. Martin, 46, farmer, b. Penn; Rebecca, 42, b. England; Henry, 18, farm laborer, b. Ohio; Mary J., 16, b. Ohio; Sarah, 12, b. Ohio; Ann E., 10, b. Ohio; Charles, 8, b. Ohio; John 2, b. Ohio. [Compiler's note: El Dorado is now (1988) Richland, Colfax County, Nebraska].

1870 Census, Nebraska, Merrick County, Page 244, Post Office Lone Tree and Chapman's Landing. John L. Martin, 55, farmer, real estate $12,000, personal effects $2,200, b. Pa; Rebecca, 52, b. Ireland; Charles, 15, b. Ohio; John 12, b. Ohio. (The adjacent family group in the census was that of C.D.M. Washburn and wife Mary Jane, third child of John L. Martin).

In 1880, he is shown with his second wife and their first two children. Nebraska, Merrick County, Chapman township, page 53. John L. Martin, 67, farmer, he and his parents born Penn; Elmira, 36, wife, she and parents born Canada; John C., 21, farmer, father born Penn, mother born Ireland; James G. Blaine Martin and Roscoe Conkling Martin, ages 3 and 1, father born Penn, mother born Canada. Listed in the same family group is one John Seeger, age 21, servant.

In 1900, Nebraska, Merrick County, Chapman township, family 79; widow Elmira A. Martin, 57; James G.B., 22; Rosco C., 21; George E., 19, Mable M., 16.14,15

Judge John L. Martin, born in Pennsylvania, 12 May 1813, second of eight children of John Martin and Catherine Lutz. He went with his parents to Ohio - while living there, he married Rebecca Caskey, born in Ireland. Judge Martin was one of the original forty-niners in California - after three years, he returned to Ohio and engaged in blacksmithing. He came to Nebraska 1860. He married Elmira Cunningham on 26 Feb 1874. Judge Martin was a teachers' examiner, justice of the peace for nine years, and a surveyor. (Compendium of Nebraska, page 689).

J.L. Martin, Merrick County positions held. Superintendent of Public Instruction, 1868; County Judge, 1872-1873. (Atlas of Nebraska).

John L. Martin took and active part in the organization of Merrick county and the admission of Nebraska as a state. He was county judge, 1871-1874; county superintendent of public instruction, 1865-1867; and justice of the peace continuously from 1874 to the date of his death, with a two year exception (Death Notice, John L. Martin).

A member of the Lutheran church from 1855 until three years before his death when he became a member of the Methodist Episcopalian church (ibid).

Mr. Martin's surveying instruments and diary are now in the possession of the Merrick County Historical Society. With the diary are many documents and instruments of the early offices of the county. (Who's Who in Nebraska [Lincoln, Nebraska : Nebraska Press Association, 1940], page 811).5,8,16

Reports are to the effect that Judge John L. Martin, being annoyed by a stray dog, picked up a club and started after the animal; the sudden exertion proved too much for his advanced age and he dropped dead (Central City (Nebr) Courier, 16 March 1893)

Fifteen years after his death, the heirs of John L. Martin started a suit for the partition of his estate. Although his will was admitted to probate shortly after his death, it was not until lately that a petition for a final settlement was filed by the widow, Elmira Martin (Newspaper clipping, dateline Central City, Nebraska, 21 December 1908).

The will gave the usual dower right to the widow and divided his property among his children as he saw fit. To his son, Henry Martin, since deceased, he gave one-fourteenth of his estate. Henry's sister, Lizzie Turner of Grand Island, claims that during his lifetime he sold his interest to her, all excepting the dower right of his wife (ibid).

Now, Lizzie Turner and her brother John C. Martin, also an heir, is asking that a partition of the estate be made in order that the several heirs may obtain their share (ibid).

Accordingly, about 180 acres of the best land in the county will be either divided into several parcels, or more likely be sold as a whole with the proceeds divided among the heirs (ibid).8,17

I am proud to say we are both offspring of the great philosopher Jacob Martin, our great great grandfather, a great astronomer and mathematician who is buried at the Ephrata Burial Ground, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. His tombstone is inscribed Philosopher J. Martin (first cousin George Martin Dewees to J.L. Martin, 16 Aug 1865).

George Martin Dewees wrote he knew this from the works of a Mr. Meixel of Cumberland county, Pennsylvania who apparently compiled a family history of sorts. Dewees further reports the work was lost when Meixel's house was destroyed by fire (ibid).

Compiler's note: Perhaps Mr. Meixel is George Meixel. "Jacob H. Meixel, farmer and stock grower, Post Office Boiling Springs, was born in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, 22 Jan 1846, son of George and Catherine (Hoover) Meixel, natives of Pennsylvania and of German origin" (History of Cumberland and Adams counties, Pennsylvania (Chicago: Warner, Beers and Co., 1886), p. 557).

The following is a record of a trip east, abstracted from a page torn out of a day book (John L. Martin Manuscript File MS 101, box 1, series 1, folder 1, Stuhr Museum, Grand Island, Nebraska). The year for the dates is not specified on the page, but it can be confirmed from other day books that the first entry was made in the year 1872.

Monday, 23 Dec 1872. Left Lone Tree, Nebraska 7am, arrived Omaha 2pm.
Tuesday, 24 Dec 1872. Left Omaha 4pm.
Wednesday, 25 Dec 1872. Arrived Chicago 2pm, start for the east in two hours.
Thursday, 26 Dec 1872. Arrived Cleveland, 10am, Franklin at sundown. See Pertus (Impertus Martin, the brother of John L. Martin.
Friday, 27 Dec 1872. Ate apples and drank cider at Deppens (Probably Andrew Deppens who married Sarah, sister of John L. Martin's wife).
Saturday, 28 Dec 1872. Ate chestnuts, hickory nuts, apples and pies.
Sunday, 29 Dec 1872. Ate chestnuts, go to meeting, see Betsey and others, bigtime.
Monday, 30 Dec 1872. Ate apples, cider, go to Minerva.
Tuesday, 31 Dec 1872. At apples, cider, pies, cake, etc.
Wednesday, 1 Jan 1873. Watch night last night, big time today.
Tuesday, 2 Jan 1873. Go to Canton, big time.

The torn page ends on 2 January, but on the reverse of the page is a check list. Since this check list is written on the back of a page citing a trip already taken, perhaps this is a sarcastic list of what went wrong during his trip:

Take good care of things, and be good children. God bless you all.
Brand all cattle, and
Keep shed filled up tight, take care of cattle,
Salt horses ofent, give them good care,
In storms put young cattle in shed stable.
O be careful in handling guns and revolvers,
Be careful with horses on the ice, and in dragging logs, keep away from logs with your legs.
Get up early these short days and have breakfast by candlelight every day,
be careful at night with the sil lamps.
Make no heavy fire when wind is from the south.
Dont shoot on Sunday.
Look after the colts.
Look at the meat and potatoes.
Always keep dry wood and kindling on hand.
Look after the pigs.
Each evening count the cattle.
Lend nothing in the absence.
If you take a book down, put it in its place again.
Let no book get out of the house.
Keep no papers nor books on my stand, not once.
Do not let the children play with fire.
Keep the match box in its place.
Let [all] be saving with every thing, but not stingy.
Keep the feet from the stove, take care of chickens.
Be saving in everything.
Be very good children.
Do not smoke in the stable, granary, or corral.

