NEGenWeb Project
Merrick County
Palmer News



Early settlement of Loup Valley & the vicinity of Palmer, NE


Note: We believe some portions of this history are missing from the reproduction. We were supplied with copies of articles made by volunteer Aileen Rawlings about 1992, who had contributed them to NSHS for the statewide newspaper extractions project of NSHS & NSGS. NSHS passed the copies along to us and Ted indexed them some years ago (Posted on Nebraska Newspapers website in 2001 - newspaper code #1502).



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, March 23, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

a hole in the ground about 10 feet deep, where the Indians evidently kept their winter provisions. The hole was about three feet across at the top, and about 10 feet at the bottom, like a funnel upside down. Mr. Hayes found a two year old buck in the hole and killed it. A knotty oak crotch stood in the hole which was used as a ladder by the Indians.

     On my first trip to the river, one day in the afternoon, I met Ed Parker in his shirt sleeves, he was returning to camp which was up near the forks of the river. We met about where the old Houtin home stood, it was very cold but Ed. seemed to enjoy it hugely. He was a character along with Buffalo Bill, wore long hair, and at that time was county clerk of Merrick county. When the settlers got too thick, he moved to other quarters, more congenial to men of his kind, his nature was to be in the front ranks of civilization.

     In the ealy seventies one Sunday in Nov., I was sitting at the south window looking southwest, the wind was blowing strong from the north, when I saw a deer coming toward the house, he stopped in the slough where the grass was big. My house then in the timber in the N.E. of McNeals pasture, the trees were only switches at that time. I got W. Campbell and Chas. Wherrett with their guns, they stood on the west side of the slough, while I went around and drove the deer between the two. Wherrett brought the deer down with the first shot.

     When I was locating my timber claim, (where McNeal now lives) and my homestead about April 20th, 1874, just after the three days blizzard, I crossed Elk creek going south at the corner stake of S.E. corner of the Q.F. Lambert farm, with a pair of mules and wagon. The hole country had been burnt over and the storm the worst I ever saw. On my round trip I counted 26 dead deer that had perished, and I took several pelts myself.

     To illustrate how severe the storm was, Jason Parker, who lived on Prairie creek ten miles east of Palmer at that time, had gone to Lone Tree, and could not get back, he left 65 head of cattle in his corral with a very good shed facing south, when he returned he had some over 30 head of little cattle left, the other big cattle drove the little ones out, as the shed drifted full, until it smothered all the big cattle. Cattle were drifted in all the creeks and sloughs in the country, I found one of Davises in Elk creek on the Fitchpatick (sic) farm. In my next I will try and locate the old settlers.

A. M. Templin

Early History of This Neighborhood

     The writer crossed the Missouri River on a ferry boat, the 27th day of Oct., 1871. Stayed all night at the Canfield Hotel in Omaha, left that city the next morning at 7 a.m. by passenger train, and landed at Lone Tree, (now Central City) at about 4 p.m. same day. Ticket cost $9.90. Stayed all night at James Percivals 6 miles west of Central City. Slept on floor with Jacob Templin, and later made my home with him for the winter on his homestead / S.W.1/4, Sect. 10, T. 13, R. 7.

     In later part of Nov. Frank Cooledge, (brother of Charles) drove to the Loup river for wood, James Percival, and I west along. on our way over Percival shot a deer, we loaded Cooledge with wood and he went home, coming after us in three days. We stayed in a tent in the brush north and east of the Malone residence. Deer were very plenty but wild on account of hunting, but every night we could hear them in the brush. They went to the hills early in the morning, and returned at night.

     On a later date Ira Jeffres drove his ox team to the same place on the river. James Applegate and I went along. We stayed three days.

     The next day I shot a deer that a Pawnee Indian had crippled, (now laugh) and was following. When the Indian came up, he made me understand that the hide was his, so we skinned the deer, and I took one hind quarter and walked to camp. This occured about two miles north of the river between the cottonwood and Rock creek.

     The next day I met John Hayes of Lone Tree (father of Joe Hayes) at the foot of the hill north of the Limmerman home. He showed me an old Indian camp, west of the Limmerman home and



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, March 30, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

built on his land about the same time. Whether Bob Wooden, and others had settled before that time, I think John Davis would know. (Mr. Davis says Wooden, J.C. Knapp and Allison Cole came the year before.)

     N.E. 1/4 section 32 John Davis located, where Mrs. O'Hern lives the N.W. 1/4 Mrs Hanna Davis, mother of John, located. Later Norris Davis homesteaded the west half. The S. W. 1/4 Ben Alspaugh located where Chas. Grammer now lives. Alspaugh sold to Mrs. Lambert, mother of Mrs. Adam Heck. Alspaugh, after burying his step daughter, the first one buried there, deeded the cemetery to the public. The S.E. 1/4 J.C. Knapp filed as timber claim, and later sold to John W. Templin, now of Worland, Wyo.

     S. half of S.E. 1/4 section 30, Porter Baird located, sold to Ed McDonald, now owned by Adam Donchaski. W.J. Copeland the eighty north. The N.E. 1/4 Robert McCann located, and when he proved up he deeded Mr. Copeland 40 acres along the south for $200, that he had borrowed, to help move him and his family west. The N. W. 1/4 fractional quarter was located by Eugene Brown, now of Washington.

     N.E. 1/4 section 20 Isaac Place located; and is now the only person in the Precinct that lives where he homesteaded, unless Albert Zamzow. The S.E. 1/4 Milton Taylor located, grandfather of Mrs. H.A. Wells. The S.W. 1/4 Frank Baird located, and the N.W. 1/4 Wm Churchill, the last two later moved to Washington. John Dailly now owns the Baird and Taylor half section.

     The S.E. 1/4 section 18, a fraction, was located by Helon Foster, who later moved to Colorado. The S.W. 1/4 John Thomas, father of Newton Thomas, located.  The N.W. 1/4 Wesley Ludington. Later these two places were known as the Malone ranch. Ludington then located north of the river on the strip now known as the Limmerman farm. Ludington, for years before he moved across the river, operated a ferry near his house. It use to be great fun for him to fall in the river to frighten his patrons when they least expected it. I think his wife was a Methodist, but Lud, evidently was a Baptist.

(Early settlers continued next week.)

