Census Description
Morris Co. Up


As provided for in the Constitution, a Federal Census is taken every ten years beginning in 1790.

17901800181018201830
18401850186018701880
18901900191019201930

The "Census Day" is the day that the enumeration of the population officially occurred on. The actual process of enumerating took place over the course of several days all information in the census was to be as of the "Census Day". One of the errors of the census is the fact that much information obtained was not "as of the Official Census Day." In some instances a person may have died between the official day of enumeration and the actual day and may not have been listed. Other times they were listed but at the end of the family list.

Year

Census Day

Microfilm Publication

1790

August 2, 1790

M637. 12 rolls

1800

August 4, 1800

M32. 52 rolls

1810

August 5, 1810

M252. 71 rolls

1820

August 7, 1820

M33. 142 rolls

1830

June 1, 1830

M19. 201 rolls

1840

June 1, 1840

M704. 580 rolls

1850

June 1, 1850

M432. 1,009 rolls

1860

June 1, 1860

M653. 1,438 rolls

1870

June 1, 1870

M593. 1,748 rolls

1880

June 1, 1880

T9. 1,454 rolls

1890

June 1, 1890

M407. 3 rolls
Roll 3: NJ. Hudson Co. (Jersey City);

1900

June 1, 1900

T623. 1854 rolls (Alabama-Missouri)
T623. 1854 rolls (Montana-Wyoming + Indians, Prisoners, Insane, In Hospital, Late Registrants)

1910

April 15, 1910

T624. 4,642 rolls

1920

January 1, 1920

T625.
1930April 1, 1930T626 2,667 rolls

Schedules

Seven schedules were used in various censuses' to gather statistics.

Population:   Population Schedules enumerated the people counted during the census.
1850 and 1860 census Population Schedule was referred to as the Schedule of Free Inhabitants
1890 census Population Schedule was referred to as a Family Schedule.

Manufacturers:    First used in 1810 the Manufacturers Schedule counted individual industries, in most instances excluding "household manufacturers."

Mortality:      The Mortality Schedule was first used in 1850 and enumerated persons who had died during the Census Year. The Mortality Schedule can generally be found for the 1850-1880 censuses.

Agricultural:The Agricultural Schedule counted farm and agricultural information. This scheduled was keyed to the Population Schedule for every person that was listed as "Farmer".

Slave:             The Slave Schedules were used in 1850 and 1860, Information about slaves was also collected in the 1830 and 1840 census.

Social Statistics: The Social Statistics Schedules were used to collect information about churches and schools in each county.

Special Schedule:                The three Special Schedules were:
Census of Pensioners in 1840

This schedule was included on the second page of the Population Schedule under the heading "Pensioners for Revolutionary or military services, included in the foregoing." The name and exact age of each pensioner was requested. [Ages need to be calculated from 1840 for attempting to determine the year of birth.]

Special Schedule — Surviving Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines, and Widows, etc.

Indian Division

Not-Reported Data

Occasionally, some people gave the enumerator only a surname, without any given or middle name, or the indexer may have found this information missing or illegible. Under these circumstances, Not Reported (NR) or a blank can appear on a card after a surname.

Census and Soundex Abbreviations

 


1790 - First Decennial

Uniform printed forms were not provided. Marshals, who were responsible for the coordination of the census, used whatever was available.

  • Name of Head of Family
  • Free White males aged 16 and over, including head of family
  • Free White Males aged under 16
  • Free White Females
  • All other free persons
  • Slaves

1790 Missing Schedules

Schedules for 1790 are missing from the following states.

Delaware
Georgia
Maryland: Allegany, Calvert, and Somerset counties
New Jersey
North Carolina: Caswell, Granville, and Orange counties
Northwest Territory: includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin
Southwest Territory: includes Tennessee
Virginia

1790 Facts

  1. First U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 3.9 million (3.2 million free, .7 million slave)
  3. Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the president.
  4. Census day: 1st Monday in August (2 August 1790).
  5. Mandated copies: One set, sent to the federal district court. Same copy ordered sent to the U.S. Secretary of State in 1830.
  6. A printed list of the 1790 census is available on microfilm as National Archives' publication: Series: T498 Rolls: 1,2, and 3.

