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Wood Family Trees
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Wood Families:

1). Thomas Houston Wood and Jane Purcell; arrived in Bellinger circa 1843
2). Thomas Wood and Margaret (Blayney); and daughter Margaret Wood who married William Jarret.


1). Thomas Houston Wood and Jane Purcell

1832 Thomas Wood arrives Australia on the "John"
1839 Thomas Houston Wood received Ticket of Leave at Port Macquarie
1840 Included in list of Cedar Cutting Licences for Macleay, Nambucca and Bellingen Rivers
Birth of 1st child, Elizabeth, at Macleay River.
1842 Birth of 2nd child, John, at Hastings River
1844 Birth of 3rd child, Thomas, at Macleay River.
With partner/wife and 3 children, moved to Bellinger district, cedar cutting.
1845 4th child, William, born at Trial Bay.
1846 5th child, Sarah, born Bellinger River.
Wood family moved South.
1848 6th child, Jane, born Brisbane Waters (birth registered Bullinah)
1849 7th child, Mary Ann, born Sydney.
1851 8th child, Anne, born Sydney.
Wood family returned to Bellingen.
1853 Went to Ballina.
Thomas Wood married Jane Purcell at Richmond Heads
Travelling priest: Fr McGinty of Ipswich, Moreton Bay. Witnesses: Stephen and Sara King
1854 Went south again
1855 9th child, Louisa, born (birth registered Ballina)
1861 10th child, George, born (birth registered Ballina)
1862 Thomas and Jane Wood, their children (married and unmarried) and their grandchildren lived, worked and died in and around Bellingen (Boat Harbour), including Urunga, Repton, Raleigh, Fernmount, Kalang River (south Arm of the Belinger River), Spicketts Creek, Brierfield, Never Never, Thora and others.
1863 John Wood raced (and beat) George Tyson to the lands office at Kempsey, 100km away, to be the first person to claim land at Fernmount. He later sold his claim to George Tyson.
1881 Application lodged for a school "County: Raleigh, Parish: South Bellingen, Post Town: Fernmount". Applicants (descendants of Thomas and Jane Wood) - John Wood (3 children), Joseph Cook (5 children), Thomas Wood (4 children), Oliver Spencer (6 children). Other applicants Thos. Brownlee (3) ? Kerr (3) Wm. Box (4) Wm R Mann (?)(2), Thos. Moreton(?)(4), Thos. Stewart (1).
1886 Jane Wood died 28 December 1886 aged 73 years, South Arm, Bellinger River. Buried at Fernmount Cemetery. Obituary in the North Coast Times, 31 December, 1886 reported: "The deceased lady was the first female resident on the river, arriving at the Bellinger 43 years ago".
1897 Of their 10 children 3 appear to have died. 7 have married and between them had produced 75 grandchildren for Thomas and Jane Wood. See Wood Family Tree
1899 Thomas Wood died at the home of John Wood at Upper Orara on 18 March, 1899, aged 89 years 8 months. Buried at Fernmount Cemetery, but no headstone or location available. Assumed buried with wife Jane.
According to his Death Certificate, Thomas is also buried at Fernmount though this is not inscribed on the headstone. Jane has a most moving inscription on her headstone, which I think sums up her life:

JANE the beloved Wife of THOMAS WOOD who died 26th Dec'r 1886 aged 78 years.

"Grieve not dear Husband for I'm at rest
Grieve not dear Children for I am blest
Grieve not dear Friends. I've left a world of care
To meet my God - To follow me prepare.
Dear Husband and children dry your tears
For you I've laboured many years
I've always strove to do my best
But now I'm gone to take my rest.
May she Rest in Peace"