A. M. Templin

The Early Settlers

     In writing the history, or rather locating the early settler of the Loup Valley, most of which occurred about 50 years ago; and which would be hard to remember, or describe were it not for the wisdom of our departed friend Judge Copeland, who had in his possession the "Enumeration of the inhabitants in Loup, or Precinct No. 8 on the 1st day of April, A.D. 1875." This I just received from Miss Joe Copeland, and which I will return when through with this record. I think this enumeration should be kept by Miss Joe, or some one whom she may select.

     Then boundry (sic) line of this Precinct at the time, was the Pawnee Reservation on the north, (or Nance county) on the east, the section line west of the Wm. Wagoner farm, and on that line north in the hills, thence was a jog, which extended east of the Woolcott farm. On the south, the section line south of the Chas. Cooledge farm. On west the Howard county line. I have no map, but judging from the names of the residents at that time, I think this correct. Perhaps the south line might have been a mile further north.

     As to the first settler in this Precinct I am not sure. I know that John Davis, and his mother both built sod houses on the north half of the Palmer section, in the fall or summer of 1873. I

think Albert Zamzow, (enumerated at Sampson,)



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, April 6, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

     I am not sure whether Mr. Long was the first settler on the E. half of N.E. 1/4, section 24, or not. I think A.D. Reece located the W. half of N.E. 1/4. W. R. Jolls homesteaded the west half of N.E. 1/4. He was grandfather to Mark Colborn. J.M. Dressler bought out Haskell another Methodist preacher, preempted the S.W. 1/4 and held it until Alison Cole, his brother-in-law came and homesteaded it, and still owned by his widow. M. M. Burk homesteaded the S.E. 1/4. Do not know who he sold to.

     J. C. Knapp homesteaded the N.W. 1/4, section 30, in township east. Robert Vanlear homesteaded the S.W. 1/4 and Cal Goodrich, father of Mrs. Hiram Colborn, homesteaded the N.E. 1/4. Bob Wooden located on section 22, but do not know the quarter and when this enumeration was taken he had gone father west. Wooden, as long as he lived there, run a big herd of cattle. He summered them for 50 cts. per head. H.D. Landrum one year run the herd.

     The names of those who came after the year 1875 are as follows: John W. Templin, Ed Mcdonald, John Daily, Barney Galager, David Fulton, David Camblin, Warren Burtman, Mr. Summers, Geo. Bulingame, Mr. Long, Alison Cole, Milt Corth.

     After finishing with the early settlers, I am going to tell about some of the interesting events of the early days. I am going to ask Journal readers who know of funny or interesting events of that time to write about them and send them to me at 120 So. 35 St., Omaha.

= = = = =

Omaha, Neb., April 3, 1922

Perry Gage, Palmer, Nbe (sic)

     Dear sir, in conversation with Mr. Burlingame I find I have done him an injustice, in mmy (sic) statements regarding the first settlers in the valley, and made some other mistakes. I will ask Mr. Burlingame to correct me after my report is published in this week's Journal, and take up all of my space for next week.

     I did not move in the Elk Creek valley until the spring of 1873. I see I, or the printer's devil made a mistake in the date of the April storm which was in 1873. As Burlingame's name does not appear on the enumeration of 1875, and he lived about 4 miles down the valley he certaily (sic) knew who was the settlers.

     One thing I do know that the first Post Office was named Burlingame, and we are not only willing, but insist that as far as possible the record shall be corrected. While I will expect Burlingame to take up the corrections next week, I will at any time correct any mistake I may make if my attention is called to it, and would be glad to hear from anyone.   

A. M. Templin

The Early Settlers

     H.C. Wells located the N.W. 1/4 section 28. John Cole preempted the S.W. 1/4 and later sold the south half to Barney Galager. The north 80 Cole homesteaded, where Orlando Campbell now lives. He now lives near Taylor, Neb. Wm. Foster homesteaded the S.E. 1/4 where Bruno Janson now lives. Anton Zimprich located the N.E. 1/4 now owned by H. Jensen.

     Mat Donaldson homesteaded the N.E. 1/4 section 34. Chas. Wherrett timber claimed the N.W. 1/4, later sold to Mr. Linder, Fred Linder's father, and now occupied by Axel Anderson. Lewis Foster homesteaded the west half of S.W. 1/4 and sold it to Lyman Clark. It is now owned by E. M. Davis. Foster moved to Washington. David Fulton homesteaded the E. half of S.W. 1/4 and west half of S.E. 1/4. David Camblin, I think homesteaded the east half of S.E. 1/4. This I think, was the last piece of government land located in the valley, but there was an 80 acre tract located on the strip since that time in Merrick county. Milt Couch first located the Fulton land and sold it to Fulton.

     J.S. Donaldson timber claimed the N.E. 1/4, section 26. He was a Methodist preacher. He homesteaded the N. W. 1/4 and proved up on it. A Mr. Crane first located S.W. 1/4, sold to Hobbs which, I suppose, is now owned by Silas Hobbs. James Donaldson homesteaded the S.E. 1/4 and lived on it long enough to prove up, and there has never been any one on it to live since. Albert Mears first located N.E. 1/4 and sold to Warren Burtman.

     Warren Burtman, I think, located the N.W. 1/4. The south half of that section, was and is the Geo. Burllingame timber claim and homestead. Burlingame must of came later, as his name is not on this enumeration taken in 1875, neither was Burtman here at that time. I think one H.D. Lundrum located either part of Burlingame or Burtman's land first. John Davis would know. Burlingame was in the valley in 1873, but not enumerated in 1875.

Palmer Journal - 6 Apr 1922

Friend Perry:

     As I have been lying here in bed this afternoon, I have been thinking about early times here and have whiled away the time writing a few things that come to my memory.

     It was in May 1874 that we crossed the Big muddy with our parents on a steam ferry at Plattsmouth. We crossed the Platte at Columbus and stayed over night with Wm. Adams, a brother of my mother. The next day we crossed the sand hills and came to section 14, township 12, range 7, in the Loup valley where three more of my mother's brothers had claims, John D., G.S. and Robert Adams.

     Father rented some land over on Prairie creek, one mile west of the Mead school house. We planted corn and sowed some millet. The grass hoppers came that summer and ate all the corn, so all we raised was a few loads of millett. I have seen the hoppers so thick that they shut off the light, just like a dense cloud.

     Father traded a team, wagon and harness to Owen Shively for a claim over on Loup valley. He also took a ......

