A Short History and Illustrated Roster
of the
108th Infantry United States Army
1918
Colonel Edgar S. Jennings, Commanding
Edward Stern & Co. Inc. - Printers and Engravers
140 N. Sixth Street
Philladelphia, PA 1918

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The history portion of this book was transcribed in 2004 by Chris (Riley) Spengler

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History of the 108th Infantry, U.S.A.
General Orders No. 9
HEADQUARTERS, 27th DIVISION, U.S.A.

Camp Wadsworth, Spartangurg, S.C.
October 1, 1917

Pursuant to telegraphic orders from the War Department, dated September 11, 1917, this division is organized under the provisions of General Orders No. 101, War Department, 1917, as follows:

The 54th Infantry Brigade, consisting of Brigade Headquarters, the 107th and 108th Regiments of Infantry and the 106th Machine Gun Battalion, is organized as follows:

The 108th Regiment of Infantry, (3rd N.Y. Infantry), Brigadier General James W. Lester, commanding; Colonel Edgar S. Jennings, and Lieutenant Colonel William A. Taylor.

The Commanding Officer, 74th N.Y. Infantry, will transfer to the 108th Regiment of Infantry, 1,350 enlisted men of appropriate grades.

The Commanding Officer, 12th N.Y. Infantry, will transfer to the 108th Regiment of Infantry, 293 enlisted men of appropriate grades.

The above order constituted the birth of the 108th Regiment of Infantry, U.S.A.

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History of the 3rd Regiment
New York Infantry, National Guard
Headquarters, 920 Main Street, East, Rochester

Organized under General Orders No. 14, Adjutant General's Office, March 30, 1907, by a consolidation of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Battalions of Infantry. It is composed of the 8th, 34th, 41st, 48th, 42nd, 29th, 50th, 1st, 43rd, 47th, 30th, and 2nd Separate Companies, designed as the Companies A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,K,L, and M respectively. Of these, Companies A.B.C.D.E.F.H.I.K.L. and M were in the Volunteer Army of the United States from May 17, 1898, to November 30, 1898, as the corresponding companies of the 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry. The regiment was authorized to organize a detachment of mounted scouts, by Special Orders No. 88, April 10, 1912. The regiment performed duty at the Buffalo street car strike, April 1913.

Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on July 5, 1916, to Headquarters Company, Machine Gun Company and Supply Company.

The regiment has received authority to place silver rings on the lances of its colors, engraved as follows: On the National Color - War with Spain, 1898. On the State Color - Buffalo, 1892.

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Company A, Third Infantry
(Eighth Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
920 Main Street, East, Rochester

Organized as Co. E,54th Regiment, September 8, 1863. Designation changed to 8th Separate Company, December 10, 1880. In service of United States at Elmira from July 26, 1864, to November 10, 1864. On duty in May, 1871, quelling a riot at Ox Bow Bend, Erie Canal, Monroe county; on duty at Rochester, January 3-7, 1872, on call of the sheriff; on duty July 1877 during the railroad riots, at Buffalo during riots in August 1892, and Buffalo street car riot April 1913. In the United States Service, as Co A, 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry, from May 17, 1898 to December 5, 1898. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on June 25, 1916.

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Company B, Third Infantry
(Thirty-fourth Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
State Armory, 300 Main Street, Geneva

Organized January 6, 1880. On duty at Buffalo during riots in August 1892, and Buffalo street car riot April 1913. In United States Service, as Co. B, 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry, from May 17, 1898 to December 3, 1898. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on June 25, 1916.

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Company C, Third Infantry
(Forty-first Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
State Armory, West Jefferson Street, Syracuse

Originally Co. D., 51st Regiment. Designation changed December 17, 1881. On duty at Buffalo during riots in August, 1892; at Buffalo street car riot and mill riot, Auburn, April 1913 and at riots, Syracuse, May 1913. In United States service, as Co. C., 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry, from May 17, 1898 to November 30, 1898. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3,1916, on June 23, 1916.

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Company D, Third Infantry
(Forty-eighth Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
State Armory, 257-271 West First Street, Oswego

Formed by consolidation of 29th and 38th Separate Companies. May 4, 1892. On duty in aid of the civil authorities at Syracuse in August, 1890, as the 29th and 38th Separate Companies; at Buffalo during the riots in August, 1892; at Oswego in July 1884 during a riot at that place, and at Buffalo street car riot, April 1913. In United States Service, as Co. D, 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry, from May 17, 1898 to December 1, 1898. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3,1916, on June 24, 1916.

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Company E, Third Infantry
(Forty-second Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
State Armory, 901 Main Street, Niagra Falls

Organized November 9, 1885. On duty at Tonawanda to suppress a riot June 14 and 15, 1892; at Buffalo during the riots in August 1892; again at Tonawanda, June 16 to 18, 1893, during a riot at that place, and at Buffalo street car riot, April 1913. In United States service, as Co. E, 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry, from May 17, 1898 to December 6, 1898. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on June 26, 1916.

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Company F, Third Infantry
(Twenty-ninth Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
Armory, 302 Pearl Street, Medina

Organized December 28, 1891. In United States service, as Co. F. 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infntry from May 17, 1898 to December 5, 1898. Performed duty at street car riots, Buffalo, April 1913. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on June 26, 1916.

