Compiled by Daniel H. Weiskotten
Last Modified 3/16/2004
Names in our geography are an important indicator of our history. We can't go anywhere in the region without meeting up with the past as manifest in how places have been named. Our village streets are an important example of this. Today many communities seem to name streets after cutesie visions, such as "Meadow Lane," or in commemoration of something that has been destroyed destroyed in putting the street in such as "Oak Street." This is not a modern phenomenon (not the penchant for naming counties and communities after Indian tribes), but often we name things as a way to remember the past that took place at that spot or to note some noteworthy citizen.
Cazenovia Village is loaded with streets named after important people. In the early days the streets were simply named for their direction or their destination, such as Sullivan Street or Chenango Street. In the 1850s when the first detailed map of the village was being made, there was a dire need for standardized names for these thoroughfares. The names became formal and have pretty much stuck with us to this day.
In compiling the notes for this project I used the newspapers up to the 1870s, maps of the village of 1808, 1835, 1852, 1853, 1859, 1875, and 1895, census records, the village records, the Town Road Book, Deeds, and the memory of many older residents. There is always so much more that I don't know.
I have begun the writing on a detailed history of the streets, but that
is not quite finished.
From the Cazenovia Gazette
(edited for brevity)
October ___, 1851 (sorry, I do not know the day of the issue)
New streets and new names:
New names for (old) streets:
November __, 1851
More new street names:
Cazenovia Street Names
Daniel H. Weiskotten
November 21, 1992
revised February 5, 1994
Corrected March 16, 2004
Albany Street: Note that the Third Great Western Turnpike was originally considered all of Nelson Street, Albany Street, Forman Street, and Ledyard Ave.. When the Oneida Turnpike was opened (Peterboro Turnpike) it took the north half of the roadway easterly from the East Bridge and up Fenner Street.
Allen Street: Named for Rufus and Russel G. Allen, tanners, who owned much of the property along both sides of the this street (including the two stores on Albany Street where Albert's is now) from about 1827. It was named Pond Lane in 1851, but this doesn't seem to have stuck although I have heard it used. This street, with South Street, is alternately (and more romantically,) called "Lunkey's Lane" after Loyal A. "Lunkey" Eggleston who used to have a livery stable and stage office where the Oneida Savings Bank parking lot now is. I think I recall that he received that name after fighting in the horrid battle of Lunkey's Lane near Niagara in the War of 1812.
Burr Street: Named for William G. Burr who owned land on either side of the street (see the 1852 map of the village.) He operated the Park House, a hotel, where the parking lot of the former P & C, now Harris Cleaners, is.
Burton Street: Named in 1851 for William Burton. The street had been open before this and was in the 1820s referred to as the "Shacksboro Road" in reference to a huddle of old shacks just past the village line. I don't know if Burton owned land in the area of the street, but he had a grist mill with John Hearsey on Chittenango Creek just north of the village line. Until the opening of the Cazenovia and Chittenango Plank Road in 1848 this was the only route to the mills that were between the village line and Bingley. Short, but steep and winding roads cut down ravines to the mill sites on the creek.
Carpenter Street: J. Fairfield Carpenter was a short term resident of Lakeland. He is well known because he directed the improvements that were made in the 1890s. This street is noted as new in 1895.
Center Street: This was originally called School Street when it was opened about 1810. It only went as far as the school which stood at #7 Center Street (on the southwest corner of Center Street and the lane that runs from behind the Lincklaen House - see Deed R:10 1817, and Deed X:457 1822.) At some later date it was extended to Lyman Street. I have no idea where the Center Street name came from but it was noted as a new name in 1851.
Chenango Street: This street headed to the Chenango region, to the southeast. This was one of the radiating roads opened by Lincklaen in 1793. It was proposed as the route of the Cazenovia and German Turnpike in 1814 but as far as I can tell nothing ever came of that proposal. If you look at maps of the Towns of Cazenovia and Nelson you can see segments of this original road to the neighboring regions. It ran straight as an arrow to Erieville, which you can see by connecting the disparate segments.
Clark Street: This was named after Othniel Clark who operated a saw mill on the east bank of the creek here (where the Ni-Mo building is.) He was also a partner in Zadock Sweetland's paper mill on the other side of the creek.
Corwin Street: I can't find any reason for this being named Corwin Street. There were Corwins in Cazenovia, but none of my indices show that any of them were merchants, owned land, or lived in this area. It was still called Factory Street as late as 1895 (Sewer Maps) and I don't know when it was changed.
