Greene County
Historical Quiz

Quizzes and answers were located in the Coxsackie News, in 1952 and were written by George W. Bagley, President of the Greene County Historical Society at the time.

Transcribed by Sylvia Hasenkopf

Click here for the answers


Historical Quiz #1

The Dutch in New Amsterdam shortly after their arrival called the river which we designate as the Hudson, by a new name, which was "The North River". The reason they gave for this new name was one of the following:
 
1)    To distinguish it from the Connecticut, which was at the eastern part of their claims
2)    Because it flowed towards New Amsterdam from the north
3)    Because it was in North America
4)    Because it designated the northern boundary of their colony
5)    To distinguish it from the Delaware River
 
The French when they discovered the lake we call Lake George gave it a name:
   
1)    Lake Leni-Lenape
2)    Lake St. Sacrament
3)    Lake St. Louis
4)    Lake Frontenac
5)    Lake Algonquin
 
The Dutch started the slave trade in New Netherlands and all but one of the following statements are true: Which is false?
 
1)    The first slaves were those in the employ of the East India Company.
2)    Governor Kieft freed many slaves in 1644
3)    Governor Stuyvesant freed all slaves in 1664
4)    Young slaves sold for about $125.00 plus 1% tax
5)    All original laborers sent by the company were slaves
 
Hans Vos, one of the earliest settlers at Catskill, is remembered:
 
1)    Because he was an experienced Indian fighter
2)    Because a creek was named after him
3)    Because he was Lieutenant-Governor of New Amsterdam
4)    Because a mountain was named after him
5)    Because he was a sober and industrious colonist
 
Roeliff Jansen, after whom the Roeliff Jansen Kill was named (a creek which empties into the Hudson almost across from Catskill) was in charge of the farming for Patroon Van Rensselaer. All but one of the following statements is true:
 
1)    Roeliff Jansen was granted a farm of his own on Manhattan Island and owned it until his death
2)    His widow, Annetje Jans, remarried a Dutch Dominie named Bogardus.
3)    Upon her death, she left an estate that later became the property of Trinity Church, New York
4)    Her descendants sued and recovered the property
5)    Dominie Bogardus, Altieje Jans second husband, died in a shipwreck

Historical Quiz #2

About 1650 Andreas de Yeoman, as he was called by the Dutch, or more familiarly, "Johnny the Irishman" became the first of his race to settle on the banks of the Catskill. He was quite a man, hereabouts! All but one of the following happened to him:
1)    He married a rich Dutchman's widow
2)    He owned a farm on the flats, near the creek
3)    He got in trouble for selling spirits to the Indians
4)    He left the farm, and moved over near Stockport
5)    He was said never to have had an enemy among the Indians
6)    His house was burned, and he and his family scalped
 
History related that both Governor Kieft and Governor Stuyvesant were anxious to get hold of land in the Catskill Mountains. The reason, well founded by contemporary reports of the time, was one of the following:
1)    Because the Indians possessed a great deal of gold that they claimed had come from these mountains.
2)    Because of the great numbers of beaver and otter pelts that could be taken on these mountains
3)    Because of the opportunity to develop private game preserves for hunting and fishing
4)    Because the mountains offered a refuge for retreat in case of an attack by either the English or the French
 
Although a novel by Cooper was entitled "Last of the Mohicans" the legends on the Indians indicate that the Mohawks virtually exterminated the Mohicans, as a tribe, in the seventeenth century. The great battle between these two tribes is supposed to have culminated, where:
1)    On the five great plains, near Leeds
2)    Near the ford, on the Old Kings Road, in Cauterskill
3)    On the cliff, where the Mountain House used  to stand
4)    On the island we now call Rogers Island in the Hudson
5)    Near Lake Utsyantha, the headwaters of the Delaware.
 