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Company G, Third Infantry
(Fiftieth Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
State Armory, 920 Main Street, East, Rochester

Mustered in June 6, 1907. Performed duty at street car strike, Buffalo, April 1913. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on June 24, 1916.

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Company H, Third Infantry
(First Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
State Armory, 920 Main Street, East, Rochester

Organized June 11, 1890. Served at Buffalo during the riots in August, 1892, and at Buffalo street car riots, April 1913. In United States Services, as Co. H, 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry, from May 17, 1898 to December 5, 1898. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on June 25, 1916.

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Company I, Third Infantry
(Forty-third Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
State Armory, 119 North Street, Olean

Organized March 17, 1887. On duty at Buffalo during the riots in August, 1892, and at Buffalo street car riots, April 1913. In United States service, as Co. I, 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry, from May 17, 1898 to December 8, 1898. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on June 26, 1916.

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Company K, Third Infantry
(Forty-seventh Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
State Armory, 100 Seneca Street, Hornell

Organized October 21, 1891. On duty at Buffalo during the riots in August, 1892 and at Buffalo street car riots, April 1913. In United States service, as Co. K, 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry, from May 17, 1898 to December 9, 1898. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on June 26,1916.

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Company L, Third Infantry
(Thirteenth Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
State Armory, 207-310 East Church Street, Elmira

Organized as Co. D. 110th Battalion, October 1, 1874. Designation on disbandment of battalion changed to 30th Separate Company, November 22,1878. On duty during the railroad riots in July 1877; at Buffalo riots in August, 1892 and at Buffalo street car riots, April 1913. On duty at Elmira from March 23, 1915 to March 28, 1915. In United States service as Col. L, 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry from May 17, 1898 to December 10, 1898. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on June 23, 1916.

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Company M, Third Infantry
(Second Separate Company)
(Fourth Brigade)
State Armory, 97n State Street, Auburn

Organized in May, 1881. Served at Buffalo during riots in August, 1892; at mill riot at Auburn, April 1913, and street car riots, Buffalo, April 1913. In United States service, as Co. M, 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry, from May 17, 1898 to December 2, 1898. Recognition extended by the War Department under Act of June 3, 1916, on June 24, 1916.

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History of the 74th Regiment
New York Infantry, National Guard
Armory, 184 Connecticut Street, Buffalo

In June, 1854, the organization of the regiment commenced, Co. D of the 65th Regiment forming the nucleus. Co. B was organized in August, and Companies C and E in September, 1854; Co. A was formed in May, 1855; and these five companies constituted the regiment until February, 1858, when two companies, one of cavalry (R) and one of rifles (L) were organized and attached to it. In 1860 Companies F,G,H and I were organized, and the designation of Co. L was in 1865 changed to Co. K. Co. R was disbanded in 1865, Co. H in 1868; Co. I was consolidated with Co. B in 1870, and in 1882 Companies E and K were disbanded. Co. E was reorganized in 1886, and Co. H in 1891. New Co. I was organized January 4, 1906. In May, 1861, nearly the whole of Companies B,C,D and F joined and formed four companies of the 21st N.Y. Volunteers. June 19, 1863, the regiment was mustered into the service of the United States for thirty days, and mustered out August 3, 1863; it was remustered into the United States service November 16, 1863 for thirty days, and mustered out December 16, 1863. During the War of the Rebellion, the regiment furnished to the country, nearly 300 officers and over 1,000 men, who received their military instruction while members of it. Companies L and M were authorized by G.O. 64, A.G.O., November 10, 1908, to be mustered in. The regiment was authorized to organize a detachment of mounted scouts by Special Orders No. 89, April 11, 1912. The regiment performed duty at the street car riots, Buffalo, April 1913, and riots at Depew, March 1914.

Co. K of this regiment, the 25th Separate Company, is quartered in the State Armory at Tonawanda. It was organized May 29, 1891. Was assigned to 1st Battalion as Co. G, December 22, 1898; and to the 74th Regiment, as Co. K, March 30, 1907. On duty at Tonawanda to suppress a riot in June, 1892; at Buffalo during the riots in August, 1892; at Tonawanda again in June 1893, during a riot at that place, and at the street car riots, Buffalo, April 1913. In United States service, as Co G, 3rd Regiment, N.Y. Infantry, from May 17, 1898 to December 7, 1898.

Recognition extended by War Department under Act of June 3, 1916; to Companies I and K, on June 26, 1916; to Company E, on June 28, 1916; to Company H, on June 30, 1916; to Companies A.B.D. and Sanitary Detachment, on July 1, 1916; to Headquarters Company and Supply Company, on July 1, 1916.

The Regiment has received authority to place silver rings on the lances of its colors, engraved as follows: On the National Color: Gettysburg campaign, 1863; Buffalo, November and December 1863. On the State Color: Draft riots, 1863; negro riot, 1864; Fenian invasion of Canada, 1866; Hornellsville, 1877; Buffalo, 1892.

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This is a transcribed portion of the publication: A Short History and Illustrated Roster of the 108th Infantry United States Army. Colonel Edgar S. Jennings Commanding. 1918. Copyright 1918, Edward Stern & Co., Inc., Philadelphia.
This digital website transcription is copyrighted to Chris (Riley) Spengler 2004
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