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1524: Explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, commissioned by the King of France, sailed to the New World, and into what is now New York Harbor; probably accompanied by Jacques Cartier.

1609: After sailing to the New World on the Halve Maen, Henry Hudson explored the mighty river that would later be named for him. Samuel de Champlain explored the northeastern region of the area now called New York and discovered his namesake, Lake Champlain.

1621: Dutch West Indian Company established New Netherland

The first Dutch settlement was established; for 40 years the Dutch ruled over the colony of New Netherland.

1626: Dutch purchased Manhattan Island from local Indians

1664: The British army conquered the colony of New Netherland, which was then re-named New York, in honor of the Duke of York.

1673: Anglo-Dutch war occurred; Dutch captured New Amsterdam

1674: English recaptured New Amsterdam; English and Dutch arrived at peace agreement; New Amsterdam named New York City

1702: Yellow fever epidemic killed over 500

1754 - 1763: The French and Indian War, a fierce contest to gain control of the New World, changed the course of history. The British and American colonists fought against the French and Canadians, with Native American allies on both sides. By uniting the colonies and building their military strength and confidence, this war set the stage for the American Revolution.

1765: New York City hosted the first Colonial Congress, a conference called to discuss the King of England's Stamp Act.

1774: Colonists disguised as Indians dumped load of tea into harbor

1775 - 1783: The Revolutionary War - On May 10, 1775, Ethan Allen, Benedict Arnold and 83 "Green Mountain Boys” surprised the sleeping British garrison at Fort Ticonderoga and took the fort called the Key to a Continent without firing a shot. This was the first American victory of the Revolutionary War. New York City shelled by British man-of-war

1776: After serving as a colony of Great Britain for over a century, New York declared its independence on July 9, becoming one of the original 13 states of the Federal Union. Nathan Hale hung for spying; Declaration of Independence endorsed; fire in New York City destroyed 1,000 homes

1777: New York's first constitution was adopted on April 20. George Clinton was elected as New York’s first Governor in June.
On October 17, the Americans defeated the British at the Battle of Saratoga, one of the decisive battles of the world. This victory marked the turning point of the Revolution, leading to the Americans’ alliance with the French and eventual victory.

1783: Battle of Saratoga occurred; On November 25, the last British troops evacuated New York City, which had been occupied by the British since September 1776. This was the last British military position in the US. After they departed, US General George Washington entered the city in triumph to the cheers of New Yorkers.

1785-1790: New York City became the first capital of the United States. In 1789, it was the site of George Washington's inauguration as the first US President; it remained the nation's capital until 1790.

1788: New York became 11th state

1789: George Washington inaugurated as first U. S. president in New York City.

1792: New York Stock Exchange founded

1795: Yellow fever epidemic killed 732

1796: Coffee House Slip Fire destroyed about 50 buildings near Murray Wharf

1797: Albany named state capitol

1798: Great epidemic killled 2,086

1802: West Point Military Academy opened

1807: Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat traveled from New York to Albany. This first voyage of significant distance made by a steamboat began a new era in transportation.

1812-15: War of 1812 occurred

1825: The Erie Canal opened in 1825, linking the Hudson River to the Great Lakes and leading to greater development in the western part of the state.

1827: New York outlawed slavery. At the forefront of the Underground Railroad movement, New York had more anti-slavery organizations than any other state and strong abolitionist leaders such as Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass and John Brown. From the early 1800s until the end of the Civil War in 1865, thousands of people passed through New York as they traveled to freedom in Canada.

1831: New York's first railroad opened

1835: Fire in NYC financial district destroyed more than 600 buildings

1837: Martin Van Buren, born in Kinderhook, became the eighth President of the US.

1848: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, and more than 300 women and men gathered in Seneca Falls, for the nation's first women's rights convention.

1850: Millard Fillmore, born in Cayuga County, became the 13th President of the US.

1860s: The State of New York supplied almost one-sixth of all Union forces during the Civil War, which began in 1861.

1871: Explosion on Staten Island Ferry Westfield II killed 125

1876: Stage fire at Booklyn Theater killed 276

1883: The Brooklyn Bridge, a wonder of design and engineering, opened. P.T. Barnum led a parade of 21 elephants back and forth across the bridge, to demonstrate its sturdiness to skeptics.

