History relating to Almond
1853 through 1854
August 13, 1853
A lodge of the I.O. of G.T. was instituted at Almond, by D. G. W. C. T., Strait last Monday evening. Lodges of this order are springing up in almost every village in this part of the country. For the benefit of those who are not acquainted with the order, we will state what we know of it.
The Independent Order of Good Templars is a temperance society for males and females, admitting all over twelve years of age. The object of admitting persons so young is to take them before habits of intemperance are formed, and thus throw over them a shield that cannot fail to guard from temptation. The initiation fee in this order is usually fifty cents with weekly dues from once cent to six, as the lodge may determine, merely sufficient to defray necessary expenses of weekly meetings. That this order is calculated to be an efficient worker in the temperance cause we cannot doubt. -- The Sons of Temperance have, in a great measure, outlived the purpose of their organization, and a society having no benefits attached, and expenses only what were absolutely necessary seemed, by the friends of temperance, to be called for. The I.O. of G.T. will, we think, meet the exigencies of the times and it is calculated to interest all who attach themselves to it. The lodge in this place was instituted Aug. 3 and now numbers twenty-five members.
To read more about the Independent Order of Good Templars visit: Independent Order of Good Templars
October 20, 1853
The Oramel Era and Angelica Reporter seem to be very much exercised in mind because the Tribune and the Almond Herald support the National Democratic Ticket. -- Purdy. especially in a bad way. He claims that the entire democratic party have “bolted” and left him alone – the only living embodiment in this part of the country, of the hunker democracy of 1818. And what is he doing now? Why supporting the short boy ticket such good burkers (?) as John Van Buren and Martin Grove. If anyone feels disposed to laugh at his position, we don't see any reason why they shouldn't. Horton and Purdy seem to agree very well in Puttyism, the only thing they ever did agree about.
December 1, 1853
A boatman by the name of James Williams came to the “Howard Antheneum” in this village on Tuesday morning of last week, having left his boat as he said in Albany. He was very feeble and anxious to obtain a conveyance to West Almond, Allegany County, where he said he had relatives; but the day being unfavorable, he was unable to do so. On Wednesday morning he died. He was found to be destitute, having but a shilling or two in his possession. He was decently buried at the expense of the town. If his friends chance to see this article, they will learn his sad and lonely end. The cause of his death was supposedly to be consumption. His age about thirty. Mt. Morris Union.
March 2, 1854 published again May 18, 1854
Farm for Sale
Containing One Hundred Acres, two and a half miles from the Depot at Almond, Allegany County, N.Y. Enquire of Steptoe Woodruff or of Levi H. Pierce on the premises.
March 23, 1854
The Voice of the People
The unholy project of dismembering Allegany, at the dictation of Hornellsville, has been submitted to the inhabitants of every town in the seventh range. The occasion selected for the purpose of ascertaining the will of those proposed to be set off, was the day upon which the annual town elections were held; and thus we have obtained a decisive and unequivocal expression of sentiment against the proposed division of this county which the efforts of mercenary speculators cannot by any species overcome. Every town in the seventh range has by overwhelming majorities voted against the division of the county, not withstanding the paid agents of the divisionists were actively engaged in the prevention of this result.
This expression of opinion honorably obtained, has been forwarded to Albany, and it now remains to be seen if the Legislature will regard with favor a project that has the most universal condemnation of those most deeply interested.
The above is from the Almond Herald; a paper, controlled by men whose only opposition to this project arises from jealousy of the prosperity and growing importance of this village. Before the N.Y. and E.R.R. was opened to this place, the village of Almond exceeded this place in population, and many persons were in the habit of going from Hornellsville to Almond to do their trading. But the opening of the N.Y. and E.R.R. instituted a new order of things; the geographical center was at once made known and today this place exceeds Almond in population by not less than two thousand. So much for the causes of jealousy and opposition spoken of.
