Cazenovia’s Photographers of the 19th Century
Compiled by Daniel H. Weiskotten
last updated June 18, 2002
Note: need to add info from HH’s report on the 1850 Antislavery convention
Note: need to tighten dates for most early newspaper items (day not just month)
Note: need to pull together scattered info about Welds
Note: need my scattered notes from web pages and data bases
Cazenovia’s Photographers of the 19th Century
Abell, Jabez W.
(early 20th century)
Green, C.B. / G.B.
Greenland, John (son of merchant William Greenland) (c.1820-1/26/1878)
Hendee Brothers (Dennie & Edmund?)
Johnson, Arthur A.
Johnson Brothers (Cazenovia & Watertown)
H.S. Mather was in Cazenovia as early as May 1868, he began stereo views in 1870 (as did the Welds), he lost everything in a fire of November 1871 (he did not start the fire or skip town as one source says) and he immediately opened a new studio next door, in April 1872 he took on Will H. Lyon as partner, he lived at 12 Liberty Street and had an extensive photography studio and store in 1875, and finally moved to Clear Lake Iowa where he continued his trade and made many stereos of the Clear Lake area which have become, like his Cazenovia images, important documentation of life in the small resort town at that time. A few years after the turn of the 20th century he moved to Littleton, CO, and died there in the fall of 1908.
Monroe, Charles D.
fl. 1851-1871 “started 20 years ago”
Osborn, J.W. (c.1822-11/10/1850)
Town of Nelson Census 1850
Slocumb (may be Cazenovian who worked with H.S. Mather in Clear Lake)
Swan, Lorenzo E.
Weld, Albert H. (son of E.G. Weld)
Weld, Ezra Greenleaf (10/26/1801-10/14/1874)
Genealogical and Other Notes on Ezra Greenleaf Weld
from various web and local resources
** = buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Cazenovia, NY
Getty Museum biography of Ezra Greenleaf Weld
with image of their copy of the 1850 daguerreotype
Ezra Greenleaf Weld, known simply as "Greenleaf," operated a daguerreotype studio in Cazenovia, New York, during a time of intense social and political turmoil. He opened his first studio in his home in 1845, when America began to witness the volatile events that led to the Civil War. At that time, instruction manuals on the daguerreotype process were widely available, and most small towns had at least one studio. In an 1850 advertisement in his local newspaper, Greenleaf offered "Miniatures executed in the finest style, and put in Rings, Pins, Lockets and cases, of great variety size and price."
Greenleaf seems to have been very successful with his daguerreotype business. By 1851 he had leased new quarters on the top floor of a building, where he placed a skylight to receive northern light for his studio sessions. During the Civil War years, he made numerous pictures in and around Cazenovia.
Weld Family Lineage and Notes
EGW born October 26, 1801, CT, probably Windham Co.
EGW died of consumption, October 14, 1874, age 73 years.**
Grandfather = Ezra Weld, 1736-1816, born Pomfret, CT.
Grandmother = Anna Weld, died between 1773 and 1781
Stepgrandmother = Abigail Greenleaf Weld, 1753-1788
Father = Ludovicius Weld, 1766-1844, Harvard graduate, born Braintree, MA, died at Belleville, NJ
Mother = Elizabeth Clark, 1772-1854, born Windham, CT, died Belleville, NJ
Brother = Lewis Weld, 10/17/1796-12/30/1853, born Windham, CT.
Brother = Charles Huntington Weld, 4/26/1799- ?, born Hampton, Windham Co., CT.
Brother = Theodore Dwight Weld, born 11/23/1803 (m. Angelina Grimke), died 2/3/1895 in Bookline, MA
Sister = Caroline Elizabeth Weld, born 6/28/1809.
Wife = Deborah Richmond Wood Weld, born 1811, died 8/6/1894.**
Son ? = Theodore Parker Weld, born 1828, died 1853.**
Son = Charles Richmond Weld, born 3/19/1847, died 1918.**
Son = Albert H. Weld
Daughter = Florence E. Weld, born 1851, died 2/4/1889, age 36.**
Msc. Notes on Weld Family
Rev. Lodovicus Weld performed marriages in Windham Co., Ct, as late as 11/23/1830.