..... running. That was our first experience as cow boy. We would drive the stock off toward the Loup in the morning and round them up and corral them at night. One evening we were riding down a long sand bar and we saw several animals running around. At first we thought they were colts from another herd down the river. It proved to be a herd of 35 or 40 elk. They turned their noses up in the air, dropped their antlers down on their shoulders and ran through willows that grew so thick we could not ride through them on a horse.

     We were herding cattle for Bob Woodin in the spring of 1875. His homestead was the N.E. quarter of section 20, now owned by Dinsdale Bros. It was while we were herding for him that Bob and Andy Reece gave chase to the elk that A.M. Temblin said was killed just north of Grammer's barn.

John Meyer.



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, April 20, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

at the office door before 9 a.m., and before the office was open. When the officials appeared, they said, they had decided not to take any more money, until the proper blanks came from Washington.

     I said that is pretty tough, that I had driven 25 miles that morning, and it was not only a hardship on me, but on my mules. They evidently took pity on the mules, for they said if I would write out a copy of the blank and fill it out as I went, that I might that way finish my filing so I would not have to come back. I offered to pay one of them, but nothing doing. So I wrote out my own application which was the first timber claim taken at Grand Island, and drove home in the afternoon. This was also the first timber claim proved up on at Central City. I think John Campbell and A. S. Nicholas was my witnesses, who counted the trees.

     I found out later that the fees for locating timber claims was only 14 dollars, instead of $26, so in about a year I wrote to the land office at Washington, asking for a refund. In about a month I received word that for some reason, or other, there was an over charge on the first timber claim located, but that there was no law whereby they could refund on such claims. That was a consoleing (sic) answer, from a big government, to a poor cuss like I was.

     Wm. Campbell homesteaded the S.W. 1/4 and the first time I met him, he was breaking prairie north of where his house now stands. His son Silas was planting sod corn with a hand ax, he was not big enough to handle a spade, and Mr. Campbell informs me, that he still had the old hand ax out in his barn. Uncle Will, and Silas had moved into their new home and as near as I can remember, it was 6 feet wide, 12 feet long, about 5 feet high at the bed, and perhaps 44 feet at the other end, such was the beginning of one of the properous farmers, who is proud of what he went through, and what he accomplished.

     I might add that at this time I was batching in a shack 8 by 10 made out of fruit tree boxes, it stood near the S.W. corner of the big timber in the McNeal pasture. That fall I moved it further east, and covered it with sod, and built a soddy about 14, by 16 next to it. It took a good deal of gall to bring a young wife from Ohio, into a shack like that, and every time it rained, we had to dry the bedding in the sun. But it was a great life, there was no selfishness among the neighbors in those days, and we are all proud of the part we had in founding one of the best communities in Nebraska. The reason for this might be in the fact that the children of these settlers have so intimately mixed up in marriage, that one dare not talk about others, without tramping on some ones toes. This is a happy condition.

A. M. Templin

The location of the settlers in the Burlingame neighborhood will be given by George Burlingame in next week's paper.

The Early Settlers

Editor Palmer Journal:

     I received word Saturday from Burlingame that he could not get his statement ready before next Saturday, and would not be ready for this week's issue. So I will fill up the space if necessary. James Sample homesteaded the north E. 5/8 section 2, town 14, range 8, and to the best of my memory he sold the north half to a Mr. Crabtree, who later sold it to Jap Pemberton, now owned by Mr. Taylor I think. Geo. Charon's father homesteaded the N.W. 1/4, Harry LaFeever homesteaded the S.W. 1/4 and Mr. Fechner the S.E. 1/4. I am not sure whether LaFeever first located that quarter, would be glad to be corrected by any one.

     Ramoth Sears homesteaded the N. half of N.E. 1/4. A.M. Templin homesteaded the S.E. 1/4 of S.E. 1/4. Jerome Smedley, who lived west of Central City on an 80 acre homestead, located an additional 80 which he did not have to live on, the N.W. 1/4 of the N.E. 1/4 and the N.W. 1/4 of the S.E. 1/4. Mr. Smedley traded it in settlement with the Empire Harvester Co., and I bought the 80 acres for I think $200, not sure of the amount. The S. half of S.E. 1/4 was first held by Tony Tousley, who sold his right to Fred Moyer.

     Fred got the California feever, (sic) and sold the land to me for the price of 100 bushels of corn, at that time worth $43, grasshopper times, which I will refer to later. I was very much amused at a remark that he made to me the day he vacated the little frame house. He said, "If I would wait until hot weather the bed bugs would carry the house where ever I wanted it." The old crib on the McNeal farm (if not torn down,) has some of the flooring on it used as cribbing.

     The N.W. 1/4 I located as a timber claim, (pardon me if I make a more extensive note of this,) I had heard that several timber claims had been taken, or the land canceled as taken on payment of $26, until blank applications was received at the land office at Grand Island. One Monday morning in May, I drove my mules hitched to a lumber wagon, to the Island; I was



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, April 27, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

     A man by the name of Warren or Warner first timbered the S.E. 32-15-8, who relinquished to J.C. Knapp, who in turn relinquished to J.W. Templin.

     A man by the name of Jiles first held S.W. 30-15-8 and latter (sic) J.W. VanLeer homesteaded it.

     Wes Luddington, John Thomas and Helen Foster located on 18-15-8. I don't know when or just how it was divided.

    In the fall of 1874 Hostetter relinquished N.W. 24-15-9 to W. R. Jolls, and Warren Burkman came into possession of the Means 1/4, the N.E. 22-15-8, some time later.

     Gus Summers first took N.W. 22-15-8.

     Andy Brannan took N.E. 28-15-8. Both of these last two claims must have been taken about 1875, and Henry Wallace must have located just east of the Goodrich place about the same time.

     Loup precinct was organized in the fall of 1872 and unless someone located just over the south line, which I don't think they did, J.W. Donaldson's was the first family to locate in Loup precinct.

     My family was the second.

     J.C. Knapp's was third, although J.C. was ahead of me. Goodrich's came next, then Churchill, Woodin, the Adams families and Mr. and Mrs. Chapman.

     This I think is a complete list of the families who were located in Loup precinct in 1872. I know it is true as regards township 15. 

     In the spring of 1873 a postoffice was established through my efforts and located at my house. I was appointed P.M. A special star route was established to accomodate this office, running from Central City to Albion, Boone Co., via Luddingeon's Ferry, after the ferry was put in, in the fall of 1874, I went to Rock Springs, Wyoming to work to make a living for my family.

