Chapter XX

HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF CORTLANDVILLE

The town of Cortlandville was not formed until the 11th day of April, 1829, at which time it was set off from the old military township of Homer (No.19) of which it comprises the southern half ; two lots from the town of Virgil have been added to Cortlandville since its first formation.It is bounded on the north by the town of Homer ; on the east by Solon and Freetown ; on the south by Virgil and Freetown , and on the west by Tompkins county. It s surface is sufficiently varied to give it a picturesque aspect , being made up of lofty hills in the eastern and southern portions , gentle eminences between the eastern and western branches of the Tioughnioga river and in the central and western portions, while along the river and in the vicinity of the junction of the two branches of the stream are broad level valleys that are not excelled for beauty and productiveness.Upon the broad plain which stretches away southward from the locality where the waters of the two river branches start southward towards the sea , seven different valleys of varying widths converge from as many different points of the compass. On this plain has grown the beautiful village of Cortland. The surrounding hills , broken by these numerous valleys ; the broad plain cleft by the classic stream and its swiftly-flowing tributaries and stretching away to a distance of two miles in either direction , and the thriving village set in the midst , combine to form a scene of rare natural beauty when viewed from any adjacent eminence , and a site worthy of a great city. The soil of the town of Cortlandville is composed of a rich alluvial deposit along the valleys of the streams , while portions of the plain in the central part of the town and the hilly regions are gravelly and argillaceous loam. There is little of the town that is not susceptible of cultivation but the hilly portions are , perhaps , better adapted for grazing than for tillage.

The town is well watered and drained ; both the east and west branches of the Tioughnioga flow through it , forming a junction not far from the center , the main stream then continuing to the boundary.Into the river and its branches flow Otter creek from the west and Trout creek from the east , which are in turn fed by numerous clear springs that send their wholesome waters through all parts of the town.

This region was originally heavily timbered , beech , maple , elm and hemlock being most abundant , and interspersed with ash , cherry , and other woods. Much of the site of Cortland village was formerly covered with a forest of towering elms.

Speaking with direct reference to the boundaries of the town , John Miller and his family were the first settlers within the present limits of the town of Cortlandville , outside of the extreme probability that Beebe and Todd built their first habitation in the town , as stated by Mr. Kingsbury in the preceding history of the town of Homer. Mr. Miller made his permanent settlement in the spring , 1792 , having explored the valleys of the Tioughnioga branches the previous season , with Amos Todd and Joseph Beebe. He had two sons , of one of whom but little is known ; but he probably died at an early age. The other was Daniel Miller , afterwards well known throughout the county as "Deacon" and "General" Miller. The family settled on lot 56 , where they erected a rude shanty at the junction of the two roads now leading from the villages of Homer and Cortland to Truxton , and just in front of the present residence of T. Mason Loring. Daniel Miller was about eighteen years old at the time of their arrival in town.(1) They paid for their land and began improving it by clearing off the timber. Not long afterward a young man appeared on the scene and laid claim to the land on the ground that he had been a soldier and had drawn the lot , and had not conveyed it away ; that if they had bought and paid for it they had been imposed upon ; furthermore that he himself was a minor and could not legally have conveyed the land to any one. Under these circumstances Mr. Miller made a bargain with him , by which he was to remain with Mr. Miller until he was twenty-one years old , when he could give them a title to the land. When that time arrived the Millers paid him for the land and he disappeared. It afterwards developed that he had deceived them in regard to his age , and that he was not twenty-one when he sold them the land. His friends , being dissatisfied with the terms on which he had settled with Mr. Miller , sent him away , circulated reports on his death , and claimed the land as heirs ; this scheme was not successful , however , and they then brought him to life and began anew. During several years Mr. Miller was harassed with threats , disputes and vexations of various kinds , until at length a final settlement was made and another deed obtained.

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Footnote (1) When Mr. Miller came to the spot where he built his dwelling he thrust into the ground a willow twig which he had broken from a little tree in front of a settler's house on the way.The settler's wife was indignant and told her husband that the man who had just passed on horseback had ruined their tree , upon which the irate pioneer followed Mr. Miller , overtook him and berated him for breaking the tree ; but he returned crest-fallen when he saw that it was a mere whip which had been appropriated. This twig has grown into a great tree , the two branching trunks of which now measure respectively sixteen and twelve and a half feet in circumference. It is an old and well known landmark at the junction of the two roads.

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He now supposed that all trouble about his farm was ended. But still later another stranger appeared and presented a claim to fifty acres on the north-east corner of the lot , which had been sold for non-payment of taxes. He claimed to be the purchaser and to hold a valid title to the land. This included the ground on which the Millers had made most of their improvements ; consequently there was no other course but to settle with the intruder , which they finally did by payment of four dollars an acre. Thus , after living seven years in a log cabin , which would now be considered hardly good enough for a horse stable , and paying for their land twice and for a portion of it three times , they secured a valid title.

;John Miller died June 11th , 1806 , at the age of 75 years ; his wife Hannah , died October 25th , 1818 , aged 69 years. Daniel Miller became a man of prominence. The military organization of the State was then thoroughly maintained and in March , 1803 , he received the commission of lieutenant in a company of infantry from George Clinton , then governor of the State. This was followed by a commission as captain in 1806 , and as lieutenant-colonel in 1808. In February , 1812 , he received his commission as brigadier-general , and was called with his brigade to the Niagara frontier. It is said of him that he persistently studied military evolutions with kernels of corn on a board , until he became a competent tactician. He united with the Congregational Church in Homer in 1820 and from that time until his death was a prominent member and an office-holder in the society. He died in 1845. His wife was a sister of the Rev. John Keep , who was for twelve years pastor of that church. Mr. Miller left two sons , one of whom was Dr. Abram Miller. Gen. Miller is remembered as a man of contemplative cast of mind , of unswerving integrity and habitual dignity of manner. He was an ardent lover of nature.

Succeeding the Miller family the next settlers in the town were Jonathan Hubbard and Moses Hopkins , both of whom came in 1794. Mr. Hubbard selected lands amid the stately elms on the site of Cortland village , much of which east of main street he owned. His first dwelling stood about on the site of the National Bank of Cortland , corner of Main and Court streets. Mr. Hopkins purchased a large track of land west of the hill now known as "Monroe Heights" , on lot 64.

It was fortunate for the future town that such men as Jonathan Hubbard and Moses Hopkins were its pioneers. They came , as did a great majority of the early settlers in this region , from New England--that cradle of strong , resolute , active men. These two , as well as many of their early successors , were men of strongly marked characters , possessed of sagacious foresight , clear minds and determined wills ; they came into the wilderness to accomplish something worthy of themselves , with no dread of consequences, Well may it be said , then that the county was fortunate in having the first inroads toward civilization made by such men.