1800 - Second Decennial

Uniform printed forms were not provided. Marshals, who were responsible for the coordination of the census, used whatever was available.

  • Name of Head of Family
  • Free White males
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 16
    • Of 16 and under 26, including head of family
    • Of 26 and under 45, including head of family
    • Of 45 and over, including head of family
  • Free White Females
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 16
    • Of 16 and under 26, including head of family
    • Of 26 and under 45, including head of family
    • Of 45 and over, including head of family
  • All other free persons except Indians not taxed
  • Slaves

Missing Schedules

Schedules for 1800 are missing from the following states.

District of Columbia: Virginia portion
Georgia: all except Oglethorpe county
Indiana Territory: Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin
Kentucky
Maine: part of York county
Maryland: Baltimore county, but not Baltimore City
Massachusetts: part of Suffolk County
Mississippi Territory: Includes Alabama and Mississippi
New Hampshire: part of Rockingham and Strafford counties
New Jersey
Ohio Territory
Pennsylvania: part of Westmoreland county
South Carolina: Richland District
Tennessee
Virginia: all except Accomack and Louisa counties.

1800 Facts

  1. Second U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 5.3 million (4.4 million free, .9 million slave)
  3. Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Secretary of State.
  4. Census day: 1st Monday in August (4 August 1800).
  5. Mandated copies: One set, sent to the federal district court. Same copy ordered sent to the U.S. Secretary of State in 1830.

1810 - Third Decennial

Uniform printed forms were not provided. Marshals, who were responsible for the coordination of the census, used whatever was available.

  • Name of Head of Family
  • Free White males
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 16
    • Of 16 and under 26, including head of family
    • Of 26 and under 45, including head of family
    • Of 45 and over, including head of family
  • Free White Females
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 16
    • Of 16 and under 26, including head of family
    • Of 26 and under 45, including head of family
    • Of 45 and over, including head of family
  • All other free persons except Indians not taxed
  • Slaves

Missing Schedules

Schedules for 1810 are missing from the following states.

District of Columbia
Georgia
Illinois Territory: all except Randolph county, Illinois; includes Illinois and Wisconsin
Indiana Territory: Includes Indiana, Michigan, and Minnesota
Louisiana (Orleans) Territory: St. Landry and West Baton Rouge Parishes; includes what became Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Wyoming
Maine: part of Oxford county
Michigan Territory: includes Wisconsin
Mississippi Territory: Includes Alabama
New Jersey
New York: Cortland county
North Carolina: Craven, Greene, New Hanover, and Wake counties
Ohio
Pennsylvania: part of Bedford, Cumberland, and Philadelphia counties
Tennessee: all except Grainger and Rutherford counties
Virginia: Cabell, Grayson, Greenbrier, Halifax, Hardy, Henry, James City, King William, Lee, Louisa, Mecklenburg, Nansemond, Northampton, Orange, Patrick, Pittsylvania, Russell, and Tazewell counties.

1810 Facts

  1. Third U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 7.2 million (6.0 million free, 1.2 million slave)
  3. Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Secretary of State.
  4. Census day: 1st Monday in August (6 August 1810).
  5. Mandated copies: One set, sent to the federal district court. Same copy ordered sent to the U.S. Secretary of State in 1830.

1820 - Fourth Decennial

Uniform printed forms were not provided. Marshals, who were responsible for the coordination of the census, used whatever was available.

  • Name of Head of Family
  • Free White males
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 16
    • Of 16 and under 26, including head of family
    • Of 26 and under 45, including head of family
    • Of 45 and over, including head of family
  • Free White females
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 16
    • Of 16 and under 26, including head of family
    • Of 26 and under 45, including head of family
    • Of 45 and over, including head of family
  • Foreigners not naturalized
  • Number of persons engaged in
    • Agriculture
    • Commerce
    • Manufacture
  • Slaves
    • Males
      • Under 14
      • Of 14 and under 26
      • Of 26 and under 45
      • Of 45 and over
    • Females
      • Under 14
      • Of 14 and under 26
      • Of 26 and under 45
      • Of 45 and over
  • Free colored persons
    • Males
      • Under 14
      • Of 14 and under 26
      • Of 26 and under 45
      • Of 45 and over
    • Females
      • Under 14
      • Of 14 and under 26
      • Of 26 and under 45
      • Of 45 and over
  • All other persons except Indians not taxed

Missing Schedules

Schedules for 1820 are missing from the following states.