Starting four months after the death of his first wife, John L. Martin makes what appears to be lovesick entries in his 1866-1874 daybook pertaining to E.A. which surely applies to his future second wife Elmira Cunningham: 4 Nov 1873, E.A. left for N. York; 9 Nov 1873, letter from E.A.; 14 Nov, 5, 21, 25, 28 Dec, wrote to E.A.; 7 Jan 1874, 25 days since E.A. wrote last; 16 Jan 1874, at Cunningham's, took E.A. home; 20 Feb 1874, at Grand Island, got suit; 26 Feb 1874, got married.

There were problems with the marriage. Immediately after the marriage there are these entries: 27 Feb 1874, to Lone Tree discouraged; 28 Feb, got home discouraged. Later there are these entries: 15 May 1874, fuss with wife; 20 Nov 1874, fuss with wife.

Continuing in the 1875-1879 daybook: 18 Feb 1875, fuss at home; 26 Feb 1875, married one year; 4 Mar 1875, Elmira went home; 15 Mar 1875, E.A. sick, baby dead (apparently Elmira went home for a childbirth, but the baby did not survive).

Then two mysterious entries in the daybook: 21 Aug 1875, fuss with wife; 22 Aug 1875, Elmira kissed C. Wolcott at night (this last item lined out with a single line); 5 Sep 1875, E.A. said of some were not white.

24 Sep 1877, baby born at 11 oclock; 24 Sep 1878, J.G.B. Martin 1 year old; 9 Jan 1879, baby born 20 min before 1 oclock afternoon.10,18

Rebecca CASKEY was born in 1817 at Londonderry, Derry, Ireland.1,19 She died on 27 Jul 1873.,1 She was buried at City Cemetery (Sec 1, Row 2, Lot 14), Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska.7

The 1866-1874 daybook of John L. Martin contains frequent references to the health of wife Rebecca: 1 Aug 1868, mother's leg bad; 12, 14, 17, 18 Aug 1868, mother sick, Dr. Reese here, mother better, up and laughing; 29 Oct 1872, mother sick; 30 Apr 1873, mother sick; 1, 2 May 1873, mother worse, mother some better; 20 May 1873, mother cough bad; 26 May 1873, mother legs swelling.

John L. Martin apparently had researched for cures to dropsy. At the top of the Jul 1873 page, he writes, "A certain type of elder berry is good for dropsy. Urine of a cow has cured dropsy, a wine glass at a time, also honey and blacksmith dust mixed."

The day book continues: 13 Jul 1873, mother was tapped, sorrow; 14 Jul 1873, mother weak, pain in leg, water passing off, boys and I weep to see her; 27 Jul 1873, mother sinking, lungs bleed; 28 Jul 1873, mother died at 11 o'clock last night, buried at 3 oclock today, sorrow.

Rebecca Martin died July 27th 1873 of dropsy and congestion of lungs at 11 o'clock at night, triumphant in Jesus, aged 54 years (family bible).

The day book: 29 Jul 1873, I stayed at Grand Island, tribulation; 30, 31 Jul 1873 I got home, sorrow, grief, tribulation, grief extreme.

On 5 Oct 1873, there is this single entry: 12 weeks 3 days. Wife Rebecca died approximately twelve weeks earlier. 27 Jul 1874, one year since dear mother died.

Pasted in the day book between the months of June and July 1873; Live close to the Saviour, do the best you can for the boys, and meet me in Heaven - Rebecca Martin dying request to her husband. Boys, live religious lives, keep away from bad company, and meet me in Heaven - Rebecca Martin's dying request to her two sons Charles and John.1

Known children of John L.1 Martin and Rebecca Caskey were as follows:

i. Henry C.2 MARTIN was born on 20 Feb 1842 at Paris, Stark county, Ohio.1 He married Ada Phelps , daughter of Elnathan Phelps and Lucinda Wilson, on 24 Mar 1868 at Merrick county, Nebraska. 20, 21 He died on 23 Mar 1904 at Central City, Merrick county, Nebraska, at age 62.22 He was buried at Central City, Merrick county, Nebraska.23

In father John L. Martin's day book, under date of 3 Feb 1869, there is this cryptic entry: "Shut down on Henry, paid Phelps for Henry $10." Mention of Phelps probably refers to Henry's father-in-law.

1885 Special U.S. Census, Nebraska, Merrick County, Central City, Enumeration District 526, Page 13; Martin, Henry, 42, Drayman, b. Ohio, father b. Pen, mother b. Ireland; - Aida, 37, wife, father b. NY, mother b. Vermont....... All children born Nebraska; (Veril)? perhaps (Merrill)? 14, male; Charles, 12; Herbert 9; Frank 7.

1890 Nebraska, Merrick County, Central City, Ward 1, family 113; Martin, Henry C., 58, day laborer, owns home free of mortgage; Martin, Ada I., 52, she had six children, four living; Martin, Nettie, 14, at school.10,14,24

Of the twelve Merrick County residents subject to military duty at the outbreak of the Civil War, seven enlisted, one of them being Henry C. Martin (Who's Who in Nebraska, p. 811).

Henry C. Martin, Private, Company K, 3rd Colorado Cavalry from 22 May 1862 to 10 June 1865 (Sherard, Civil War Vets, p. 15).

Henry C. Martin first enlisted with the 3rd Colorado Infantry on 22 May 1861, but failing to obtain enough men this was consolidated with the first Colorado Cavalry. He served in all a little over three years and four months. Through a mistake of the enlisting officer, his name was entered as Wm. C. Martin, and his entire military record is credited to this name (Merrick county history, p. 29).25, 26

Ada PHELPS was born in Jun 1847 at Vermont. 24 She was also known as Aida Phelps.