Family had moved to Fabius and Theodore had enrolled in Hamilton College by 1825.
Rev. Lodovicus Weld was ordained at the Congregational Church of Hampton, Windham Co., CT, 10/17/1792. He was dismissed at his own request 3/2/1824. He died in Bellville, NJ age 78 years 28 days.
The Weld family moved from their home in Hampton, CT, when Theodore Dwight Weld was 13 (born 1803 = 1826). They moved to Pompey, NY where his father again served as a Congregational minister,
Notes on the Welds in Onondaga Co.
Land Sales in Town of Manlius
Lull, Ansel & Eliza S., to E. Weld, 1834, Lot 97 (63,416).
Myrick, Robert & Esther, to L. Weld, 1838, Lot 97 (69:239).
Weld, Elias & Abigail, to I. Remington, 1843, Lot 97 (84:223)
Weld, Ludovicus & Elizabeth, to A. Rice, 1843, Lot 97 (83:391)
The Manlius Repository, November 9, 1830:
Married: At the house of R. W. Hodge, in Pompey, on the 4th inst. by Rev. C. Morton, Mr. Asahel Evans, farmer, of the former place to Miss Keziah Weld, late of Mass.
Notes on Photographers from Census Records:
(heads of household only, unless otherwise noted)
1830 Census, Town of Fabius, Onondaga Co, NY
— Ludovicus Weld (father of E.G. Weld, not a photographer, no other data).
1840 Census, Town of Manlius, Onondaga Co., NY
— Ezra G. Weld (no other data).
1850 Census, Town of Cazenovia
— John Greenland, Daguerrean Artist, age 30, 2 in household (w/ father at 62 Lincklaen Street).
— Ezra G. Weld, Daguerrean, age 48, 6 in household (12 Mill Street).
1850 Census, Town of Nelson
— J.W. Osborn, Daguerreotypist, age 33, 7 in household.
1855 Census, Town of Cazenovia, District 2 (Village of Cazenovia).
— Ezra G. Weld, Daguerrean Artist, age 53, resident 10 years, 7 in household (9 Center Street?).
— Lorenzo E. Swan, Jeweler, age 43, resident 12 years (1853), 7 in household (lived over store at 48 Albany Street)
Notes on Photographers from Cemetery Records
Greenland, John, buried Evergreen Cemetery, Village of Cazenovia, died 1/26/1787, age 58 years.
J.W. Osborn, buried Welsh Church Cemetery, Town of Nelson, died 11/10/1850 (age not given). Son J.W. Jr. also buried there, died 7/1849 of dysentery. Other members of Jonathan Wells family buried there.
Ezra G. Weld, buried Evergreen Cemetery, Village of Cazenovia, Lot H-279
Notes on Daguerreans from John S. Craig's Daguerreian Registry
Green, G.B., Advertised photographs and ambrotypes, melainotypes, and "Green's Pearltypes". One source noted him in Syracuse, N.Y., in 1857. From 1857 to 1859 he was listed in Fond du Lac, Wisc."late of Syracuse". He opened his gallery in Fond du Lac in December, 1857, on Main Street near the Exchange Hotel. He lived on Seventh Street between Main and Mar Streets.
Hendee, Denny H., Also noted as Hender; born in Vermont, he traveled as a daguerreian in Vermont, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and New York after 1846. Presumably one of the "Hendee Brothers" who advertised in Cazenovia, N.Y. (Madison County) in May, 1847. He established the first gallery in the area of Sonora, Calif., in 1849, in partnership with his brother Edwin B. Hendee. The brothers moved into the El Dorado Hotel building when it was completed. He may have stayed in Sonora until 1853, when he moved to Portland, Ore., opening rooms at the Canton House. There he displayed views of the California gold mining towns.
Hendee, Edwin B., Probably one of the "Hendee Brothers" who advertised as daguerreians in Cazenovia, N.Y. (Madison County) in May, 1847. He then went on to establish the first daguerreian gallery in Sonora, Calif., in 1849 with his brother Denny H. Hendee. The brothers moved into the El Dorado building when it was completed. Denny may have left Sonora in 1853. Edwin has been noted as a daguerreian operator for James M. Ford at a gallery at 66 J Street, Sacramento, probably from May to September, 1854. He was also noted in Shasta City, Calif. in 1855-1856; and in Weaverville, Calif., in 1856-1857.
