Nebraska Indian Tribes

Arapaho  The Arapaho ranged for a considerable period over the western part of this State.

Arikara This tribe lived in the territory now included in Nebraska with the Skidi Pawnee at some prehistoric period, and after 1823 they returned to the same tribe for 2 years.

Cheyenne Like the Arapaho, the Cheyenne ranged to some extent over the western territories of the State.

Comanche At an early day the Comanche must have lived in or near the western part of Nebraska, before moving south.

Dakota The Dakota had few settlements of any permanency in the territory of Nebraska but they were constantly raiding into and across it from the north.

Foxes  The Foxes were parties to a land cession made in 1830.

Iowa When the Omaha lived about the Pipestone Quarry in Minnesota, they were accompanied by the Iowa, who afterward went with them to South Dakota and thence to Nebraska. They, however, continued southeast into the territory of the present State of Iowa.

Kansas They were parties to a cession of Nebraska land made in 1825

Kiowa The Kiowa were at one time on the western margin of Nebraska and later followed the Comanche south. Missouri  After they had been driven from Missouri by the Sauk and Fox, the remnant of this tribe lived for a while in villages south of Platte River.

Omaha Meaning "those going against the wind or current"; sometimes shortened to Maha. Also called:
   Ho'-măn'-hăn, Winnebago name.
   Hu-mii, Cheyenne Dame.
   Onǐ'h, Cheyenne name, meaning "drum beaters"
   Pŭk-tǐs, Pawnee name.
   U'-aha, Pawnee name.

     Connections The Omaha belonged to that section of the Siouan linguistic stock which included also the Ponca, Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw, and which was called by J. O. Dorsey (1897) Dhegiha.

     Location. Their principal home in historic times was in northeastern Nebraska, on the Missouri River.

     History. According to strong and circumstantial traditions, the Omaha and others belonging to the same group formerly lived on the Ohio and Wabash Rivers. It is usually said that the Quapaw separated from the general body first, going down the Mississippi, but it is more likely that they were left behind by the others and later moved out upon the great river. The Osage remained on Osage River, and the Kansa continued on up the Missouri, but the Omaha, still including the Ponca, passed north inland as far as the Pipestone Quarry in Minnesota, and were afterward forced west by the Dakota, into what is now the State of South Dakota. There the Ponca separated from them and the Omaha settled on Bow Creek, in the present Nebraska. They continued from that time forward in the same general region, the west side of the Missouri River between the Platte and the Niobrara, but in 1855 made their last movement of consequence to the present Dakota County. In 1854 they sold all of their lands except a portion kept for a reserve, and they gave up the northern part of this in 1865 to the Winnebago.    In 1882, through the efforts of Miss Alice C. Fletcher, they were granted lands in severalty with prospects of citizenship, and Miss Fletcher was given charge of the ensuing allotment. Citizenship has now been granted them.