     I resigned from the office of P.M. and H.C. Wells was appointed to succeed me, and the office was moved to his house, where it remained until the Palmer office was established. I returned to Rock Springs in 1876.

     I have not gone south of the line of Palmer in this sketch because I know there are others who can give you clearer information as to the location of settler over that line.

     Of course you know about the Sawyer ranch and about Seedam, Jim Sawyer and Joe Davis locating on 29, and the changes there, and about Lev. Taylor on 21 and Warner succeeding old Mr. Taylor on the S.E. of 20-15-8, and the other changes if you plan on going very far with your story.

     I think old Mr. Linder succeeded Mr. Foster on 28. Con Malone got in on 18 and John Daily on 20.

     In the spring of 73 Andy Reece located on the S.W. 1/4 of 20-15-7 and later bought Jolls interest in the E. 1/2 of 24-15-8, homesteaded and lived there until he moved to Palmer. I later bought the west 1/2 of that 1/4 and still own it.

     As I have said Burk was the first settler on the N.E. 1/4 of 24-15-9, but I now recall that a man named Lunk, not Long, as the paper has it, has got possession of one 80 on it. Landrum nenver (sic) had any interest in 22-15-9. I knew the man, but think he did not have any claim in this part of the precinct. He lived at one time in the old Frank Beard house.

     Mrs. Simmons was a widow, mother of Frank, a minor. Rena, who married Charley Mead, and Carrie, who married Dick Steel.

     You must remember how the fleas preempted everything in those early days and the grasshoppers claimed what was left.

     Of course you know all the later changes if you plan on going far with your story.

Yours in sympathy,

G.M. Burlingame.

The Early Settlers

JUNE 1873

  Robert Woodin family N.E. 20-15-7.

  Marvin Hutchins, single N.E. 20-15-7.

  James M. Donaldson and family N.W. 26-15-8.

  Mat Donaldson, singleS.W. 26-15-8.

  Ed McGonagle, single S.E. 24-15-8.

  A.B. Cole, single, minor S.W. 24-15-8.

JULY 1872

  J.C. Knapp family N.W. 30-15-7.

  G.M. Burlingame family S.E. 22-15-8.


  C.M. Goodrich family N. E. 30-15-8.


  Wm Churchill family N. W. 20-15-8.

  Charley Best squatted on S.E. 20-15-8. Charley was single and I am quite sure he never built a house, and I think he later realinquished (sic) to Mr. Taylor.

  The Adams boys, John, William, George and Robert. They each had a family and I think each took a quarter of 14-15-7.

  Old Mr. Chapman and daughter Jennie Chapman, I think each took a quarter of the E. 1/2 of 34-15-8. Jennie married Mat Donaldson. Mat relinquished to Crane and went to live with Jennie.

     This completes the list of 72ers, unless Milt Couch and Isaac Place came that year, but I think they both came in 73.

     Couch took a quarter of 34-15-8.


  H. C. Wells located on N.W. 28-15-8.

  M. M. Burk N.E. 25-15-8.

  Hostetter N.W. 24-15-8.

  J.M. Dressler, brother-in-law of A.B. Cole took S.W. 24-15-8 to hold for Cole until he became of age.

  J.S. Donaldson and Flora Donaldson N. 1/2  26-15-8.

  R.A. Means N.E. 22-15-8.

  Wm. Copeland N. 1/2 S.E. 1/4 30-15-8.

  Porter Beard S. 1/2 S.E. 1/4 30-15-8.

  Eugene (sic) Brown W. 1/2 30-15-8, fractional.

  Frank Beard N.W. 20-15-8.

  John Davis N.E. 32-15-8.

  Wm. Davis and Norris Davis N.W. 32-15-8. I don't know how this was divided.


  Ben Alspaugh S.W. 32-15-8.

     I am mixed on the S.W. of 28-15-8. I think John Cole and John Wherrett were interested in it, first one and then the other. Cole finally held the N. 1/2 and Gallagher the S. 1/2.

     Later I think John Wherrett timbered N.W. 34-15-8.



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, May 4, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

S.E. 1/4. He and Burley sold to Adam Heck, now owned by Frank Newlon, and James Bahensky.

     Chas. Wherrett homesteaded the north half of N.E. 1/4 and east half of N.W. 1/4 section 8-14-8, now owned by his two children, Grace and George. A. S. Nichols homesteaded the west half of N.W. 1/4, now owned by Fitzpatrick. John Campbell homesteaded the south half of N.E. 1/4 and west half of S.E. 1/4. Thomas Blinkinsop homesteaded the east half of S.E. 1/4. Wesley Rasor, timber claimed the S.W. 1/4, now owned by Henry Grammer.

     Clarence Powell contested this claim, I think in 1876 or 7, the trial was held in Grand Island. I think Wm. Campbell, John Campbell, A.S. Nicolas, Thomas Blinkinsop, and myself were Rasor's witnesses. We drove to the Island in a lumber wagon. When we got where we could see the timber on the Platte river Mr. Nicholas related this incident in his early life which occured in 1863. It appears his health was failing him, and his Dr. advised him to go to Colorado, and when he and his comrades was close to Grand Island, Mr. Nicholas stopped at a ranch house on the river, and bought a pumpkin pie for 25 cts. He haid (sic), "that was the completest pumpkin pie  he ever ate, for there was not a blooming thing in it but pumpkin.

     It would appear that Nr. Nicholas at the age of  24, when he made that trip, was far from being in good health, or he would not have made this trip overland in a wagon in 1863, his health in early life, he lived to be 83 years old, an age that not a very large percentage of those born reach. He evidently understood his own condition, or capacity of endurance, and squarred his life accordingly. In this he showed wisdom. What is the use any way, of any one shorting their lives by being slaves to the foolishness of getting the dollar when they cannot carry one sou with them when they depart this world.

A.M. Templin.

The Early Settlers

Editor Palmer Journal

     Mr. Burlingame's corrections stand approved, unless some one else puts in an objection. Now that Charles G. Tidd is enjoying himself loafing around Palmer, I will ask him to correct me in relating a little political stunt wherein he was wholly responsible for the part I had in it.

     In early days when Mr. Tidd and his father were in business, and occupied the corner store in the old Opera House; I happened in one day when there were several others in the store, that were discussing the tariff. C.G.said to me, "you are pretty well posted, what have you to say on the subject?" When I got fairly started, John Davis remarked in about these words, "A.M. I like a damned fool, but you suit me most too well." I said that is good argument. But I have never fully decided in my own mind, whether the joke was on Tidd or me, we will let the reader decide that.