April 6, 1854
The Almond Herald is evidently having a serious time of it. The last number gives birth to a fresh effusion of regards for Hornellsville and of our county project; and that organ is (vainly we judge) endeavoring to force upon its readers the belief that the citizens of their east tier of towns in that county are opposed to our projected division. It is evident that no argument of ours or facts are regards the voice of the citizens of those towns would draw acknowledgment of real facts from that organ and neither do we expect it. But its circumscribed influence will probably prove as harmless as its circulation is limited. The Herald denies any feeling of jealousy towards the growing interests of our village; the truth of which the reader can better appreciate on reading the following extract from that paper, which it utters in the same breath with its denial of harboring jealousy for us:
All that we require is that we shall remain, without being compelled to become the sustainers of that glory in which Hornellsville enshrouded during the past four or five years but which is now fast passing away and revealing in lieu of the sleek, well fed prognosticators of future fame, the grim skeletons of despairing aspirants after greatness.
Here again is another specimen:
We have not learned where the proposed geographical center will be, but suppose of course, it must be Hornellsville, as everything is running down that way.
The feeling evinced in this article is apparent; but we would merely say in reply that the Herald need not become alarmed at “grim skeletons of despairing aspirants, nor cherish the idea that everything is running down this way.” as evidence of our prosperity and improvement can easily be seen, except by those who are so blinded by jealousy and prejudice, that they are led to think they see a consummation they have most devoutly wished for. Instead of running down, they will find things, especially in the building line, running up. If the Herald thinks the last building has been put up in this place, and that Hornellsville is in its decadence, it will discover its error long before the present season closes.
Should we succeed in our project (and we shall eventually, if the present legislation do not give it to us; for it is manifest destiny) we are sanguine in the belief that those same persons who now oppose us would, in heart, rejoice at the result, as they would find the “excessive taxation” which is now their rallying cry and only weapon of opposition, dwindle down to a small sum, when compared with the expense they are now necessarily subjected to in attending court at their present seat of justice.
(My note: The Almond Herald was founded in 1853 and published for one year by R. Denton. It became the Allegany Sentinel published by Pruner & Spencer in Almond.)
June 8, 1854
A Reviewer Reviewed
In the regular weekly issue of the Almond Herald for May 11th, immediately following a long list of commendatory articles upon “The Mysterious Parchment or Satanic License” a work of which the Rev. Joel Wakeman of that village is the author, is an article nearly two columns in length containing strictures upon a sermon recently published in the Hornellsville Tribune, of which Rev. H. Pattengill is the author – The article is ostensibly editorial; but as the editorial who sustain that remarkably excellent and ably conducted paper, is, as mathematicians would say, an indeterminate quantity, we are left to determine its paternity (illegible) the internal evidence which it (illegible). However, of this we are not sorry for in reviewing the article we wish to deal with no man's personality – except so far as he himself revealed it. Still we but can not but congratulate the community at large and the village of Almond in particular, upon the great ascension to moral stamina and sound ethics, which the world will receive where the Almond Weekly Herald shall have been universally acknowledged and recognized as the great conserver of public morals in general and the noted reviewer of clergyman's sermons in particular. We shall confidently look for the ushering of the millennium shortly subsequent hereto! The reviewer says: “ The first thing that we noticed in this remarkable production was, that it had text,” and then draws upon the wit of Dr. Beecher to complete the paragraph. To this we have only to reply, our reviewer need not to have gone as far as Hornellsville to have found the extraordinary wonder of a sermon bearing but little relation to its text. He could have found that wonder much nearer home.
(The remainder of the article is very difficult to read.)