Alabama: All except Baldwin, Conecuh, Dallas, Franklin, Limestone, St. Clair, Shelby, and Wilcox counties
Arkansas Territory: includes Oklahoma
Georgia: Franklin, Rabun, and twiggs counties
Indiana: Daviess and Dearborn counties
Maine: Washington and part of Penobscot counties
Mississippi
Missouri Territory: Includes Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, and Oklahoma
New Hampshire: Grafton and parts of Rockingham and Strafford counties
New Jersey
North Carolina: Currituck, Franklin, Martin, Montgomery, Randolph and Wake counties
Ohio: Franklin and Wood counties
South Carolina: Clarendon District
Tennessee: East Tennessee, including Anderson, Bledsoe, Blount, Campbell, Carter, Clairborne, Cocke, Grainger, Greene, Hamilton, Hawkins, Jefferson, Knox, McMinn, Marion, Monroe, Morgan, Rhea, Roane, Sevier, Sullivan, and Washington counties

1820 Facts

  1. Fourth U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 9.6 million (8.1 million free, 1.5 million slave)
  3. Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Secretary of State.
  4. Census day: 1st Monday in August (7 August 1820).
  5. Mandated copies: One set, sent to the federal district court. Same copy ordered sent to the U.S. Secretary of State in 1830.

1830 - Fifth Decennial

This was the first census were the federal government provide uniform printed schedules. Because of the number of columns that were contained on the schedule, numerous mistakes were made.

Front of Schedule:

  • Name of Head of Family
  • Free White males
    • Under 5
    • Of 5 and under 10
    • Of 10 and under 15
    • Of 15 and under 20
    • Of 20 and under 30
    • Of 30 and under 40
    • Of 40 and under 50
    • Of 50 and under 60
    • Of 60 and under 70
    • Of 70 and under 80
    • Of 80 and under 90
    • Of 90 and under 100
    • Of 100 and upwards
  • Free White females
    • Under 5
    • Of 5 and under 10
    • Of 10 and under 15
    • Of 15 and under 20
    • Of 20 and under 30
    • Of 30 and under 40
    • Of 40 and under 50
    • Of 50 and under 60
    • Of 60 and under 70
    • Of 70 and under 80
    • Of 80 and under 90
    • Of 90 and under 100
    • Of 100 and upwards
  • Free Colored Persons - Males
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 24
    • Of 24 and under 36
    • Of 36 and under 55
    • Of 55 and under 100
    • 100 and upwards
  • Free Colored Persons - Females
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 24
    • Of 24 and under 36
    • Of 36 and under 55
    • Of 55 and under 100
    • 100 and upwards

Back of Schedule:

  • Slaves - Males
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 24
    • Of 24 and under 36
    • Of 36 and under 55
    • Of 55 and under 100
    • 100 and upwards
  • Slaves - Females
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 24
    • Of 24 and under 36
    • Of 36 and under 55
    • Of 55 and under 100
    • 100 and upwards
  • White Persons who are deaf and dumb
    • Under 14
    • Of 14 and under 25
    • Of 25 and upwards
  • Who are blind
  • Aliens—foreigners not Naturalized

Missing Schedules

Schedules for 1830 are missing from the following states.

Indiana: Wabash county
Maryland: Montgomery, Prince George's, St. Mary's, Queen Anne's, and Somerset counties
South Carolina: Clarendon District

1830 Facts

  1. Fifth U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 12.9 million (10.9 million free, 2.0 million slave)
  3. Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Secretary of State.
  4. Census day: 1 June 1830.
  5. Mandated copies: Two sets, one sent to the federal district court, the other to the Secretary of State. This was the first federal census to supply enumerators with uniform, printed forms for recording names.

