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County Armagh,

Northern Ireland GenWeb 

Updated - January 18, 2009




Armagh, former (until 1973) county, Northern Ireland. It was bounded by Lake Neagh (north), former County Tyrone (northwest), former County Down (east), and by the Republic of Ireland (south and west).

In late prehistoric times and at the dawn of history, Armagh was an important populated area in Ulster. At the beginning of the Christian era, the fortress of Emain Mhacha, at the site known as Navan Fort, served as the centre of a kingdom of Ulster extending to the Rivers Shannon and Boyne in the west and south. Also associated with that period is an ancient frontier earthwork, Black Pig's Dyke. Following the decline of Ulster in the 4th century, Emain Mhacha lost its importance; and Ard Mhacha (now Armagh, the county town) became the political centre. It gained added importance after St. Patrick made it his metropolitan see in the 5th century. The area was later ravaged by Anglo-Norman and also Danish (841) invaders, but they made no permanent settlements.

Not until the 17th century did English influence become important in the county. Made shire ground in 1586 and included in the scheme for the Plantation of Ulster of the early 17th century, Armagh was colonized mainly by Protestant landowners from England. Armagh's prosperity in the 18th century is attested to by many monuments and buildings. In the 1973 administrative reorganization of Northern Ireland, the county was divided into the district of Armagh and portions of Craigavon and Newry and Mourne districts.

County Towns
GoIreland.Com has brief information on the following towns in County Armagh:
Armagh, Bessbrook, Craigavon, Crossmaglen, Cullyhanna, Forkhill, Jonesborough, Keady, Killylea, Loughgall, Lurgan, Markethill, Milltown, Portadown, Richhill, and Tandragee

Common Surnames
Murphy, Hughes, Wilson, Campbell, O'Hare, Smith, McCann, Donnelly, Watson and Quinn.

Heritage Centre
County Armagh Heritage Centre
42 English Street
Co Armagh
Northern Ireland
BT61 7BA

The Centre holds about 1.5 million records on individuals who were natives of the historic County of Armagh.
The main records include:

  • Roman Catholic records, the earliest of which date from 1790
  • Church of Ireland records from their inception to 1922
  • Presbyterian recordsfrom their inception to 1922
  • Civil records from their inception to 1922
  • Computerised directories
  • Wills Gravestone inscriptions and other sources

Query and Surname Resources

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Records and Reference Information

Churches in Armagh

Genealogy Links

Other Armagh Links


Armagh Family Home Pages


Do you have a site you would like to recommend be linked?

Please contact:

Country Coordinator

Denise Wells

Many thanks to Shirley Johnson for her service to
the Northern IrelandGenWeb and County Armagh! You will be missed!

Please note that I do not live in County Armagh
and cannot undertake any active research
in Northern Ireland.





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Last modified - Sunday, 18-Jan-2009 14:41:47 MST


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