IN the Indian War called "The Esopus War". between the Dutch and the Esopus Indians, in 1663, a famous Walloon's family were captured. Many of his descendants live in the vicinity of Catskill, today. If you know your local history, you will know that this man's name was:
1)    Louis DuBois
2)    Herman Vedder
3)    John Overbaugh
4)    Jacob Lockerman
5)    Jan Van Bremen
 
The following Dutch vessels of the seventeenth century all had one thing in common. Of the list, only one does not properly belong in the group. Which one?
1)    The White Horse
2)    The Gideon
3)    The Princess
4)    The St. John
5)    The King Solomon
 

Historical Quiz #3

One of the earlier names of Coxsackie was " KOIXHACKING"  meaning "Owls Place". From what language was this taken?
1) Low Dutch (Holland)
2) High Dutch (German)
3) French 
4) Mohawk
5) Algonquin

In 1663 the "Esopus War" broke out. Wiltwyck and Hurley were burned, and the Indians on the Esopus massacred many persons. At this particular time an important man name Eldert G. Cruyf lived on the Catskill Creek. In one of the following ways he effected this situation. What did he do?
1) He built a fort on the Catskill Creek and fortified it.
2) He rescued Catharine, Isaac and Abraham DuBois.
3) He kept the Catskill sub-tribe from joining the war.
4) He built a brewery and distributed spirits to the Indians
5) He took a company of soldiers to fight at Esopus

The first settlement known as "Catskill" was located at one of the following places:
1) On the north bank of the creek near the site of the present armory
2) Near the head of the tide-water at the junction of the Catskill and Cauterskill Creeks
3) At the foot of Jefferson Hill
4) Near the present day Leeds Bridge
5) Near the "Hop-o-nose" on DuBois' Creek

Indian names are difficult to pronounce, and worse to spell, but over a period of time, certain pronunciations and spellings prevail and become more or less fixed in our history. The six Indian names of places in our region are important in our history. One of them, however, has no connections with the others. Which one?
1) Ma-wig-nack
2) Po-tic
3) Pac-quaick
4) Wich-quan-ach-taka
5) Ass-is-kow-ach-ickee
6) Wach-ach-keek

In early grants of land, and deeds, mention is often made to the Indian trail, known as the "Catskill Path" that ran from Catskill to:
1) Athens
2) Kiskatom
3) Leeds
4) Saugerties
5) Coxsackie


Historical Quiz #4

In 1674 the Scotsman Robert Livingston arrived in New York and was able to procure a huge tract of lands along the east bank of the Hudson. These lands extended ten miles, opposite present Greene and Ulster counties. He became the First Lord of the Manor. All but one of the following statements is true:
1)    His grant of lands included about 160,000 acres
2)    From 1715 to 1725 he served in the Colonial Assembly
3)    He is always remembered for his kindness to the Palatines
4)    His Manor House was built near Linlithgo
5)    He was speaker of the Assembly for 7 years
 
Which Dutch Governor did not wear a pair of shoes?
1)    Peter Minuit
2)    Wouter Van Twiller
3)    William Kieft
4)    Peter Stuyvesant
5)    Anthony Colve
 
In Jefferson Heights, during colonial times, was only one of the following:
1)    A school house
2)    A tannery
3)    A log fort
4)    A church
5)    A race track
 
The Iroquois, known as the Five-Nations, were composed of the following tribes: Mohawks, Senecas, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas. Early in the eighteenth century it was then referred to as the Six-Nations. The Sixth tribe was:
1)    The Hurons
2)    The Choctaws
3)    The Seminoles
4)    The Foxes
5)    The Tuscaroras
 
The Canadian French and Iroquois were about to complete a lasting peace in 1688 when one of the greatest pieces of duplicity in history happened. All but one of the following facts is true: Which is false?
1)    Hurons attacked Iroquois ambassadors on the way to the peace conference, killing some and capturing the rest.
2)    The Indian leader told the survivors that he had been sent to way-lay the Iroquois by the French
3)    The Hurons claimed to be mortified when they heard from the Iroquois survivors the purpose of their trip
4)    Apologizing, they released the survivors who returned and raised an army of Iroquois Indians and attacked Montreal
5)    Surprising the French, they massacred hundreds, burned the farms and rewarded the Hurons by inviting them to join their confederacy

Historical Quiz #5

A prominent land mark on the Hudson River was designated by the English sailors by what name?
1)    The Great Vly
2)    The Katsberg
3)    Maquas Hoek
4)    Flying Corner
5)    The Kykuit
 
The early Dutch families often permitted their children to become indentured servants of other families. History tells us that all but one of the following is true:
1)    Servitude was not regarded as demeaning
2)    Children from Amsterdam alms-houses were sent to the new colony as indentured servants
3)    A strong union was established of these servants
4)    Many indentured servants worked for years to pay their passage money.
5)    Strict rules were established for run-away servants 
 
