THE BORDER WARFARE OF NEW YORK, DURING THE REVOLUTION;

OR, THE

ANNALS OF TRYON COUNTY

BY WILLIAM W. CAMPBELL

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CONTENTS

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FRONT MATTER

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION – Containing a summary view of the Iroquois or Six Nations

CHAPTER I – First Settlement of Cherry Valley – Population of the Province of New York at the commencement of the Revolution – Limits of the County of Tryon, and Districts of the County

CHAPTER II – Position of the Province of New York – The gathering of the Storm of the Revolution on the Frontiers – The Johnson Family – Butlers and Brant – The first Committees of Safety in Tryon County, and their noble and patriotic resolves, that they would live free or die – Correspondence with Col. Guy Johnson, Indian Superintendent – Departure of the Superintendent for Canada, accompanied by the Mohawks, never to return again to their homes on the banks of that river which bears their name

CHAPTER III – Powers and difficulties of the Committees of Safety – Influence of the Tories in Tryon County – Character of the Members of the Committee – Their patriotism – Sir John Johnson – Correspondence with him relative to his fortifying Johnson Hall – Capitulation – Afterwards breaks his Parole and goes to Canada – Interview between General Herkimer and Brant at Unadilla, and singular termination of it

CHAPTER IV – Opening of the Campaign of 1777 – Fort Stanwix, or Fort Schuyler – Rumored advance of St. Leger – Militia of Tryon County called out by General Herkimer – Siege of Fort Stanwix – Battle of Oriskany – Bravery and Death of General Herkimer – Retreat of St. Leger – Battle of Saratoga, and brilliant success of American Arms

CHAPTER V – Cherry Valley – The Religious Character of its Committee of Safety – Its exposed situation – Fort built there by order of La Fayette – Brant and Capt. M‘Kean – Massacre and entire destruction of Cherry Valley, 11th November, 1778 – Melancholy Death of all the Wells family, except the late distinguished lawyer, John Wells, of New York – Condition of those who were taken prisoners by the Indians

CHAPTER VI – The Expedition, known as Sullivan’s Expedition, against the Six Nations in 1779

CHAPTER VII – Settlements in the Valley of Schoharie by German Palatinates in the reign of Queen Anne – Revolutionary movements in that valley – Destruction of the Settlements – Account of Murphy, the famous white border-warrior

CHAPTER VIII – The Harper Family – Harpersfield, Delaware County – Col. John Harper – His Capture of a band of Indians – Captain Alexander Harper taken prisoner, and runs the gauntlet at Fort Niagara

CHAPTER IX – The life of an Officer at Fort Stanwix saved by the sagacity of his dog – La Fayette in the valley of the Mohawk – The ravages of the valley of the Mohawk by Sir John Johnson in 1780 – His retreat – General condition of the border settlements

CHAPTER X – Mohawk Valley in 1781 – Fort Dayton – Col. Willet’s and Capt. M‘Kean’s battle with the Indians and Tories in the Cedar Swamp at Durlach, near the Sharon Springs – Death of the brave M‘Kean – Battle of Johnstown – Retreat of the British under Major Ross – Death of Walter Butler

CHAPTER XI – The residence of Mrs. Jane Campbell, wife of Col. Samuel Campbell, of Cherry Valley, among the Indians as an Indian prisoner – Also a prisoner at Fort Niagara – Her return to Albany and Cherry Valley – The return of the inhabitants at the close of the war – Visit to Cherry Valley of General Washington – Eccentric Character of Mr. Shankland - Conclusion

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APPENDIX.

 

Speech of Mohawk Chiefs to the Magistrates of Albany, in 1689

Sketch of the Life of Sir William Johnson – King Hendrick

Sketch of the Life and Character of Joseph Brant

Skenando, the white man’s friend

Dr. Moses Younglove – Poetic Description of Indian Customs

Biographical Sketch of Governor George Clinton

Biographical Sketch of General Philip Schuyler

Battle and Massacre at Wyoming

A Letter, containing an invoice of Scalps taken by the Senecas

Song, reciting the brave deeds of one Christian Shell

The Sacrifice of the Senecas

Number of Indian Warriors employed by the British in the Revolutionary War

The Direct Agency of the English Government in the employment of the Indians

Life and Services of General James Clinton

Centennial Address, delivered at Cherry Valley, July 4, 1840

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Transcribed from the original text and html prepared by Bill Carr, last updated 8/1/99.

Please provide me with any feedback you may have concerning errors in the transcription or any supplementary information concerning the contents. wcarr1@nycap.rr.com