1840 - Sixth Decennial

This census included a special census of military pensioners, primarily from the Revolutionary War, but also including other military pensioners. Because of the number of columns that were contained on the schedule, numerous mistakes were made.

Front of Schedule:

  • Name of Head of Family
  • Free White males
    • Under 5
    • Of 5 and under 10
    • Of 10 and under 15
    • Of 15 and under 20
    • Of 20 and under 30
    • Of 30 and under 40
    • Of 40 and under 50
    • Of 50 and under 60
    • Of 60 and under 70
    • Of 70 and under 80
    • Of 80 and under 90
    • Of 90 and under 100
    • Of 100 and upwards
  • Free White fe males
    • Under 5
    • Of 5 and under 10
    • Of 10 and under 15
    • Of 15 and under 20
    • Of 20 and under 30
    • Of 30 and under 40
    • Of 40 and under 50
    • Of 50 and under 60
    • Of 60 and under 70
    • Of 70 and under 80
    • Of 80 and under 90
    • Of 90 and under 100
    • Of 100 and upwards
  • Free Colored Persons - Males
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 24
    • Of 24 and under 36
    • Of 36 and under 55
    • Of 55 and under 100
    • 100 and upwards
  • Free Colored Persons - Females
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 24
    • Of 24 and under 36
    • Of 36 and under 55
    • Of 55 and under 100
    • 100 and upwards

Back of Schedule:

  • Slaves - Males
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 24
    • Of 24 and under 36
    • Of 36 and under 55
    • Of 55 and under 100
    • 100 and upwards
  • Slaves - Females
    • Under 10
    • Of 10 and under 24
    • Of 24 and under 36
    • Of 36 and under 55
    • Of 55 and under 100
    • 100 and upwards
  • Number of Person in each Family Employed in:
    • Mining
    • Agriculture
    • Commerce
    • Manufactures and Trades
    • Navigation of the ocean
    • Navigation of canals, lakes, and rivers
    • Learned professions and engineers
  • Pensioners for Revolutionary or military services, included in the foregoing
    • Name
    • Age
  • Deaf and Dumb, blind, any insane white persons, included in the foregoing
    • Deaf and Dumb
      • Under 14
      • Of 14 and under 25
      • Of 25 and upwards
    • Blind and Insane
      • Blind
      • Insane and idiots at public charge
      • Insane and idiots at private charge
  • Schools, etc.
    • Universities or Colleges
    • Number of Students
    • Academic and Grammar Schools
    • Number of Scholars
    • Primary and Common Schools
    • Number of Scholars
    • Number of Scholars at public charge
    • Number of white person in each household over age 16 who cannot read and write

Missing Schedules

Schedules for 1840 are missing from the following states.

Mississippi: Pike county
South Carolina: Clarendon District

1840 Facts

  1. Sixth U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 17.1 million (14.6 million free, 2.5 million slave)
  3. Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Secretary of State.
  4. Census day: 1 June 1840.
  5. Mandated copies: Two sets, one sent to the federal district court, the other to the Secretary of State.

1850 - Seventh Decennial

Information found in the 1850 census showed a shift from information gathered about the whole family to information about individuals. Also included were several supplemental schedules.

Schedule 1 - Free Inhabitants:

  • Dwelling house numbered in the order of visitation
  • Families numbered in order of visitation
  • Name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1850, was in this family.
  • Description
    • Age
    • Sex
    • Color — White, black or mulatto
  • Profession, Occupation, or trade of each male person over 15 years of age
  • Value of Real estate owned
  • Place of Birth, naming the State, Territory, or Country
  • Married within the year
  • Attended school within the year
  • Persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write
  • Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict

Schedule 2 - Slave Inhabitants:

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slave
  • Description
    • Age
    • Sex
    • Color
  • Fugitives from the State
  • Number manumitted
  • Deaf & dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic

Schedule 3 - Persons who Died during the Year ending 1st June, 1850:

  • Name of Every Person who Died during the Year ending 1st June, 1850, whose usual Place of Abode at the Time of his Death was in this Family
  • Description
    • Age
    • Sex
    • Color — White, Black, or Mulatto
  • Place of Birth, naming the State, Territory, or Country
  • The Month in which the Person died
  • Profession, Occupation, or Trade
  • Disease, or Cause of Death
  • Number of Days Ill

Missing Schedules

Schedules for 1850 are missing from the following states.