You can find this book online at: The Mysterious Parchment or the Satanic License by Rev. Joel Wakeman of the Presbyterian Church of Almond, New York
The Small Pox Humbug
The citizens of Almond have, for some weeks past, evidently been trying to make some capital out of the report, circulated some three months ago, that small pox existed in this village. And in order to more effectually accomplish their nefarious object, they have published handbills, organized meetings, and passed resolutions of a character circulated to deceive and terrify the citizens of surrounding towns, and and impress them with the belief that the inhabitants of this village were suffering to an alarming extent with a very malignant and bad malady – A somewhat similar position we are sorry to say has also been taken by certain of the citizens of other places. The alarm was circulated far and wide, until, like an embargo, commerce with this place from out county neighbors, was almost certainly shut out. Trade became stagnant and out streets told to plainly that the slanderous reports had met with more than anticipated results. But people who leave the facilities for investigating facts as easily as those who formerly came to trade could not long be deceived and humbugged by such slander, and began to visit old places of trade again, and to fearlessly enter our village. The previous deception practiced upon the county people had resulted too favorably to the merchants and businessmen of neighboring villages that they particularly chose the village of Almond, could not bear the thought of losing again, their ill gotten patronage which they were well aware nothing by a hypocritical renewal of the slander would enable them to retain (illegible... )
As an evidence of the candor of the committee who drew up the Almond resolutions at the meeting in that place on the 26th inst., we would state that Dr. Alley, one of the members of the committee, on the very next day after the meeting, visited this place with his wife and children, and with them attended the Museum and Menagene, then exhibiting here. Think you, if his convictions of danger from a prevailing disease in this place, had corresponded with the expressed sentiment of his resolutions, that he would have been thus reckless in exposing the lives of his family? Comment is unnecessary.
June 22, 1854
The two following articles we find in the Almond Herald, a sheet of very limited circulation, we therefore copy them, in order that the public may more extensively read them, and draw their own conclusions as to the truthfulness of the articles, or the evident motive of the authors:
Mr. Editor ---
Will you allow me to say a few words in reply to an article published last week in that wonderful journal, the Hornellsville Tribune, entitled “the reviewer reviewed?” Who this A. B. is, who has so sharply reviewed somebody, he hard knows who, but rather thinks it is myself, is evidently in point of talent for above the majority of Hornell's villains. Without doubt he is a man of quick perception and of unclouded judgment, from the fact the he saw the reputation of this good minister, needed just such an effort from his masterly pen, to save it from falling into general disrepute, from the effects of preaching that sermon. Time has shown us, that we were not alone in considering it false in principle, and calculated to hurt, as appears in the editorials of various papers in Western New York. So far, as I know, it has been condemned by every paper within thirty miles, except the Hornellsville Tribune, and by every church and clergyman in the country.
One editor says of it, “He evidently thinks more of traffic, than he does of either the souls or bodies of men. * * * It may be regarded as indicative of the public sense of that village we sincerely pity both priest and people.” Another says of it, “When we read it, we thought it a strange affair, and only wondered that it ever found its way into a newspaper.” This, Mr. A. B., is the feeling of almost everybody out of that large and wonderfully prosperous place – Hornellsville. We are not anxious to multiply words about Hornellsville, or that loathsome and highly infectious disease which is now so fearfully raging there. We know enough of their disposition to be assured that they are determined to persevere.
'”The unconquerable will
And study of revent, immortal hate,
With courage never to submit or yield,
and what is else, not to be overcome.”
What we say, therefore, in this article will not be said to convince them they have the small pox, which one half of their own population believe, and nearly all the inhabitants of the villages and the surrounding country believes, and rightly believes but in self-defense against the masterly attack of A.B.
In reply to my remarks on the incoherent nature of that Sermon, he says, “Our reviewer need not to have gone so far as Hornellsville to have found the extraordinary wonder of sermon hearing but little relation to its text. He could have found that wonder much nearer home.” Now, Mr. A. B., you are right, we have hundreds of such sermons in our study, and we sincerely hope that we never be foolish enough to give them to the public. It is quite enough for a man to exhibit his weakness and folly before his own people, without publishing them in the weekly journals.
