Pedro SERRANO and Catalina FERNANDEZ, Residents of Jerez de Badajoz,
in the Province of Extremadura, West Central Spain, were the parents
of two soldier sons who came to the new world with their wives. It is
belived that Pedro SERRANO, also a soldier, had fought in the armies
of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand against the Moors during the early
1480's and into the mid 1490's. The two sons were named Martin SERRANO
and Bartolome FERNANDEZ. By 1519 Martin SERRANO had joined the forces
of Hernan CORTES, serving under the command of Don Cristobal de ONATE.
His first born son also named Hernan also known as Hernando, received
his first name after the conqueror of Mexico. Hernan CORTES and his
middle name Martin after his father. His full name was Hernan Martin
SERRANO. Hernan Martin SERRANO also became a soldier under the command
of Cristobal de ONATE and Later under Cristobal's son, Don Juan de ONATE.
(see footnote 1)
Hernan Martin SERRANO was born Circa 1558 in the mining town of Zacatecas.
At the age of about 40, he and his wife Juana RODRIGUEZ were among Don
Juan de ONATE's Colonists. He was listed as a Sergeant, arriving at
what is now San Juan de los Caballeros July 1598. Hernan MARTIN SERRANO
and his wife Juana RODRIGUEZ eldest son named Hernan MARTIN SERRANO
was born here in San Gabriel del Yunque between 1601 and 1608. Hernan
and Juana had two other children; Maria MARTIN SERRANO who married Alonso
MARTIN BARBA and was allegedly poisoned by his mistress. (2)
The other child was Luis MARTIN SERRANO, my Grandfather who married
Catalina de SALAZAR. Over time these MARTIN SERRANO settled in Santa
Fe, Santa Cruz Dela Canada y Chimayo. 3 Later settling other parts of
Rio Arriba and Taos Counties. Luis MARTIN SERRANO, His wife and children
lived in the Chimayo area where it is said that the MARTINEZ ditch may
have been named for him or his son, also named Luis MARTIN SERRANO.
The MARTIN SERRANOs lived as other vecinos did; Farming and raising
some livestock and sometimes participating in military campaigns. Until
the Pueblo Revolt of August 10, 1680, Dia de San Lorenzo. This revolt
led to the death of hundreds of the colonists, the capture of some and
the forcing of the rest to flee their homes. Luis MARTIN SERRANO had
died in 1663, long before the Pueblo Revolt. He and his wife had three
sons. Luis MARTIN SERRANO II who married Twice, Domingo MARTIN SERRANO
who also married twice and My Grandfather Pedro MARTIN SERRANO y SALAZAR
who married Juana de ARGUELLO.
Pedro MARTIN SERRANO y SALAZAR, his brothers and their families are
listed as passing muster (inspections) before Governor Antonio de OTERMIN
in September of 1680. Alferez Pedro MARTIN SERRANO passed muster September
29, 1680 at the age of 48, with three lean horses, personal arms and
eight sons and daughters. He is listed in a later entry as having six
gentle horses and four unbroken ones. (4)
His wife Juana de ARGUELLO is not mentioned but is entered 12 years
later in the 1692 Census of Isleta, where she is listed as a widow.
Juana de ARGUELLO and Pedro MARTIN SERRANO y SALAZAR had eight children:Antonio,
Alego, Miguel, Juana, Josefa, arguable "the most famous MARTIN SERRANO,
Sebastian, "and my Grandfather Francisco "El Ciego" MARTIN SERRANO.
Francisco "El Ciego" MARTIN SERRANO married Casilda CONTRERAS , daughter
of Juan de CONTRERAS and Maria de CARAVAJAL. All the MARTIN SERRANO
who had survived the 1680 Pueblo Revolt and the 12 years exile returned
in 1692-1693 with Don Diego de VARGAS. In 1725 Francisco was one of
the grantees of the Embudo Land Grant. In 1764 he made his last will
and testament at his home en San Antonio De El Embudo, naming his 11
childrens, (4) among them Antonio MARTIN SERRANO, my Grandfather.
Antonio MARTIN SERRANO Married Catalina VILLALPANDO, daughter of
Juan VILLALPANDO and Ana Maria ROMERO. They had 10 children. In 1744
his Primo "El Theniente Jacinto MARTIN, "had written "Don Joachin CODALLOS
y RABEL, Gobernador y Capp. General de Dicho Reyno. Regarding some lands
near his in San Lorenzo de Los Pecuries en el Puesto de Santa Barbara.