Mr. Hubbard was about twenty years old when he came into Cortland--young , vigorous and filled with enthusiasm. He foresaw (perhaps had already learned the fact from personal experience) that one of the first and most important necessities of pioneer families was a grist-mill. There was already one in the county , built in Homer a year or two previous , but there was ample room for more. Choosing the most eligible site , therefore , Mr. Hubbard made the the building of a grist-mil his first occupation. It was located where now stands the mill of Thomas F. Brayton , and was long known as Hubbard's mill , and still later as "the Red Mill." As soon as the structure was far enough advanced Mr. Hubbard and his young wife , a sister of David McClure , occupied it as a residence until his dwelling was built. In just what year the mill was finished and put in operation appears to be in doubt. It has been given as early as 1797 and as late as 1803. It was between those dates and undoubtedly not long after the one first given. In any event his daughter Abigail , afterward the wife of Daniel Hawks , a prominent Cortland attorney and county judge , was born while the family lived in the mill ; her birth occurred in May , 1805. In the same year his wife died , and , in 1810 , he married Polly Towbridge ; from this union was born in March , 1813 , Jonathan Hubbard , jr.,who was , until his death in 1883 , one of the prominent and respected citizens of Cortland village. In 1806 the first Jonathan Hubbard joined with Loren Blodgett , son of Nathan Blodgett whose settlement will be noted a little farther on , and erected a grist-mill at Blodgett's Mills , so named from Mr. Blodgett. This was the second mill built in the town , and its erection constituted about the first settlement at that point. Jonathan Hubbard died on Christmas Day , in the year 1814 , at the comparatively early age of forty years ; but he filled his life with work which made an enduring impression upon the the town , as will hereafter appear.

Moses Hopkins was also a man of more than ordinary intelligence and force of character , energy and enterprise. He built one of the early taverns in the village of Cortland , on the corner near where the Taylor Hall block now stands ; it was log a popular house , where public meetings of all kinds were held. The building was quite a commodious wooden structure and was subsequently occupied as a young ladies' seminary. Mr. Hopkins held the offices of deputy sheriff and sheriff of the county. His first dwelling stood about on the site occupied in later years by his son , Hiram Hopkins.

John Keep made a permanent settlement in 1795 on lot 56 , where he built the original part of the county poor-house. He was from Massachusetts. Mr. Keep and his wife , Miss Frances Goodell , were baptized by Rev. Daniel Irish , in September , 1798 , being the first administration of the rite in Cortland county. They were also among the sixteen who constituted the first Baptist church of Homer , in 1801 , and gave liberally of their time , money and influence to the building up of that society and for the general good of the community. Judge Keep was made a justice of the peace as early as 1797 , long before the organization of this county , and in 1810 he was first judge of the Court of Common Pleas , the first officer of that character in the county , which position he filled with honor until 1823. He was not bred to a profession , but his eminent integrity and sound judgment enabled him to fill his judicial office with satisfaction.

An incident in the life of Judge Keep , which was related by a former inmate of the alms house , is worthy of passing notice. Just before the family of Judge Keep finally removed from his house on the banks of the river he made his accustomed prayer in which he entreated that "the house he was abut to leave might ever remain in the future as it had been in the past , an asylum for the poor , the unfortunate and the distressed."

Not many years latter the house and farm were sold to the county for an alms house , making it , indeed , for all time , "an asylum for the poor and distressed."

From an old book containing a record of Judge Keep's official acts , we quote verbatim the following which will be read with interest:

"County of Onondaga , ss. :
            " To-wit : Be it remembered that on the 29th day of May , in the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred , Levi White was convicted before me , John Keep , one of the justices of the peace of said county of Onondaga , of doing servile work on the Sabbath day , the eighteenth day of tis present instant , May , at the town of Solon. Given under my hand and seal , the day and year above said.
      "Fine , 75 cents ; costs 37 cents 5 mills.
                    "John Keep , Justice of the Peace.

"Onondaga County , ss:
            "Viz.: Be it remembered that on the 26th day of December in the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred , Elijah Hayden was convicted before me , John Keep , Esq. , one of the justices of the peace in and for the said county , of swearing ten profane oaths , in the town of Homer , in the said county. Given under my hand and seal the day and the year above said ,
      "Fine paid , $ 3.75 ,"

It would seem that the penalty for swearing one oath must have been thirty-seven and a half cents. This appears , when viewed from the stand-point of the present day , as a high penalty , and leads one to reflect upon the enormity of the income which might have been deceived from this source if Judge Keep could have held his office until 1884 and had " let no guilty man escape."

From among the records of various marriage ceremonies performed by Judge Keep , we select a few of the people who will be remembered by old residents as prominent in Cortland and Homer :-----

"Homer , 26th June , 1800. This day married Asa White , jr., to Clarissa Keep , both of Homer ." Mr. White was the father of Horace and Hamilton White , the successful bankers , later of Syracuse.

"March 14th , 1799. This day married Asahel Minor to Rhoda Keep , both of Homer." Mr. Minor was the first clerk of Cortland county , and held other positions of trust.

"April 4th , 1799. This day married Wm. Lucas to Sally Knapp , both of Homer." Mr. Lucas was a prominent man and a office holder for about a quarter of a century.

"Married at Homer , March 25th , 1802 , Prosper Cravath to Miriam Kinne." Of this family Mr. Ballard wrote in his Reminiscences as follows:---"Whether we view this married couple with their daughters , like olive plants around their table , in their Cortland home , remarkable for the beauty of the landscape surrounding it , made up of plain , river and distant hill ; or in their new dwelling-place on the plains of Wisconsin , rising above all is the memory of that parental dignity and tenderness , that child-like simplicity of manner and integrity of heart , all consecrated by a Christian faith daily strengthened on the altar of devotion. Such were their shining traits of character."

The meetings preliminary to building the First Baptist church of Homer (which stood at the junction of Adams street with the road to Homer) were held at his house ; the first one in August , 1806 , when John Keep , Asa Bennett and Benjamin Salisbury were chosen a committee to found a constitution.

Previous to the year 1800 a large tract of land , bordering the river eastward of Cortland village , was owned by Elkanah Watson , a Massachusetts man , from whom Port Watson received its name. It may be that others were interested with him in the speculation which was intended as the foundation of a thriving village at that point ; but the sales of land are nearly all made in his name , or that of his attorney. The tract was surveyed by Harvey I. Stewart , probably as early as 1800 , and laid out in streets and lots , and the latter placed in market. The principal street was Washington street , running north and south on the line of the present street ; but it is said to have been originally laid out much wider (eight or ten rods in width ) and was intended for a magnificent avenue of a mile or more in length , directly through the center of the future village ; it was extended northward across the west branch of the Tioughnioga , which was to have been bridged at that point , about midway between Hubbard's mill and the confluence of the two branches of the river ; the bridge was never built , but streets were opened running from the road towards Truxton , north of the stone bridge , eastward to meet the main (Washington) street were laid out and opened narrower avenues , reaching to the river , which were named from the numerals.

There are records of land sales in this vicinity , made by Elkanah Watson prior to 1800 , and from that time to 1812, scores of transfers of lands in and about Port Watson are on record. A few of these sales will be interesting :---

;In 1800 Watson sold to Charles Todd Hotchkiss , 100 acres on lot 41 (see map) for 80 pounds.

;In 1805 Jonathan Hubbard bought lot 142 , of the Port Watson survey , for $50. In the same year Alfred Allen bought of Watson lot 149 , "on town plot of Port Watson , " for $45.

;In the next year Moses Hopkins bought of Watson lot 126 , "on town plot of Port Watson ," for $26.06

;In 1811 , Watson sold to " Luman Rice , of the village of Port Watson , all that village lot lying in the village of Port Watson , known as lots 60 and 61 , bounded by Washington street , containing each half acre ," for $95 ; also the north half of lot 29 on " East Homer river , " bounded " west by road ; east by lot 30 , and south by a line through the middle of lot 29 ."

;In 1812 Watson sold to Thomas Tillotson for $2,000 one-fourth of lot 66 , with saw-mill , hotel and store houses. Tillotson is recorded as from Rhinebeck. This sale indicates that there was a saw -mill at or near the confluence of the river branches earlier than 1812 , and a hotel near by ; but we have been unable to learn anything more definite of them.