Utely, A.M., Daguerreian, Cazenovia, N.Y. (Madison County), July through probably August, 1841. He also advertised in Hamilton, N.Y. from October through late November, 1841.
Weld, Ezra G., Listed as a daguerreian in Cazenovia, N.Y., 1858, 1859. Later, in 1868-1869, he was listed in Madison County, N.Y. He was identified by a dated daguerreotype.
Weld, Ezra Greenleaf, Born in Connecticut, he married and moved to Cazenovia, N.Y. in 1845, where he opened a daguerreian studio in his home. His first ad may have appeared in May. Still active in Cazenovia in 1850, he took what may be the only known daguerreotype of an antislavery convention. In 1851 he opened a new gallery on Albany Street, opposite the Lincklaen House, in the Hobbie and Clark Block. He was apparently active as a photographer in Cazenovia until his death.
Notes on Photographers from Carl Peterson at Colgate University, Special Collections (12/2001):
· A daguerreotypist named Utley advertised in the Madison County Eagle in July 1841 and then used the same advertisement in Hamilton in October 1841.
· 1860 Census lists Timothy [Arthur H.?] Weld as a “daguerreotypist”
· Timothy [meaning Albert H. Weld ?] seems to have either left Caz. or went out of the business, as he does not appear to have competed successfully with Mather and then Mather & Lyons. According to the Hamilton newspaper, Mather set the fire in his studio that burned quite a bit of Caz. in the 1870s, then jumped bail for parts unknown before his trial [that’s a new one with me, in fact her remained in Cazenovia for several more years].
· A group of traveling brothers name of Hendee visited in 1847
· the son of one of the bookmakers operated in late 1849 through the census reading of 1850 (this is probably John Greenland, a son of the merchant William Greenland.)
· A Gentleman name of Greene operated out of a dag. car around the summer of 1852.
Notes on Photographers from David Porter in Cazenovia (12/2000)
· H.S. Mather lived at 12 Liberty Street. Several images of his house are known, one published by Mather & Lyon.
· The 1875 Beers Atlas of Cazenovia shows H.S. Mather at 12 Liberty Street.
· Mather moved from Cazenovia to Lake Clear, Iowa, where he continued to ply his trade.
Message from Paul Juhl, Clear Lake, Iowa, June 18, 2002
Re: H.S. Mather
Dear Dan (and Dave Porter),
Thanks so much for the prompt reply. At some point, I would like to do an article on H. S. Mather so all of your help is really appreciated. Mather made many stereos of the Clear Lake area and they are an important documentation of life in this small resort town at that time.
You had mentioned the ebay sale of Clear Lake stereographs. Those were offered by Allan who has a antique mall in Elbridge, NY. I bought quite a few from him. What was interesting about these views was the fact that there were notations made by Mrs. Mather on the reverse. This really helped to identify places and situations. From the notations, I gathered that they had been sent "home" to family members in Cazenovia to show them a bit of Iowa. I do have stereos of the Mather home in Clear Lake (which also served as their studio for much of the time) and also a stereo of the studio when it was not in the home. I lived in Clear Lake for a few years so have a special interest but do collect stereos from throughout Iowa.
The Clear Lake Mirror Reporter said that on October 8, 1908 "Word has been received of the death of H. S. Mather at Littleton, Colorado, where he moved a few years ago. Mr. Mather was an early day photographer of Clear Lake coming here in 1881 from Cazenovia, N. Y. Mrs. Mather survives him. They had no children but an adopted daughter, Maud, who married Lew Matson and their son Harry has made his home with the old folks."
Even earlier than 1881 was a photographer named Slocum. Mrs. Mather's maiden name was Slocum but I am unsure of the connection. Slocum was earlier in a town near Clear Lake called Nora Springs. He was in a partnership there.
I have one view that was made by Mather when he was still in Cazenovia. I will try to attach that to a separate email for both of you to see. It may be the living room in the home at 12 Liberty Street. You may be able to tell by the windows.
Dan, how in the world did you connect me with the Anamosa views? We have used these in setting up a nice museum at the peniteniary. Lots of volunteer help has created something very special there. Needless to say, they don't have an active alumni association. It is always exciting for me to be able to help any Iowa town with the "stereo" period of history.
