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History

Embark on a journey to discover the rich history of County Down


"Down, a county of Ireland, in Ulster, 42 m. long and 34 broad; bounded E by the Irish sea, W by Armagh, NW by Antrim, and S by Carlingford bay and the ocean; divided into 60 parishes, and sends 4 members to parliament. It is in general fertile; has numerous bleach-greens; and in the rough parts many horses are bred. Copper and lead are found; also a black marble susceptible of a high polish, slate, coal, freestone, and crystals. Pop. 329,348. Chief rivers, Lagan and Newry."   [From The New London Gazetteer (1826)]
 

Onsite Information

Take a ticket and explore the past

Titanic WWI Round Towers Castles The Vikings

Historical Picture of Ireland

Illustrations by Henry Doyle
Second Edition 1868

 

Off-site links to visit

A timeline of Irish History

http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~fianna/history/

Law & Order

The Brehon Laws

The beginning of the 17th Century saw English law and rule prevail in Ireland and the Irish laws outlawed and declared barbarous. These "barbarous" laws had been what had kept the English from implanting its feudal system in Ireland and from completing its conquest of Ireland for four centuries. These ancient "barbarous" laws of Ireland have since been recognized as the most advanced system of jurisprudence in the ancient world, a system under which the doctrine of the equality of man was understood and under which a deeply humane and cultured society flourished.

http://www.irish-society.org/Hedgemaster%20Archives/brehon_laws.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brehon_Laws
http://www.libraryireland.com/Brehon-Laws/Contents.php

LAWS IN IRELAND FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF POPERY commonly known as the PENAL LAWS "Na Péindlíthe"

From the consolidation of English power in 1691 until well into the nineteenth century, religion was the gulf which divided the colonial rulers of Ireland from the native majority. This sectarian division resulted from deliberate government policy. It reached into political, economic, and personal life, through a series of statutes known as the Penal Laws.  This site contains the texts of these laws.

http://local.law.umn.edu/irishlaw/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penal_Laws
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~irlker/penallaws.html

Prisoners

In 1993 Down County Museum embarked on a project to gather information on the convicts who had been transported from the County Gaol of Down to the penal colony of New South Wales.

Railways

The railways of Ireland were born in the "Railway Mania" of the 1830s and 1840s, with the first railway opening between Dublin and Kingstown (now Dun Laoghaire), a distance of six miles, in 1834, only a decade later than that of Great Britain.

http://www.downrail.co.uk/hist.htm

 

 


 

© Copyright Fiona Jones, Brigitte Marmion, 2006 - 2008, All Rights Reserved.
Last Modified: Wednesday, November 05, 2008 08:55:32 Eastern Time, USA.