California: Contra Costa, San Francisco, and Santa Clara counties
South Carolina: Clarendon District

1850 Facts

  1. Seventh U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 23.2 million (20.0 million free, 3.2 million slave)
  3. Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Census Office appointed by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
  4. Census day: 1 June 1850.
  5. Mandated copies: Three sets, one to the county court, a second to the secretary of the state (or the territory) and the last to the U.S. Secretary of the Interior.

1860 - Eighth Decennial

The 1860 census added the questions about how much Personal Property a person owned. Also included were several supplemental schedules.

Schedule 1 - Free Inhabitants:

  • Dwelling house numbered in the order of visitation
  • Families numbered in order of visitation
  • Name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1860, was in this family.
  • Description
    • Age
    • Sex
    • Color — White, black or mulatto
  • Profession, Occupation, or trade of each person (male or female) over 15 years of age
  • Value of Real estate owned
    • Value of real Estate
    • Value of Personal Estate
  • Place of Birth, naming the State, Territory, or Country
  • Married within the year
  • Attended school within the year
  • Persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write
  • Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict

Schedule 2 - Slave Inhabitants:

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slave
  • Description
    • Age
    • Sex
    • Color
  • Fugitives from the State
  • Number manumitted
  • Deaf & dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic
  • Number of slave houses

Schedule 3 - Persons who Died during the Year ending 1st June, 1860:

  • Name of Every Person who Died during the Year ending 1st June, 1860, whose usual Place of Abode at the Time of his Death was in this Family
  • Description
    • Age
    • Sex
    • Color — White, Black, or Mulatto
    • Free or Slave
    • Married or widowed
  • Place of Birth, naming the State, Territory, or Country
  • The Month in which the Person died
  • Profession, Occupation, or Trade
  • Disease, or Cause of Death
  • Number of Days Ill

Missing Schedules

Schedules for 1860 are missing from the following states.

Arkansas: Indian Lands (Oklahoma), Little River County
Florida: Hernando county
Louisiana: Bienville Parish
Mississippi: Hancock, Sunflower, and washington Counties
Texas: Blanco, Coleman, Concho, Duval, Edwards, Hardeman, Kimble, Knox, LaSalle, McCullock, McMullen, Tarrant, Taylor, Wichita, Wilbarger, and Wilson counties
Washington: Benton, Columbia, San Juan, Snonomish, and Stevens Counties

1860 Facts

  1. Eighth U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 31.5 million (27.5 million free, 4.0 million slave)
  3. Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Census Office appointed by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
  4. Census day: 1 June 1860.
  5. Mandated copies: Three sets, one to the county court, a second to the secretary of the state (or the territory) and the last to the U.S. Secretary of the Interior.

1870 - Ninth Decennial

This census expanded on the racial categories, adding Chinese and Indian. Also included were several supplemental schedules.

Schedule 1 - Free Inhabitants:

  • Dwelling house numbered in the order of visitation
  • Families numbered in order of visitation
  • Name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1870, was in this family.
  • Description
    • Age at last birthday. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, i.e. 3/12
    • Sex
    • Color — White, black, mulatto, Chinese or Indian
  • Profession, Occupation, or trade of each person, male and female
  • Value of Estate owned
    • Value of Real Estate
    • Value of Personal Estate
  • Place of Birth, naming the State, or Territory of U.S.; or Country if foreign birth
  • Parentage
    • Father of foreign birth
    • Mother of foreign birth
  • If born within the year, state month
  • If married within the year, state month
  • Attended school within the year
  • Education
    • Cannot read
    • Cannot write
  • Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic
  • Constitutional relations
    • Male Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards
    • Male Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards, whose right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crime