Descendants of Thomas Houston Wood

1 Thomas Houston Wood - 1899
. +Jane Purcell - 1886
........ 2 Elizabeth Wood 1840 - 1926
............ +Joseph Cook 
................... 3 Joseph Cook 1861 - 1861
................... 3 Sarah J Cook 1862 -
................... 3 Joseph Cook 1863 -
................... 3 Ann Cook 1866 -
................... 3 William S Cook 1868 -
................... 3 Edward Cook 1869 - 1919
................... 3 George Cook 1871 -
................... 3 Jane Cook 1875 -
................... 3 Catherine Cook 1877 - 1877
................... 3 Mary Cook 1877 -
................... 3 Lucy Isabell Cook 1880 - 1904
........ 2 John Wood 1842 - 1928
............ +Louisa Alford 
................... 3 Phoebe Grace Wood 1876 -
................... 3 William Houston Wood 1878 -
................... 3 Amy Wood 1880 -
................... 3 Sarah Jane Wood 1882 -
................... 3 Lucy Isobella Wood 1883 -
................... 3 Thomas H Wood 1886 -
................... 3 John H Wood 1888 -
................... 3 Gloster Ernest Wood 1893 -
................... 3 Henry Wood 1897 -
........ 2 Thomas Wood 1844 - 1925
............ +Ann Maria McGee 
................... 3 William Wood 1867 -
................... 3 Unamed Wood 1868 -
................... 3 Edith Wood 1870 - 1948
................... 3 Jane Wood 1873 -
................... 3 Alice Wood 1875 - 1876
................... 3 Thomas Wood 1877 - 1961
................... 3 John Wood 1879 -
................... 3 Elizabeth Maud Wood 1881 -
................... 3 William Thomas Wood 1882 -
................... 3 Alfred Wood 1886 -
................... 3 Ada M Wood 1887 -
................... 3 Reuben S Wood 1890 -
................... 3 Florence Hains Wood 1892 -
................... 3 Pearl M F Wood Abt 1896 -
........ 2 William Wood 1845 -
........ 2 Sarah Wood 1846 - 1937
............ +James Baker 
........ *2nd Husband of Sarah Wood: 
............ +John Jones 
................... 3 Emma M Jones 1863 -
................... 3 Thomas O Jones 1865 -
................... 3 John Jones 1867 -
................... 3 James Jones 1869 -
................... 3 Elizabeth L Jones 1871 -
................... 3 Augustus Jones 1872 -
................... 3 Catherine Jane Jones 1873 -
........ *3rd Husband of Sarah Wood: 
............ +Samuel Spittlehouse 
................... 3 Selia May Spittlehouse 1876 -
................... 3 Grace Spittlehouse 1878 -
................... 3 Matilda Maud Spittlehouse 1881 -
........ 2 Jane Wood 1848 - 1924
............ +Oliver Spencer 
................... 3 Oliver Spencer 1867 - 1891
................... 3 Mary Jane Spencer 1869 - 1904
................... 3 Cornelius Spencer 1871 - 1938
................... 3 Leonard Spencer 1873 - 1936
................... 3 Sydney Spencer 1875 - 1941
................... 3 John Spencer 1877 -
................... 3 Percival Spencer 1879 - 1927
................... 3 Frederick Spencer 1881 - 1912
................... 3 Thomas O Spencer 1884 - 1930
................... 3 Harold V Spencer 1888 -
........ 2 Mary Ann Wood 1849 - 1928
............ +John Percey 
................... 3 Herbert Percey 1872 -
................... 3 John Phillip Percey 1873 - 1874
................... 3 Ernest Percey 1875 - 1875
................... 3 Montague Percey 1875 - 1875
................... 3 Catherine B Percey 1876 - 1876
................... 3 Florence Percey 1876 - 1915
................... 3 Ernest Percey 1878 -
................... 3 Montague Percey 1880 -
........ *2nd Husband of Mary Ann Wood: 
............ +Henry Greentree 
................... 3 Sarah Adelaide Greentree 1883 -
................... 3 Alfred R Greentree 1884 -
................... 3 George H Greentree 1890 -
........ 2 Anne Wood 1851 -
........ 2 Louisa Wood 1855 -
............ +James Forbes 
................... 3 John Henry Forbes 1873 -
................... 3 Ernest James Forbes 1875 -
................... 3 Louisa I Forbes 1877 -
................... 3 George Edward Forbes 1880 -
................... 3 William Thomas Forbes 1882 -
................... 3 Ethel M Forbes 1885 -
................... 3 Percy Forbes 1888 -
................... 3 Violet G Forbes 1891 -
................... 3 Olive L Forbes 1894 -
................... 3 Rubin M Forbes 1897 -
........ 2 George Wood 1861 -

Contributed by: Ann Doyle


2). Thomas Wood and Margaret (Blayney) 

THOMAS WOOD :: born approx. 1800 Parish of Kingsnorton, Worcester, England came to Australia as a convict on board "Mangles" which arrived in Sydney 1820. Thomas was tried at Worcester Assizes on 24 July 1819 for housebreaking and sentenced originally to death which was later changed to transportation for life. Records show that he was one of 111 convicts embarked off the Retribution Hulk at Sheerness. It stated that he was of bad character whilst on the hulk but his behaviour in prison was orderly. The crime for which he was transported was his second.