I am accused of misrepresentation, respecting the train of thought and argument which characterized the sermon. I am charged with saying that Mr. Pattengill made patriotism to consist solely and entirely in a devotion to the commercial interests of the country. If we did not say so then, we say so now, without the fear of contradiction from any man. That sermon has been carefully read, and has been critically reviewed by several, and the universal feeling is that the destitute of Gospel Principles as the Alkoran. At the very time the sermon was preached, there were scores of miserable suffering under the effects of that fearful disease, and yet strange to tell, not one word of comfort and consolation was spoken for them, nor did he express any sympathy for them, or express even any desire that others should sympathize with them. Whatever you are pleased to call the disease Mr. A. B., it is acknowledged by all to be loathsome and contagious, and in many cases fatal. And yet this good man, in that sermon, di dnot give one word of advice to his flock, respecting its suppression. It is true he spoke of concealing them. We will give his own language:
“On the 20th day of January, one of our physicians had a case in charge that he decided to be small pox. In some way that opinion became public. That was wrong. It ought never have been made public.”
Now why ought it not have been made public? Does he argue as a reason that it would injure their morals, their peity, or expose the lives of the inhabitants to make it known? Not a word of it. His reason is found in another paragraph. “The evils” he says, “of such opinions, are immense to the inhabitants of this village in the way of trade.” Now, Mr. A.B., f you or any other man, who will carefully read that sermon, can draw any other conclusion, than he thought more, as one editor says, of “trade than he did the souls and bodiesof men.” I will acknowledge that I may be mistaken. The next point where the reviewer misapprehended me, was in my illustrations, showing the fallacy of Mr. Pattengill's definition of patriotism. Mr. Pattengill says, “Patriotism consists in a delight of the commercial interests of the community, especially such commercial interests as society demands.” The underscoring is mire, to call attention to the construction and language of the sentence. In reviewing it, I said, in some portions of the Southern States there are communities that live by buying and selling slaves. Society there, of course, “demands” that kind of commerce. Now all who “delight” in that commerce, in that society are patriots, according to his definition. I can illustrate better, perhaps, by coming nearer home. -- A majority of the voters of Hornellsville, demand the traffic in intoxicating drinks, and have given their influence to open a score or more of stores where poison is freely dealt out to young and old, which has made the place proverbial for its drunkenness; now, according to the above definition, in all the community who “delight” in that kind of commerce “demanded” by that community are patriots. Now, Mr. A.B. is that not plain?
The reviewer also misapprehended us in our remarks on the passage, “You destroy the commercial interests of a people and you destroy their religious interests. With a loss of commerce there is a loss of religion, of literature, of the peace and happiness of the community. It is all communities, great or small, as it was with Tyre.” The reader will observe that Mr. Pattengill says religious interest, or what is the same thing, piety, cannot be sustained without a brisk run of trade. We went on in our review to show that piety is much more easily cultivated in sparsely settled communities, than in larger villages and cities. But A.B. in reviewing us made quite another issue, which was the means of building churches, paying minster's salaries, and the like, instead of piety, the true issue. Mr. Pattengill had no reference whatever to the means of building churches, paying ministers and in conclusion we have only to say, when the article entitled, “the reviewer reviewed “ first came up, we felt like adopting the language of Henry Clay on a certain occasion when an uncultivated backwoodsman made a scurrilous attack upon him, “It is un <cutoff> durable and we quietly sink under it.”
(My note: The controversy between Rev. Pattengill and Rev. Wakeman continues in subsequent papers.)
July 6, 1854
JOSEPH ORTON, a sawyer engaged in Esq. Reynold's Steam Saw Mill, about one mile north of this village, had one hand and two of the fingers and thumb of the other hand taken off by a circular saw while engaged in sawing, in that establishment on Thursday last. Dr. C.D. ROBINSON, of Almond, was called and most admirably performed the very nice and critical operations of surgery necessary on the occasion, and we are happy to learn that the patient is now doing well. We would here take the opportunity to state, that this is the same Doc. R. (in a sweeping drive made by a writer in the last Almond Herald) is classed with “a few obscure physicians and some who have no balance wheel, in their opinions.” Comment upon such efforts to slander an eminent physician is unnecessary.