Thanks again, fellows, to both of you. I will check your web site Dan to see if I can find out anymore about the Slocum connection. I will also scan in the New York image and send it off to you.
Notes re Jabez W. Abell by DHW
· Active in photography between c.1895 and 1905.
· Hundreds of glass plates were found in the old Abell house at the corner of Stone Quarry and Ballina Road but were destroyed and discarded before they were recognized as photographic plates. A small number were saved from destruction by my brother Tom Weiskotten who recognized the importance of the plates. He printed those few that he recovered and they are among the few J.W. Abell images known. These few original plates were returned to the Johnson family who then owned the old Abell house and they have not been seen since.
· Some images were printed by Abell and are found today, others were published in the local paper at the time and while the plates and the originals are now lost, their image is at least preserved in the newspapers.
· He was later Town Historian and many of the images were of landscapes, historic houses, craft projects, and older people in the community, showing that he was interested in these subjects in his youth.
Message re A.A. Johnson
posted on the now-defunt CazBoard 11/6/1998
by Marty Corey
“Hi- I recently learned that my grandmother grew up (in Cazenovia), & so I just surfed on in. I've had a great time reading all your memories of growing up in the area ... and the concerns we all share with the changes in all of our home towns. Question for Dan W.- In the historic photos section [of www.cazenovia.com], some are from Johnson's Stereoviews. Was this Arthur A. Johnson, who moved to Buffalo? He was my great-grandfather, & I've a number of photos of the area I'd love to share with you all.”
Dan W.s reply to Marty Corey, 11/8/1998:
One of the things that I've been meaning to do for quite some time is to compile info on the 19th century photographers of Cazenovia. There were several early photographers and very little is known about them although there are plenty of sources for material. Cazenovia has a great assortment of historical photographs which do a great job of documenting the community (in the 19th century, at least) and Arthur A. Johnson had a pretty good share of the market in the 1870s.
I first find A.A. Johnson, as all his ads say and as his photos are marked, setting up his photo studio in Cazenovia in February 1871. In the February 22, 1871 _Cazenovia Republican- (a far cry from the rag of the same name today) it was noted that he was in the Hobbie & Rouse Block (now the former McLaughlin Block at 82-86 Albany Street) in the studio formerly occupied by E.G. Weld. Weld’s studio was on the third floor and had a large skylight for letting in natural ambient sunlight needed for the technology of the day. Weld had come to Cazenovia in 1844 and first advertised as a daguerreotypist on January 1, 1845 and for Johnson to take over the Weld studio was, I presume, a big thing. (Another photographer, Charles D. Monroe, who had been in the photo business for 20 years, had taken the studio directly from Weld, but after 2 months it was under Johnson’s proprietorship). It is clear that Johnson also acquired all of Weld’s plates and negatives as many pre-1871 photos are found with Johnson’s name on the back. At the same time that Johnson was working in Cazenovia H.S. Mather was working also. Mather’s studio, with a big chunk of the business district were destroyed by a fire on October 28, 1871, and he lost all that he had, but he soon opened up with new equipment.
My detailed notes from newspapers, which would help with this matter, end in December 1872, and I am not sure what eventually became of Johnson and his works. I know that he was around for a few more years, and I believe that his stuff, along with Weld’s collection was acquired by E.C. Covell, who worked in Cazenovia in the first part of the 20th century. Unfortunately everything that Covell had was destroyed in 1937 in a fire which destroyed another whole chunk of the business district. He lost his trunks full of old photographs, which I am to understand contained all the stuff that Weld, Johnson, and Covell had accumulated in over 90 years of photography in Cazenovia. Their legacy lives on in several large private collections and many photos are floating around in private hands, so things are not quite a total loss. Many of the privately held photos are of individuals, but since all account books and master negatives are gone (unless you have some stuff) it is impossible to identify who most of these people were.
I’ve long been interested in the history of photography (I have well over a dozen of those really cool big picture books on every thing from daguerreotypes to carte de visites) and I hope to be able to do some more research on our photographers soon. Thanks for the opportunity to get the ball rolling!