While Indian tribes tended to move from one locality to another, the Indians located near the village of Catskill, during the earliest colonial days were mostly those of the tribe known by what name:
1)    Esopus
2)    Manhattans
3)    Pequots
4)    Mohawks
5)    Wappingers
 
On July 30, 1673, the Dutch fleet sailed back into the harbor of New York, and demanded the colony surrender. This was a surprise and Governor Lovelace had quite a problem in his hands. Captain John Manning, who was in charge of the fort did all but one of the following:
1)    Sent a messenger to the Dutch admiral demanding the terms of surrender
2)    After the messenger returned, the British soldiers defended the fort to the last man.
3)    The colony followed the surrender of the city, and once again the Dutch came into control.
4)    After peace was declared, Captain Manning returned to England.
5)    He was sentenced by the King for his action
 
England secured New York for the second time after peace was signed and in 1678 we find that the Colony of new York was listed with the following facts except one. Which one?
1)    About twenty-four towns or villages were listed in the colony, of which Catskill was one.
2)    The militia of the Province was numbered at 2000.
3)    Lutherans were the predominant religious sect.
4)    The population of New York City was about 3500.
5)    There were about 350 houses in the city of New York

Historical Quiz #6

This quiz appeared in the Greene County News, May 2, 1952, written by George W. Bagley:
 
The oldest building in Leeds is a barn, which is still in use, and which was erected by Marte Gerritse in what year?
1)    1680
2)    1699
3)    1722
4)    1756
5)    1801
 
When the new monarchs, William and Mary, ascended the English throne in 1689, their adherents in New York City seized the garrison. All but one of the following statements is true. Which one?
1)    The insurrection was led by Jacob Leisler and forty-nine followers.
2)    Leisler was a hot-headed English nobleman.
3)    Leisler's forces moved on to Albany, and that community likewise surrendered to Leisler.
4)    A new governor, Colonel Slaughter, arrived in New York, and demanded that Leisler give up his authority, and was refused.
5)    Governor Slaughter seized Leisler, tried him for treason, and had him executed.
 
Rumors of a French Invasion in 1689, under Count Frontenac caused hurried plans to build forts, and recruit an army. Several young men, including Francis Salisbury (his home was near present day Leeds) answered this call to the colors. Brothers Dirk and John Van Vechten (who lived near present day Rushmore's Dam), went to Albany and enlisted as privates. Army pay was not high. How much do you think they got?
1)    Nothing
2)    10 pence a year
3)    Twelve pence a day
4)    Two shillings a day
5)    Three shillings a day
 
While in 1689 preparations were underway, winter came, and out of the north, Count Frontenac descended in a surprise attack on the village of Schenectady. All but one of the following statements is true. Which one is false?
1)    While the townspeople were asleep, the attack came at midnight on Saturday night.
2)    Sixty men, women and children were massacred, and the village destroyed.
3)    Hundreds fled in the deep snow towards Albany, some freezing hands and feet. The first stragglers arrived in Albany at day break.
4)    Colonel Schuyler sped to Schenectady with a hastily collected party of horsemen to intercept the French.
5)    After a pitched battle, the French escaped.
 
The first Dutchmen to settle among the Indians in "Old Catskill" (now called Leeds) built a log house about 1675. His name was one of the following. Can you identify him?
1)    Jan Bronk
2)    Dirk Van Vechten
3)    Marte Gerritse
4)    Casper Jans Hallenbeck
5)    Jan Van Loon

Historical Quiz #7

This quiz appeared in the Greene County News on May 9, 1952 and written by George W. Bagley.
 
If you are familiar with the "place names" around Catskill, you will quickly identify the name below, which is most directly associated with the village of "Old Catskill", now known as Leeds.
1)    The Great Imboght District
2)    Het Strand
3)    The Plaatje
4)    Ten-Pound-Island
5)    Pacquaick
 
Sylvester Salisbury was sent by the Duke of York to take command of the fort at Albany in 1670, which was five years after the English had captured New Netherland. He had an exciting life, all but one of the following things happened to him.
1)    As Cchout (sp?) Fiscal of Rensselaerwyck he assisted in making peace between the Mohawks and New England tribes.
2)    Appointed Justice of the Peace, he surrendered his post to the Dutch, when they re-captured New Netherland.
3)    As a Dutch prisoner he was sent to Spain and remained in prison there till peace was declared.
4)    Released from prison, he returned, and was sent with dispatches to the Duke of York, in England.
5)    In the Duke's favor, he came back to America and with Martin Van Bergen received the grant of the huge Catskill Patent near present day Leeds.
6)    At a ripe old age, he died in the Salisbury Manor house.
 
