The Albany Institute is incorporated, to promote science and art. It
merges with the Albany Lyceum of Natural History.
Two Utica mechanics named Rogers and Garrat devise a steam-powered
canal boat, using a tread-mounted paddle.
Former U. S. Supreme Court chief justice and New York governor John Jay
dies in his Bedford home at the age of 80.
Niblo's Garden opens at Broadway and Prince Street in New York City.
The mothballed <italic>Fulton II</italic> explodes in the Brooklyn Navy
Yard, killing 25 people.
Henry James Hackett presents acrobat Peter the Antipodean at New York's
Carpenter's union president Ebenezer Ford is elected to the New York
State Assembly, the first labor leader voted into public office.
Daredevil Sam Patch is killed jumping into the falls of the Genesee
River at Rochester.
Grant's Secretary of War, William Belknap is born in Newburgh.
Its design school is incorporated as the National Academy of Design.
** Walter Bowne is elected mayor for the next three one-year terms.
** William Cullen Bryant is promoted to editor of the New York
<italic>Evening Post</italic>. ** The Working Men's Party is
formed, lasts for two years. ** Merchant David Washington
Cincinnatus Olyphant sends missionaries David Abeel and Elijah Bridgman
to China, promising to support their efforts for a year.
Cornelius Vanderbilt establishes a steamboat company. ** The
state legislature passes a measure assigning the Syracuse water supply
monopoly to Captain Oliver Teall, through 1831. ** Trumbull Cary
founds Batavia's Bank of the Genesee (later M&T), the first bank west
of the Genesee River. ** Geneva attorney Charles Butler and his
wif Eliza move into a house they've had built on South Main Street
(later the Prouty-Chew House/Museum. ** Newell's Settlement
changes its name to Wyoming. ** The Oswego Canal connects the
Erie Canal with the east end of Lake Ontario. ** Robert Edward
Lee graduates from West Point, second in his
class. ** Daniel Webster marries Caroline Le Roy.
The Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) is founded. ** The
Reynolds Arcade is built.
Joseph Smith begins selling <italic>The Book of Mormon</italic> in a
The Mormon church (Church of Latter Day Saints) is organized by Joseph
Smith in Fayette, near Cayuga Lake.
The city's jurisdiction over underwater lands is extended. **
John William Hill paints a watercolor of Broadway and Trinity Church.
** Charles Fearson Durant flies to South Amboy, New Jersey by
Ira Carpenter builds a wooden bridge at the Cox Ferry site on the
Genesee River near Rush. ** Batavia editor Frederick Follett
merges his<italic>Spirit of the Times</italic> with Daniel P. Adams'
<italic>People's Press</italic>. ** The <italic>Republican Aegis
and Allegany Democrat</italic> is published at Angelica. **
British actor Tyrone Power visits America, tours upstate. ** The
Watervliet Shakers build a Trustees Office. ** Hugh White, brother
of Canal engineer Canvass White, builds a home at Waterford. It will
become the Waterford Historical Museum. ** The approximate date
Augustus Porter, brother of General Peter B. Porter, builds a house in
Buffalo, at the intersection of Amherst and East streets. **
Civil War general Henry Hopkins Sibley graduates in the lower third of
his West Point class.
Children's author Mary Mapes Dodge is born in New York City.
Inventor George Mortimer Pullman is born in Brocton.
New York's City Bank is robbed, the first bank robbery in the U. S.
The thieves get away with $245,000.
The Albany Orphan Asylum, in operation for most of the past two years,
The University of the City of New York (later NYU), is chartered.
Robert K. Paulding's play <italic>The Lion of the West</italic>
premieres at New York City's Park Theatre.
The New York State legislature abolishes debtor imprisonment.
Rochester pioneer Colonel Nathaniel Rochester dies in Genesee County,
at the age of 80.
A fire destroys William Campbell's stone mill on the banks of the
Genesee River in Rochester. The Aqueduct House is badly damaged.
