The original name of the Town of
Gainesville was Hebe. It was formed from Warsaw February 25, 1814.
It took it's present name from General Edmund Pendleton Gaines, hero of the
War of 1812. It is
Township 8, Range 1 of the Holland Land Purchase.
William Bristol engaged in surveying the town.
Mr. Bristol was so impressed with the land and timber that he purchased land
on both sides of the East Koy Creek in the village. His brothers,
Richard and Charles came from Columbia County and Elnathon and George from
Vermont and settled here.
James Cravath, from Preble, NY, purchased four lots
along the Gainesville and Wethersfield town line. It is almost
impossible to ascertain in what order the earliest settlers arrived.
The 1810 census lists heads of households who do not appear on land records
and land records list names that do not appear on the census.
John Patterson appears to be an early settler on the Delhi
section in 1806, the same year Berzilla Yates, Native of Massachusetts, took
up his 351 acre claim south of Rock Glen, along Route 19, with Lewis and
Wheelock Wood as neighbors.
Pearl and Ithuriel Flowers settled west of Gainesville
Creek and north of Hardys about 1806. Russel Post settled at North
Gainesville, as did Hosea Sheffield from Tioga County. Nehemiah Park
Jr. acquired land the same year and settled three years later on the Center
Road and was elected town clerk.
Daniel Bannister was first to settle on the site of
Silver Springs. The next year Benjamin Cole made his home in the woods
south of the village, now 19A. Other early arrivals were Bezalul Beeds,
Jared Money and Jedediah Green. William and Noah Wiseman settled in
1810. William lived in the town until his death at age 75 years of
age. He raised five sons and two daughters. Elisha Brainard came
from Madison County, NY to lot 18, near where Letchworth Central School is
now located. Willard and Gideon Thayer came from Massachusetts in
1806. They settled north of Silver Springs on Silver Springs Road and
Other early pioneers were William Broughton and John
Woodruff who settled west of Silver Springs. Others listed in the 1810
census may constitute the very earliest settlers in town. They are
David West, Abraham Fuller, Joseph Potter, John Frasier, Isaac George, Isaac
George Jr., Ziphe George, Jesse Keyes, Elisha Sinamon, Elisha Daw, John
Everton, Appleton Bagley, Elisha Allen, Lewis Hancock, Elisha Merks and
Peter and Elizabeth Jenison were early settlers of
North Gainesville. Their son, Reuben, was one of the founders of the
church there. Henry Bush, who came from Painted Post in 1811, resided
north of Silver Springs and following the death of a son, founded the Bush
Cemetery. The Kellogg family settled on lot 3, south of School Road on
19A. Elijah Kellogg, who died in 1845, was a private in the
Connecticut Militia in 1777. William Post and family came to
Gainesville in 1815 from New Jersey.
This history goes on with chapters: Churches,
Wars, Industries, Hotels, Physicians, Education, Notable Natives,
Cemeteries, Agriculture, and Century Farms.
For the full story, see Historical Wyoming, Vo.
XXVIII, July 1991
1805 - William Bristol, lots 16, 26, 27 and 35; Elnathan George, lot
52, James Cravath, lots 57, 59, 60, 61; Benjamin Morse, lot 40; David Hardy,
part of lot 53.
1806 - John Patterson, part of lot 53; Reuben Orris,
part of lot 42; John Grant, lot 18; Barzilla Yates, lot 23; Pearl Flowers,
lot 43; Dwight Noble, part of lot 8; Stephen Perkins, part of lot 8; Russell
Post, part of lot 31; Hosea Sheffield, part of lot 31; William Fuller, part
of lot 22; Wheelock Wood, part of lot 22; William Thayer, part of lot 7;
Lewis Wood, lot 32.
1807 - Nehemiah Park, lot 47; Appleton Bailey, lot 28; Ithuriel
Flower, part of lot 49; Manton Davis, part of lot 44; William Thayer, part
of lot 15; Daniel W. Bannister, lot 5.
1808 - Archelaus Price, lot 36, Benjamin Cole, part of lot 3.
1809 - Bezeleel Beede, part of lot 45; Jedediah Green, part of lot
62; Francis Ellingwood, part of lot 19; Samuel Fuller, part of lot 1; Jared
Money, part of lot 37.
1810 - Noah Wiseman, part of lot 48; Gaius Blower, part of lot 48;
Joseph Parker, lot 30; Daniel Cargill, part of lot 3; Leonard and Ethan
Cooley, part of lot 45; Joab Wetherbee, part of lot 55; John Hoxie, part of
lot 55; Simeon Gibson, lot 56; Davis Wood, part of lot 21; Otis Wood, part
of lot 21; Philip Reed, lot 6; Stephen Potter, part of lot 44.