In this village, on the 2d inst. by H. Bennett, Esq. Mr. SAMUEL WOODRUFF and Miss AMELIA ABBOTT both of West Almond.
July 13, 1854
The anniversary week of Alfred Academy, for the present year, commenced upon Monday July 3d. The afternoon was occupied by the exercise of the Ladies' Literary Society. These were very interesting, consisting of essays – declamations – dissertations – foreign correspondence – and a most sweet and beautiful poem by Miss FRONA COREY, of Almond.
August 3, 1854
Our citizens were surprised on Monday evening at the sudden appearance in our streets of a Brass Band. What did it mean? No circus was expected. - no Barnum had been announced, with handbills sixteen feet in the clear, that shows might be looked for that night. It was a mystery, but it was soon solved. A band has been organized lately at Almond and this was the first estimation that we of Hornellsville had of the fact. They play very well for the short time they have been in practice. From that countenance the members of the band received at the hands of the good people of this place during their short visit, we have not the least doubt that they went home perfectly satisfied that this is not the worst village in the world after all.
September 21, 1854
In Orange, Steuben Co., on the 6th inst. by Rev. Mr. Downs, JAS W. BLACK, MD, of Almond to Miss C.C. WARDEN, daughter of the late Dr. JAS Warden of the former place.
In this village on the 14th inst. by Rev. H. Pattengill, Mr. JOSEPH UTTER and Miss HENRIETTA C. MAJOR, both of Friendship, NY
In this village on the 6th inst., by Rev. R. M. Beach, J.W. GILMORE, of Almond to Miss ADALADE MCDOUGAL of Leroy, NY.
By the same, on the 15th inst., JOHN D. KELLISON, of Hornellsville, to Miss SARAH JANE LAROW, of Hartsville.
(my note: Sarah Jane Larow, also known as Sarah Jane Lorow, daughter of John and Mary Thomas Lorow was born in Columbia County, PA. She is the sister to Aaron Lorow, great great great grandfather of the Kelly Taft Krause – transcriber of this page.)
October 26, 1854
The Democratic County Convention of Allegany, met at Belvidere, on the 20th inst. Hon. A.W. BEACH, of Ossian was chosen Chairman, and JOHN SMITH, of Almond and D. S. MORRELL, Esq. Of Scio, Secretaries.
The following ticket was nominated:
For Treasurer – WILKES ANGEL of Angelica.
For Superintendent of the Poor –WILLIAM KIRKPATRICK of Cuba.
For Justice of Sessions – ABEL HALSEY of Bolivar.
For Coroner – WM CRANDALL of Alfred.
The Assembly District Conventions met at the same time and place and made the following nominations:
For Member, Southern District, NATHANIEL JOHNSON of Scio. Northern District, Doct. CRANDALL of Belfast.
November 2, 1854
In this village on the 30th , by Rev. N. A. De Pew, Mr. MAXWELL G. COOLEY, of Oswego, Ill. to Miss SARAH A. RYNO, of this place
At the American Hotel in this village on the 25th, by H. Bennett, Esq. Mr. CHARLES R. MCHENRY, of East Almond to Miss MATILDA C. JACOBS of West Almond
In Nunda on the 25th, by Rev. W. Metcalf, Mr. WILLIAM KINNEY of West Almond, Allegany Co. to Miss ELIZA VAMATER, of Mount Morris, Liv. Co.
In this place, Oct. 26 by W.E. Haught, Esq. Mr. HIRAM KLINE to Miss HANNAH M. WEEKS, all of this town.
November 16, 1854
A barn belonging to Mr. HIRAM BISHOP, about one mile this side of the village of Almond, was destroyed by fire last Friday evening, between 7 and 8 o'clock. Several tons of hay was destroyed in it. The fire is supposed to have been the work of incendiaries.