Schedule 3 - Persons who Died during the Year ending 1st June, 1870:

  • Number of the family, as given in the 2d column of Schedule 1
  • Name of Every Person who Died during the Year ending 1st June, 1870, whose usual Place of Abode at the Time of his Death was in this Family
  • Description
    • Age last birthday. If under one year, give months in fractions, as 3/12
    • Sex
    • Color — White, Black, Mulatto, Chinese or Indian
    • Married or Widowed
  • Place of Birth, naming the State, or Territory of U.S.; or Country if foreign birth
  • Parentage
    • Father of foreign birth
    • Mother of foreign birth
  • The Month in which the Person died
  • Profession, Occupation, or Trade
  • Disease, or Cause of Death

Missing Schedules

Schedules for 1870 are missing from the following states.

Idaho: Kootenai county
Kansas: Arapahoe county
Texas: Archer, Baylot, Concho, Edwards, Hardemen, Knox, Taylor, Wichita, and Wilbarger counties
Washington: Benton, Columbia, and San Juan counties

1870 Facts

  1. Ninth U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 38.6 million
  3. Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Census Office appointed by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
  4. Census day: 1 June 1870.
  5. Mandated copies: Three sets, one to the county court, a second to the secretary of the state (or the territory) and the last to the U.S. Secretary of the Interior.

1880 - Tenth Decennial

This is the first census that was Soundexed. More family information was gathered than any of the preceding censuses. Also included were several supplemental schedules.

Schedule 1 - Inhabitants:

  • In Cities
    • Name of Street
    • House Number
  • Dwelling house numbered in the order of visitation
  • Families numbered in order of visitation
  • Name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1880, was in this family.
  • Personal Description
    • Color — White, black, mulatto, Chinese or Indian
    • Sex
    • Age at last birthday prior to June 1, 1880. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, i.e. 3/12
  • If born within the Census year, give the month
  • Relationship of each person to the head of this family — whether wife, son, daughter, servant, boarder, or other
  • Civil Condition
    • Single
    • Married
    • Widowed / Divorced
  • Married during Census year
  • Occupation
    • Profession, Occupation, or trade of each person, male and female
    • Number of months this person has been unemployed during the Census year
  • Health
    • Is the person (on the day of the Enumerator's visit) sick or temporarily disabled, so as to be unable to attend to ordinary business or duties? If so, what is the sickness or disability?
    • Blind
    • Deaf and Dumb
    • Idiotic
    • Insane
    • Maimed, Crippled, Bedridden, or otherwise disabled
  • Education
    • Attended school within the Census year
    • Cannot read
    • Cannot write
  • Nativity
    • Place of Birth, naming the State, or Territory of U.S.; or Country if foreign birth
    • Place of Birth of the Father of this person, naming the State, or Territory of U.S.; or Country if foreign birth
    • Place of Birth of the Mother of this person, naming the State, or Territory of U.S.; or Country if foreign birth

Schedule 5 - Persons who Died during the Year ending 31st May, 1880:

1880 Facts

  1. Tenth U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 50.2 million
  3. Census conducted by the Superintendent of the Census (Census Office, U.S. Department of the Interior).
  4. Census day: 1 June 1880.
  5. Mandated copies: Two sets, one an abbreviated version to the county court, full version to the Superintendent of the Census.

1890 – Eleventh Decennial

1890 Facts

  1. Eleventh U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 63.0 million
  3. Census conducted by the Superintendent of the Census (Census Office, U.S. Department of the Interior).
  4. Census day: 1 June 1890.
  5. Mandated copies: One set, to the Superintendent of the census. Local jurisdictions could buy a copy of their schedules at cost.

Almost all of the 1890 census lists were destroyed in a fire in the Commerce Department Building in January 1921. Only a few schedules exist. M407 Rolls: 1 - 3.

An index to the remaining schedules is available on microfilm. Series: M496 Rolls: 1 (A-J) and 2 (K-Z)

A NOTE TO RESEARCHERS:

Due to a fortuitous bit of luck, an alternative set of census records exist for 1890. A Congressional act of March 1, 1889 provided for the taking of a special census enumerating those who had served (or their widows) in the military during the War of the Rebellion.