Jacob well known as " Captain ," Badgley , purchased " lot 120 of the town platt of Port Watson ," in 1812 , for $50. Capt. Badgley was an uncle of Alonzo Blodgett.

;In October , 1810 , Thomas and Andrew Stockholm bought , of Watson land on the " east bank of East river , due east of the south line of 6th street , in the village of Port Watson , and at the northwest corner of lot 15 ; thence east four chains ; thence south ten chains , to north line of lot 21 ; thence east twenty-seven chains to the east bank of the river ; then up the river to the place of beginning---about five acres ," for $200.

;Watson also sold to Nathan Blodgett , grandfather of Alonzo Blodgett , a part of lot 66 , lying " immediately west of Port Watson , on the south side of West Homer river--twenty acres for $240." William Lowe joined in this sale , which was made in December , 1805.

;These transfers are given merely as examples of many others , indicating the activity in the land traffic at that point ; it is much to be regretted that the map of Port Watson village is not now available ; while we have found traces of such a map , our utmost efforts have failed to secure it.

Sales of lots at Port Watson continued to be pushed with vigor ; the point was clearly the head of navigation on the river , and the site was in every way so favorable for the location of a village that it was not until the then hamlet of Cortland began to outstrip Port Watson in growth and prestige. During the year 1795 a few more settlers came into town. Among these was Dr. Lewis S. Owen , who came from Albany and located on lot 66 , where he subsequently erected the first frame house in the county. It stood a little east of where Russell Hubbard lived in later years. Dr. Owen removed to Homer village after three years. In the same year Thomas Wilcox , from Whitestown , settled on lot 64 , and Reuben Doud , originally from New Haven , James Scott , John Morse and Levi Lee all located on lot 75.

;Considerable accession was made to the population of the town during the succeeding five years and prior to the beginning of the century.In 1796--97 Samuel Crittenden and Eber Stone came from Connecticut and located on lot 66. They bought one hundred and sixty acres , the tract belonging to them being divided by a line nearly parallel with the present Main street. Mr. Crittenden afterward built a house a little east of the site of A. Mahan's store. He made the journey from Connecticut with an ox team , being twenty貿ive days on the road. Mr. Crittenden removed to Tompkins county prior to 1858 , where he held several judicial offices and represented the county in the Legislature three successive years.

;Aaron Knapp settled on lot 55 during the period under consideration , and Enoch Hotchkiss on lot 76. In the year 1798 Samuel Ingalls and his son , Samuel , jr., migrated from Columbia county , N.Y. , and located on lot 75 , the former becoming the owner of much of the land on which the southwestern portion of the village is situated. He built and kept the first tavern in the town. During the first decade of the century , although the advancement of settlement was not remarkably rapid , many men and families located within the boundaries of the town who were destined to wield an influence in the community and leave the permanent impress of their toil and energy upon the new county.Many of these have already been mentioned in the history of the town of Homer , and while we cannot trace the precise dates of arrival and localities of settlement of all those worthy pioneers , something may be said of the more prominent of them ; others will be found in subsequent pages devoted to the village history of the town.

David Merrick came from Massachusetts in the year 1800 and located on lot 44. He was accompanied by his son Danforth , afterward a prominent citizen. In 1810 they settled in Cortland village on lot 65, [1] where he built what was then the largest hotel in the place , just west of the Cortland House site , which he kept as a tavern more than twenty years.

Obadiah Boies and Joshua Bassett arrived in town about cotemporary with Mr. Merick. Mr. Boies built his dwelling about where the Union Hall block now stands , and Mr. Bassett near the site of the First National Bank. Mr. Boies became a prominent citizen and held the office of county treasurer for many years. Mr. Bassett was a jeweler the first in the village.

Waterman and Levi Philips were from Connecticut , and the former located on lot 69 , near where Trout creek joins the Tioughnioga , where he purchased one hundred acres. He afterward removed to Homer village. Jefferson , Abel K., and George Phillips were his sons.

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[1] Mr. Merrick came to Whitestown in the year 1797 , to purchase a tavern stand and 100 aces of land , then valued at $300. His means being limited , he concluded not to purchase and return home. The next year he again visited Whitestown for the express purpose of closing a bargain , but the property was then valued at $10,000 , and consequently he did not secure it , and came on to Homer. A few years later , having been ejected from his premises three times , and being threatened with the same treatment a fourth time , he concluded to leave and settle in Little York ; but in 1810 he returned to Cortland village.

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At this time (1800) there was no road between Homer village and the little settlement at Cortland ; or , at least , none other than a mere cutting through the woods. One of the pioneers of Cortland who drew saw-logs to the Homer mill in the winter of 1800-01 , said that two trips a day through the mud and slush , "snaking" a log one way , was all he could accomplish. A road had been cut to Virgil Corners where it intersected the state road ; another had been cut through to Locke (now Groton) ; a third to McGrawville ; a fourth to Truxton and the one to Homer , above mentioned.

In the year 1800 Wilmont Sperry located in the town , on lot 73 ; he was from Woodbridge , Conn. Two years later William Mallory came in from Columbia county and permanently located. He soon afterward built a house where the Keator block now stands , corner of Main and Port Watson streets. He was the second sheriff of the county , appointed in 1809 , and was a man of unusual character and acquirements. In 1814 he was elected to the Assembly and as county clerk in 1815. In 1819 he was elected to the State Senate , and was appointed county judge in 1823. He died in 1837.

John A. Freer came into town at this time from Duchess county , and located on lot 74. He became a prominent citizen of the village , as did also his sons , Anthony and S.D. Freer , the latter of whom still lives there.

In 1803 Samuel McGraw made the log journey from New Haven and located on lot 87 , where he purchased 100 acres. In 1809 he removed to the site of McGrawville , (which was named from him) where he purchased 200 acres ; at that time there were but three families in the vicinity of the village of McGrawville. Mr. McGraw was a man of prominence and did much toward building up the place which bears his name. He was the father of twelve children , eight of whom were sons. He died in 1849. One of his sons , Harry McGraw , became a prominent citizen of Cortland , held several offices , and was the father of Hon. P.H. McGraw , now of McGrawville.

James T. Hotchkiss came into town in 1803 , from Woodbridge , locating on lot 54 , northwest of the village. He was conspicuous in the War of 1812 and fell at the battle of Queenstown , in 1813 , while serving as one of Gen Dearborn's life-guards. He left eight children who became well known and respected people.

The first church organization in the county (1801) has already been alluded to in the history of the town of Homer. It was the results of joint efforts on the part of the good people in Homer (village) , Cortland , Port Watson and East River , and led to the building , in 1811 , of a church which stood about "one-half mile north of the old court-house,"as its location has been defined. Its site was in reality on the northwest corner at the junction of North Main street with Adams street and the Homer road.

The first Methodist meetings in this town were held at the house of Jonathan Hubbard in 1804 , and they were continued at private houses , school-houses , etc., until the time arrived when a society was organized and a church built in 1821 , as detailed in subsequent pages. Elder Bachellor was a Methodist minister who preached on a circuit embracing Cortland village , as early as 1805.

Among the earliest settlers in the eastern part of town were Russell Dodd , Rufus Persons , Enon Phelps and others. Enon Phelps (father of E.W. Phelps , who came to this locality in 1817) remained where he settled in this town but one year(1795-96) , and then removed to Homer. Mr. Persons was a native of Connecticut , was married January 1st , 1807 , and moved upon the farm now occupied by Lorenzo Persons , where he built a saw-mill. Isaac Alger , a native of Vermont , came to New York State in1800. He was the father of Joseph C. Alger , of McGrawville , who came there from Schoharie county in 1831. His first wife was a daughter of Job Card , one of the early settlers on lot 57. His present wife was Mary B. Cowles , daughter of Judah Cowles , also an early settler , who came from Chatham , N.Y., and located on land now owned by Charles O. Alger , in 1810.