1886: The Statue of Liberty, a gift from France to the United States in honor of the Centennial of the American Declaration of Independence, was dedicated on October 28 in New York Harbor.

1888: Great Blizzard of '88 paralyzed eastern seaboard

1890s – 1954: Between 1892 and 1954, more than 12 million immigrants passed through Ellis Island, an immigration facility that is now part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument.

1896: Nine-day heatwave in NYC killed 420

1899: The State Capitol was completed.

1901: When President William McKinley was assassinated in Buffalo, Theodore Roosevelt (born in New York City), was hurriedly sworn in as the 26th president of the US. Not quite 43 years old, TR became the youngest president in the nation's history.

1902: New York City’s first skyscraper was built: the 21-story Flatiron building at 23rd Street and Fifth Avenue.

1904: New York City’s first subway line, called the IRT, opened. Steamship General Slocum caught fire, killed over 1,000 passengers

1905: New York Giants won World Series

1918: Great Influenza Pandemic killed 851

1920: On August 26, the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution extended the right to vote to women. After a long struggle, women could vote in the fall elections, including the Presidential election. Wall Street bombing killed 40

1927: New York Yankees won World Series

1928: New York Yankees won World Series

1929: New York Stock Exchanged crashed; Great Depression began

1931: The Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building were completed, and the George Washington Bridge opened, all adding to the New York City's burgeoning skyline.

1932: Lake Placid hosted Olympic Winter Games

1933: Franklin D. Roosevelt, born near Hyde Park, became the 32nd President of the US. New York Giants won World Series

1935: Race riots in Harlem killed 3, injured 125

1936: New York Yankees won World Series

1937: New York Yankees won World Series

1938: New England Hurriane struck Long Island, 10 killed

1939: The World's Fair opened in New York City, corresponding to the 150th anniversary of George Washington’s inauguration as first President of the US. Many countries around the world participated; over 44 million people attended over two seasons. New York Yankees won World Series; North Beach Airport LaGuardia dedicated.

1941-1945: World War II. Three WWII ships on display at the Buffalo/Erie County Naval and Military Park include the Destroyer USS The Sullivans, named for five brothers who lost their lives on November 13, 1942 following the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal; the guided missile cruiser USS Little Rock; and the submarine USS Croaker.

1941: New York Yankees won World Series

1943: Race riots in Harlem, several looters killed, 500 injured; New York Yankees won World Series

1945: B-25 bomber crashed into Empire State Building, killed 13

1947: New York Yankees won World Series

1948: New York International Airport JFK: opened

1949: New York Yankees won World Series

1950: New York Yankees won World Series

1952: United Nations Headquarters completed in New York City and New York City became the permanent headquarters of the United Nations; New York Yankees won World Series

1953: New York Yankees won World Series

1954: New York Giants won World Series

1955: Brooklyn Dodgers won World Series

1956: New York City hosted a Subway Series; a Major League baseball championship between the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers.

1957: New York Giants move to San Francisco, Brooklyn Dodgers move to Los Angeles

1958: New York Yankees won World Series

1958: New York Yankees won World Series

1959: St. Lawrence Seaway opened

1960: Fire on USS Constellation killed 50, injured 323, $75 million damages

1961: New York Yankees won World Series

1962: New York Yankees won World Series

1963: Brush fires on Staten Island destroyed 100 homes

1964: Race riots in Harlem, one person killed, 100 injured; World Fair opened in New York City (again)

1965: Black nationalist leader, Malcom X, assassinated; Great Northeast Blackout power outage:

1966: Fire killed 12 members of NYC Fire Dept

1969: New York Mets won World Series, the three-day Woodstock Music & Art Fair was held on a former dairy farm in Bethel. The open-air festival featured icons of rock music and attracted half a million fans.

1973: 40 workers killed in LNG tank explosion. The World Trade Center was completed. Each tower measured 1,368 feet in height. Lieutenant Governor Malcom Wilson became Governor of NY upon the resignation of Nelson Rockefeller.

1974: Hugh Carey was elected Governor of New York.