Each schedule calls for the following information: name, veteran's rank, company, regiment or vessel, date of enlistment, date of discharge, and length of service in years, months, and days; post office address of each person listed; disability incurred by the veteran; and any remarks necessary to complete a statement of his term of service.

Practically all of the schedules for the states of Alabama through Kansas (alphabetically) and approximately half of those for Kentucky have been lost, possibly by fire, before the transfer of the remaining schedules to the National Archives in 1943.

Civil War Veterans census microfilms exist for 34 states the District of Columbia and miscellaneous United States Vessels and Navy Yards.

1900 - Twelfth Decennial

Schedule 1 - Population:

  • Location
    • In Cities
      • Name of Street
      • House Number
    • Dwelling house numbered in the order of visitation
    • Families numbered in order of visitation
  • Name of every person whose place of abode on the first day of June, 1900, was in this family. Include every person living on June 1, 1900. Omit children born since June 1, 1900
  • Relationship of each person to the head of this family
  • Personal Description
    • Color or race
    • Sex
    • Date of Birth
      • Month
      • Year
    • Age at last birthday
    • Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced
    • Number of years married
    • Mother of how many children
    • Number of these children living
      • If born within the Census year, give the month
  • Civil Condition
    • Single
    • Married
    • Widowed / Divorced
  • Nativity
    Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the State or territory; if of foreign birth, give the Country only.
    • Place of Birth of this Person
    • Place of Birth of the Father of this person
    • Place of Birth of the Mother of this person
  • Citizenship
    • Year of immigration to the United States
    • Number of years in the United States
    • Naturalization
      If the person is a native of the United States, leave the column blank. If he was born abroad, and has taken no steps toward becoming an American citizen, write "AL" (for alien). If he has declared his intention to become an American citizen and taken out his "first" papers, write "Pa" (for papers). If he has become a full citizen by taking out second, or final papers of naturalization, write "Na" (for naturalization).
  • Occupation, Trade, or Profession of each person Ten Years of age and over
    • Occupation
    • Number of months this person has been unemployed during the Census year
  • Education
    • Attended school (in months)
    • Can read
    • Can write
    • Can speak English
  • Ownership of Home
    • Owned or rented
    • Owned free or mortgaged
    • Farm or house
    • Number of farm schedule

1900 Facts

  1. Twelfth U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 76.2 million
  3. Census conducted by the Director of the Census (Census Office, U.S. Department of the Interior).
  4. Census day: 1 June 1900.
  5. Mandated copies: One set, to the Director of the Census Local jurisdictions could buy a copy of their schedules at cost.
  6. The original census schedules were destroyed in the 1940s after being microfilmed.

1910 - Thirteenth Decennial

Schedule 1 - Population:

  • Location
    • Street, avenue, road, etc
    • House Number (in cities and towns)
    • Dwelling house numbered in the order of visitation
    • Families numbered in order of visitation
  • Name of every person whose place of abode on the 15th April, 1910, was in this family. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910
  • Relationship of each person to the head of this family
  • Personal Description
    • Sex
    • Color or race
    • Age at last birthday
    • Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced
    • Number of years married
    • Mother of how many children
      • Number born
      • Number now living
  • Nativity
    Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the State or territory; if of foreign birth, give the Country only.
    • Place of Birth of this Person
    • Place of Birth of the Father of this person
    • Place of Birth of the Mother of this person
  • Citizenship
    • Year of immigration to the United States
    • Whether naturalized or alien
  • Occupation
    • Trade or Profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, salesman, laborer, etc.
    • General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc.
    • Whether an employer, employee, or working on own account
    • If an employee
      • Whether out of work on April 15, 1910
      • Number of weeks out of work during year 1909
  • Education
    • Whether able to read
    • Whether able to write
    • Attended school any time since September 1, 1909
  • Ownership of Home
    • Owned or rented
    • Owned free or mortgaged
    • Farm or house
    • Number of farm schedule
  • Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy
  • Whether blind (both eyes)
  • Whether deaf and dumb

1910 Facts

  1. Thirteenth U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 92.2 million
  3. Census conducted by the Director of the Census (Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor).
  4. Census day: 15 April 1910.
  5. Mandated copies: One set, to the Director of the Census. Local jurisdictions could buy a copy of their schedules at cost.
  6. The original census schedules were destroyed in the 1940s after being microfilmed.