Reply to DHW from Marty Corey, 11/9/1998
“Thanks for the info. As for whatever happened to A.A. Johnson, the story I got recently from my Aunt was that Johnson talked his wife into letting him go to Buffalo to see if it would be a viable idea for him to open another studio there. After he'd been there a few weeks, word trickled back that he'd been seen squiring a redhead around town. Evidently, the redhead was his sister-in-law, and he was given his walking papers by his wife and daughter (my Grandmother). Although he pleaded for the always popular second chance, he was shut out. His wife, who had no income of her own, was supported by her daughter selling sketches, at least until Grandmother moved to Iowa for nursing school.”
Reply to DHW by Russ Grills, Site manager, Lorenzo State Historic Site, Cazenovia, via e-mail:
Arthur A. Johnson was a photographer who worked in Caz in the 1870s. We have lots of his photos but not much information. The Republican of 10/31/1872 indicates that he has refitted the studio of E.G. Weld in the Empire Block. He took over the studio in May, 1872. He worked until the end of the 1870s and sold out to his assistant, Charles Marshall. I haven't found a source to document the exchange or the exact date. He competed directly with Mather and Lyon, both local boys who attended the Seminary, seems to have "run them out of town" within a couple of years.
Newspaper notes and advertisements
Madison County Eagle
3/__/1845 Mr. Weld, photographic portraits, a few doors south of John Williams & Son's store. (1/1/1845)
5/20/1845 E.G. Weld, photographer is at his dwelling on Mill Street, three doors south of J. Williams & Son. (1/1/1845)
Madison County Whig
5/25/1845 E.G. Weld, resident photographist.
11/__/1846 E.G. Weld, daguerreotype miniatures, $1.50 and up, three doors south of John Williams & Son's store.
5/__/1847 Hendee Brothers, daguerreotype miniatures, rooms in the Cazenovia House.
2/__/1849 John Greenland, daguerreotype miniatures, enlargements, in business for a length of time. Rooms over William Greenland & Son, opposite Lincklaen Street.
5/__/1849 (E.G.) Weld's daguerreotype rooms, one door north of the Episcopal Church on Mill Street.
10/__/1850 Entries at the Madison County Fair:
— Daguerreotypes by E.E. Weld
5/__/1851 Mr. Wells (Weld) has removed his daguerrean rooms to the third story of Clarke & Hobbie's new store.
7/__/1851 Mr Weld has moved his daguerrean rooms to the new Hobbie & Clarke Block, opposite the Lincklaen House. He also does "house calls".
5/__/1852 Weld's daguerrean rooms in the Empire Block, third floor, sky light.
7/20/1853 Weld's daguerrean rooms, Hobbie & Clarke's Block, opposite the Lincklaen House. (no date)
8/17/1853 Weld’s daguerrean Rooms, Hobbie & Clarke Block, opposite the Lincklaen House. (no date)
9/12/1855 Weld’s daguerrean rooms, Hobbie & Clarke Block, opposite the Lincklaen House. (no date)
2/__/1852 Mr. Weld's new daguerrean room, moved from his old stand to the new Hobbie & Clarke Block, opposite the Lincklaen House.
1/9/1854 Mr. Weld, daguerreotypes in his rooms over Hough & Clough’s store.
May 1854 to December 1872 (gaps in 1861 & 1862)
(not a complete search, only news items)
5/3/1854 E.G. Weld’s daguerrean rooms on the 3rd story of Hobbie & Clarke’s Empire Block, opposite the Lincklaen House.
6/21/1854 L.E. Swan, daguerreotype gallery on the Public Square. [this is Lorenzo E. Swan, long a jeweler in Cazenovia]
11/22/1854 C.B. Green, American Daguerrean Gallery, corner of Albany & Sullivan Streets.
9/30/1857 Entries in the Cazenovia Farmers and Mechanics Fair:
— Daguerreotypes by E.G. Weld.
— Ambrotypes by Albert H. Weld.
4/14/1858 E.G. Weld’s daguerrean rooms among the Republican’s many advertisers.
8/25/1858 Mr. Weld’s daguerrean rooms in the Empire Block were among the many places of business illuminated to celebrate the success of the Atlantic Telegraph Co. [cable across the Atlantic ocean].