Former president James Monroe dies in New York City.
The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad begins operations, from Albany to
Schenectady. Among the passengers are former governor Yates, former
Albany mayor John Townsend, Schenectady mayor John I. De Graff, Albany
police chief John Meigs, New York City police representative Jacob
Hayes and politician Thurlow Weed.
The Mormon Church moves to Kirtland, Ohio.
The steam locomotive <italic>Dewitt Clinton</italic> makes first run
between Albany and Schenectady. ** John C. Calhoun is nominated
for President in a New York City public meeting.
A protective tariff convention opens in New York City.
Lawyer and real estate developer Samuel Ruggles designs Gramercy Park,
as a private park, to attract wealthy residents. ** The University
of the City of New York becomes New York University (NYU). **
Gioacchino Rossini's opera <italic>La Cenerentola</italic> is produced
as <italic>Cinderella</italic>, becomes a perennial success. **
Swiss immigrants John and Peter Delmonico open a restaurant in lower
Manhattan. The menu is introduced to the U. S.
217 vessels put in at Carthage landing on the Genesee River, over a
third ofthem Canadian. ** Captain Oliver Teall's Syracuse water
monopoly, unused, reverts back to the village trustees. **
President Trumbull Cary and other officers of Batavia's Bank of the
Genesee begin building a building at the corner of East Main and Bank
streets. ** Troy doctor Samuel Guthrie discovers chloroform.
** Joseph Henry invents the electric motor and the first telegraph,
The new public market opens on the city's west side. The east side's
Market Street is renamed Clyde Street. ** The state legislature
incorporates the Rochester Canal & Railway Company and capitalizes it
U. S. Senator William Learned Macy of New York first uses the phrase
"to the victors belong the spoils", in a speech.
The state's antipoverty legislation takes effect.
The Rochester &
The Brooklyn & Jamaica Railroad Company (forerunner of the Long Island
Railroad, is incorporated.
New England's Stonington-New York Railroad is incorporated, to complete
the link between New York City and Providence, Rhode Island.
Meatpacker-industrialist Philip Danforth Armour is born in
An outbreak of cholera begins in New York City. 4,000 are dead by
The Rochester Canal and Railway Company completes a horse-car rail line
between Rochester and Carthage.
The start of operations of the first streetcar, by the New York and
Harlem Railroad, in New York City.
Upstate entrepreneur Daniel Richards moves to Brooklyn. **
Merchant Luman Reed has a house built in lower Manhattan.
The city of Buffalo is incorporated. ** Utica is incorporated as
a city. ** The steamboat <italic>Martha Ogden</italic> runs
aground on Lake Ontario's Stony Point. The passengers and the boat's
engine are rescued. The latter is installed in the 1816
<italic>Ontario</italic>, which is dismantled at the end of the season.
** A railroad is chartered to connect Dunkirk to the Hudson
River. ** The Utica Aqueduct Company is replaced by the Utica
Water Works Association. ** B. F. Smead takes over the Allegany
<italic>Republican</italic> from Samuel P. Hull and changes the name to
the Angelica <italic>Republican and Farmer's and Mechanic's Press
</italic>and then sells to Peter Cherr who renames it the
Allegany<italic> Repbulican andInternal Improvement Advocate
</italic>** The approximate date the State House ceases to be used
for housing city, county and state offices and courts and becomes part
of the Capitol complex. ** Geneva's Protestant Reformed Dutch
Church is erected, on South Main Street. ** University of
Chicago and Denison College president Galusha B. Anderson is born in
North Bergen. ** Washington Irving returns to the U. S. from
Spain, takes up residence in North Tarrytown. ** State legislator
Millard Fillmore is elected to the U. S. House of Representatives.
Eagles Byte Historical Research
Rochester, New York
------- End of forwarded message -------
-- Marc Nozell <firstname.lastname@example.org> http://www.rootsweb.com/~nozell (genealogy stuff)