From the Public Record Office London Ref ASSI 5/139 (PT1) ? PFF 6336 CL

Worcestshire The Jurors for our Lord the King upon their oath present that Thomas Wood late of the parish of Kingsnorton in the County of Worcestor, labourer............................ on the eight day of May in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and nineteen about the hour of eleven in the fore noon of the same day with force and arms at the Parish aforesaid in the County aforesaid the dwelling house of one Joseph Pugh......there vituate feloniously did break and enter (no person in the same dwelling house then and there being) and One Watch of the value of thirty shillings One Waistcoat of the value of fifteen shillings One pair of Breeches of the value of one pound Two gowns of the value of one pound and Three handkerchiefs of the value of five shillings of the goods and chattels of the said Joseph Pugh. Three shirts of the value of ten shillings and one Coat of the value of thirty shillings of the goods and chattels of Samuel Pugh and Six yards of linen cloth to the value of one pound of the goods and chattels of Hannah Avery Spinster....in the same dwelling house there and then being found feloniously did steal take and carry away against the peace of our Lord the King his crown and Dignity.

"above the name of Thomas Wood is the wood ho: tc: Guilty; to be hanged".

"in the column beside the words 'found feloniously' the word Houseboy appears. Probably this was the person who discovered Thomas"

On the list of verdicts the following was listed.

po:se ? Guilty: To be hanged
Thomas Wood ... for break.g and enter.g the dw.ghouse of Joseph
Pugh in the day time (no person being therein) and steal.g a watch
val: 30 shillings and other property.

This description of Thomas Wood exists.

Trial Worcester Assizes..24 July, 1819...sent life..nat..place..Worcestershire..occup..moulder founder in iron foundry..age 20..ht. 5'3"..complx florid..hair dk brown..eyes hazel..tl..29/291..cp. 39/17

At the time of the 1822 muster he was listed as government brassfounder, Sydney. In October of that same year he was sentenced to six months goal gang for street robbery. The 1828 census shows him at Hyde Park Barracks Sydney. In 1829 Thomas obtained a ticket of leave allowing him to stay in the Sydney district. His ticket of leave was renewed in 1833 and in 1838. On the 1838 ticket it is noted "obtained a conditional pardon no 39/297 dated 1 Feb 1838. The ticket whereof this is the registration being found lying in this Office uncalled for was destroyed this Day by me. 11 December 1840."

The 1837 Convict Muster Thomas was listed as having a ticket of leave in the Sydney district. In 1839 he obtained a conditional pardon.

On the 14 February 1829 in Sydney Thomas married Margaret Blaney.

An extract from the Banns reads: Thomas Wood, Mangles (1). It is not stated whether he was married or single at home. Oct. 21st 1822. Six months Goal Gang for Street Robbery. Well conducted since. Margaret Blaney, Elizabeth (4) is stated single. Nothing recorded.

Further information made available by the Mitchell Library gives the following information in the Register of Banns covering 1824 to 1835 for St James Church Sydney (ML ref 5AG62)

Bann no : 278
Register & Page no : 203 & 51
Name : Thomas Wood : Margaret Blaney
Status : Bachelor : Spinster
Residence : Sydney : Sydney
Age : 29 : 26
Bond/Free : Ticket of leave : Bond
Ship & year of arrival : Mangles (1) 1820 : Elizabeth 1827
: Brass founder : Assigned to
Pitt St Sydney Thomas Frazier

MARGARET MARY BLANEY born approx. 1804, Nass Kildare Ireland was also a convict although not much is known of her.

The convict indents show that she was convicted of stealing blankets and tried at Dublin 27 Mar 1827, sentenced to seven years. She had two former convictions. Margaret arrived on board Elizabeth and arrived in 1827. She was assigned to Sutton and Hazaed of Parramatta and also spent some time in the Female Factory also at Parramatta. On the 22 April 1828 when she spent 24 hours in the cells for disobedience. Her convict indent states her religion as Catholic.

Convict Indent of Margaret Blaney

no 67 BLANEY, MARGARET 24

NO EDUCATION, CATHOLIC, SINGLE

NATIVE PLACE. ? KILDARE HOUSEMAID & WASHER

STEALING BLANKETS
TRIED AT DUBLIN 27.3.1827
(NO MARKS)
SENTENCED TO 7 YEARS
FORMER CONVICTIONS ? 2
HEIGHT 5' 2 "
COMPLEXION FRESH FAIR
BROWN HAIR
LIGHT GREY EYES
HOW DISPOSED OF AND REMARKS ? DAVID LAYTON

NOTES: TRANSPORTED TO AUSTRALIA
ASSIGNED TO SUTTON & HAZAED OF PARRAMATTA ? ASSIGNED
SERVANT

Margaret received her Certificate of Freedom Number 34/353 on 8th April 1834. It is this Certificate of Freedom which gives Margaret's occupation as a servant at the time of her conviction. It also adds that her complexion was "fair, ruddy and little freckled".

