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The 1861 census is very significant for genealogists researching
Cumberland County because, for many communities, it provides the
first census returns that have survived. While some of the surviving
fragments of the 1827 census cover parts of the County, the 1838
census was not originally taken for Cumberland County and the
1851 census has not survived.
The file CU_CENS1.DAT is an index to the heads of household.
The original returns (widely available on microfilm) give a statistical
breakdown for the household (how many men, women, and children
in each age range). No other names are listed in the original
returns! The first full nominal census returns for Nova Scotia
begin with the Federal census of 1871.
For purposes of enumeration, the County is divided into polling
divisions. The census returns are further divided into abstracts,
listing 39 names on each page. I have extracted and indexed the
data from the polling divisions of Westchester, Wentworth, Pugwash,
The code after each name identifies the source. The letter identifies
the polling division and the number indicates in which abstract
the family will be found. The division codes are as follows:
A = Westchester
B = Wentworth
C = Pugwash
This file may be freely distributed in any form, including publication,
as long as credit is given to me for the original compilation.
I would very much appreciate a courtesy copy of any publication
making substantial use of this file.
January 19, 1997
Jonathan H. Davidson