In 1693, Count Frontenac, perennial scourge of the Iroquois, again invaded their country. Colonel Schuyler and Iroquois allies went against Frontenac. Historians report that all but one of the following happened in this devastating campaign:
1)    The French took more than 300 Iroquois prisoners in the region above Albany, burned and plundered the settlements.
2)    Both French and British forces were desperately low on supplies, due to the severity of the cold.
3)    Chasing the French back to the upper reaches of the Hudson river, Schuyler's forces abandoned the pursuit, when ice blocked their way.
4)    Starving, the Indians resorted to eating the flesh of French soldiers which had been killed in the battles, and the French themselves retreating to Canada, were forced to eat their shoes.
5)    Discouraged, the French never made another attempt to raid the country of the Iroquois.
 
Herman Schuneman, father of Johannes Schuneman, who became the famous Dutch Dominie of the Catskills, was one of the following:
1)    A Dutch shoemaker in Amsterdam
2)    Captain of the Palatine Germans in East Camp
3)    A trader with the Indians
4)    A leader, like his son, in the Dutch Reformed Church
 
The Main Street in Catskill was laid out in what year?
1)    1773
2)    1781
3)    1790
4)    1812
5)    1861
 

Historical Quiz #8

This quiz appeared in the Greene County News on May 16, 1952 and written by George W. Bagley.

 
Governor Fletcher's administration from 1692 to 1696 was one of turbulence and dissatisfaction for the colony of new York. All but one of the following happened during this period.
1)    He introduced the Episcopal Service in the colony, and in 1696 Trinity Church, NY was built.
2)    He tried in vain to take command of the Connecticut militia but was prevented from doing so by a constant roll of drums which drowned him out, when the militia assembled.
3)    He was tolerant, and broadminded in administration.
4)    In 1696 the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church was incorporated.
 
The Hardenburgh Patent, one of the largest grants ever made in this country was approved by Queen Ann. Though its extent was somewhat vague and irregular, the eastern boundary was about as follows: (Only one of the following is correct. Which one?)
1)    It divided New York from New England
2)    It divided the colony at the Hudson River
3)    It divided the watersheds of the Delaware and Hudson
4)    It divided lands east and west of Saugerties and Palenville
5)    It divided the colonies at the Connecticut River
 
The largest group of colonists in colonial days, to come to the New World at one time occurred when one of the following events transpired:
1)    When the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620
2)    When the Spaniards settled in Florida
3)    When the Dutch and Walloons came to New Amsterdam in 1625
4)    When the Palatines were sent to New York by Queen Ann in 1709
5)    When the French under Champlain came to Canada in 1609.
 
David Abeel, an early settler on the Cauterskill Creek, built a house that still stands today, and is in use. The place where it was situated was described in the Dutch tongue as:
1)    The streke (a strip of land)
2)    Jurry's Clip (George's cliff)
3)    Plattekill (flat of a level creek)
4)    Kykuit (a lookout)
5)    Bak-oven (Bake oven)
 
Under Governor Hunter and Commander Nicholson a gigantic campaign was launched against the French in Canada in 1711 to break the French power in America. This included over ten thousand men by land and sea. In this campaign all but one of the following occurred:
1)    Four thousand troops included 1000 Palatines recruited mostly from the camps near Catskill, formed a force that marched north under Nicholson, towards Montreal.
2)    Fifteen men at war, and forty-six transports laden with troops sailed up the St. Lawrence to execute a pincer movement.
3)    In a dense fog eight transports ran aground and sank with loss of life of over one thousand soldiers.
4)    Disenheartened, the attempt was abandoned, and the troops returned.
5)    The Palatines were anxious to fight for Queen Ann because of her treatment of them.
 