Nathan Blodgett was one of the more prominent of the early settlers locating here in 1804. He was from Massachusetts and his purchase of lands from Elkanah Watson has already been noted. He died in 1845 , leaving five children末Loren (before mentioned as building the first mill at Blodgett's Mills) , Lewis , Benjamin Franklin , Lydia and Elizabeth. The son Benjamin F. , succeeded to the ownership of the farm. He was a useful and respected member of the community and made the farm one of the best in this section. His life exhibited the Christian virtues in an enviable degree. He left four children ; a daughter married Dr. T.C. Pomeroy , now of Syracuse , and another the Rev. O.H. Seymour. His son , Alonzo Blodgett , now owns and occupies the homestead near Brayton's mills , where he has built a handsome residence.

;Jacob Sanders settled on lot 56 in 1803 ; he was from Swansea , Mass. He had a family of ten children , who became well known and respected people.

;John Calvert came from Washington county to Virgil in 1800 and about 1812 removed to lot 82 , between Cortland and McLean , where LeRoy Gillett now lives.

;Nathan and James Knapp were early settlers on lot 84 , south of Cortland village , and Gilbert Budd and Jeremiah Chase on lot 74. John Stillman located on lot 65 , now within the village limits , at a very early day. Judge Keep's old record book contains Mr. Stillman's marriage to Mary Hubbard ; sister of the pioneer , Jonathan Hubbard , under date of January 22d , 1801. Elisha Crosby and Lemuel Ingalls were early settlers also on lot 65. John McNish was also an early farmer in the vicinity of South Cortland.

;Gideon Curtis , a native of Massachusetts , came here in 1807 and located near the Port Watson bridge , where he owned a tannery for a time.He afterwards removed to Little york. He was a member of the Legislature in 1822.

;In 1808 John Ingalls located on lot 74 and Lemuel and Jacob Cady , who came from Massachusetts , on lot 73 all southwest of the village towards South Cortland. Edmond Mallory , from Duchess county , settled on lot 74 , also , and John Wicks on lot 73.

;Oliver Wiswell , the first lawyer in the town and the first postmaster (1814) , probably came before 1810. Other early attorneys were Henry Stephens and Samuel N. Perkins , the former of whom became very prominent ; was sent to the Legislature ; was county judge and later president of the Syracuse and Binghamton railroad.

These pioneers of the town who came in before the year 1810 , though their numbers were comparatively small , were generally men of strong characters and wills , men whose lives and works left an indelible impression upon the town.

The second decade of the century witnessed long strides in the advancement and growth of the town , and the establishment of its institutions. The erection of the court防ouse pursuant to the act of April , 1810 , and the rivalry it occasioned in the three villages of Homer , Port Watson and Cortland , have been detailed in a previous chapter. This little hamlet of Cortland began to assume the character of a village , and mills , asheries , distilleries and tanneries were multiplying in different parts of town. William and Roswell Randall came to Cortland village in 1812 and soon began the important business enterprises which placed them at the head in this respect , a position which they occupied for many years. They were originally from Stonington but came to Cortland from Brookfield , Conn. Saw卜ills had been erected at South Cortland , Blodgett's Mills , one near Horace Dibble's carding卜ill and one at Port Watson. The carding卜ill operated for so many years by Mr. Dibble was built as early as 1815 , by David McClure and in 1818 [1] Moses Hopkins advertised in the Republican that he had "two new carding_machines ready for operation in Mr. Higday's shops , a little east of the Red mills (formerly Hubbard's mill)."

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[1] "Goodwin's Pioneer History makes mention of a William Sherman , who came to Homer in the summer of 1815 , and. soon after he erected a machine shop for the manufacture of nails釦he first of the kind in the State of New York釦he machinery being so arranged as to feed , cut , head and stamp without assistance. On the head of each nail was stamped the letter S. Four朴enny nails were then worth twenty貿ive cents per pound.' I am under the impression however , that Sherman began manufacturing nails in this building , which was erected by a man named McClure about 1816 , and had a saw卜ill in the rear , run by the same water privilege , and that he subsequently removed the machinery to Homer , where continued to manufacture nails for a number of years.Mr. Dibble states that when he passed through Cortland in 1821 , nails were then being made here by Sherman's machine , and I have now in my possession several nails with the letters W and S stamped on their heads , which were with some difficulty drawn out of the clapboards covering the rear of the old building , by me , a few moments before these lines were written , and which there is every reason for believing were among the first nails manufactured by that machine."

This paragraph is printed in a pamphlet recently issued in Cortland as a historical advertising medium ; but there is probably no ground for presuming that William Sherman ever made nails in Cortland, The nails bearing his initials on the head were doubtless made by him in Homer and sold to the builder of the carding卜ill. The fact of their being found in that structure is no argument in favor of the supposition that they were made there.

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The Randalls had at least two asheries within the present limits of the village , and distilleries dotted the landscape in every direction. Whiskey , as we are told by an old resident , was so plenty that one could go and buy a gallon for twenty貿ive cents " and have a jug thrown in to carry it home in."

;The first school was established , the building standing on the site of the Messenger House , and the old Baptist Church society was in flourishing condition.

;In the year 1815 further school facilities being demanded , steps were taken which led to the building of the school防ouse which preceded the academy. Moses Hopkins , Samuel S. Baldwin and Solomon Hubbard were the trustees of the districts. Notice was given by them that proposals would be received for building a school防ouse 26 by 56 feet in dimensions , and two stories high. The structure was erected in 1816 , and from that time onward was occupied for school purposes below , while the upper story was often used for religious meetings. In the year 1841 it was enlarged and became the well known and successful academy. It stood between Presbyterian and Methodist churches , on Church street. In 1868 it was removed and the lot given to the Normal School grounds.

;William Wood , a native of Hinsdale , Vermont , migrated to Herkimer,N.Y., and in 1814 came into the town of Homer, locating at first on the road leading from the East river valley to the farm of Enon Phelps , on lot 48. Here he resided two years , when he removed southward to lot 58 in the town of Cortlandville , and again removed in 1819 to lot 39 in Homer , adjoining the farm of Capt. Crandall ; but after planting an orchard and making other valuable improvements on the place , he was forced to leave it in 1833 , for want of a valid title. He removed into the valley and subsequently to the hill again , on the northwest side of the river , where he died in 1850 , as stated in the preceding history of Homer. His farm on tot 58 passed into the hands of Asa Loring , who came to the town from Petersham , Mass., in 1818 and bought Mr.Wood's interest in the farm. Mr. Loring removed to lot 48 in Homer , but again changed his location to the old Deacon Miller farm at the junction of the Homer and Cortland roads leading to Truxton. Mr. Loring early manifested a deep interest in the science of surveying and eagerly availed himself of whatever knowledge he could gain on the subject ; he began its practice at the age of nineteen and soon gained a reputation for industry and accuracy that was most enviable. He followed the business until he was more than eighty years old , retaining his sight to such a degree that he never had to use glasses. Mr. Loring held various offices末commissioner of schools , commissioner of highways , commissioner of deeds , etc., and in 1825 was elected captain of a company of infantry , in the old 58th regiment , then under command of Roswell Randall. Following is a transcription of Captain Loring's muster roll of 1826 now in possession of his son , T. Mason Loring , which will show some of the men who then gave their aid to the military organization of the state:末

Captain末Asa Loring

Lieutenant末Polydore B. Corwin

Ensign末John McGraw

Sergeants末Austin Graves , Alonzo Tisdale , Elisha H. Colvin , James S. Van Valkenberg.