     Eliza Herring, grandmother to Perry Herring, homesteaded the N.E. 1/4 section 6-14-8, now owned by Bert Strong, and Leander Campbell. John Burley homesteaded the  S.W. 1/4 and I think timber claimed the N.W. 14 where Ralph

Hetrick now lives. Ab King homesteaded the



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, May 11, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

    I am not sure who located the east half of N.E. 1/4 section 14-14-8, where Mr. Ita now lives. Moses Toot homesteaded and timberclaimed the west half of N.E. 1/4 and the N.W. 1/4 now owned by Mr. Zook. I am at a total loss about the S.W. 1/4. Mr Whited located the S.E. 1/4 where Chas Muco lived so long.

     John Colborn homestaeded (sic) the north half of N.E. 1/4 and Abraham Colborn, father of the Colborn boys, homesteaded the south half of N.E. 1/4. Geo. Colborn homesteaded the east half of N.W. 1/4 and Mr. Root the west fractional half of N.W. 1/4: the last two tracts are now owned by Harry Webber. I cannot say who located the fractional S.W. 1/4. A.S. Nicholas timberclaimed the S.E. 1/4, where his son now lives.

     About the time that James Kyle located near Palmer, there was a colored batchelor called nigger Jim, who made his home across the river in Nance county. These two Jims were not one whit alike, but they both kept a string of gray hounds. It was a very hard matter to know the owner of the hounds, unless the owner was in sight. At that time John Davis owned the implement house, which since burned down, where the one he now owns stands. Abraham Colborn waded through the pack of hounds, opened the door into the office and remarked, "here is the hounds where is the nigger." It was nont (sic) been recorded as yet, just what answer Kyle gave to the inquiry.

     Mr. Burlingame suggested a very pubnacious (sic) little friend of every body, when he remarked, for me not to forget the flea, that little cuss that was mixed up in everybodies' under clothes, in the early days. If we got any rest, we had to take it between chewing times so we were at their mercy. Geo. Herring claimed he run down, and caught a full grown jack rabbit in the valley near the Judge Copeland farm, it was simply alive with fleas, the jack was so poor that it could not jump much farther than the flea. Many of the old settlers could testify what restless bed fellows a few fleas will make.


A.M. Templin.

The Early Settlers

     In writing up the history of Loup township, which was practically all settled from 45 to 50 years ago; I expect to make some mistakes, as some of the first settlers - or locaters, only stayed a short time and their claims was taken up by others. If any one thinks that they can remember back 45 years and get everything exact I would gladly surrender this leadpencil, and bid them God speed. I start out to only give the first setttlers on the government lands, the Rail Road lands, I may handle later.

     Edom Dixon homesteaded the N.E. 1/4 section 10-14-8 now owned by Mr. Swadley. Mr. Baird, son-in-law of Mrs. Moses Toot, homesteaded the north half of N.W. 1/4. Mr. Carlson homesteaded the south half of N.W. 1/4 and the north half of S.W. 1/4. John Plank homesteaded the north half of S.E. 1/4 An old maid school teacher, Aunt of Joe Cogil, timberclaimed the south half of S.E. 1/4 and south half of S.W. 1/4, now owned by one of the Wagoners.

     Mr. Rudolf, father of Chas. Rudolf of Central City, homesteaded the N.E. 1/4 of section 12-14-8. Ora Fish, or his mother, homesteaded the N. W. 1/4. Chas. Rudolf, (mentioned above) timberclaimed the S.W. 1/4 and Wm. Otto homesteaded the S.E. 1/4.



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, May 18, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

     This covers the Government lands in Loup township subject to locating, except the sections in the neck running down where the Woolcotts lived, and of which I have only described the one section where J.C. Knapp located. Later will give some of the settlers who bought land of the Union Pacific Rail Road company, who owned at that time every other section for 20 miles back, parallel with their track.

     Some ten years ago I was sitting with Judge Copeland in his office when our conversation drifted back to the grasshopper time. In relating our experience, he told me about getting a letter from some old friend. I think from Sparata, Ill., that he had sent the Judge, and his family a box of clothing and provisions. He and some of his neighbors drove in a lumber wagon to what was then Lone Tree, now Central City, a cold wintry day to get his box.While in one of the stores, he was about to buy a pair of felt boots on time, to keep from freezing on way home; when he though he had better get his box from the depot, and see what was in it before buying any thing. To his surprise about the first thing he saw was a pair of felt boots, and when telling it he broke down and wept.

     I aver that not one of the old settlers living during that time but that could related similar experiences.The folks back in the east were indeed very mindful of the wants of their friends in the west; and it is hard to tell what would of became of some of them without the help of those friends. There was a county relief committee for the winter of 1874-5 at Lone Tree. I think Dite Reynolds, James Verigg and James Radcliff was that committee, they received and distributed all public goods contributed by the advice of one man whom the appointed in each precinct.The writer had charge of Loup precinct and it was my duty to go to Lone Tree every Saturday, to report the needs, and bring back what our people had to have. I drove my mules hitched to a lumber wagon, and as grain was scarce for feed, the mules was pretty tame, so I kept my blood circulation persuading old Tobe & Topsy, to try and make the trip between suns.

   There were so many pleasant things that occured among the early settlers, that it was about the best part of our lives after all. To ride in an ox wagon about 4 miles down to the school house No. 36, to attend a literary society, which was kept running all winter, by the old soldiers, and their wives, was an entertainment that would put some of the modern acts, in the Orpheum circuit in Omaha to shame. As a reminder to the few that is left, the debaters was Lafe Taylor, Eugune Brown, J. Luddington, Judge Copeland, Wm. Churchill and Mr. Thomas. The performers consisted of the above with the help of Mrs. Copeland, Mrs. Luddington, Mrs. John Davis and Mrs. Porter Baird and Mrs. Frank Baird. Great time and pleasant memories.

A.M. Templin.

The Early Settlers

Edieor (sic) Palmer Journal:

     Since I began writing this continued story of Loup township, at least 12 deaths have occured (sic), in and around Palmer, and only one, A.S. Nicholas, was enumerated in 1875. Out of the 216 enumerated ast that time, counting grown people and babies, there was 25 soldiers who served in the civil war. Out of this number there remains, J.L. Davis, Isaac Place, Wm. Campbell, and we must add, Geo. Burlingame, who in 1875 went to Rock Springs to earn a living. The old faityhufls (sic) are dropping out of the ranks, and only 4 remain to stand guard.