The 1885 U.S. Census shows her father born in New York and mother in Vermont.14

ii. Impertus MARTIN was born on 25 Jun 1843 at Paris, Stark county, Ohio.1 He died on 20 Sep 1851 at New Franklin, Stark county, Ohio, at age 8.27 He was buried at New Franklin, Stark county, Ohio.28 Impertus, son of John L. and Rebecca Martin died Sept. 20th A.D. 1851 at 5 o'clock P.M. of pulmonary sickness, aged 8 years, 2 months, 25 days (Family Bible).1

      iii. Mary Jane MARTIN was born on 5 Jun 1845 at New Franklin, Stark county, Ohio.29,1 She married Charles D.M. Washburn , son of Lewis Washburn and Betsey Keen, on 19 Oct 1865 at Omaha, Douglas county, Nebraska.30, 31 She and Charles D.M. Washburn were divorced on 16 Nov 1882 at Albany county, Wyoming. 31 She married W.J. Hunter before 1884; In and 1884 newspaper account, the parents of Anna Washburn are identified as Mr. and Mrs. W.J. Hunter.32 She married D. Callanan before 1912.32 She died on 3 Feb 1919 at Laramie, Albany county, Wyoming, at age 73.29 She was buried at City Cemetery (sec 1, row 2, lot 14), Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska. 33

On 30 June 1882, at Albany county, where Laramie is located, Territory of Wyoming, Mary J. Washburn sued for divorce in the District Court of the Second Judicial District (Washburn divorce record).

Compiler's comment: Wyoming enfranchised women in 1869 and enshrined the principle in its 1889 constitution, the first state to do so. This may have some bearing on the fact that the divorce was granted uncontested. Nevertheless, the complaint for divorce was serious in the charges. Although he was subpoenaed and a notice was printed in the Laramie Sentinel, seven times in seven consecutive weeks, Charles D.M. Washburn did not make an appearance to defend himself. He was probably at Grand Island, Nebraska at this time, and surely was aware of the pending divorce.

Perhaps the charges were exaggerated, but In her complaint, Mary J. Washburn states her husband deserted her and the children in May 1881 and did not provide support; that he beat and abused her; and was a habitual drunkard (ibid).

In a deposition, Mary J. Washburn repeats the charges. Daughter Anna R. Washburn, age fifteen also deposed, that the defendant was a drunk, gave cruel treatment and used insulting and abusive language in addition to failing to support the family. One morning when mother called her into breakfast, Anna noted her mother was crying and that her mouth was badly swollen and bleeding (ibid).

A final decree of divorce was issued 16 October 1882. Although Mary J. Washburn asked for alimony in her complaint, no mention of alimony is made in the final decree (ibid).31

Mary Jane Martin moved to Laramie, Wyoming with Anna Washburn in 1881 and remarried at least two times. At Anna's wedding, 23 Jul 1891, she was Mrs. W.J. Hunter. She died in 1919 as Mrs. D. Callanan (Newspaper clipping in Anna's scrapbook).

A Roll of Honor for students in Laramie, Wyoming dated 28 September 1884, lists her son Charles Washburn (Item in Anna's scrapbook).

Mary Jane Callanan, the mother of Mrs. Anna Spafford of Laramie and Charles Washburn of Davenport, Iowa died 3 February 1919 at the home of her daughter, 1015 Grand Avenue. She will be interred at Grand Island between her mother and a son. Services will be held at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church at Grand Island, to which she belonged in life. She came to Laramie from Grand Island in 1881. She lived for several years at First and Fremont streets in this city. (The Laramie Republican [Laramie, Wyoming] 4 February 1919, p. 7)

In the papers of her son Charles Washburn, there is a note that the funeral was held Friday, 7 February 1919 at 3 p.m. Pall bearers included M. Wilkins, 810 West 1st St.; H.H. Glover, 320 West 2d St.; A. Burg, 411 West 2d St.; Chas. Rollins; Robert McAllister, 319 Jo Pine St; and Wm McClellan, Commercial Bank. Addresses appear to be Laramie streets. Flowers from Mr. & Mrs. E.D. Hiskey; Miss Kate Murphy; Mr. & Mrs. Jas. Mathison; Mr. & Mrs. Robt. Gottschalk; and Mrs. M.R. Clippinger & Burt (Compiler's knowledge).29

Charles D.M. WASHBURN was born on 12 Aug 1822 at Attica, Wyoming county, New York.35 He was also known as Charles Macon Washburn.

Charles appeared with his father's family in the 1840 Census at Attica. In 1845, Charles Washburn and his brother William built a small boat; leaving Oconomowoc, Waukesha county, Wisconsin, they sailed the boat to St. Louis via the rivers Oconomowoc, Rock and Mississippi. They went to Indiana and then returned to Oconomowoc arriving in October 1846 (History of Waukesha county, p. 879).

No record can be found of Charles whereabouts from 1846 until his marriage, 17 October 1865 at Omaha, Nebraska. It is very likely that he was in California for some of this period (see newspaper item of 5 July 1879 below). On his marriage license application he indicated a residence of Waukesha County, Wisconsin; however he can not be located in Wisconsin in the 1850 or 1860 census.

The census shows one possibility. In 1850, Wisconsin, Dodge County, Rubicon, one Charles Washburn, age 35, shoemaker, born New York; with no family. Dodge county is adjacent to Waukesha County and this could very well be our Charles, although he would be about age 28 in 1850. Census enumerators are known to be inaccurate on occasion.

1870. The Census, Nebraska, Merrick County, Precinct Number 3, with post offices Lone Tree and Chapmans Landing, page 4: C.M. Washburn, age 48, farmer; Mary J., 25; Frank 3; Annie 2. The census schedule lists this family next to Washburn's father-in-law, John L. Martin, with the largest property holdings in the county.

In John L. Martin's daybook, there are these entries: 2 Aug 1866, stacking wheat C.D.M. helped; 4 Aug 1866, stacked C.D.M.'s; 22 Aug 1866, threshed Washburn's; 30 Apr 1872, Wash's moved; 31 Oct 1872, Frank Washburn died; 17 Apr 1873, mother to Grand Island, Mary's baby born (John L. Martin manuscript file, box 1, series 1, folder 3).

1880. The Census, Nebraska, Hall County, Grand Island, 2nd Ward, Enumeration District 133, page 16: Spells name Washburne and shows occupation as City Mayor; Mary, 32, Anna, 12, Charles 7. This census shows the parents of Charles D.M. born in New York; the father of Mary Jane born in Pennsylvania and her mother born in Ireland.10, 14, 36

In the rosters of the Grand Army of the Rebublic (GAR), there shows a Charles Washburn who was a member of GAR Post 7 of Omaha, Nebraska. This person was born in New York. He was discharged from the Thirty-fifth Regiment, Iowa Infantry on 10 August 1865, just two months before our Charles was married. However, this GAR Charles was born about 1849 so he seems to be eliminated as being our Charles D.M. Washburn. His birth date is recorded in (Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion [Des Moines : Emory H. English, State Printer, 1911], volume 5, p. 605).37

C.D.M. Washburn, a charter member of the Grand Island, Nebraska Masonic Ashlar Lodge Number 33 organized in 1870 (History of Hall County, p. 368-369). [Compiler's Note: I have noted the name Ashlar for other Masonic lodges - research reveals an ashlar is a hewn or dressed stone used in masonry work].

Charles D.M. Washburn, a business man of Grand Island, operated express and dray lines in 1876 (ibid, p. 267).

C.D.M. Washburn is listed as a 1877 commissioner for Hall County, Nebraska (Atlas of Nebraska)

C.D.M. Washburn served as mayor of Grand Island, Nebraska from 1878 to 1880 (ibid, p. 103).