Corporals末Wm. Eldredge , Samuel Thompson , James Stewart , Evander Hise.

Musicians末Speilman Graves , Amos Sparks , Lyman Palmer , Lester Graves , Walter G. Dye , Ari T. Boynton , Orin Hise.

Privates末Stilman Eaton , Tilly Coburn , Nehemiah Lewis , Reuben G. Doud , Amos Pritchard , Morris Bishop , Smith P. Brockway , Hiram Boon , Horatio Brockway , Joseph Brockway , Aaron Coburn , Lyman Graves , Evander Hise , Levi Davis , Henry Canehan , Ezekiel Hotchkiss , Robert Dalglish , Jos. Whitney , Aaron S. Reynolds , Hiram Baker , Isaac Allen , Lothrop Farnam , Alvirus Stedman , Oliver Bugby , Geo. Stoning , James Stewart , Wm. Jacobs , Nelson Spencer , Archibald Campbell , Gilmore Kinney , Clark Pendleton , Whitman Rowe , Ezra Mills , Chas. Higgens , Philip Knox , Zimri Russell , Harry Coburn , Zalmon P. Barnum , Daniel Danielson , David Fisk , Isaac Fisk , J.E. Buchanan , Danford Hise , Joseph King , Loren Keep , Parker Butterfield , Fred K. Austin , Edwin Cook , Benjamin Johnson , Jacob Ogden , Truman Doud , Nelson Clark , Samuel King , Samuel B. Houd , Philander Merrill.

These were the men , many of whom were from this town , who helped to increase the glory of the old "general training days,"

On the 30th day of June , 1815 , occurred an event in Cortland , which is always one of importance in every new community. That day witnessed the issue of the first newspaper in the town , and the second one in the county, It was published , during the first few months of its existence , by James Percival , and was a very creditable journal for the period ; but its columns are of very little account in furnishing historical matter , as was common with early newspapers. Local news was almost entirely ignored by the editor , while column after column was devote to events happening in foreign countries. Further reference to this newspaper will be found in the chapter devoted to the press of the county.

In the Republican of September 13th , 1817 , appeared a notice of which the following is a transcription :末

"Doctor Goodyear ,
"From New Haven , Conn., has opened an office in this village , where he is ready to attend to the duties of his profession ; and respectfully solicits the patronage of the public , so far as they shall (after an acquaintance) find him derserving."

This was the beginning , very modestly announced , of a professional career extending over a period of about sixty years , by one of the most eminent and deserving physicians of the county or State. The name of Miles Goodyear became a cherished household word in numberless homes , where his gentle and successful ministrations to the distressed will never be forgotten. [1] A daughter of Dr. Goodyear is now the wife of Dr. Frederick Hyde , of Cortland village ; she is a lady of rare intelligence and acquirements , beloved by all who know her.

;Jethro Bonney was an early settler at Port Watson , coming here from Essex county in 1816. Mead Merrill was the owner of a saw卜ill at Port Watson at that time and Mr. Bonney leased the mill. He operated it but a few years , however , when he removed with his family to Pompey. After a residence of many years in different localities , he returned to Cortland and died in the village. Sally Bonney , who lives on Pendleton street , was his daughter.

;The early advancement of the agricultural interests of the county was manifested by the organization of an agricultural society in the year 1818. The first fair was held in the fall of that year. This event was looked upon by the inhabitants of the village , as well as those of the country surrounding , as of prime importance and likely to result in permanent benefit to the community. Elaborate preparations were accordingly made for the fair , which were successfully carried out. The date was the 3d day of November , and in the glowing account given of the event in the village paper we find that "at the rising of the sun there were three discharges of cannon ,

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[1] More extended notice of Dr. Goodyear will be found in the history of the Cortland County Medical Society.

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reminding us that , under Providence , with one hand we defend our soil and liberties , and with the other reap the harvests." The attendance was evidently quite large and the exhibition of stock , etc., creditable for that period, After the committees had prepared their reports a procession was formed which marched to the court防ouse , accompanied by a band of music. There the proceedings were opened by "an able and pertinent prayer," by the Rev. Thomas Purinton , of Truxton. President Levi Bowen of Homer , addressed the audience and vice朴resident John Miller opened the reports of the committees and delivered the certificates to the successful exhibitors. The exercises closed with a prayer by "the Rev. Elijah Bachellor , of Homer , commending the society and spectators to the protection of heaven." A sumptuous dinner was then served at David Merrick's tavern. The premiums offered amounted to only about $100 ; but in that day this seemed to be sufficient , when coupled with the deep interest of the farmers of the county to produce a good exhibition of farm products.

About the year 1820 Nelson Spencer came to Cortlandville , from Hartford , Conn., and purchased a tract of land in Port Watson which covered the spot where the two branches of the river unite. There he erected a paper卜ill , several tenant houses , a store building , and founded a large business in the manufacture of paper , book肪inding and book穆elling. It soon became one of the most important manufacturing industries in the county.

In the spring of 1832 , Spencer having failed , the property passed into possession of Thomas Sinclair and John J. Speed , both of Ithaca. Mr. Sinclair removed his family to Cortland and undertook the work of refitting the mill , which had become a good deal run down ; nothing but coarse paper had yet been made there , with machinery of the most primitive kind. The paper was made by a hand process , dipping the pulp from a vat in a sieve僕ike frame and forming the sheet by gently shaking the frame , a tedious process and requiring skillful manipulation. Speed & Sinclair , as the new firm was called , put new machinery in the mill and made the manufacture of fine papers a specialty ; their product soon stood foremost in the local market. Mr. Sinclair died in the spring of 1841 , and the mill was for a time leased to the employees. [1]

The old paper卜ill subsequently passed into the hands of Wm. H. Smith and John Duff , and perhaps others , and was finally bought by Daniel Bradford , of Cortland , who conducted it chiefly for the manufacture of coarse paper. Mr. Bradford took it in about the year 1847 , and continued the business until 1864 , when the buildings were purchased by Sears , Freer & Cottrell ( Francis Sears , S.D. Freer and John B. Cottrell ) and Machinery introduced for the manufacture of linseed oil. This partnership dissolved in1866 and Mr. Freer conducted the works until 1871 , when the business was abandoned. In July , 1881 , the property was bought by the Cooper Brothers , who now conduct a very successful foundry and machine shop.

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[1] John J. Speed possessed many noble traits of character , accompanied with some peculiarities. In the dispatch of business he was rarely excelled , He was a Virginian by birth and a prominent member of the Methodist denomination. All enterprises of moral reform found in him an enthusiastic friend. He was an exemplary member of the church , bold and outspoken in all that related to its welfare and the order of its religious exercises. The old Methodist chapel had a basement room. It happened on a warm summer Sabbath , during the forenoon exercises , that several mastiffs which had accompanied their masters' teams to the church , came trotting through the open doors and along the aisles , apparently in search of their owners , and in some instances mounting the pew doors with their fore feet. This was too much for Father Speed. He abhorred dogs. At the close of the sermon he arose in his place (with a red silk handkerchief around his head to protect its nakedness from the flies) and announced the proposal that in the afternoon the people assemble in the basement , and the dogs in the audience睦oom. No dogs attended that church thereafter.末Hon. Horatio Ballard's Reminiscences.

