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John Grady

John GRADY, son of John GRADY ( - ) and Catherine FITZGERALD ( - ), was born in 1796 (calculated) in Limerick, Ireland. He was a follower of the Catholic religion . He was convicted in 1821 in Limerick. John, along with his brother Martin, at a Special Commission was found guilty of seizing arms.

Extract from Dublin Freemans Journal of 24 December 1821 :
"Martin GRADY and John GRADY were put to the bar, charged under the Whiteboy Act with stealing on the night of 10 August last, a sword, the property of Edward MORGAN.
Edward MORGAN lives within 7 miles of Rathkeale. On the night of the 10 August, a party of 10 or 12 men came to his home and demanded arms. He gave them all he had out at the window, an old sword and this he did from no other motive than fear of his life."
("The Whiteboy Act was also known as the Insurrection Act. The term, Whiteboy, was first used to describe political agitators in October 1761. Disorganised small groups of rebels sought to redress various grievances that usually involved the amount of exaction and the manner of collecting tithes especially in Cork, Limerick, Kerry, Kilkenny, Tipperary and Queen's counties." [Source : Wellesley, Whiteboys and the Brampton Men by Dr. Jennifer Harrison, Dept of History, The University of Queensland, Australia at : .htm] )

Both John and Martin were sentenced to be hanged. The Dublin Freemans Journal of Wednesday, 26 December 1821 records the Judge's comments and his sentencing of them to death and this to take place in Shanagolden on 3 January 1822. They were reprieved and sentenced to transportation for life in the Colony of New South Wales. The Dublin Freemans Journal of 5 January 1822 notes that 'a respite was received for Martin and John GRADY' ......".

Before November 1822 he was a Reaper. (John was listed on the Mangles (2) Indent as a reaper. The main tasks of a reaper were to cut crops and harvest grain). On arrival both John and Martin were initially sent up river to Parramatta before being assigned to William HOWE Esq. at Upper Minto where it is believed that he worked in this capacity.

He immigrated to Port Jackson Sydney, NSW, Australia from Cork, Ireland arriving on 8 November 1822. John travelled on the ship "Mangles" (2) which departed 21 June 1822. [The Ship's Master was John COGHILL and the Surgeon was Matt ANDERSON. COGHILL was part owner of the ship and on John's trip only carried male convicts. In 1822 COGHILL received a land grant at Wingecarribee in the Berrima district. In 1826 he sold his share in the ship and bought Braidwood Farm].

On 4 September 1823 he was an assigned convict (duties unknown). He was granted his Ticket of Leave, Number 32/1058 in 1832. He was granted a Conditional Pardon No. 39/133306 on 30 November 1839. (A Conditional Pardon freed a convict and was granted on the condition that the convict did not return to England or Ireland). He was granted an additional Conditional Pardon No. 41/022 on 1 January 1840. Why there were two pardons has not yet been established.

He was a Farmer and Grazier. He was a Carrier.

He died in July 1854 in an unidentified place. On 28 July 1854 he was buried in a location to be determined.

John probably left a wife and family behind in England when he was transported to Australia

Submitted by : John Owen, Member WFHG, 13 June 2008

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