1975: Bomb exploded in TWA baggage claim area at LaGuardia, killed 11, injured 74

1977: The I LOVE NEW YORK tourism campaign was created. Amid a nationwide recession, Governor Hugh Carey and the NY Department of Commerce made a strategic decision—to market tourism as a means to improve the state’s economy. It started with four little words. I LOVE NEW YORK—slogan, logo, and jingle--created an overall theme that was an instant hit. The clear, simple message has endured for more than 30 years, reflecting its universal appeal and New York’s cultural and natural wonders. Major blackout occurred, 9 million people without power for 25 hours; New York Yankees won World Series.

1978: New York Yankees won World Series. Hugh Carey was elected Governor of New York.

1980: Ex-Beatle, John Lennon, murdered in front of home

1982: The musical Cats opened on Broadway, beginning a run of nearly 20 years. Mario Cuomo was elected Governor of NY.

1984: The New York State Vietnam Memorial was dedicated at the Empire State Plaza in Albany. Commemorating the military service of New York State residents who served their country in Southeast Asia between 1961 and 1975, including more than 4,000 who lost their lives or were declared missing in action, the memorial was the first such state effort in the nation.

1986: The New York Mets won the World Series. Mario Cuomo was elected Governor of NY.

1989: David Dinkins was elected Mayor of New York City. He was the City’s first African-American mayor.

1990: Mario Cuomo was elected Governor of NY.

1992: On May 17, the New York Stock Exchange Bicentennial celebrated its 200th anniversary as one of the world’s most vital and enduring financial institutions.

1993: On February 26, a terrorist attack at the World Trade Center killed six people and injured over 1000. In 1995, militant Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman and 9 others were convicted of conspiracy charges, and in 1998, Ramzi Yousef, believed to have been the mastermind, was convicted of the bombing. Al-Qaeda involvement is suspected.

1994: On January 1, Rudolph Giuliani was sworn in as the 107th Mayor of New York City. He was the City’s first Republican mayor in two decades. Among other things, he set out to reduce crime and reinvent the Times Square area as a family-friendly tourist destination. George Pataki was elected Governor of NY

1996: TWA Flight 800 crashed, killed 230; New York Yankees won World Series

1998: New York Yankees won World Series. George Pataki was elected Governor of NY.

1999: New York Yankees won World Series.

2000: New York Yankees won World Series; former first lady Hillary Clinton elected to U.S. Senate. She is the first female senator from the State of New York.

2001: 9/11 - On September 11, terrorist attacks destroyed the World Trade Center. Nearly 3,000 people were killed. The NY Stock Exchange closed for four days--its longest closure since 1933. It reopened on September 17, setting a record volume of 2.37 billion shares. Later in the year, American Airlines plane crash in New York City kills 260.

2002: George Pataki was elected Governor of NY.

2003: Power outage across eastern U.S. and Canada; Staten Island ferry crash kills 10, injures 43

2005: Strike by workers shut down New York City transit system

2006: The National Purple Heart Hall of Honor opened in November at the New Windsor Cantonment State Historic Site in the Hudson Valley. The facility shares the stories of America's combat wounded veterans and those who never returned, all recipients of the Purple Heart. Yankees pitcher, Cory Lidle and flight instructor, killed in airplane crash; first beam of the new Freedom Tower placed

2007: Eliot Spitzer was sworn in as Governor of NY on January 11.

2008: In March, Lieutenant Governor David Paterson became Governor of NY, upon the resignation of Eliot Spitzer. He is New York’s first African-American governor and first legally blind governor, as well as the fourth African-American governor in the US. Governor Paterson is nationally recognized as a leading advocate for the visually and physically impaired.

2009: In January, NY Senator Hilary Clinton was sworn in as US Secretary of State. Appointed by President Barack Obama, she is the first former First Lady to serve in a president’s cabinet.
In May, Pedestrian Malls were created at Times Square and Herald Square on Broadway. Beginning on May 22, New York City’s Broadway was closed to vehicle traffic for five blocks at Times Square, turning part of the "Crossroads of the World" into a pedestrian mall with cafª tables and benches. A second promenade was created at Herald Square, where Macy's dominates the intersection. The plan is part of an experiment to create open spaces for tourists and make the city even more pedestrian friendly.



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