Charles D.M. Washburn was a Master Mason in good standing in the Grand Island Ashlar Lodge in 1882. No masonic records can be found beyond this date (Grand Lodge of Nebraska to John C. Clement, 5 Dec 1991).

In the late 1880s he owned a Livery, Feed and Sale Barn at 205 East Street, Grand Island (History of Hall County, p. 275).38,16

1874. Item from the Grand Island Times, 11 February 1874, page 3, column 5: "The City Council met last Wednesday evening....Bill of C.D.M. Washburne, as street commissioner, for repairing bridge on Locust Street, $50. Referred to committee." In column 6 of the same page is this advertisement: "Farm for Sale, One Hundred and Sixty Three Acres of Fine Land! Situated on the Platte River, 12 miles northeast from Grand Island, and two miles southeast of Chapman's Station on the Union Pacific. Seventy acres under cultivation, log house, well, and stable on the property, about 1,000 young Cottonwood trees, behind a lot of shrubbery growing nicely. The subscriber has a patent from the government for the land, and can give a good clear title. Inquire of C.D.M. Washburne, City Expressman, Grand Island, Nebraska."

1874. An article in the Grand Island Times, 30 December 1874, page 3, column 5: Charlie D.M. Washburne, the old pioneer still keeps his three express teams moving constantly, delivering freight, coal and miscellaneous articles to all parts of the city. We are glad to see this, for Mr. Washburne is certainly deserving of the success and prosperity with which he is meeting and we hope he will continue to meet with. The boys that manipulate the "ribbons" for him are all clever, gentlemanly fellows, and pay strict attention to their business, delivering everything on time and in good shape. Remember, when you want coal, freight, express packages, or anything else that is "pullable," delivered at your residence or place of business, call upon Charlie Washburne, the pioneer expressman, to do the job for you, and he will give you satisfaction or "no go."39

1875. On 24 April 1875, C.D.M. Washburn purchased property from the Union Pacific Railroad in Grand Island, Lot 6, Block 79 for $175 (Land Deeds, Recorder's Office, Hall County Nebraska, Book L, page 36).

1876. 18 March. C.D.M. Washburn returned from his visit to York and Butler Counties last Tuesday. He reports having had a pleasant visit (Platte Valley Independent Newspaper, Grand Island*).

Note: All sources marked with an asterisk * not actually sighted by the compiler; instead, they were cited in correspondence between John Chandler Clement and Vonna J. Jackson of Grand Island, Nebraska.

1876. 27 May. Advertisement:

Proprietor of THE CITY EXPRESS
Numbers 1, 2 and 3 office on Front Street
Grand Island, Nebraska.
Goods delivered in any part of the city
Carriage to and from trains

1877. 10 February. C.D.M. Washburn started for the Black Hills last Monday. He expects to be back in about six weeks (Independent*).

1877. Grand Island Assessor's Book. C.D.M. Washburn. Four horses; four mules; one cattle; six carriages; one dog.

1878. Grand Island Assessor's Book. C.D.M. Washburne. Four horses; four mules; two cattle; four vehicles.

1878. 4 April. Returns for Mayor of Grand Island at the election held 1 April 1878, show C.D.M. Washburne, 129; S.P. Mobley, 125 (Grand Island Times).

1878. 31 August. On behalf of the suffering district now visited by the terrible scourge, Yellow Fever, I hereby appoint the following named gentlemen to solicit subscriptions for aid --- /s/ C.D.M. Washburn, Mayor, City of Grand Island (Independent*).

1879. 5 April. C.D.M. Washburn was elected Mayor last year by a majority of four. This year he had a majority of 102 (Independent*).

1879. 5 July. C.D.M. Washburne, who is serving his second term as mayor of Grand Island, came to Hall County from California in 1866, locating in Grand Island in 1870, and engaging in the express and general livery business. As an energetic and honest business man, as well as a faithful public official, he enjoys the entire confidence of the public. He does the leading business in his line, and has located in Grand Island to stay, as is shown by the fact that he takes such an active interest in every enterprise calculated to advance the material interests of the town and county (Independent*).

[Compiler's note: The foregoing provides the first clue of the whereabouts of Charles D.M. from 1850 to 1865 - California. The Platte River Valley was a primary trail for travelers going west to seek gold or whatever. Hall and Merrick Counties lie along this trail. While researching, I have seen many entries showing travelers settled in this area rather than go further West; similarly, many settled in this area after returning from the West. John L. Martin, the father-in-law of Charles, was a "forty-niner" in California. Sarah Martin, the sister-in-law of Charles, married James Vierieg who had worked in the California gold fields before settling in Merrick County, Nebraska].

1881. 28 April. C.D.M. Washburne has sold out his property in this city, and will soon depart for Colorado. He will take his teams with him, and proposes to work on railroad construction in Colorado, Montana, Idaho and Oregon (Grand Island Times). Compiler's comment: However, some of the following items seem to indicate that he returned to Grand Island.

1881. May. In her deposition for divorce, Mary J. Washburn claims that her husband deserted the family in May 1881.

1881. On 1 November, C.D.M. Washburn and Mary J. Washburn, his wife of Hall County, sold Lot 6, Block 79 for $900. Written across the deed was: State of Colorado, County of Laramie, 5 November 1881, before me Thomas W. Coffore, Justice of the Peace, came Charles D.M. Washburn to me personally, etc. (Land Deeds, Recorder's Office, Hall County, Nebraska, Book L, Page 36*).

1884. Grand Island Independent, 7 April 1884: "C.D.M. Washburn has sold his farm in Merrick county, and will start next week for the Yellow Stone Country. He was two terms mayor of our city, and has many friends here who will regret to have him leave." Compiler's comment: This item would seem to indicate that Washburn was pulling up stakes in Grand Island and moving permanently to "Yellowstone country."
"Yellowstone country" is most likely the entire Yellowstone river basin which runs for hundreds of miles from Yellowstone National Park northeasterly through Montana to North Dakota where the river merges with the Missouri river. No record of Washburn in that area can be found.

1884. On 9 July, C.D.M. Washburn bought from John Fonner and Lizzie, his wife of Hall County, parts of lot 5 and 6, block 54, Grand Island for $4,000 (Land Deeds, Book M, page 285*).

[Compiler's note: John Fonner in the foregoing paragraph owned considerable land in Grand Island. Lizzie, his wife, is Lizzie Martin, sister-in-law of C.D.M. Washburn. The previous transaction and the following of 1887 between Fonner and Washburn were probably strictly business deals and probably not connected with the marriage relationship].

1887. 13 April. C.D.M. Washburn, a single man of Hall County, sold to John Fonner, parts of lot 5 and 6 Block 54, Grand Island for $5,000 (Land Deeds, Book 7, Page 500*).