     You will notice that out of those who first settled Loup township, one out of every 8 and a fraction served thgeir country in war. They were made out of the right kind of material to endure the hardships that was necessary to build up a new country in those days.

      Remember that these men fought to preserve this nation, and finally, to free the colored slaves in the south, and then came west, fought the elements, and endured privations, that future generations might enjoy peace and plenty. My friends will you leave as fine a record for future generations when you pass to the great beyond.

     Hiram Colborn timber claimed the N.W. 1/4 of section 20-14-8, and Mrs. Ohara the west half of southwest 1/4 where Mr. Peters now lives. The rest of the section, I cannot remember. John Whalen lived on the N. E. 1/4 and Zal Peck on the S. E., but do not think they located the land first.

     Mr. Parsons homesteaded the N.E. 1/4 section 22-14-8, Jacob Ita timberclaimed the N.W. 1/4. Mr. Anquist homesteaded the S.E. 1/4 and am sure one of the Truitt boys located the S.E. 1/4 where Friedrickson now lives.

    Gale Anderson homesteaded the N.E. 1/4 section 22-14-8, Jacob Ita timber claimed the N.W. 1/4. Zal Cheever the N.W. 1/4, later owned by Fred Lefflebine, and since by Hesselgesser. I think that Alber Zamzow located the S.W. 1/4 at least he and wife and three children are enumerated in 1875, and I do not know where else they could have lived at that time. August Wagoner timber claimed the S.E. 1/4.



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, May 25, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

blooming thing began to twist and curve, and soon landed in a deep ditch, breaking the left front wheel.

      Edgar Howard and the other men soon got them out of the wrecked car into mine; neither one was hurt seriously, but might have been, for the ladie's head went through the wind shield but only left a slight mark on her head. They and baggage, was loaded into my car and I took them to Central City, and left them in the care of Fred Radcliff. The tracks of the Ford car indicated that samething (sic) had gone wrong with the steering gear.

     We made the trip from Omaha, to Grand Island, 155 miles in just 6 hours, and wasted about one half hour on the road, or 28 miles per hour. This is going right along, and baring some break in the car, it is not dangerous, but we all run risks when we ride in an auto. No one should drive a car that gets the least bit nervous, or loads up on white mule. Here is one person that would not own a car if we had if we had open saloons; and if you will watch the reports of auto wrecks, the most of them are caused bgy the kick ot the mule.

     I have lived here in the city for two and one half years, but never saw two autos come together, or any one hurt, yet there is not a day passes but what there are one or more wrecks, and about every day some one hurt. I am sure from what I see every day, that the most of those who get hurt, it is their own fault, for they take chances in heading off a car, that no sensible person would do.

     Mr. Editor, I might of told you what happened at the Grand Island conference last Tuesday, but Merrick county was pretty well represented. If you will call up Bryan Powers, or John Boelts, I know they would be glad to inform Loup township along that line. Tell Tom Fiddlier that next week I will revert to the early history of the best part of Nebraska for alfalfa.

     Pardon me, but that man that likes my letters, but not my politics, or religion, must have his wires crossed. About the worst cussing I ever got, was because I had no religion; and my politics? Well I have not had any of that kind of stuff for lo these many years. I want to thank this man for his frankness, and his compliment. Listen, all those people from Palmer who have crossed the river in the last few weeks, will have to meet their Lord the same as the man who lost his brains near Fremont. I am sure all will agree with me thus far. Then why should any one worry about what any one else believes, when we all have such a big job ahead, trying to a live a respectable life on earth. Those who think my religion is bad, ought never use a looking glass, for they might discover something, if they will ony dig down deep enough into the thing they are looking at.

A.M. Templin.

The Early Settlers

Editor Palmer Journal:

     On account of events that occured (sic) the first of this week I shall digress, or I might say divert my course, but am afraid my friend Thomas Fiddlier would not understand just what I ment (sic). I made arrangements for two ladies, and two gentlemen, to go with me last Monday in auto to the Grand Island conference. On account of death in one family, and sickness in the other, the two ladies did not make the trip. And before we got half way to the Island I was glad they did not go.

     About 4 miles west of Fremont on the paved road a very serious auto wreck occured (sic) about ten minutes before we got there. A man about thirty years old, driving a small runabout Ford truck, ran into, head on, a big sedan. The driver of the truck was thrown through the wind shield in such a manner that his head was cut just above his eyes, and took about an inch of his hair with it. His brains were laying on one side of the car, and his body on the other side (perhaps moved there) with his face up, and the brain cavity were open to all who wished to see.

     We did not tarry five minutes, but I said some one must have been drinking. On Wednesday when at filling station in Fremont, I remarked that I saw the man and wreck. One man said he had known him for several years, and that he was known to be a drinker, when he could get it. The big car was badly damged, in front, both wheels being smashed, and from what I saw, the wreck must of been worse than the on (sic) Ed Peck got into two years ago. I understyaood that the three that was in the big car was not seriously hunrt. (sic)

     On Tuesday about 5 p.m. we left Grand Island for Columbus, with Edgar Howard on my right watching the spedomitor (sic), for I had promised him to not drive faster than a thirty mile gate. I thought perhaps he was afraid to die. About 4 miles west of Central City, I noticed a

Ford roadster headed west hitting a pretty lively gate and when it came within 10 roads of us, the



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, June 1, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

     The first car of freight was a carload of popcorn to Albert Dickinson of Chicago by myself. It was loaded down near Wm. Campbell's north line.

