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Independence was formed from Alfred on March 16, 1821.  Andover was taken off in 1824 and a part of Willing in 1851.  It is the southeast corner town of the county.

The first settlement was made in 1798, by John Cryder, who built a sawmill and made other improvements and soon abandoned them and left the country.  The first permanent settlement was made by Samuel S. White from Madison county in the spring of 1819 at Whitesville.  In the spring of the same year John Teater, from Dutchess county, David Wilson and Stephen Royce, from Mass.  Settled in or near Whitesville.  The first child born was Dugald C. White on Oct 23 1819.  The first marriage was Daniel Remington and Eliza Eaton on Jan 1, 1824.  :The first death was Samuel W. Goodridge on Jan 27, 1822.  The first school was taught at Whitesville by Deborah Covel in the summer of 1822.  Samuel S. White kept the first inn in 1827, at Whitesville and Josiah W. Green the first store at Greens Corners in 1822.  Nathaniel Covel erected a sawmill on Cryder Creek in 1822.  James Maxwell built the first gristmill at Spring Mills in 1820. [Source: J.H.French, Gazetteer of State of New York, 1860, p.168]

Hamilton Child's 1875 Gazetteer - Independence

Cities, Villages and Hamlets

Independence - hamlet near the north town line

Whitesville - hamlet near the east town line; named after Samuel White

Spring Mills - hamlet in the southeast corner by Spring Mills Creek

Greens Corners

Town Historian
Roger Easton
780 Harris Road
Wellsville, NY 14895
Telphone: 607-356-3536
Town Clerk

Cindy Clark
PO Box 38
Whitesville, NY 14897

Telephone: 607-356-3608


  • Seventh Day Baptist - first meeting Jan. 1, 1820


  • Kenyon Rd. Monument - located on 248 A; code #21-8; 60 graves under one monument; Kenyon Road.
  • Spring MIlls Cemetery
  • code #21-3
  • Whitesville Cemetery - code #21-1; (Town 1, Range 7PE, lot 51), N.Y., Rte. 248
  • Hillside Cemetery - code #21-2; (lot 53), east of Whitesville Village
  • Fulmer Valley - code #21-4; (lot 132), Fulmer Road
  • Independence - code #21-5; (lot 105), County Road 22
  • Pioneer Cemetery - code #21-6; (lot 71), Beach Hill Road
  • United States Cemetery - code #21-7; (lot 20), South HIll Road
  • Sherwood Cemetery - code #21-9; (lot 66), County Road 39
  • State Road Caemetery - lot #17

*code #s refer to the Allegany County Cemetery Index card file at the Allegany County Historical Society and LDS Family History Library microfilm. See Western New York Genealogical Society Journal, Vol. II, No. 1

Book List

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Last updated on July 17, 2006
© copyright 1999, Vivian Karen Bush
This page is part of the Allegany County, New York GenWeb Site and is not affiliated with any other society or organization.