Historical Quiz #9

Published in the Greene County News May 23, 1952:

The Germans from the Palatinate migrated in great numbers to England in 1700, in the hopes that they could reach America. This migration was encouraged by the English, but with thousands of Palatines quartered near London, things became different. All but one of the following statements is true. Which one is false?
1)    Many Palatines came to England in the troop ships of discharged regiments on the continent.
2)    The British welcomed any Palatine who wanted to come to England whether Lutheran, Calvinist or Roman Catholic.
3)    Huge camps of Palatines were set up on the commons, and others were quartered in warehouses, and public buildings, so great was the migration.
4)    At first the British welcomed these immigrants, but soon economic difficulties broke out. Quarrels and street fights followed.
5)    Queen Anne's counsellors developed various plans to utilize the Palatines, one of which was to send them to America to procure tar and turpentine, known as "Naval Stores" for the fleet.

A century after the Dutch came to the Hudson River, and about fifty years after the English took over, how many people do you believe were living in the Colony of New York?
1)    50,000
2)    150,000
3)    500,000
4)    1,000,000

After the failure of the Tar-Producing Project, the Hudson Palatines did all but one of the following:
1)    Many of them took up work, and settled farms in the Hudson Valley near Catskill, Saugerties, Kingston and Rhinebeck.
2)    A large group purchased outright their farms from Patroon Livingston on the east bank in what is now Columbia county.
3)    Some of them returned to New York City and engaged in trade.
4)    A group of several hundred moved northward and into the valley of the Schoharie Creek, establishing settlements, near Middleburg.
5)    Some of them moved overland down into Pennsylvania and became the earliest of the so-called Pennsylvania Dutch.

A famous Tavern-Keeper in what is now Jefferson Heights, during the Colonial period was one of the following men:
1)    Barent Salisbury
2)    Peter Osterhoudt
3)    Hans Vos
4)    Peter Souser
5)    Henry Oothout

During Colonial times, many were the conferences held between the Iroquois Indians and Englsih governors. They both talked to each other through interpreters. In the Iroquois language, a certain word was used to designate the English governor, when addressing him, and another word was invariably used to designate a French governor. Reports of these conferences invariably use the title of an English governor as one of the words below. Which one?
1)    Corlear
2)    Yonnondio
3)    Manitou
4)    Governor
 


Historical Quiz #10
 

This quiz appeared in the Greene County News on May 30, 1952 and written by George W. Bagley.
 
In pre-revolutionary days, one of the women listed below was the owner of a famous landmark, known as the "Old Stone Jug", which was built on the bank of the Catskill creek, opposite the DuBois property and near the site of the present Plusch's boat yard. The Old Stone Jug, so called, was a splendid mansion, and unfortunately it was torn down a few years ago, to make way for industrial development. Which woman was the owner?
1)    Sara DuBois
2)    Elizabeth Van Vechten
3)    Jane Dies
4)    Elizabeth Salisbury
5)    Nellie Oothout
 
The Palatine settlements on the East Bank of the Hudson were called "The East camp" and later the region was designated as Germantown. Those on the west bank were called the "West Camp", which is still known today by that title. In all, these two camps included seven villages. Of the eight names below, one of them should not be included. Which one?
1)    Elizabethtown
2)    George Town
3)    New Town
4)    Hunterstown
5)    Queensbury
6)    Annsbury
7)    Haysbury
8)    Evesport
 
In 1703 the Rev. Justus Falkner became the first pastor of the Lutheran Church in Loonenburg (Athens). He is remembered as an outstanding personage. All but one of the following statements is true:
1)    Zion Church was organised in 1704, being the oldest church in Greene County.
2)    Pastor Falkner rode a circuit of several churches in this section of the colony.
3)    He served the Zion congregation of Loonenburg for nineteen years
4)    He was the first Protestant minister ordained in America
5)    His body was buried in the church building
 
During both Dutch and English administrations of the colony, Piracy flourished, and one of the men listed below is directly connected with piracy on the high seas as well as on the Hudson River. Which one was he?
1)    Captain Thomas Baxter
2)    Captain Giles Shelley
3)    Captain William Kidd
4)    Captain John Manning
 
The province and colony of New York, during the French and Indian Wars, did not intend to its present geographical limits as found on a 1952 road amp. The French occupied Canada and for all practical purposes, how far south do you estimate the French influence extended?
1)    As far south as the St. Lawrence River, and Lake Ontario.
2)    As far south as the northern tip of Lake Champlain
3)    As far south as the southern tip of Lake Champlain near Fort Ticonderoga
4)    As far south as Lake George, and the surrounding region
5)    As far south as the outskirts of Albany and Schenectady.
 