Dean Lane: This short street (or at least a lane) was open here as early as 1852 as shown on the village map. At some point shortly thereafter (I don't remember the reference) a morocco factory was built here, taking advantage of the abundant spring water found nearby. In 1875 Phinney & Potter had a tannery here, and by 1895 J. Dean was living on the site of the tannery.
Emory Ave.: Why do we call the school the Green Street School if it fronts on Emory Ave.?
Evergreen Lane: From evergreen trees, I suppose.
Farnham Street: In 1851 this was noted as a new name for an old street. Elisha Farnham had a clothier's works near the site of Buyea's hardware for a few years around 1808 and sold clothing and was buying calf skins as late as 1813. His tannery was anything but thriving - if he had one at all. He is most noted in our history as being the one who owned the land on either side of Lincklaen Street that was known as "Farnham's Woods."
Fenner Street: It was named for the township of Fenner, but not Fenner Corners (Ya' cain't get thar from he'ar.") Fenner was formed from the town of Smithfield in 1823, Smithfield having been formed from Cazenovia in 1807. If it wasn't already one of Lincklaen's radiating roads of 1793, Fenner Street was laid out in or about 1801 as the Oneida (Peterboro) Turnpike which began at the East Bridge over Chittenango Creek.
Forman Street: The street was named for Samuel S. Forman (the middle initial "S." does not stand for anything) who came with Lincklaen to Cazenovia in 1793 as the first store keeper. He also built Lakeland in 1813. His (older?) brother Jonathan was his assistant or partner in the early years, but he soon moved out of town.
Green Street: See my comment about Emory Ave. It appears that there was no street on the north side of the Green for a while after the church was moved (1828.) The street on the south side was named Green Street in 1851.
Gillette Lane: a modern name for a new street.
Hurd Street: Jabish N.M. Hurd was an early store keeper and land owner. He and Josiah Masters (later by himself) owned almost all the land between Sullivan and Forman Streets. The street would have been laid out by the time construction of the church began in 1804. The present Union Street was for a very short time (a week or so in 1851) called Hurd Street, but since Hurd had little to do with that neighborhood they changed that right away.
Hickory Lane: Named for the "Hickories," built by Rev. T.G. Jackson
Jail Alley: The jail was, between 1869 and 1968 (just 99 years), located where the Ni-Mo transformers are now. The 1895 Sewer Map shows this lane as Church Street because it passes by the Methodist Church.
Ledyard Ave.: This was part of the Third Great Western Turnpike, but before this, and before Lorenzo was built the road took a different route. As it came from the west the road went straight instead of turning northward toward Gypsy Bay as it does today. This path took it directly to the site of the Cazenovia Establishment's saw mill which stood at the corner of The Meadows. That mill was abandoned in 1798 and Lincklaen had to move the road to its present location before he began to set out the grounds of Lorenzo in 1806.
Liberty Street: This was noted as a new name for an old street in 1851, and I don't know anything more, such as when it was laid out.
Lincklaen Street: The present Lincklaen and Mill Streets were not located where they are now. They were originally laid out north and south of Albany Street about where the driveway of the Library is today (property lines runs down the center of it north of Albany Street and behind the Town Garage.) The "street formerly laid out" on the south side seems to have been closed by 1803 (Deed A:545), if it was ever open that is, and sales of the old 30 foot wide street on the north side of Albany Street are being made between 1807 and 1812 (Deeds B:174, D:461, E:360, E:361, and G:160.) Many early deeds refer to Lincklaen Street as the "Road Leading to Powell's Mills," or "Hill's Mill," or Clark's Mills" because this was the road to Bingley where these (this) mill was located. Most of the other mills along the creek were accessed by going out Burton Street.
Lyman Street: Dr. Isaac Lyman did not live to 1854, but perhaps his son, Isaac Lyman Jr. did. Such a small street for such an important and underrated pair.
Lincklaen Terrace: Another one of those new-fangled streets.
Mill Street: See the note about the original site of the streets mentioned under Lincklaen Street. The name stems from the mills built on the creek by the Cazenovia Establishment (John Lincklaen.) The town's first grist mill was built here in 1793-4 and a saw mill was opened in 1798. They were called the Prosperity Mills by the Establishment. In 1805 the mills were purchased from Lincklaen by Stephen and Jonas Fay. They passed through several hands over the next several decades. The grist mill was where the older (eastern) part of the Telephone Co. building now is, and the saw mill was where the parking lot for the Medical Center now is.