1887 Grand Island City Directory*:

Washburn, C.D.M., livery & feed - residence 324 E. 3rd Street
Washburn, Anna, residence 324 E. 3rd Street

[Compiler's note: The earliest directory available is 1887. 1888 can not be located. Washburn is not listed in the 1989-90 directory but his livery was listed in 1889-90 as well as 1891-92. From 1893 to 1897, no Washburn listed].

[Compiler's note: Anna in the 1887 directory is most likely the daughter of Charles, although only nineteen years old at this time. An article reporting the wedding of Anna in Laramie, Wyoming indicated Anna was a resident of Laramie beginning in 1881. However, this same article reported she met her future husband "working at the case" in Grand Island. Furthermore, it is known her future husband visited Grand Island later - see newspaper item of 10 December 1889 below. 1889 is probably when they met].

1889. 2 April. C.D.M. Washburn bought from George Watson and wife, "W1/2 lots 9 and 10, block 20, $700 (Land Deeds, Book 10, Page 457*)

1889. 10 December. C.D.M. Washburn has again taken charge of the livery barn next to the Clarendon House. He moved to there yesterday, it being a more central location than the one he had. In this same newspaper, appeared this item: Frank Spafford returned to Laramie last eve to resume work on the Boomerang having had a very pleasant visit in this city with his family and numerous friends. Frank is a good boy and first class all around printer (Independent*).

[Compiler's note: Frank Spafford subsequently married Washburn's daughter Anna on 23 July 1891 at Laramie. The Boomerang is a Laramie newspaper. A newspaper article reporting the marriage indicated Frank and Anna met "working at the case" in Grand Island. "Working at the case" is a printers term for the area where type is set up for printing].

1891. 10 June. C.D.M. Washburn, an unmarried man of Hall County, sold to First National Bank, W1/2 logs 9 and 10, Block 20 for $1,410 (Land Deeds, Book 15, page 577*).

[Compiler's note: After the deed of 1891, no record of Charles D.M. Washburn can be found. It appears he sold out to the bank, for whatever reason, and left town. No probate or will is recorded for him in Hall County. Records of Hall County Historical Society and of the Grand Island Stuhr Museum have been checked - no record of Washburn after 1891].

1919. 6 February. The remains of Mrs. Callahan, who passed away at Laramie, Wyoming are expected to arrive in this city this afternoon and funeral service will be conducted tomorrow. Mrs. Callahan, the Mary Jane Martin, was married to Charles D.M. Washburn (Independent*).

In the Grand Island, Nebraska Cemetery, burial section 1, row 2, lot 14 there is a large stone inscribed MARTIN-WASHBURN. Here are the inscriptions for John L. Martin, 1813-1893; Rebecca C. Martin, 1820-1873; Mary J. Washburn, 1845-1919; and Frank M. Washburn, 1866-1872. Mary J. Washburn also has Callahan listed after her name.40

Advertisement (Atlas of Hall County, Nebraska [Chicago, Illinois : Wm. Wangershieim & Co., 1890) (Denver Public Library G912.78241 h149 MAP): C.D.M. WASHBURN, Livery, Feed and Sale Stable, East Third Street, Grand Island, Nebraska. First-class rigs at reasonable rates. Careful attention to feed department.

The atlas in which the foregoing advertisement appears lists C.D.M. Washburn as a patron; nativity, New York; date of settlement 1865.41

      iv. Sarah MARTIN was born on 6 Dec 1846 at New Franklin, Stark county, Ohio.1 She married James Vieregg , son of John Vieregg and Elsie Kruse, on 2 May 1863 at Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska.42 She died on 6 Oct 1919 at age 72.43

Mrs. James Vieregg of Long Beach, California (Mary Jane Martin Obituary dated 4 February 1919).29

James VIEREGG was born on 6 Nov 1833.43 He died on 10 Sep 1924 at age 90.43

James Vieregg came to this country to escape military training. He landed in Georgia, went north to Iowa, and from there to California for the gold rush. He eventually came to Grand Island, Nebraska, to see two brothers, John and Henry. James decided to homestead in Nebraska and settled in southwest Merrick County. He homesteaded for seven years, then moved to Central City where he became a county officer. Later he bought a flour mill, which he operated with his sons Will and Karl for many years (Vieregg-Free article).44

Hall County was organized in 1859 and James Vieregg served as one of the first county commissioners. The first settler of Merrick County, Nebraska was James Vieregg who located in the western part of the county. A short time after returning from the gold fields of California, while visiting his brother John in Hall County, he staked out a claim in Merrick County on 5 September 1859. (Who's Who in Nebraska pp. 507, 811).

Hall County Commissioner, 1860, 1861. Merrick County, Office of Treasurer held by James Vieregg, 1865-1874 (Atlas of Nebraska).25, 16

James Vieregg was the first homesteader in Merrick County, filing his claim on 5 September 1859 a few hours before Jesse Shoemaker and Charles Eggerton. Vieregg's claim was about nine miles southwest of where Chapman now stands. James Vieregg and family were charter members of the Christ Episcopal Church of Central City, first organized as Lone Tree Mission in 1872. Vieregg Township was named for James Vieregg (Merrick County's 100th Year, pp 4, 49, 57).12

Apparently all bachelors, James Vierigg, age 31 is shown with his two brothers John and Henry, ages 34 and 25; all in the same household, listed as farmers (1860 census, Nebraska, Merrick county, p. 27).

In the 1870 census, Merrick county, precinct 3, page 243, he is shown with his young family; James, 36, farmer, born Holstein, mother and father of foreign birth; Sarah, 23, keeping house, born Ohio, mother of foreign birth; Nettie, 5; Willie, 3; Eva 2. Included in the family is a farm laborer, William White, age 20, can not read or write.

Now a grain dealer in 1880, James Vieregg is shown in Merrick County, Central City, page 22; James, 45, he and his parents born in Wurtemburg; Sarah, 35; Nettie, 15; Joseph W., 13, Amy, 9.14

      v. Elizabeth MARTIN was born on 31 Aug 1848 at New Franklin, Stark county, Ohio.45 She married John Fonner on 14 Jul 1867 at the residence of John L. Martin, Merrick county, Nebraska.45, 20, 46 She and John Fonner were divorced circa 1890. In the 1893 death notice of her father, Elizabeth is referred to as Mrs. John Fonner.8, 47 She married Benjamin F. Turner on 16 Sep 1907 at Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska.33 She died on 3 Sep 1931 at Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska , at age 83.33 She was buried at City Cemetery (sec F, lot 190) with second husband B.F. Turner, Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska. 33

She was also known as Ann Elizabeth MARTIN. 46

Lizzie Fonner Turner, Grand Island's oldest pioneer woman passed away Thursday [3 September 1931]. She was one of the few remaining subscribers of The Independent who have been taking the paper since its first publication in 1869. In later years, she delighted to drop in at The Independent offices along those lines and was always a most welcome visitor. (Undated clipping, probably 5 September 1931, The Independent, Grand Island, Nebraska).45

John FONNER was born in 1839 at Baltimore, Maryland. 48 He married Nancy Lancaster , daughter of Ockey Lancaster and Maria (--?--), on 5 Apr 1898 at West Point, Indiana. 49 He married Mary Etta William after 1902.50 He died on 10 Jun 1908 at Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska.48 He was buried at Grand Island cemetery, Sec 1, Row 2, Lot 15, Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska. 33

John Fonner lived in Baltimore until the mid 1860s when he came to Grand Island. He followed farming in the early years and was one of the principle dealers in horses. At death, he left a twin brother and sister in Baltimore. He attained the highest degree in Masonry (John Fonner death notice).