1920 - Fourteenth Decennial

Schedule 1 - Population:

  • Place of Abode
    • Street, avenue, road, etc
    • House Number (in cities and towns)
    • Dwelling house numbered in the order of visitation
    • Families numbered in order of visitation
  • Name of every person whose place of abode on the 1st of January, 1920, was in this family. Include every person living on 1st of January, 1920. Omit children born since 1st of January, 1920
  • Relationship of each person to the head of this family
  • Tenure
    • Home owned or rented
    • If owned, free or mortgaged
  • Personal Description
    • Sex
    • Color or race
    • Age at last birthday
    • Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced
  • Citizenship
    • Year of immigration to the United States
    • Naturalized or alien
    • If naturalized, year of naturalization
  • Education
    • Attended school any time since September 1, 1919
    • Whether able to read
    • Whether able to write
  • Nativity and Mother Tongue
    Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the State or territory; if of foreign birth, give the place of birth and, in addition, the mother tongue.
    • Person
      • Place of Birth
      • Mother Tongue
    • Father
      • Place of Birth
      • Mother Tongue
    • Mother
      • Place of Birth
      • Mother Tongue
  • Whether able to speak English
  • Occupation
    • Trade or Profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, salesman, laborer, etc.
    • Industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc.
    • Employer, salary or wage worker, or working on own account
  • Number of farm schedule

1920 Facts

  1. Fourteenth U.S. decennial population census.
  2. U.S. population: 106.0 million
  3. Census conducted by the Director of the Census (Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor).
  4. Census day: 1 January 1920.
  5. Mandated copies: One set, to the Director of the Census. Local jurisdictions could buy a copy of their schedules at cost.
  6. The original census schedules were destroyed in the 1940s after being microfilmed.
 

1930 - Fifteenth Decennial

Schedule 1 - Population:

  • Place of abode
    • Street, avenue, road, etc.
    • House number
    • Number of dwelling house in order of visitation
    • Number of family in order of visitation
  • Name
    • Name of each person whose place of abode on April 1, 1930, was in this family. Enter surname first, then the given name, and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 1, 1930. Omit children born since April 1, 1930.
  • Relation
    Relationship of this person to the head of the family
  • Home Data
    Home owned or rented
    Value of home, if owned, or monthly rental, if rented
    Radio set
    Does this family own a farm?
  • Personal description
    Sex
    Color or race
    Age at last birthday
    Marital condition
    Age at first marriage
  • Education
    Attended school or college any time since Sept. 1, 1929
    Whether able to read or write
  • Place of birth.  Place of birth of each person enumerated and of his or her parents. If born in the United States, give State or Territory. If of foreign birth, give country in which birthplace is now situated. Distinguish Canada-French from Canada-English, and Irish Free State from Northern Ireland.
    Place of birth__person
    Place of birth__father
    Place of birth__mother
  • Mother tongue (or native language) of foreign born
    Language spoken in home before coming to the United States
  • Citizenship, etc
    Year of immigration into the United States
    Naturalization
    Whether able to speak English
  • Occupation & industry
    Trade, profession, or particular kind of work done
    Industry or business
    Class of worker
  • Employment.  Whether actually at work yesterday (or the last regular working day) Yes or no
    If not, line number on Unemployment schedule [These schedules no longer exist]
  • Veterans.  Whether a veteran of U.S. Military or naval forces  Yes or no
    What war or expedition?
  • Farm schedule
    Number of farm schedule [These schedules no longer exist]
 

This page was last modified on:  01 January, 2014

Copyright ©1999-2014 by Brianne Kelly-Bly, all rights reserved.