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Buffalo Soldiers of New Mexico
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By Janet Wasson 

What is a Buffalo Soldier? By the end of the war 180,000 Black Americans had served in the Union army and taps had sounded over the bodies of 33,380 of them. Yet, they didn't fight only in Union Blue.
Sadly, little has ever been written of the African Americans that served in the Confederate Army, so we know little of their reasons for fighting for the Confederacy or the outcome of these efforts. Source

After the Civil War, Black American continued to serve. They were the Buffalo Soldiers. This list is an attempt to record all known Buffalo soldiers in New Mexico. Send us any additional data and it will be entered here. A list of Buffalo Soldiers from the 1880 census. Here is the 1880 census extraction of Buffalo Soldiers, not a complete list, but its a start. The first group is of Fort Stanton
in Lincoln County.

Last name                  First name      Age     Occupation         Place Born      Father Born     Mother Born
James                      Isaac           31      Gvt. teamster      NJ              DE              NJ
Williams                   George          34      Gvt teamster       LA              LA              LA
Cooper                     William         28      Gvt teamster       LA              LA              LA
Burnside                   John            29      Gvt teamster       GA              KY              KY
Williams                   Frank           32      Serg't USA         MS              ME              ME
Williams                   Sarah           26      Wife               KY              KY              KY
Williams                   Laura           10      daughter           TX              MS              KY
Williams                   Mattie          7       daughter           TX              MS              KY
Williams                   Francis         1yr     daughter           NM              MS              KY
Johnson                    Daniel          28      Serg't USA         VA              VA              VA
Aldridge                   James           31      Soldier USA        MD              MD              MD
Adams                      Lewis           31      Soldier USA        MD              MD              MD
Brooks                     Williams        24      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Jones                      Thomas          21      Soldier USA        MD              MD              MD
Black                      Oliver          26      Soldier USA        MD              MD              MD
Cornish                    Solomon         27      Soldier USA        MD              MD              MD
Jackson                    Richard         22      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Nickerson                  William         23      Soldier USA        NC              NC              NC
Holmes                     Charles         23      Soldier USA        NJ              NJ              NJ
Reed                       James           26      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Wooden                     James           22      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Wright                     Charles         22      Soldier USA        MN              VA              VA
Green                      Thomas          26      Soldier USA        RI              RI              RI
Spady                      Lewis           27      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Alexander                  Albert          26      Soldier USA        SC              SC              SC
Nanc                       William         31      Soldier USA        NC              NC              NC
Morgan                     Jerry           22      Soldier USA        AL              AL              AL
Jones                      Thomas          26      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Lyle                       George          28      Soldier USA        KY              KY              KY
Kirkley                    Samuel          31      Soldier USA        SC              SC              SC
Conner                     Franklin        22      Soldier USA        PA              PA              PA
Russell                    Julius          29      Soldier USA        West Indies     W Indies        W Indies
Candda                     Albert          27      Soldier USA        KY              KY              KY
Jones                      James           21      Soldier USA        PA              PA              PA
Key                        James           27      Soldier USA        AR              MS              MS
Moore                      George          22      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Cross                      Monroe          30      Soldier USA        NC              NC              NC

Hillsboro-Dona Ana Co
Washington                 Jeff            24      Co.M 9th Cav       Boil Co.,KY     VA              KY
Briscoe                    W.H.            22      Co C 9th Cav       Woodford Co KY  NC              KY
Bush                       W H             22      Serg't Co C 9thCav Amherstberg Ca  KY              KY
Washington                 George          41      Co M 9th Cav       VA              VA              VA
Wright                     Tom             28      Co M 9th Cav       KY              KY              KY
Kenney                     Tom             27      Co M 9th Cav       KY              KY              KY
Washington                 William         23      Co M 9th Cav       VA              VA              VA
Collins                    William         23      Co C 9th Cav       MD              MD              MD
Brooks                     Irving          22      Co C 9th Cav       MD              MD              MD
Numan                      Frank           34      Co C 9th Cav       Washington DC   W-DC            VA
Bolt                       Benjamin        38      Co M 9th Cav       LaFayette IN    VA              KY
Simmons                    Joe             31      Co M 9th Cav       Raleigh NC      VA              NC
Smith                      William         29      Corp'l. Co M 9thCa KY              KY              KY
Smith                      John            21      Co M 9th Cav       Chicago IL      IL              IL

Santa Fe-Santa Fe Co
Johnson                    Amos            34      Soldier USA        MD              MD              MD
Marshall                   Joseph          31      Soldier USA        LA              VA              LA
Doane                      Samuel          29      Soldier USA        KY              KY              KY
Campbell                   George          29      Soldier USA        MD              MD              MD
Lee                        William         25      Soldier USA        KY              KY              KY
Lee                        Edward          25      Soldier USA        OH              OH              OH
White                      James B         22      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Robinson                   Alexander       27      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Strong                     Patrick         31      Soldier USA        AL              AL              AL
Phillips                   Marshall        34      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Astbury                    Samuel          29      Soldier USA        PA              PA              PA
Reed                       Richard         32      Soldier USA        MO              KY              KY
Booth                      A.H.            23      Soldier USA        SC              SC              SC
Stamberg                   Nicholas        28      Soldier USA        KY              KY              KY
Norris                     Stephen         35      Soldier USA        TN              TN              TN
Croft (wounded)            Atwood          34      Soldier USA        SC              SC              SC
Wise                       James           29      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Cunningham                 Charles         33      Soldier USA        PA              PA              VA

Canada Alamosa-Socorro Co.
Brown                      Oscar           31      Soldier USA        VA              VA              VA
Butler                     John William    27      Soldier USA        MD              MD              MD
Gwyn                       George          34      Soldier USA        PA              PA              PA

Palomas-Socorro Co
Campbell                   Thomas          35      Soldier USA        TN              TN              TN
McFemmick                  Charles         31      Soldier USA        TN              TN              TN