Myrtle Street: Why not?
Nelson Street: The township of Nelson was named for the Admiral, the street was named for the township. It was also known as "The Road to No.1" as Nelson was township No. 1 of the Twenty Towns. This was primarily a section of the Third great Western Turnpike. It present alignment is different than how it originally ran, the original route being slightly to the north.
Nickerson Street: James Nickerson was a hatter who owned a large amount of land on the west side of Lincklaen Street. This street bears his name as early as 1835.
Naomi Drive: This was developer Bob Riedl's wife.
Park Street: It was named Park Street for the hotel called the Park House which stood on the corner of Park and Albany Streets where the big parking lot for Harris Cleaners now is (see Burr Street.) It was called Carpenter Street for a time in the 1880s-1890s because a Mrs. Carpenter lived there. It gave up that name when the present Carpenter Street was named.
Rippleton Road: This really isn't much in the village, but is just as much a part of the village street system as Ledyard Ave. is. What this road was called before, I do not know, perhaps the New Woodstock Road or something like that. This was one of the original roads opened by John Lincklaen in 1793 or 1794. The original route of the road went through the land now occupied by The Meadows as it primarily served as the road to the Cazenovia Establishment's saw mill on Chittenango Creek (abandoned in 1798.) When Lorenzo was built the original alignment of the road from Pompey Hollow was changed to where it is today (Ledyard Ave.) and Rippleton Road (as it is called today) was straightened to its present path.
Riverside Drive: In recent years this street has also been called "Creekside" but lets stick with the established names, will we. I don't think that it had a real name until the late nineteenth century, but it was at it's earlier naming called Brewery Lane, and was officially so called by village decree about 1890. At that time it also had the nick-name of "Wheelbarrow Avenue" (CR July 10, 1890). Along this street was Salem Twist's brewery (John Hearsey's which was on the east side of the creek where the Atwell Mill is now. The giant "Brewery House" which was part of the complex (housing, etc. but not the brewery itself) stood on the exact spot of the Town garage.
Seminary Street: Set out in 1810 when the Madison County Courthouse was built. For a few Years it was called Court Street.
Sims Lane: This was originally known as Knowlton Lane and I remember it being referred to by that name when I was a kid (so long ago.) Ebenezer Knowlton took over Nehemiah White's chair factory which stood on the northwest corner and also had an oil mill between that and the creek. He owned land behind here and this was the lane out to the back. James Sims owned the old chair shop and a house nearby in 1895.
South Street: This street, and connecting Allen Street, is often called "Lunkey's Lane" after Loyal A. "Lunkey" Eggleston who had a livery stable and stage office where the Oneida Savings Bank parking lot now is. Oscar Wells lived in what is today called the "Lunkey Lane House" on the bend in the street and overlooking the mill pond. This house seems to be the house built by Dr. Isaac Lyman about 1799, and was moved down from the north side of Albany Street about 1815. The southern section of this street was given the name South Street in 1851.
Sullivan Street: The town of Sullivan was named after Gen. Sullivan for his infamous "war against vegetables" (better that name than Col. Goose Von Schaick's, I guess) but the road was named after the town, not the man. The earliest name for the road that I have seen is Canaseraga Road as late as 1807. Sullivan Street, with Ridge Road, of course, was the main road to Chittenango until the Cazenovia and Chittenango Plank Road (now generally NY 13) was opened in 1848.
Sweetland Street: Now considered just a section of NY 13, Sweetland Street was named after Zadock Sweetland (or more likely the Sweetland family of Zadock, Samuel, and William) who owned the paper mill on the site of the old Agway feed mill (which has burned to the ground since this was originally written). This was the only road to the paper mill until the Plank Road was built in 1848. In 1851 it was noted that this was a new name for an old street.
Union Street: This name was given to the street in 1851. For a short time (a week or so) it was called Hurd Street, but that name was taken and used on the street that still bears that name. What it was before that is not known, and I do not know when it was laid out.
Wall Street: This alley, running behind the stores on the north side of Albany Stree, from the Public Square to Linckalen Street, was named for a Mrs. Wall who kept a boarding house called the "Beehive." It was so named because it was occupied by young men who worked int he village, and it was as active as a beehive.
William Street: There is no "s" on the end of this street's name, and its origins elude me. It was a new name for an old street in 1851.
Willow Place: Why not? The willow patch of the old Mill
Pond is nearby.
END of Notes on the Street Names of the Village of Cazenovia, NY