Thomas and Margaret had a family of at least four. The three younger children were baptised 4 October 1836 St Mary's Cathedral in Sydney.

At the weddings of the twin girls Ann and Maryanne Margaret Wood was a witness and it is thought that Thomas and Margaret did move to the Ballina region and Thomas worked as a timber getter.
The children were Margaret, Heather (Hester), Ann, Mary Ann

=================================================================

Margaret Wood :: Margaret was the first child of Thomas Wood and Margaret Blayney 

MARGARET WOOD first born child of Thomas and Margaret (Blaney) Wood was born in 1830 and died aged 54 Boat Harbour near Bellingen.

Margaret married aged 18 9 February 1847 at Gosford NSW to William JARRETT. Permission was given by her parents. The witnesses were Esther (Jarrett) Berry and Daniel Berry both of East Gosford.

William was aged 83 when he died 18 July 1912. He had been in New South Wales for 74 years. He is buried next to Margaret at Bellingen.

After the death of Margaret, William married again on 2 Feb 1885 to Eliza COCHRANE

William Jarrett was the son of George & Elizabeth (Larkin) Jarrett, he was born at Mereworth, Kent, England on 10 Feb 1829. He was nine years old when he came to Australia with his parents in 1839 aboard the "Lady Nugent". They settled at Brisbane Waters, Gosford.

William and Margaret stayed in this area after their marriage, for a time. Seven of their children were born there. They were: Charles, George, Thomas, James, Emma, Amelia and Carolyn. James was drowned at the age of twelve months.

In 1859 William, Margaret and their children sailed to Bellingen aboard the schooner "Emma" captained by Bob Grimswood. They left the schooner at Urunga and transferred to rowing boats which they had brought with them. They rowed up river with what household goods they had been able to bring with them, to the site that is now Bellingen. The only white people living in the area at that time were the Frisbys and the McCristles and they were all cedar getters. William selected land on the banks of the Bellinger and built a slab settlers hut on the site on which the present day Court House stands. The surrounding land was covered by dense forest and scrub. William and his sons, Charles, George and Thomas made a living by cutting the cedar. Later they planted the land with maize.
Their last five children were born at Bellingen: Elizabeth, Janet, John James, Samuel and Lavinia.

It must have been a great deal of courage and daring that William and Margaret used to make the decision and then actually make the move to the Bellingen area. The children would have been aged twelve down to a few months. They would not have been able to take much with them as room in the two rowing boats were mainly taken up by the couple and the children. William with the aid of is sons would have began building the hut immediately on arrival as the young family would have needed shelter quickly. Then they continued their hard work clearing land and cutting timber. Margaret would not have had life easy either in the dirt floored slab hut with so many young children.

Margaret and William Jarrett had a family of twelve.

HEATHER WOOD the second born to Margaret (Blaney) and Thomas Wood was born 1834 baptised under the name of Hester. No other information available at the moment.

ANN WOOD (Twin) third born to Margaret (Blaney) and Thomas Wood was born 1836 Brisbane Waters Hawkesbury NSW died 28 Dec 1917 married: 1. Jeremiah SAUL 1853 2. George COOPER 1889 Whether Jeremiah Saul came to this new land with a friend or a brother as family stories tell, we will possibly never know. The Brown family of Whitehaven came to Australia and eventually settled in the Northern Rivers area, a few years prior to Jeremiah and it may have been reports received from them that made Jeremiah long for the distance lands.  How or why he came may be lost in the past, but the fact is he did come, and what a journey he must have had. Three months on the ocean in what we would consider today as a flimsy sailing vessel.  Then the arrival on these shores, so different from his cold home land. And finally, a journey either again by sea or overland to the rich cedar cutting area of the Northern Rivers area in New South Wales. How he must have wondered at the sparsely populated country. All the pioneers living and working so hard in small communities but still in complete isolation. The convict gangs, the bushrangers.