John Fonner, settled in Grand Island, Nebraska in 1866 and became a leading dealer in horses and mules. He married Lizzie, daughter of John L. and Rebeckah Martin, who had settled in Merrick County, Nebraska in 1859. The Fonner family homestead, developed just south of early Grand Island on the site of the original "O.K. Store." The O.K. Store, established in 1862, was located along the old immigrant trail west. The store and companion structures were fortified in 1864 when there was fear of attack from marauding Indians, and it became known as "Fort O.K." So it was natural for the Fonner homestead to become known as the "O.K. Farm." The O.K. Farm with the handsome Fonner home and barn were landmarks in Grand Island until they became victims of a 1980 tornado. (Prairie Pioneer Press, 21:4:1, 3).

The American Feed, Livery and Sale Stable of John Fonner continued until about 1890 (History of Hall County, p. 275).

John Fonner and Elizabeth Martin were divorced, perhaps as early as 1890. In the Atlas of Hall County (1890), John Fonner is shown to own considerable land. One piece of property in Washington Precinct shows him as owner of NW quarter, Section 22, T11 North, Range 9 West. That was on page 25; however, on page 51, the identical 160 acres bordering on Locust Street, Grand Island shows Lizzie Fonner as owner.

By 1898, it is confirmed that John Fonner was divorced from his first wife Elizabeth Martin and was a courting . It was reported that during a break in grand jury duty in Omaha, he visited Grand Island spruced up in a new Christmas suit, looking younger and frisker. He has refurnished his home and it is rumored that when he returns from jury duty, he will not be alone (Central Nebraska Republican, 1 Jan 1898).41, 38, 51, 47, 48

In July 1866, Lizzie (Martin) married John Fonner and moved to Grand Island where Mr. Fonner started a butcher shop. This shop was the second building erected in the present Grand Island. Mr. Fonner sold meat to the tie camps and the Union Pacific railroad builders. For many years Lizzie made her home on the old farmstead called the O.K. farm which includes the site of the old historic O.K. store and fort (Lizzie (Fonner) Turner death notice).45

In the 1870 census, Nebraska, Hall county, Grand Island, page 5, is shown John Fonner, 28, keeps livery stable, b. Maryland, parents of foreign birth; Elizabeth, 21, born Ohio.14

The 1870 census indicates the parents of John Fonner were of foreign birth. The daughter-in-law of John Fonner, Emma Fonner Corey believes they came from Alsace-Lorraine (German: Elsass-Lothringen) (Emma Fonner Corey to John Clement, 14 Sep 1998).52

Benjamin F. TURNER was born on 14 Nov 1845 at Illinois.33 He died on 1 Jun 1919 at age 73.33 He was buried at Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska.

vi. Charles MARTIN was born on 21 Mar 1853 at Paris, Stark county, Ohio.1

Not much is known of this Charles Martin, however the John L. Martin daybook 1875-1879 contains these entries: 23 Feb 1875, Charley fits; 29 Mar 1875, met at Grand Island with Charley; 31 Mar 1875, Charley starts for Oregon; 7 Apr 1875, Charly wrote at San Francisco; 13 Apr 1875, Charley got to Oregon.54

Martin picvii. John C. MARTIN was born on 19 Sep 1858 at Paris, Stark county, Ohio.1,7 He married Emma Renting , daughter of Nicholas Renting and Margaretha Reinholt, on 19 May 1889 at Merrick county, Nebraska. 55 He and Emma Renting were divorced circa 1896.56 He died on 18 Nov 1911 at age 53.57 He was buried at City Cemetery (Sec F, Lot 183), Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska. 7

An article appeared in the 1 November 1901 issue of the (Grand Island) Free Press (photocopy in the possession of the compiler). Frustrating to this compiler, the item leaves out many names, and poses some intriguing facts that need further explanation; the full text follows. The little Martin girl, twelve years old, was the center of a great deal of interest in the district court this morning. When the little girl was seven years old her mama, Mrs. John Martin, formerly Emma Reuting, was granted a divorce from her husband, John Martin. Both wanted the two children but the court gave Mr. Martin the custody of the older child while his former wife kept the younger. Mr. Martin, who is an engineer on the U.P. and resides at Laramie, placed his daughter with his sister, Mrs. Vieregg of Central City, who claims to have received $10 a month for the keeping of the child. Mr. Martin has also taken out a life insurance policy in favor of his daughter and has placed $200 at her disposal when she became of age. Mrs. Martin has been remarried twice since her first marriage, and has lived with her last husband about a year on a farm near Oxford. He is willing to support the oldest girl, providing his wife can get the custody of her child. The little girl saw her mother and little sister last night for the first time in five years. The court decided that the mother should have the custody of child until the 27th of December.

John C. Martin of Salt Lake City and former resident of Chapman, Nebraska was killed last Saturday (18 November 1911) while engaged in rail road work. He is the brother of Mrs. B.F. Turner (Elizabeth Martin). His remains were brought to Grand Island and the funeral was held Wednesday (22 November 1911) (Death Notice, Grand Island Free Press, 24 November 1911).57,56

Emma RENTING was born circa 1870 at Wisconsin. 58 She was also known as Emma Reuting.

Elmira CUNNINGHAM was born on 8 Mar 1843 at Medford, Ontario, Canada.6 She died on 22 Aug 1911 at Chapman, Merrick county, Nebraska, at age 68.6 She was also known as Elmyra A. Cunningham.

Born in Canada, but a resident of Polk County, Nebraska when she married John L. Martin. In 1911, she was living on the John L. Martin homestead. She had four brothers and one sister (Compendium, p. 689).

Elmyra Cunningham moved from Canada to the United States in 1874 (Death notice).5,6

Known children of John L.1 Martin and Elmira Cunningham were as follows:

i. James G. Blaine2 MARTIN was born on 24 Sep 1877 at Nebraska. 54,15 He married Bertha M. (--?--) on 18 Aug 1926 at Omaha, Douglas county, Nebraska.59 He and Bertha M. (--?--) were divorced on 5 Jun 1935.59

He was registered for the World War I draft on 12 Sep 1918 at Central City, Merrick county, Nebraska. His draft registration states: Home address Route 2, Chapman, Merrick county, Nebraska; farmer; nearest relative George E. Martin; medium height; stout build; brown eyes; black hair.60

Living on the John L. Martin homestead in early 1900s.

