Cortland County
Eggleston Article
from Cutters


The origin of this name is remote and some clue to its beginning may be found in the spelling Eaglestone, as sometimes found in early records. It also appears as Eglestone, Egleston, and in various other forms. Previous to the revolution in the New England records it appears Egleston, and after the revolution the second "g" is added. It has been long conspicuous in the professions in New England and New York, as well as many other states, and has contributed many worthy citizens in all sections of the country.

The immigrant ancestor of those bearing the name in this country was born about 1590, in England, and came to Dorchester, Massachusetts, in the ship "Mary and John," in 1630. His name appears with a great variety of spellings, such as Begat, Bagget, Beget and Bigod. The form usually accepted is the first above given. He was made a freeman at Dorchester in 1631, and was one of the original members of Mr. Warham's church, which removed from Dorchester to Windsor, Connecticut, in 1635. He died there September 1, 1674, "ner 100 yer ould." It is evident that the recorder of his death had no definite means of ascertaining the age. In court at Hartford, in 1645, Begat Egleston testified that he was fifty-five years of age. His first wife, Mary, died December 8, 1657, and he married (second) Mary Talcott, of Hartford, who survived him. She contributed four shillings in cloth for the relief of the poor in other colonies in 1676. Children, all born of the first wife: James and Samuel (twins), born in England; Thomas, Mary, Sarah, Rebecca, Abigail, Joseph and Benjamin.

(I) James, son of Begat and Mary Egleston, was born in England, about 1620, was a freeman at Windsor, in 1637, and died December 1, 1679, in that town. He was a soldier and participated in the Pequot fight for which he received a grant of fifty acres of land in 1671. About 1648 he acquired by purchase his first piece of land in Windsor, formerly the property of Samuel Allen, being the first south of Broad street, and the road running east of it. In 1676 he contributed one shilling one pence for the relief of the poor in other colonies.

His death occurred at the early age of fifty-nine years, after a very short illness, and he made no will. His children at that time were all minors. He left considerable land which was divided among his sons by mutual agreement, August 28, 1701. He married Esther, or Hester, sister of Roger Williams, of Windsor, who was early at Dorchester and returned to that town in 1647, or earlier. She was said to have been the first white female child born in Hartford. She died July 10, 1720. Children: James, John; Thomas, mentioned below; Hester, Nathaniel, Isaac, Abigail, Deborah and Hannah.

(III) Thomas, third son of James and Hester (Williams) Egleston, was born July 27, 1661, in Windsor, where he died April 6, 1732. He was a farmer in that town, probably on the lot north of St. Gabriel's Church, and his estate was valued at three hundred and eighty-seven pounds nine shillings four pence. He married Grace Hoskins, born July 28, 1666, in Windsor, died March 27, 1739, daughter of Anthony and Isabel (Brown) Hoskins, of Windsor, granddaughter of John Hoskins, who came to Dorchester from England in 1630. Children: Thomas, Grace, Mary, Hannah; Jedediah, mentioned below; Isabel; Deborah, Mary, Mindwell, Joseph, Ephraim and Hester.

(IV) Jedediah, second son of Thomas and Grace (Hoskins) Egleston, was born June 11, 1696, in Windsor, where he was a farmer, and died July 15, 1766. The inventory of his estate was made January 6, 1767, and it was administered by his son Thomas. He married Sarah Moore, born September 12, 1704, daughter of John (3) and Abigail (Strong) Moore, granddaughter of John (2), who was a son of Deacon John (1) Moore, the last named a son of Thomas Moore, of Dorchester, Massachusetts. Children: Sarah, Lydia, Grace (died young), Isabel, Jedediah, Thomas (died young), Lois, Grace, Thomas and Elijah.

(V) Thomas (2) Egleston, third son of Jedediah and Sarah (Moore) Egleston, was born September 26, 1746, in Windsor, and was a noted fisherman. With his sons he owned the best fishing place on the Connecticut river, north of Middletown. This was situated on the Deerfield lot, four miles north of the state house, and is still known as "Thomas Egleston's Fishing Place." In 1859 this was owned by the heirs of Timothy Mills. Opposite, on the west side of the street, stands a brick building, erected in 1760, the bricks said to have been made by Thomas Egleston. He was a revolutionary soldier, enlisting June 24, 1776, in Captain Job Couch's company, Colonel Philip Burr Bradley's regiment. This body was stationed during the summer and early fall, of that year, at Bergen Heights and Paulus Hook, now Jersey City. In November it was transferred across the river to the defence of Fort Washington, where, with hundreds of others, Thomas Egleston was captured by the British forces, November 16, of that year. He married (first), February 13, 1766, Rebecca, daughter of Samuel and Rebecca Drake, born January 24, baptized February 2, 1745, and died 1775. He married (second), February 26, 1778, Ann Clark. Children, born of the first wife, and baptized at Windsor: Sarah, Rebecca, Jedediah, Elijah, Francis, Elihu, Joseph (mentioned below), Henry, George and Ann.

(V) Joseph Eggleston, fifth son of Thomas (2) and Rebecca (Drake) Egleston, was baptized August 11, 1782, at the Windsor church, and removed to Sherburne, Chenango county, New York, about 1808. Some fourteen years later, he settled in the town of Cortlandville, Cortland county, New York, where he was a farmer, and died. He married, October 14, 1802, Harriet Goodrich, of Colebrook, Connecticut, who died in Cortlandville, 1850. Children: 1. Joseph Francis, baptized at Windsor, July 3, 1803. 2. Ann, died young. 3. Fanny, baptized July 5, 1807, in Windsor; died in 1862 in Cortland. 4. Hiram, resided in Alden, New York, where he died childless. 5. Asahel G., mentioned below. 6. George. 7. Julia, married Cortland Corwin, of Cortland, and had two daughters. 8. Emily, died young. 9. Delia, married George Bancroft, resided in Whitewater, Wisconsin, and had three children.

(VII) Asahel G., third son of Joseph and Harriet (Goodrich) Eggleston, was born in 1810, in Sherburne; died June 23, 1897. He was about twelve years of age when his parents removed to Cortlandville. He always following farming in Cortland county, New York; he had a large farm and was active up to the time of his death. He held various town and village offices. He was a Presbyterian. He married, July 7, 1842, Louise Kenney, born in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1814, died July 1, 1897, daughter of Jabez Kenney. Children: Antoinette, deceased; Joseph Emmett, mentioned below.

(VIII) Joseph Emmett, only son of Asahel G. and Louise (Kenney) Eggleston, was born in Cortland, New York, November 1, 1847. He received his education in the academy and State Normal School, of Cortland, New York; studied law in the office of Waters & Waters, in Cortland; admitted to New York state bar in 1875, and to United States courts in 1881. He practiced law for a time in company with Mr. Waters, under firm name of Waters & Eggleston, and later was alone in practice. In 1889 he was elected county judge and surrogate of Cortland county, New York, which office he has held ever since. He is a director in the Second National Bank, of Cortland, and trustee of the State Firemen's Home Association. He is a member of Cortlandville Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons.

He married, September 2, 1874, Alta B., daughter of Rensselaer R. and Olive Moore, of Cincinnatus, New York. They have one daughter, Arla, a graduate of the State Normal School, at Cortland, also of the National Park Seminary, Washington, D.C., and she took a course at the Currie Oratory School, of Boston, Massachusetts, and is now a teacher.

          Entry done by Marilyn Lane on June 30, 1998

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Created on or before 01 July 1998

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