"He, Jacinto, two of his Primos; Juan Francsico, Francisco's Brother,
Antonio (Our Grandfather) and another Vecino, Felipe Bustamante all
formerly of La Villa de la Santa Cruz de la Canada, had settled this
lands in 1739. Some 57 years before this land were regranted to 70 settlers,
one of them being Antonio MARTIN SERRANO's son Eusebio MARTIN. (5)
Eusebio MARTIN baptized the 13th day of November 1729 in San Juan de
Los Caballeros, May have been born in the family home at El Embudo De
San Antonio. Eusebio MARTIN Married Maria Antonia ARMIGO. Eusebio MARTIN,
his first cousin Valentin MARTIN, Jose OLGUIN, Clemente MAESTAS and
sixty seven other settlers were granted the Santa Barbara Land Grant
in 1796. Eusebio MARTIN and his Wife Maria Antonia ARMIGO had 11 children;
among them my Grandfather Juan Jose MARTIN who was baptised in Santa
Fe the 6th day of January 1772.
Juan Jose MARTIN married Maria Antonia SENTENO, Feb 11, 1793 In Las
Trampas. (7) She was the daughter of Leonisio Jose SENTENO and Maria
Antonia VARELA from La Villa de Alburquerqe. Juan Jose MARTIN and Maria
Antonia SENTENO had at least 5 offsprings, one of them was my Grandmother
Maria Catalina MARTIN, born Sunday December 16, 1804.
Maria Catalina MARTIN married Juan Dela Cruz MARTIN, hijo de Ramon MARTIN
y Matiana CORDOVA; after Juan Dela Cruz MARTIN's death Maria Catalina
MARTIN Married Felipe Del Carmen MARTIN Friday, 6 January 1837. Juan
Dela Cruz MARTIN and Maria Catalina MARTIN had two children. One of
them was my Grandfather Jose Antonio MARTIN.
Jose Antonio MARTIN Married Maria Albina VIGIL, daughter of Marcos Vigil
and Maria De Los Reyes DeHERRERA. Jose Antonio MARTIN and Maria Albina
VIGIL had 9 Offsprings. One of them being my Grandmother Maria Juliana
Maria Juliana MARTINEZ married Jose Leon ROMERO , He was the son of
Juan Cristobal ROMERO and Maria Francsica BACA. (6) Jose Leon ROMERO
was a viudo at the time of his marriage with Maria Juliana MARTINEZ
10 Sept 1883. (7) Jose Leon ROMERO and Maria Juliana MARTINEZ had three
children. Only one survived childhood his name was Tranqulino ROMERO,
my Grandfather. (8)
Tranqulino ROMERO Married twice. His first wife Isidora MARTINEZ and
Tranqulino ROMERO had two sons, both of whom died in infancy. He than
married Matilde Martin ORTEGA. (9) The daughter of Juana Maria MARTIN
LEYVA. Tranqulino and Matilde had 5 children, only two that survived
childhood; one was named Adelina and the other was my Mother Alice ROMERO
born in Llano De San Juan, New Mexico. Thursday July 12, 1923.
Alice ROMERO married Juan VIDAURRE, Wednesday March 15, 1944 in Bingham,
Utah. Juan VIDAURRE was the son of Alberto Sabino VIDAURRE "Un Basco
Frances, "and Maria Ramoncita HERNANDEZ, "Una India." Juan VIDAURRE
and Alice ROMERO had 4 children. Juan VIDAURRE died January 13, 1984,
Alice ROMERO died 12 January 2002.
1-Los Martinez 1598-1900. Compiled, Written and Edited by:Roger D. Martinez,
J. Michael Gaddis. January 26, 1992
2-Origins of New Mexico Families, A Genealogy Of The Spanish Colonial
Period. By:Fray Angelico Chavez. Published By The Museum Of New Mexico
Press. Revised Edition.
3-POBLADORES, A Hispanic American Of the Ute Frontier. By:Francis Leon
Quintana. Published by The University Of Norte Dame Press. Second Revised
Edition of Los Pobladores.
4-Revolt Of The Pueblo Indians Of New Mexico And Otermin's Attempted
Reconquest 1680-1682. By:Charles Wilson Hackett, PH. D. Translations
of Original Documents By:Charmon Clair.
5-Microfilm Reel # 3 Spanish Archives Of New Mexico. Twitchell Number
565, Frame 1134, Date 1764.
6-Santa Barbara Land Grant. January 11, 1796. Surveyor General Case
114. Microfilm Reel # 23.
Private Land Claims 96. Microfilm Reel # 43.
7-Microfilm Reel # 28 AASF, Frame 0271, Picuris Marriages.
8-Microfilm Reel # 93 AASF, Frame 0265, 17 April 1852. Santa Cruz Dela
9-Microfilm Reel # 48A AASF. 10 Sept 1883. Penacso Marriages.
10-Microfilm Reel # 48A AASF, Page 183. 18 April 1866. Penasco Baptisms.
11-Microfilm Reel # 50A AASF, Page 130, 29 October 1918. Penasco Marriages
Submitted by Alberto Vidaurre 2/25/2002