Divorced in 1935 after nine years of marriage. He was charged with non-support for the previous five years. There were no children and no alimony as asked for.5,59

In the death notice of his brother, George E. Martin, it is reported that J.G. Martin was living with George in a small Grand Island apartment (G.E. Martin death notice).61

ii. Roscoe Conklin MARTIN was born on 9 Jan 1879 at Chapman, Merrick county, Nebraska.54,62 He died on 26 Jul 1932 at Chapman, Merrick county, Nebraska, at age 53.62

He was registered for the World War I draft on 11 Sep 1918 at Cherry county, Nebraska . His draft registration states: Home address Valentine, Nebraska; traveling expert machinist employed by International Harvester Company; nearest relative James G. Blaine Martin; medium height; stout build; hazel eyes; dark hair.60

Never married, Roscoe Martin spent his entire life on the homestead of his birth and death.

Along with his brothers, he was actively engaged in the operation of their farm lands for several years after his father's death. He continued to farm for several years but towards the end he rented the land while still living on the homestead.62

iii. George Edmund MARTIN was born on 21 May 1881 at Chapman, Merrick county, Nebraska.61 He died on 16 Feb 1941 at Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska, at age 59.61

He was registered for the World War I draft on 12 Sep 1918 at Merrick county, Nebraska . His draft registration states: Home address Route 2, Chapman, Nebraska; farmer; nearest relative James Blaine Martin; short and stout; brown eyes; black hair.60

Living on the John L. Martin homestead in the early 1900s (Compendium).5

When George E. Martin died, he was living with his brother J.G. Martin in a small Grand Island apartment. Born in Chapman, Nebraska, George lived there until 1927 when he moved to Grand Island (Death Notice).

He never married and had not led an active life since loosing his right infectious leg nearly twenty years before his death. Besides his brother, he is survived by his sister Mable Beanblossom of Des Moines, Iowa (ibid).61

iv. Mable May MARTIN was born in 1884 at Chapman, Merrick county, Nebraska.63 She married Mert Beanblossom , son of Edward Beanblossom and Emma Easter, on 20 Jul 1908 at Grand Island, Hall county, Nebraska.63

Lived with her husband in Des Moines, Iowa.5

Mert BEANBLOSSOM was born on 3 Dec 1886 at Easton Place, Iowa. 63, 64 He died on 27 Aug 1961 at age 74.64

Resident of Des Moines, Iowa, Mert Beanblossom was an employee of the electric company; retiring from that work, he then was a watchman for Swift and Company (Zelma Snyder to John Clement, 27 Jul 2001).65


1. John L. Martin manuscript file. Original held by the Stuhr Museum, 3133 W. Highway 34, Grand Island, NE 68801 under collection number MS101. A photocopy is identified as MS1214 at the Nebraska State Historical Society, 1500 R Street, Lincoln, NE 68501. Well over 100 papers, the collection includes papers and journals; subsequently John L. Martin Manuscript, family bible.

2. John Danner, Old Landmarks of Canton and Stark County, Ohio, two volumes (Logansport, Indiana: B.F. Bowen, 1904), subsequently Landmarks of Canton, P. 1:668.

3. Landmarks of Canton, p. 1:668.

4. Early marriages of Stark County, Ohio 1841-1855 (Alliance, Ohio: Alliance Genealogical Society, 1988), subsequently Stark County Marriages 1841-1855, p. 65 (Book B, p. 140).

5. Compendium of History, Reminiscence and Biography of Nebraska (Chicago: Alden Publishing Company, 1912), subsequently Compendium of Nebraska, p. 689.

6. Death notice, Elmyra Martin [Photocopy of item from the 25 August 1911 Grand Island Daily Independent. In the possession of the compiler], subsequently Death Notice, Elmyra Martin.

7. Gravestone inventory, Grand Island, Nebraska City Cemetery. Maintained by the Stuhr Museum, Grand Island, Nebraska, subsequently Gravestones, Grand Island.

8. Death notices, John L. Martin. (1) Photocopy of undated clipping, probably March 1893, Grand Island (Nebraska) Independent. (2) Photocopied clipping from the 16 March 1893 newspaper, The Evening Repository of Canton, Ohio. (3) Photocopied clipping from the 16 March 1893, Central City (Nebr) Courier. (4) Photocopied clipping from the 23 March 1893 Central City (Nebr) Courier. All in the possession of the compiler, subsequently Death notices, John L. Martin.

9. Landmarks of Canton.

10. John L. Martin manuscript.

11. Harrison Johnson, Johnson's History of Nebraska (Omaha, Nebraska: H. Gibson, 1880), subsequently Johnson's History of Nebraska, p. 467.

12. Merrick County's 100th year 1858-1958 (Marceline, Missouri: Walsworth, 1958), subsequently Merrick County's 100th year.

13. Interesting item comes to light, Grand Island Independent item of 6 May 1909. Photocopy held by the compiler, subsequently J.L. Martin letter 21 Jan 1864.

14. U.S. Census schedules.

15. USGenWeb Merrick county, Nebraska 1900 census at, subsequently Merrick co 1900 census, Chapman township, dwelling 79, accessed 15 Mar 2001.

16. The official state atlas of Nebraska (Philadelphia: Everts & Kirk, 1885), subsequently Atlas of Nebraska.

17. After fifteen years [Photocopy of newspaper clipping dated 21 December 1908, probably from the Grand Island (Nebraska) Daily Independent. In the possession of the compiler], subsequently Probate of J.L. Martin estate.

18. "George Martin Dewees to John L. Martin," 16 Aug 1865, Onasburg, Stark county, Ohio (Stuhr Museum, Grand Island, Nebraska manuscript file MS101, series 2, folder 7 - photocopy in possession of the compiler), subsequently G.M. Dewees to J.L. Martin.

19. Passenger Arrivals 1819-1820, a transcript of the list of passengers who arrived in the United States from the 1st October 1819 to the 30th September 1820. (A reprint of the original published in Washington, 1821), subsequently Passenger Arrivals.

20. John L. Martin manuscript, Daybook 1866-1874.

21. USGenWeb Merrick county, Nebraska Archives at, subsequently GenWeb Merrick co. archives, accessed 14 Mar 2001. Citing Marriage Records Book A, p. 19, #19.

22. Gerald E. Sherard, Civil War Veterans, Merrick County, Nebraska (Knoxville, Tenn: Privately published, 198?), subsequently Sherard, Civil War Vets, p. 15.

23. Sherard, Civil War Vets, p. 15 Central City Cemetery, Grave 5, Lot 123, Sec C.

24. Merrick co 1900 census, Central City Ward 1, family 113, accessed 15 Mar 2001.

25. Who's Who in Nebraska (Lincoln, Nebraska: Nebraska Press Association, 1940), subsequently Who's Who in Nebraska.

26. C.E. Persinger, A history of Merrick county, Nebraska : From "the beginning" to the year 1895 (Central City, Nebraska: Central City Chamber of Commerce, 1967 reprint of the 1898 edition), subsequently Merrick county history.

