Chaves County was created 25 February 1889. It was named for
Colonel Jose Francisco Chaves, a military leader in New Mexico
during the Civil War and later in Navajo campaigns. The county
seat is Roswell, home of NM Military Institute. Chaves County
is rich in fresh water, oil, farming, commerce, clean air, and
tourism. After growing up in this area, it is easy to image
flying saucers after seeing hundreds of shooting stars in the
clear night sky.