Jeremiah, better known as Jerry is first recorded in Australia as a cedar getter at Emigrant Creek (outside Ballina). It was whilst he was here that he married Ann WOOD at Bullenah (Ballina) on the 15th September 1853. Jeremiah could have been in this area as early as 1846?47.  Ann Wood must also have had quite an adventurous start to life. Ann was born an Australian of convict parents. (Refer to `Associated Families' for details of the WOOD family).  On the 21st August 1862, Jeremiah and Ann selected land at South Gundurimba (near Lismore) under the Conditional Purchase Agreement. Paying a 10 pounds deposit on forty acres. It is here that he is mentioned as cutting timber in the "Short Story of the Richmond River" page 16.  Jeremiah was the second selector in the area, the first being J Jarrett who selected on the 6th May 1862.  

The 1869/70 Clarence Electoral Rolls shows Jeremiah at Gundurimba ? Freehold.  

In Greville's P.O. Directory of 1872 he is also listed as a timber cutter of Gundurimba.

Jeremiah continued to work in the only trade he knew, timber cutting. A lot of these pioneers had a rough existence. Their living depended so much on the conditions, the fairness of the timber dealers. The timber was often consigned to a dealer who then supplied rations to the family. When the timber could be floated out in the flood of the river, the dealer would sell it and settle the cutter's bill and hand over any monies that were left. Quite often this end result was nil. So for the next period of time, the family would again live on rations from the dealer.

In 1885 in the Votes and Proceedings of the Legislative Assembly appendix, Ann Saul was listed as having 40 acres in the Lismore District ? 2 horses, 2 pigs.

Jeremiah continued to cut cedar and also at times was recorded as a carrier. Most of the couple's sons also were timber getters.  His death at age 56 on the 2 December 1887 was reported in the Saturday 10th December edition of the Northern Star as follows.

DEATH ? We regret the passing away of another old identity, in the person of Mr Jeremiah Saul, who died, from heart disease at Lismore, on Friday last. We believe the deceased (who was a timbergetter) had been resident in the district for over 30 years, and leaves a widow and 11 in family (most of whom are grown up), to mourn their loss.

Jeremiah, according to his death certificate is buried in the North Lismore Cemetery although no headstone remains, and it is worthwhile to note that all the families tell of Jeremiah being buried near the old Quarry at South Gundurimba. There are certainly graves here and wild rambling roses which Isabella Katherine Saul, wife of Joshua always planted on family graves.

Wherever it maybe, Jeremiah was laid to rest on the 4 December 1887. So ended an adventurous life.
His descendants have prospered and spread in this adopted country of his. We cannot visit his grave to pay homage as it is. unmarked. A silent pioneer, just one of many which made this country great. Thank you.

MARY ANN WOOD (Twin to Ann) fourth born daughter of Thomas and Margaret (Blaney) Wood born 13 Sept 1836 Brisbane Waters Hawkesbury died 24 Jun 1879 buried Gundurimba, cause of death - heart Disease. Married in 7 Aug 1854 in Ballina to George John COOPER.

George Cooper, like a lot of the early pioneers had quite a struggle. In 1880 George was made insolvent. He stated that he thought this was caused by the pressure of one creditor and sickness in his family and the death of his wife. He recovered from this insolvency in time.

A step back though to George Cooper Snr.

GEORGE COOPER SNR born approx 1806 in the County of Kent, England, died 1884 aged 78. George came to Australia as a convict. He married in 1838 to Jane MILLER. George and his wife went to the Williams River area in 1838 with Jimmy Pearce, Mr Woodward, Mr Smith and Steve King. Because of problems they encountered there they then decided to emigrate to New Zealand. By this time the young George Cooper had been born. Whilst in New Zealand George Jnr was taken by the natives. After his release the family made their way back to Australia. They had spent 10 months in New Zealand.

They again left Sydney in December 1842 on board the Sally accompanied by the Northumberland and sailed to the Richmond River area. George Cooper and his family finally made their way to the Gundurimba cedar camp. Life continued with its ups and downs at this camp until the cedar was all but cut out and George Snr decided to move on. In 1855 he made his way back to Sydney where he established himself at Surrey Hills. He started work building a home for his family. From here he moved onto Picton. By this time his wife Jane had died and he had remarried to Mary MINNS. They settled in Picton for some time.

After a time the family again returned to Gundurimba. In 1884 George had an attack of the shingles and passed away.

George Cooper Jnr was born 1837 and came to the Richmond River district when he was approximately 5 years old. He lived in the district all his life and when he died in 1923 he left behind 17 grandchildren and 12 great grandchildren to carry on.

Contributed by: Glenda Manwaring

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