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;With the completion and opening of the Erie canal in 1825 , furnishing cheap and extensive transportation facilities between Syracuse and eastern markets and ports , the people of Cortland county and vicinity were imbued with an earnest desire for railway connection with the great waterway at Syracuse , thirty miles distant ; this feeling found expression in an application to the Legislature of 1826 for a railroad charter , the road to run from Binghamton to Syracuse , directly through Cortland county. The charter was granted (the first in the State) but the road was never built under its authority. It was thirty years later before Cortland was favored with railway connections to distant points.

;In writing of the settlement and establishment of business in Cortlandville prior to the year 1829 , we have referred to that territory only as a portion of the old "ten miles square" of the town of Homer. Cortlandville , as a town , had no existence until in April , 1829 , when it was set off from Homer , by a line dividing it in halves from east to wet along the lines of the two middle tiers of lots.The boundaries unchanged until the year 1845 , when lot No. 10 in Virgil was added to this town ; and in the next year all that portion of lot No. 9 in Virgil lying east of the Tioughnioga river was added to it.

;It has been our purpose thus far in the history of this important town to give the dates of arrival of most of the prominent pioneers , where they located , etc., and the establishment of some early industries ; but it is manifestly impossible to follow individual arrivals farther , or to note all important events in their lives , except as such will necessarily appear in the village histories in subsequent pages.

TOWN ORGANIZATION

The first town meeting for the town of Cortlandville was held at the old Eagle Tavern on the 2d day of March , 1830. Present , Henry Stephens and Samuel M. Perkins , as stated in the records. Henry Web was chosen clerk pro tem. Reports from the school commissioners , highway commissioners and poormasters were read and accepted , and the next meeting ordered held at the court防ouse , on the 2d Tuesday of March , 1831. The following town officers were elected:末

Commissioners of highways末Parker Butterfield , Eleazer May , Wm. R. Bennett.

Assessors末Harry McGraw , Daniel Mallory , Dan Hibbard.

School commissioners末Rufus Boies , Gilbert Edgcomb , jr., Asa Loring.

School inspectors末Marvin Huntington , Joseph C. Morse , Chas. Chamberlain.

Commissioners of the gospel and school lot末Rufus Boies and Canfield Marsh.

Poormasters末Daniel Miller , Tercius Eels.

Constables末Eleazer Carpenter , H.S. Brockway , Hezekiah M. Sanders , Gilmore Kinney

Collector末Micah Hotchkiss

Sealer of weights and measures末Edward Allen.

Justices of the peace末Jacob Badgley , Hiram McGraw , Jonathan L. Woods.

John Miller had been made the first supervisor and Homer Gillett , town clerk ; they were re-elected in 1831. At the first town meeting $100 was appropriated for the support of the poor , and a like sum for bridges. The town was divided into fifty-three road districts , and several new roads were laid out , notable among which were what is now Mill street , Railroad street and a portion of Port Watson street. At that time a road known as " the Baptist road " ran from Port Watson , starting on the Main street a little northward from the bridge , diagonally across the " square," coming out near the junction of Adams street with the road to Homer , where the old Baptist church was situated. Much of the flat land just east from the village and in the vicinity of the present location of the D., L. & W. depot was then low and swampy ; so much so that the " Baptist road " had to be " corduroyed " to render it passable ; and the antiquarian in a small way can find logs of the roadway in some places at the present day. Another road then ran over " court防ouse hill " from about where Virgil street joins Tompkins street , coming out on the north end in the vicinity of Adams street. Both of these roads were subsequently closed ; on account , it is said , of the fact that too many people from the southern portions of the county who came to the business center to trade , took one or the other of these roads which naturally carried them past Cortland and into Homer.

At the town meeting of 1831, which , it will be remembered , was ordered held at the court防ouse , it was ordered that the next meeting be held again at the Eagle Tavern. It might prove interesting and may be amusing to know the real reason for this change ; but it is one of those abstruse matters that will , probably , never be solved.

More roads were opened in 1832 , among which was the one running westward from the " back road " between Homer and Cortland villages , and that from South Cortland to Virgil. Extensive changes were also made in the road districts of the town. Indeed , the principal business of the town officers in those days fell upon the highway commissioners. In 1834 Greenbush street was extended to the " Baptist road. "

It was down to the date last mentioned and for fifteen or twenty years previous , that the Tioughnioga river presented an animated scene about three times a year. When the fall rains occurred and when the snow melted away in the spring , as well as often in the month of June , the stream would be filled to overflow and became a wild rushing torrent. Then there was bustle and excitement at the different business points along its banks , and especially at Port Watson , which was called the head of navigation. At that place a boat幌ard did a lively business for many years , and arks and scows in large numbers were built for the transportation of produce , potash , whisky , pottery殆are , maple sugar and such other commodities as could be spared and turned into money in the markets of Pennsylvania along the Susquehanna. When the waters of the river began to rise , these craft , some of which are said to have been ninety feet long , were moored at the Port Watson dock and a strong complement of temporary longshoremen engaged to load them as rapidly as possible. The famous pilots , among whom were Marsena Morgan , Captain Badgely , Major Shapley , Luman Rice , Wakefield , Chapman and others , assumed unusual importance , especially in the eyes of the younger generation , to whom a water trip to Baltimore was then looked upon with more awe than a voyage to England can now inspire. When the boats were loaded , the pilots and the crews would go on board , the lines were cast off and away down the swift current they went , singly or lashed together by twos or threes , amid the plaudits of their owners and others on the dock.

;It was at such times that the local newspaper complacently enlivened their columns with such announcements as the following , under date of April 6th , 1818:末

PORT WATSON末蓬IGH WATER

CLEARED

Exporter末G. Rice , master, for Harrisburg ; laden with cheese and gypsum.

Crazy Fane末L. Rice ; laden with gypsum , for Harrisburg.

Dutch Trader末Shapley , master ; gypsum.

Navigator末Parsons , for Columbia ; gypsum.

Brother Fonathan末Taylor , for Columbia ; gypsum.

Gold Hunter末Sherwood , for Columbia ; gypsum.

Indian Chief末Billings , for Columbia ; gypsum.

Resolution末May ; for Marietta , gypsum.

Perseverance末Wakefield , for Marietta , gypsum.

Enterprise末Wakefield , for Middletown ; gypsum.

Lazy Tom末Wakefield , for Northumberland ; gypsum.

Sour Crout末Wakefield , for Northumberland ; gypsum.

Yankee Rogue末Wakefield , Sunbury ; gypsum.

A few days later , and doubtless on the trip above referred to , Luman Rice met with a terrible accident , while endeavoring to land at Northumberland. He had coiled a rope around his left arm , with one end of it fast to the boat. He threw the other end around a tree that leaned over the river , when the momentum of the boat instantly tightened the coil and severed his arm , as if with a knife. He fell into the stream , and actually swam ten rods with his bleeding limb , until he was rescued. His wounded member had to be amputated.

In the following year (1819 ) the following craft cleared from Port Watson in November :

Boat Swiftsure末Cross , master ; for Columbia , with thirty貌ight barrels of salt.

Independence末Chapman , master , for Columbia , with thirty穆ix barrels of salt.

Ranger末Wakefield ; thirty穆ix barrels of salt for the same port.

Ark , Neptune末May , master , for Middletown , with thirty barrels of salt.