     Mr. Wickem bought sec. 19-15-8 and built the house now owned by T. R. Lambert. James Sawyer bought the west 1/2 of sec. 29-15-8 and built the house now occupied (but enlarged and made modern) by John Knapp. George Sawyer bought the east 1/2 and the S. E. 1/4 of 31-15-8.
     His brother James fenced and run cattle on this land, and bargained with me for a Perkins windmill which I put up. He got into financial trouble by mortgaging some property illegally, and was on his way to Grand Island, leaving the country for good, but was man enough to drive to where I was at work and told me that his brother George would pay me, which he did.
     Mr. Sudyam bought and partly improved the N. E. 1/4 of sec. 29, now owned by David Foster. and Joe Davis the farm he now owns. Lafe Taylor, father of Mrs. Henry Wells, bought the S. W. 1/4 of sec. 21-15-8. He had the first blacksmith shop in the valley, and what he could not make out of iron and steel, there was no use for anyone else to try.
     George Colborn had the first shop up in Gage Valley, where Harry Weber now lives, and I think he had the first shop in Palmer, on a lot south of where the lumber yard stands.
     I think Martin Scott, bought and improved the N. E. 1/4 of sec. 27-15-8 and. Frank Dankert the S. W. 1/4.
     I think it was on election day in 1900 the writer got mixed up with a bunch of Germans and I told them this story, which actually occurred near Grand Island. The German rung good and hard, then put the receiver to his ear and said "Hello Hello is dish de middle? Tach me to de brewery". And from that day to this, Frank Dankert never meets me but he says "Is dish de middle?"
     Geo. Douglas, father of the two Douglas girls in Palmer, bought the S. E. 1/4 see. 23-15-8, who was the first settler on that section. George Craven bought the west 1/2 of sec. 25-15-8 and improved it. I think a Mr. Snyder bought the N. E. 1/4. Mr. Craven and a Mr. Granger, a renter, bought a Shorthorn bull in partnership. The story runs something like this. The bull was tied in Mr. Craven's barn Granger went after him and Craven would not let him go. After they had 'fussed quite a while, Craven remarked that "possession is nine points in law" and evidently thought the matter was settled.
     Granger waited patiently until one day Craven was occupied in a law suit before Judge Copeland, with his neighbor, Mr. Snyder. Then he went over, untied the bull and led him home. The next time they met Craven was very sore and talkative and told what he was going to do, when Granger remarked "possession is nine points in law".
     Those little tilts very amusing to other people and they showed that Loup Township was not settled by lobsters.
     Do you know that the way the human family is organized, they are just as apt to quarrel over a bull, as over politicts or religion, and one is just as sensible as the other.

A. M. Templin

The Early Settlers

Editor Palmer Journal:

     Mackenson, as I have said was a character, and we were all expecting something to occur when he was around. Chas. Nichol dealt in bologna and cow hides, with enough other things mixed in to make a butcher's shop. He had leased the lot next to him, which I think was where Linder's harness shop now stands. Nichol had it ploughed and had worked hard in ridging it up to plant sweet potatoes, and was worried about where he could get plants
     Mackensen at that time was breaking prairie south of where Si Hobbs now lives, and while Nichol was cutting some veal steak for Mack (off the hind quarter of an old cow) he told Nickol (sic) he had found a place where he could get his plants, and if he wished he would bring him a hundred when he came back in the evening, which was just the thing for Nichol. Mack found some pie plant leaves, and fixed up a bunch of wild morning glories, and delivered them. Nichol planted them, watered them and stuck shingles up to shade them and about the time they looked as if they would grow, Mack let the cat out. Mack evidently was paying Nichol for some of the tough meat he had bought.
     The last time Nichol was seen in Palmer was 1896. The Burlington Railroad was anxious to, defeat Bryan and Nichol was shipped down from Montana to vote for McKinley. Nichol came on the morning freight and waited until the last freight in the evening went out and then voted. I can now see in my mind, his coat tails floating in the air as he hit the Pike to catch that train. I presume Nichol then felt he had got even with Mack at last, but the joke was that Mack was voting against Bryan too.
     Joe Hays, I think sold the first lumber in Palmer. He afterwards sold the yard to Wes Templin.
     Mr. Weeks, in the name of his wife, opened the first general store where the John Davis implement house now stands.
     Wm. Newmeyer had the first drug store on the lot now occupied by the filling station. Mr. White had the first newspaper, the Palmer Sun in the same building now occupied by the hotel. Chas. Lemaster the first barber shop just west of the hotel. Eli Perry and Judge Copeland the first implement house. Chas. Moore the first hotel down by the livery stable.



PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, June 8, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

     There are many democrats who know and say that they cannot elect Hitchcock. It is generally understood that as they cannot elect the senator, they will be satisfied with the state ticket; and they would much sooner see Howell elected senator than Biglow, the progressive candidate. There are good reasons to bellieve that this is the deal.

     They evidently thought that if Wray was put up for senator on the progressive ticke, that Biglow would withdraw, or not file. But they did not understand the kind of material that Biglow was composed of, for he is clean, and a fighter for principal. Norton was subed for Wray, thinking that the progressives would fall over each other to vote for him for senator.

     Wray and Norton must have 272 signers to their petition, of those who signed up for the progressive party, before they can become candidates on the progressive ticket. From the protest put uyp over the state, it is believed that on account of the dirty deal, these two pollywogs cannot get the 272 signers.

     We have in the last three days, succeeded in filling up a full middle of the road progressive ticket, and we believe we can get the 272 signers to place them on the ticket. The editor of the Journal will be able to give the full ticket, before going to press. Not having seen the rest of the committee since Friday, I cannot give it.

A. M. Templin

The Early Settlers

Editor Palmer Journal:

     I have a pretty good excuse for not continuing the history this week. This is Monday morning, Jun 5th, and just got home at 5 o'clock a.m. The people at Palmer understand that a dirty political deal was pulled off at Lincoln to kill the progressive movement, by a republican and democrat, that posed as very enthusiastic progressives.



Publication date not known

     By the way, there is a characteristic among all New Mexicans that all people should copy. They never knock on their home town - always boost. Their town has the finest climate, he finest people, the finest crops, and the greatest opportunities of any town there is. Consequently some parts of the New Mexican deserts are forging ahead and really are making people take notice of them.
     Taking it all in all New Mexico is a wonderful state. It has a variation of scenery that should suit the most exacting. There are the deserts with their cactus, mesquite, and yucca plants and sand, sand, sand; the prairies with their herds of cattle and cowboys, and ranches, the rolling foothills, and the mountains, with their evergreens and ferns and minerals.
     Many of the valleys are irrigated either by mountain streams, rivers, or artesian wells.
     Pages could be written of this wonderful country, but I would tire you.
     My purpose in writing is this: Tell the Palmer people to boost for their community because they have opportunities that people of New Mexico never will have. New Mexico has difficulties to overcome that Palmer's people never dreamed of. These little towns are forging ahead, then so much more so should a community like Palmer forge ahead.

Wishing you success, I am

     Mrs. J. R. Killian.