10/13/1858 Entries in the Cazenovia Farmers and Mechanics Fair:
— Melainotypes A.H. Weld.
3/20/1861 The “Cazenovia Pictorial Record” is now ready to receive pictures. [This incredible volume of photographs is still in the Cazenovia Public Library.]
1/24/1863 Among the many businesses in town very few advertise in the Cazenovia Republican. Those that do advertise include E.G. Weld, photography. There are no other photographers listed in the long accounting of businesses that do not advertise.
11/18/1863 E.G. Weld and Albert H. Weld join as E.G. Weld & Son.
4/12/1865 David Parker is fitting up rooms in the third floor of J.C. Ryan’s building, over the printing office, for a photograph and daguerrean gallery.
6/6/1866 E.G. Weld & Son are thanked for the beautiful card photographs of Lincklaen and Albany Streets taken from different points [they were taken in 1861], also for envelopes having on one end miniature photographs of Chittenango Falls or Lincklaen Street.
5/6/1868 Photoperipatetigraph! H.S. Mather has made great improvements to his gallery photographic.
6/6/1869 H.S. Mather has gotten up a neat establishment for the purpose of taking local views. He had it out for that purpose last week.
12/15/1869 E.G. Weld & Son, photographic rooms.
5/18/1870 H.S. Mather has received some fine stereoscopic views.
5/25/1870 Mather has some local views and pictures of Chittenango Falls for sale.
9/21/1870 Thanks to E.G. Weld & Son for some fine stereoscopic views, and photographs of the Cazenovia & Canastota Railroad.
9/21/1870 While on the bridge [RR over creek just north of William Street], the locomotive “Cazenovia #1” was photographed by H.S. Mather.
9/28/1870 H.S. Mather has a splendid assortment of local views of the cemetery [Evergreen] and the railroad [C&CRR].
11/23/1870 E.G. Weld & Son have disposed of their photographic business to Charles D. Monroe. Mr. E.G. Weld has been in business for more than a quarter of a century.
1/4/1871 C.D. Monroe, photographs, in the Weld rooms, started 20 years ago.
2/22/1871 A.A. Johnson, photographer, Hobbie & Rouse Block, formerly occupied by E.G. Weld.
6/7/1871 H.S. Mather’s art gallery is closed this week.
6/21/1871 Mather is at the National Photography Convention in Philadelphia.
6/21/1871 Old pictures enlarged, in ink, water, oil, crayon, or pastel colors at Johnson’s Photo Studios.
7/26/1871 Mather took a view [on July 21, 1871] of the New Woodstock Glove Co.’s shop with all the hands, agents, and a team and wagon standing in front.
7/26/1871 The photographic galleries of Messrs. Mather and Johnson will be closed during August.
8/2/1871 Mr. Mather will not close his photographic gallery [as announced last week], but Mr. Johnson’s gallery will be closed for the first two weeks of August.
9/27/1871 “Mathers Photographic Gallery” reads the large new sign just put up on the new block [Ten Eyck Block, 53-59 Albany Street, which is not yet completed].
11/1/1871 The photography rooms of H.S. Mather were burned in the fire [of 63, 65 & 67 Albany Street, October 28, 1871]. He saved very little.
11/8/1871 Mr. Mather will continue business in his new photography gallery in the Ten Eyck Block.
12/6/1871 Upstairs [in the east end of the new Ten Eyck Block] is H.S. Mathers’ new Photograph Gallery, go and get your picture taken while you are still young and handsome.
4/4/1872 Mather, the genial artist, has taken a partner, Will H. Lyon.
8/8/1872 A.A. Johnson is having a new skylight put on his gallery.
9/19/1872 The Tillotson Family Reunion was photographed by Mr. Mather.
10/3/1872 The photographic studios in the village are A.A. Johnson and Mather & Lyon.
— Mather & Lyon photographic rooms.
— Johnson’s photographic galleries, formerly of E.G. Weld.
11/12 /1878 Advertisers:
— A.A. Johnson, photographer, Hobbie & Rouse Block
— F.M. Doolittle, photographer, Ten Eyck Block
1/__/1879 A.A. Johnson is offering his photographer's gallery for sale.
5/__ /1879 Advertisers:
— A.A. Johnson, photographer, Robinson & Rouse Block