With the construction of numerous dams , necessitating the building of shallow scows only for river transportation , and greatly increasing the risk and danger , with the gradual diminution of the volume of water in the river , these methods of transportation had to be abandoned ; but old setters used to relate , in the most vivid style , incidents connected with river navigation釦he "shooting " of dams , running of rapids , grounding in sharp bends , their night amusements when tied up at different points釦hat would vie with the wildest tales of a Mississippi river pilot. There was very little boating down the Tioughnioga after the year 1840. In the summer of 1832 considerable apprehension was felt throughout the country on account of a threatened invasion of Asiatic cholera. The appearance of the dread disease in New York city was announced over the land , and active measures were adopted in all sections to avert its terrors. J. Badgley , H. Stephens , H. McGraw , J.L. Woods , justices of peace , and Tercis Eels , overseer of the poor , met on the 3d day of July of that year , under the law of June 22d " for the preservation of the public health ," to determine if it was expedient to constitute a board of health and appoint a health officer for the town of Cortlandville. [1]

Messrs. Harry McGraw , Joshua Ballard , Mead Merrill Danforth Merrick , Wm. Bartlit , Wm. H Shankland and Wm. Randall were made a board of health , with Dr. Miles Goodyear as health officer. This board adopted ordinances providing in substance that no stage or other public conveyance should carry through the town any person sick with cholera or who had been exposed to it , unless such person bore a certificate that no danger need be apprehended in the case , under penalty of $100. Citizens were required to cleanse their premises , under penalty of $25. The health officer was required to report all cases o infectious diseases to the board at 9 o'clock each morning and citizens were also requested to report all infectious cases.

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[1] In the Cortland Advocate of this date appeared the following card :末
"Contemptible Speculation.末To the editor of the Advocate : I understand that vultures are abroad purchasing. cholera medicines ,' such as camphor , etc., intending to reap a rich harvest from the miseries of the human family. May heaven avert the doom , but if the cholera should appear among us , it is hoped the speculators will need the medicines they have acquired by such dishonorable means.
SCOTT "
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The disease swept over the country , but owing to these precautions on the part of the people of Cortland county , and particularly of this own , and the interior location of the county away from the great lines of travel , the epidemic was but little felt here.

An institution called the " Cortlandville Literary Association " was organized November 29th , 1852. Its officers were Frederick Hyde , president ; G.K. Stiles , vice朴resident ; H.G. Crouch , secretary ; Stephen Brewer , treasurer. A committee of five was appointed to arrange for a curs of lectures. Lewis Kingsley , Rev. H.R. Dunham , E.F. Gould , H.G. Crouch and James L. Burst were the executive committee. It may be assumed that such men as those named at the head of this association , it accomplished its aim , and furnished the people with good lectures.

Although the inhabitants of the town of Cortlandville had their hopes of railroad communication with distant markets raised a high pitch on several occasions , beginning with the grant of a charter for a road from Syracuse to Binghamton in 1826 , their hopes failed of realization until 185455 , when the Syracuse and Binghamton railroad was opened for business. The first steps towards the inauguration of this enterprise were taken in 18489 , and the work of construction was began in 1852. The road was built entirely by subscription , and this town was not behind any other in the county in supporting the enterprise ; the farming community , as well as the citizens of the villages , opened their purses and liberally contributed towards the desired object. The road was finished and formally opened on the 18th and 19th of October , 1854 , the details of which event have been given in the general history. It was subsequently sold on a mortgage , to the loss of individual stockholders ; but even with that disaster charged against it, the benefits to the town at large from the road can scarcely be overestimated. The advent of the locomotive displaced the former important stage business through the valley , of which Cortland was a prominent station ; changed the prospects of villages and gave to this town and especially to the village of Cortland an impetus the force of which is still felt , and which enabled it to far outstrip the towns of the county. Previous to 1835 Homer was the leading village , but the population was equal in the two towns at that date. At the time of the completion of the railroad , Cortlandville had nearly six hundred more inhabitants than Homer , while the county seat was fairly started on its career of prosperity and growth which has continued to the present time.

;In the year 1852 the stone bridge at what was then known as Mudge's mills , was built and five years later (in 1857) the town appropriated $400 to rebuild the bridge at Port Watson. Henry Stephens , P.H. McGraw and J.P. Ingraham were made a committee to decide on what kind of a bridge should be constructed. In 1873 the iron bridge at Blodgett's Mills was constructed , at a cost of over $5,000.

;For a few years preceding and succeeding 1870 the people of this town , as well as of some other parts of the county , became deeply imbued with a desire for more railroads , and they were , in consequence , prominently instrumental in the construction of the (formerly) Ithaca and Cortland road ; the bringing in this direction of the branch of the Midland road , add the inauguration of the enterprise of building the Utica , Chenango and Cortland railroad , which has not yet been finished. In aid of these roads the town voted to bond itself to the amount of $100,000 for the Ithaca and Cortland road , and $150,000 for the Utica , Chenango and Cortland road. While these heavy investments have at times imposed a grievous burden upon the tax-payers , it is generally conceded that the additional railroad connections thus secured are well worth the price. To them may be attributed much of the late phenomenal growth of Cortland village. Something of an effort has been made within the past two or three years to inaugurate a contest against the payment of the railroad bonds of the town ; but it is a pleasure to write that at the regular meeting in January , 1884 , it was definitely settled that the bonds should be paid in full.

;Following is a list of the supervisors and town clerks of the town , from its organization to the present time , the name of the supervisor being given first in each instance:末

1830-31 , John Miller , Homer Gillett. 1832 , Washington G. Parker , Homer Gillett. 1833-34 , Joshua Ballard , Homer Gillett. 185 , Harry McGraw , Homer Gillett. 1836 , Joshua Ballard , Homer Gillett. 1837 , Harry McGraw , Homer Gillett. 1838 , Dan Hibbard , Tercius Eels. 1839-40 , H. McGraw , Tercius Eels. 1841 , Oren Stimpson , James C. Pomeroy. 1842 , Abiram L. Bassett , R.A. Reed. 1843-44 , Abiram L. Bassett , J.C. Pomeroy. 1845 , Marcus McGraw , Adin Webb. 1846-47 , Oren Stimpson , Adin Webb. 1848 , Hiram McGraw , Adin Webb. 1849 , Hiram Hopkins , Adin Webb. 1850 , Hiram McGraw Adin Webb. 1851 , Amos Rice , Adin Webb. 1852 , Hamilton Putnam , Adin Webb. 1853 , Abram Mudge , Adin Webb. 1854-55 , Harvey S. Crandall , Adin Webb. 1856-57 , Abram Mudge , Adin Webb. 1858 , Deloss McGraw , Adin Webb. 1859 , S.E. Welch , Adin Webb. 1860 , C.L. Kinney , Adin Webb. 1861 , Francis H. Hibbard , Adin Webb. 1862-63 , S.E. Welch , Adin Webb. 1864-65 , Deloss McGraw , H.A. Randall. 1866 , S.E. Welch , H.A. Randall. 1867 , Norman Chamberlain H.A. Randall. 1868 , S.E Welch , A.N. Rounsville. 1869 , S.E. Welch , W.J. Mantanye. 1870 , S.E. Welch , Lewis Bouton. 1871 , Deloss McGraw , Geo. L. Waters. 1872 , S.E. Welch , Geo. L. Waters. 1873-74 , Wm. D. Frederick , Geo. S. Sands. 1875 , Deloss McGraw , L.P. Hollenbeck. 1877 , T. Mason Loring , L.P. Hollenbeck. 1878-79 , Deloss McGraw , L.P. Hollenbeck. 1880 , Deloss McGraw , L.P. Hollenbeck. 1881-82-83 , R. Bruce Smith , L.P. Hollenbeck. 1884 , Deloss McGraw , H.A. Dickinson.

