Cortland County Civil War Units
12th Regiment - Company D - Homer


TWELFTH NEW YORK REGIMENT OF INFANTRY

ONONDAGA COUNTY REGIMENT; INDEPENDENCE GUARD; THE DOZEN

Taken from New York in The War of the Rebellion 1861-1865 by Frederick Phisterer, third edition,
Albany, F. B. Lyon Company, State Printers, Vol. III, pgs 1873+

This regiment, Col. Ezra L. Walrath, was organized at Elmira; accepted by the State for a service of two years and numbered May 8, 1861; mustered in the service of the United States, at Elmira, for three months, may 13, 1861. At the request of the general government, it was ordered by the Governor of the State, August 2, 1861, to be mustered in the United States service for the unexpired period of its term of State service. February 3, 1862, it was consolidated into five companies, A, G, H, I and K; Company B being merged into H; C into K; D into I and K; E into A; F into H. The nucleus of this regiment was of members of the 51st Regiment, State Militia, and the companies were recruited principally: A, B C, E, H and I at Syracuse; D at Homer; F at Liverpool; G at Canastota; and K at Batavia. The regiment left the State May 29, 1861.

Colonel Henry A. Weeks received, on the return of the 12th Militia from its three months' service, authority to reorganize it for a service of three years. While the regiment as a body did not re-enter the service, a majority of the officers and enlisted men of the new organization, which was named - 12th Militia - were from the original regiment. The men were recruited principally in New York city, Patchogue and Buffalo, and mustered in the service of the United States for three years in October, November and December, 1861, and January, 1862. In January, 1862, Company A was transferred to the 102nd N.Y. Volunteers, and the seven remaining companies of the regiment consolidated into five, B, C, D, E, and F; Company G being merged into Company C, and K into E. These five companies left the State February 5, 1862.

February 8, 1862, the companies of the 12th Militia joined the battalion of five companies of the 12th N.Y. Volunteers, and completed the regimental reorganization of the latter, all the companies retaining their alphabetical designation. May 1, 1863, the two years' men were returned to Elmira and their alphabetical designation. May 1, 1863, the two years' men were returned to Elmira and there honorably discharged and mustered out May 17, 1 863; the a three years' men were consolidated into a battalion of two companies, D and F, and this battalion, commanded by Maj. Henry W. Ryder, was, June 2, `1864, transferred to the 5th Veteran N.Y. Volunteers, as Companies F and E, respectively, of the latter.

The regiment served at Washington, D.C., from May 31, 1861; in the 4th Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, from July, 1861; in Richardson's Brigade, Division Potomac, from August 4, 1861; in Wadsworth's Brigade, McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac, from October 15, 1861; in Butterfield's Brigade, Porter's DIvision, 3rd Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 13, 1862; in the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1862; the battalion as Provost Guard, 5th Corps, from May 1863.

During its service the regiment lost
-by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 44 enlisted men;
-of wounds received in action, 22 enlisted men;
-of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 67 enlisted men;
-total, 4 officers, 133 enlisted men;
-aggregate, 137; of whom 4 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy; and it took part in the following engagements:

1861

Blackburn's Ford, Va.               July 18 10k, 17w, 7m
Bull Run, Va. 21
Upton's Hill, Va. Aug 27 1w
1862

Near Big Bethel, Va. Mar 27
Siege of Yorktown, Va. April 5-
May 4
Before Yorktown April 11
Before Yorktown April 13
Hanover Court House, Va. May 27
Seven Day's Battle, Va. June 25
July 2
Gaines Mill June 2721k, 109w, 59m
Malvern Cliff 30
Malvern Hill July 1 12k
General Pope's Campaign, Va. Aug 27-
Sept 2
Bull Run, Va. Aug 30 24k, 56w, 63m
Antietam, Md. Sept 17
Near Shepherdstown, Va. 20 1w
Fredericksburg, Va. Dec 11-15 2k, 13w, 7m
Richards Ford, Va. 30-31
1863

Rappahannock River, Va.       April 30
Chancellorsville, Va. May 1-3
Gettysburg, Pa. July 1-3
Mine Run Campaign, Va. Nov 26-
Dec 2
1864

Wilderness, Va. May 5-7
Spotsylvania Court House, Va8-21
North Anna, Va. 22-26
Totopotomoy, Va. 27-31
Losses at other minor affairs 3w, 3m

k= killed or died of wounds
w= wounded and recovered
m= missing


Click here for a roster of Company D, submitted by Robin Moore.

This data submitted by:

Conrad Bush 1940 Reading Road West Falls, NY 14170

Both Robin and Conrad have volunteered to help researchers find information on the men who served in the 12th Regiment. Simple click on their names above and send them an e-mail if you want their help.

Follow this link to see a synopsis of the information on this unit from Frederick Phisterer's New York in the War of the Rebellion.



If you have any suggestions, please e-mail Tim Stowell

Created on or before 16 June 1998

LAST UPDATED: Friday, 20-May-2011 22:23:07 MDT

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