813 No. Kansas St.
El Paso, Texas
June 2, 1922.

Mr. Perry Gage,
     Palmer, Nebraska:

     Dear Sir: -- No doubt you will be surprised to get a letter from an ancient citizen of Palmer, but I just couldn't resist the opportunity of sending you a copy of a paper of Hope, New Mexico. When we first left Nebraska we went to Silver City, New Mexico, but in February we moved to El Paso (about one hundred miles from Silver City.)
     Mr. Killian has been with the El Paso Herald and I have gone with him some when I felt like it.
     We were at Hope, New Mexico, a short time ago and I was so amused to read all the wonderful things they had to say of Hope. If the population of Hope is 800 then the population of Palmer is 8,000. Oh, such exageration you never saw in all your life. Words can not describe the tackiness of the place, but the paper pictures it as a Paradise.


PERRY GAGE, Publisher

Thursday, June 22, 1922

Issued Every Thursday Afternoon $1.50 per year strictly in advance Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Palmer, under the act of Congress.

Cox the south half of N. E. 1/4 and Wm. Nichol the west half of S. W. 1/4 and built a sod house on it where the trees are now standing, now owned by Grace Curtis, and Gen. Wherrett.
     I think it was in 1876, the last year the grass hoppers bothered us, that the writer came along the road where the trees now stand, and Mr. Nichol came out and proposed that he would move out of the house and sign over the papers on the 80 acres; if I would give him the $35, that he had paid on the land, and the saddle that I was riding, worth about $6. He was dead sick to get out of the country . Mr. Chas. Wherrett finally dealt him out of the place, and for years he was policeman for the U. P. R. R. Co. at station in Grand Island.
     Speaking about grass hoppers, it was in August, 1876, one Sunday afternoon the writer and family drove up to Chas. Wherrett's. On way up we noticed that the hoppers were flying up in the air about 20 feet and then drop, there was no wind to carry them away. Mr. Wherrett. and I went north of the house on a straw stack, to watch results, at that time we could see black streaks forming in the north west, like distant smoke.
     For two hours we watched the streaks or clouds growing blacker, until on the N. E. and N. W. it was as black as any cloud you ever saw, but not as large as a thunder cloud.
    It was a sight never to be forgotten, when the fore part of the cloud passed over us. The wind had raised in the N. W. and carried the hoppers with it. There was a humming sound which was created by their wings and we could hear them long after night still moving south. Some people said that the hoppers was sent by God to punish us for our wickedness,- but I always thought they came because they were hungry, which was a much easier problem to prove. There was only three things they would not eat, prairie grass, sorghum and tobacco, so there was one bad habbit we could not charge up to them, and in this respect they were much wiser than some smart fellows gave them credit for.
     A great deal of our religion is superstition, a case to the point. Uncle Billy Foster and wife was very strict about family worship. One morning in the early seventies, John Wherrett came along and wanted Uncle Billy to go with him to Central City, (or Lone Tree,) and the Fosters dispensed with the worship that morning. Some few days later in the fall, there was a big prairie fire coming from the south. Mrs. Foster got some coals of fire on a shovel and started south to help start back fires. As she passed through the yard, the wind blew a coal off her shovel and set fire in the grass, that soon reached the sod stable where they had a cow, and big yoke of cattle tied up, and when they discovered the fire it was too late to save the three animals.
     This good woman that she was, always said that God bad sent the punishment upon them, because Uncle Billy had neglected family worship. A more reasonable conclusion would be that she set the fire herself, by being foolish enough to carry coals on a shovel through the yard when the wind was blowing. It is not only reasonable, but were the facts.. God must be a pretty hard task master, according to some religious ideas.

The Early Settlers

Editor Palmer Journal:

     In the spring of 1897, in St. Paul, Minn., while trying to find a ship I located Billy Fisher, who came down to Palmer with C. J. Hysham and myself. I discovered during the 50 hours that it took to make the run, what I considered a good farm hand, but I could not get him to say that he would work for me until be had stayed around and done the chores for a week. One morning he said he would work for me 8 months for $200, and the deal was made right there, and he worked for me over three years.
     It was haying time, and Clarence Newlon was helping me. One Sunday Billy saw the young Christian preacher, walking home with Sabina Campbell. The next day while we were eating dinner in the hay field, the way Billy went after Clarence was not slow. He began by saying that Clarence would stand no show with that preacher, the preachers were all good talkers, and how much he pitied him; and finally wanted to know what he could do to help him out of his troubles. That was once that Clarence could not muster language fast enough to head off the Dutchman.
     Billy was as good as gold, there never was a word of trouble between us. I finally located his folks for him near Springfield, Ill., where he went. We heard from him two or three times, but nothing direct for over twenty years. I have understand that he went to Montana, and was shot down in cold blood by some one that was drunk at the time. I never saw a better hand on the farm, and he made friends where ever he went. I have laughed at some of his German remarks until my sides ached, but he never got sore about it.
     Frank Knapp located the north half of section 36, 15, 8, and Wm. Clause the S. W. 1/4. I cannot just name the Germans on the S. E. 1/4. Ezra Johnson, son-in-law of Ramoth Sears, first built on S. E. 1/4 section 34-15-8 where Q. F. Lambert now lives. Levi Cox built on the east half of S.W. 1/4 where E. M. Davis now lives, then Barney Gallagher on the N.W. 1/4 and Truman Gee on east half of N. W. 1/4.
     Wm. Nicholas bought the N. E. 1/4 of section 31-15-7 of George Sawyer and the N. W. 1/4 I think of Mr. Real. My brothers in Ohio bought the S. E. 1/4 of Geo. Sawyer. Birt Lambert bought the north half of N. E. 1/4 and north half of N.W. section 5-14-8 from the U. P. Railroad Co. H. M.


Palmer Journal, 8 Jul 1922


     The early history of the settlement of Loup Valley and the immediate vicinity of Palmer which A. M. Templin recently finished writing, has been read by practically all Journal subscribers.
     Practically all of our readers admit, that it was well written and many of them are keeping the entire seires (sic), as they say this will make interesting reading in later years, Mr. Templin is to be congratulated upon the manner in which these articles were written.
     Now there is a strong demand that the early settlement of Gage Valley be written by someone who took an active part in that settlement, and C. B. McCormick has been suggested as the man for the job. Curt was in the Valley at an early date and could easily locate those who were there when he came. He has a wonderful memory and a good command of language and if he decides to write the story, we promise our readers it will be interesting. He has the matter under consideration.

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