The record of the town of Cortlandville in the War of the Rebellion is a noble one. The call for help in putting down the unholy attack upon the life of the government had scarcely gone forth before a company went forward under Captain Martin C. Clark and Lieut. Alvah D. Waters , enlistments in other organizations were frequent. And when the darkest days of the contest came , and call after call for great armies of soldiers were issued from the national capital , men and money were both freely furnished by Cortlandville to fill the several quotas. Special meetings were held in accordance with directions of the Board of Supervisors , as already detailed in the history of the town of Homer , and the votes were in each instance almost unanimous for increasing the bounties paid for enlistments to the highest figures proposed. In the cemetery in the village , and in many an unmarked grave on southern battle-fields , lie the remains of the brave men who went forth from this town to offer up their lives in sacrifice for the Union. Much of the record of their deeds has already been written in the chapter of the general history devoted to that subject. The names of all the men who enlisted from the town and were paid bounties , is as follows :末

Call of October 17th , 1863 Bounty paid to each , $300. Total , $27,600末末末Edward P. Merritt , Henry Hollenbeck , Abel G. Tuttle , George Ellsworth , John R. Beden , George L. Waters , Wilson J. Dayton , John G. Cobb , Alfred B. Hicks , Darius Lindsley , Frank Dolson , John D. Frederick , Franklin Hotchkiss , Daniel Johnson , Albertus Pierce , Sylvester Rounsevell , Isaiah Simpson , John L. Mann , John B. Daball , John Paulson , William H. Mason , Andus Berggren , John Lundin , James Stowell , H. Deloss Cole , Franklin D. Russell , William Otis Tiffany , Joseph Hicks , Clark A. Edgecomb , George A. Marshal , Michael P. Masten , Oringer Stimpson , Harrison Webster , Nathan P. Allen , William C. Tripp , Peter C. Carr , Stephen A. Hastings , James M. Boorr , John Sullivan , Peter Smith , William Jones , Henry Ward , Robert Gilmore , John Jones , James Pierce , Charles H. Waters , Charles A. Van Hagen , Frederick B. Farnham , Charles R. Leonard , William A. Clark , John W. Stebbins , William Brown , Isaac Benson , Adin W. Danes , James H. Curtis , William Hollenbeck , Charles B. Hollenbeck , Caspar Hable , Theodore F. Noble , William H. Burdick , George W. Newton , John W. Dougherty , Winfeld S. Carrier , John J. Joyner, vet., Archibald Bowker , John H. Crocker , Edmund Andrews , Gillispie B. Corwin , vet., Lyndon H. Goodenough , John C. Sherman , Charles H. Estabrook , Barney Carter , George W. Barrett , Albert G. Wood , vet. , Martin Edgcomb ,vet., William H. Myers , vet., John Van Rennsselaer , Watts L. Bishop , vet., John Corl , Elwood F. Gates , Roswell Johnson , Charles Francis , vet., Franklin J. Johnson , Samuel Hammond , Darius S. Ellis , George Harrington , Albert J. Jarvis , vet., Robert Arlow , Charles W. Cook , William H. Galpin , Thomas G. Meacham , James Simpson.

Call of July 18th , 1864. Bounty paid $1000 , except $600 paid to seven ; $300 to five ; $500 to four ; $700 to two ; $900 to one ; and $925 to one. Brokerage $25. Total bounties , $77,925. Total brokerage , $2,125.末John Gray ,jr., Henry J. Mudge , Wm. W. Hathaway , sub. for A.B. Rowley , Ezra R. Puterbaugh , sub. for I.Y. Carr , Miles Sage , sub. for H.P. Randall , Alonzo D. Goodwin , sub. for E.A. Fish , John Brown , sub. for Chas. E. Rowe , Thomas J. Mills , sub. for I.D. Warren , Wm. Norris , sub. for LL. Stillman , Daniel Auringer , sub. for C. Wickwire , Patrick Nolan , sub. for H. Bingham , R. Garrutt , sub. for J.D. Schermerhorn , James Harrington , sub. for E.D. Chafy , Francis White , sub. for R.B. Smith , James Neaville , sub. for C.W. Collins , John Wesley , sub. for T. Parks , Seth Rogers , sub. for A.D. Blodgett , James Snow , sub. for H.L. Rogers , Eugene D. Arnold , Charles O. Alger , Charles F. Beers , Frank H. Bement , Horton L. Bates , Daniel L. Baker , L. Clinton Ball , Joel Benson , Ira T. Brum , Frederick Burch , William Burns , Charles H. Chamberlain , Elisha P. Crosby , Alonzo Carpenter , Thomas Ellsworth , Charles C. Etz , John M. Fish , Joseph Fisher , Matthias W. Fritz , Charles E. Gurley , George Goodell , Alphonso Gross , Harrison Givens , Andrew Hall , Cornelius Hicks , David W. Hodges , Eli B. Hubbard , Grove E. Jarvis , Refine Latting , David Loomis , Daniel Maltby , Frank Mabury , Lucian Mabury , William H. Miller , William N. Owen , Albert W. Pierce , Royal L. Palmer , Frank F. Peck , Albertus H. Peckham , Powell C. Plumb , Joseph G. Rockwell , Burdette Richardson , William E. Simpson , Melvin Sherman , Willard Smith , William P. Stone , Hamilton Spoor , Daniel S. Terwilliger , William H. Traver , Martin Totman , Charles L. Wood , David F. Wallace , Isaac B. Wainwright , Orlando Barber , Charles Barnes , Pembroke Pierce , R. D. Graham , Wm. S. Bunnell, sub. for I.W. Brown , Edward Fleck , sub. for J.M Pomeroy , Wm. H. Douglass , sub. for Deloss McGraw , Hiram L. Hawley , George H. McGee , sub. for J. A. Nixon , Chas. Fox , sub. for Carmi Persons , George Washington , Major Coles , George Washington , Franklin Kenfield , George E. Kelley.

Call for December 19th , 1864. Bounty paid to each , $600 , except $300 to one , and $500 to seven. Total bounties , $33,700. Total brokerage , $855. Of this bounty the town paid $8,100.末 Wm. Kilkenny , sub. for J.S. Barber , Simeon D. Sampson , Frank Loomis , Henry E. Jones , George Dunlap , George Martin , Charles Smith , James Ruddy , Frederick Kane , Henry Ferris , Joseph Fenton , Isaac Bryant , Wm. Brown , Charles Deitzer , James Washington , Henry Williams , Edinboro Tayor , James Smith , Owen McEntyre , John Kelly , F.A. Burdell , Patrick Hunt , William Riley , August Bank , Matthew Beatty , Randolph Mann , Anthony Howard , Charles Howard , Daniel T. Shaw , John McCarty , George J. Williams , Peter West , Andrew Bradley , William Burtell , Michael Murray , Charles Herron , George Winter , Daniel J. Mullau , John Lambert , Phillip Herriberg , Patrick Tully , William West , Lewis Holberg , James K. Miller , Thomas P. Fitzgerald , John Snell , John Talbert , Thomas Farlay , Thomas Byran , George Clark , John Hughes , Frank May , Peter Wells , Benjamin McMarlin , John Simpson , James Kinleck , Freeman A. Hunter , Richard Freeman.

Recapitulation:末Paid for filling quotas , calls October 17th , 1863 , February 1st , 1864 , March , 1864 , $27,600.00: paid for filling quota , call July 18th , 1864 , $80,050.00 ; paid for filling quota , call December 19th , 1864 , $26,455.00 ; grand total , $134,105.00.

 

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