27. Cemetery Inscriptions, Stark County, Ohio, volume 1 [Stark County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, 1982], subsequently Stark County Cemetery Inscriptions, Volume 1, p. 332.

28. Stark County Cemetery Inscriptions, Volume 1, p. 332, Blue & Heald Cemetery.

29. Death Notice, Mary J. Martin Callanan, (Laramie, Wyoming: The Laramie Republican, 4 February 1919), p. 7, subsequently Death Note, M.J. Martin.

30. "Douglas County Marriage Licenses," Nebraska and Midwest Genealogical Record, (Nebraska Genealogical Society, Volume 1, Jan 1934, p. 11), hereafter cited as Douglas county marriages.

31. Mary J. Washburn vs. Charles D.M. Washburn divorce record. Albany county, Wyoming case number 1102, docket B, page 468. Held by Wyoming State Archives, Cheyenne, Wyoming., subsequently Washburn divorce.

32. Compiler's knowledge, facts known to the compiler, subsequently Compiler's knowledge.

33. Prairie Pioneer Genealogical Society letter to John Clement, 3 April 1990, subsequently Pioneer Society to Clement.

34. Scrapbooks kept by Anna (Washburn) Spafford. Originals in the possession of Katherine (Clement) Baumann. Extract and some photocopies in possession of the compiler, subsequently Scrapbook, Anna Washburn, undated newspaper clippings.

35. Washburn Family History. A handwritten transcript entitled, "From Aunt Lodema Washburn Harding's letter written 27 March 1900." This transcript was found in an old family bible and given to John Clement by Beverly Dilenbeck Washburn in 1989, subsequently Washburn Family History.

36. History of Waukesha County, Wisconsin (Chicago: Western Historical Company, 1880), subsequently Waukesha county history.

37. Roster and record of Iowa soldiers in the War of the Rebellion, volume V (Des Moines: Emory H. English, State Printer, 1911), subsequently Iowa Soldiers, p. 605.

38. August F. Buechler, History of Hall County, Nebraska (Lincoln, Nebraska: Western Publishing and Engraving Company, 1920), subsequently History of Hall County, Nebraska.

39. Grand Island (Nebraska) Times, photocopied articles in possession of compiler, subsequently Grand Island Times, 11 Feb 1874, 30 Dec 1874.

40. Vonna Jackson to John Clement, correspondence. A professional researcher, Vonna Jackson resides in Grand Island, Nebraska, subsequently Vonna Jackson to J. Clement, 12 Dec 1990.

41. Atlas of Hall County, Nebraska (Chicago, Ill: W.M. Wangersheim & Co., 1890).

42. Old marriage licenses, photocopy held by the compiler of newspaper item published in the Grand Island Daily Independent, 1 Apr 1920, subsequently Old marriage licenses.

43. William B. Free to John Clement, subsequently William B. Free, 9 Nov 1990.

44. Vieregg-Free Article. Undated clipping in the possession of the compiler, probably written about 1980, authored by Florence Bishop Free; furnished by Prairie Pioneer Genealogical Society, subsequently Vieregg-Free Article.

45. Death notice, Lizzie Fonner Turner [Undated clipping, probably early September 1931, Grand Island (Nebraska) Independent. Photocopy in the possession of the compiler, from a scrap book kept by Anna (Washburn) Spafford in the possession of Katherine (Clement) Baumann], subsequently Death Notice, L. Fonner Turner.

46. GenWeb Merrick co. archives, accessed 14 Mar 2001. Citing Marriage Records Book A, p. 29, #29.

47. Jury duty 1898, John Fonner [Photocopy of newspaper clipping dated 1 Jan 1898, from the Central Nebraska Republican. In the possession of the compiler], subsequently John Fonner jury duty.

48. Death notice, John Fonner.. Grand Island (Nebraska) Independent Newspaper clipping dated 10 Jun 1908, photocopy in the possession of the compiler, subsequently Death Notice, John Fonner.

49. Fonner/Lancaster marriage [Photocopy of newspaper clipping dated 8 Apr 1898, from the (Grand Island) Democrat. In the possession of the compiler], subsequently Fonner/Lancaster marriage.

50. Fonner/William marriage. Genealogical database maintained by the Stuhr Museum, Grand Island, Nebraska, subsequently Fonner/William marriage.

51. Tom Anderson, "Sculptured Sioux Indian family took hazardous 23-year journey to find permanent home," Prairie Pioneer Press, volume 21, no. 4 (April 1987) [Grand Island, Nebraska : Stuhr Museum], subsequently Prairie Pioneer Press.

52. Emma Fonner Corey to John Clement, correspondence, subsequently Emma Corey to J. Clement.

53. Pioneer Society to Clement, City Cemetery, Sec. F, Lot 190 with second wife Lizzie Martin.

54. John L. Martin manuscript, John L. Martin daybook 1875-1879.

55. Martin - Reuting Wedding, photocopy of item in the 21 May 1889 Grand Island (Nebraska) Daily Independent. In the possession of the compiler., subsequently Martin - Reuting wedding.

56. Untitled news item. (Grand Island, Nebraska) Free Press, 1 Nov 1901, subsequently Martin - Reuting divorce.

57. Death notice, John C. Martin [Photocopy of item from the 24 November 1911 Grand Island Free Press. In the possession of the compiler], subsequently Death Notice, John C. Martin.

58. GenWeb Merrick co. archives, accessed 14 Mar 2001. Citing Marriage Records Book B, p. 337, #781.

59. Divorce granted, newspaper clipping of 6 Jun 1935. Photocopy held by the compiler, subsequently J.G. Blain Martin divorce.

60. World War I United States Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, database online http:\\, subsequently WW I Draft Cards, accessed 6 Jun 2006.

61. Death notice, George Edmund Martin [Photocopy of newspaper clipping dated 17 February 1941, probably from the Grand Island Daily Independent. In the possession of the compiler], subsequently Death Notice, George E. Martin.

62. Death notice, Roscoe C. Martin [Photocopy of newspaper clipping dated 27July 1932, from the Grand Island (Nebraska) Daily Independent. In the possession of the compiler], subsequently Death Notice, Roscoe C. Martin.

63. Martin/Beanblossom marriage certificate. Hall county, Nebraska Marriage Book 9, p. 434, cert. 153-5291, subsequently Martin/Beanblossom marriage certificate.

64. Zelma Snyder to John Clement, correspondence, subsequently Zelma Synder to J. Clement, 20 Jul 2001.

65. Zelma Synder to J. Clement.


31 Dec 2006 - Submitted by John Clement

"The Fine Print"
 Merrick County Coordinator: 
Martha A Crosley Graham

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