Historical Quiz #11

This quiz appeared in the Greene County News on October 2, 1952 and was written by George W. Bagley.

Churches were never organized in a wilderness, but awaited the time sufficient colonists were grouped together in hamlets or villages. Which is the earliest organized of the following churches?
1)    The Dutch Reformed Church at Old Catskill, now known as Leeds.
2)    The Palatines Lutheran Church at West Camp
3)    The Dutch Church located at Katsbaan
4)    The Lutheran Church at Loonenburg, now known as Athens
5)    The Dutch Reformed Church in the Kiskatom area

During the eighteenth century the English and Colonists feared most of all one thing. What was it?
1)    An uprising of the slaves and indentured servants in New York
2)    An outbreak of typhus in the Palatine settlements on the Hudson
3)    An attack by the Dutch fleet to retake the colony
4)    An invasion by the Spanish squadron of New York harbor
5)    An invasion of the colony by the French and Indians

In 1727 the three brothers named Van Loon in Loonenburg presented a plot of land known as a "Glebe" to Zion Lutheran Church. With reference to this particular "glebe", all the statements below are true except one:
1)    It covered most of the region now known as the Upper Village in Athens
2)    The Glebe cannot be abolished without a special legislative approval
3)    A proviso in the original grant of land allowed for the erection of a school house.
4)    After due consideration the church authorities rejected the offer, and instead purchased the land outright
5)    Zion Church, still today, collects "glebe rents" on lands inside this glebe, from several dozen home owners.

Colonial roadways were little more than widened paths cut thru the forest, but early in the eighteenth century the first road of any considerable importance in our region was built.
1)    From Catskill to Old Catskill (Leeds)
2)    From Catskill landing to Leeds
3)    From Catskill landing to Loonenburg (Athens)
4)    From Palenville to Old Catskill (Leeds)
5)    From Catskill landing to West Camp

In 1734, nearly 110 years after the province was established, the Colonial Assembly made ready to defend its frontiers against war with the French in Canada. The outposts and garrisons considered necessary for this purpose included all but one of the following and funds were appropriated for that purpose. Which one should be excluded?
1)    6,000 pounds to fortify New York City
2)    4,000 pounds to fortify Albany
3)    800 pounds for a block-house and fort at Schenectady
4)    500 pounds to fortify West Point
5)    500 pounds to build a fort in the county of the Senecas
 


Historical Quiz #12

This quiz appeared in the Greene County News was written by George W. Bagley.

The Rev. Johannes Schuneman, who is fondly known as the "Dutch Dominie of the Catskills" was one of the most outstanding patriots of his time. All but one of the following statements is correct. Which one is false?
1)    He was raised a Lutheran, but in early manhood he became a Dutch Reformed minister, and gave up the church if his Palatine forebears.
2)    Legend tells us that while studying for the ministry in Holland, he became so pitted with smallpox that his own bride-to-be Anna Marie Van Bergen scarcely recognized him on his return.
3)    The church at Old Catskill was organized in 1732 and Dominie Schuneman came there to preach at the age of forty-one, in the year 1753.
4)    He died at the age of sixty-five at the height of the war.
5)    Traveling between Coxsackie and Old Catskill alternate Sundays for service, he went armed for protection against attack by the savages.

The year 1735 is notable because it established Peter Zenger in the hearts of Americans as a leader in the fight for Freedom of the Press. His tribulations included all but one of the following:
1)    The colonial assembly declared his writings in the newspaper were derogatory to His Majesty's Government.
2)    He was editor of the New York Herald Tribune, which failed.
3)    Declared guilty of sedition he was thrown into prison.
4)    He remained in prison eight months, being defended by Andrew Hamilton, eminent attorney.
5)    He was freed after trial, thereby confirming the right of Freedom of the Press.

Which of the five following statements or legends is not connected with the village of Coxsackie:
1)    It was located near the border-line of the lands claimed by Mohicans on the south, and Mohawks on the north.
2)    Coxsackie territory sent more men to the revolutionary war than any of the towns of present day Greene  County.
3)    Coxsackie is the community in which is located Bronk House, the home of the Greene County Historical Society.
4)    Coxsackie was the birthplace of the famous Peter Bronk.
5)    Coxsackie was one of the earliest sub-divisions of Albany County.   

In 1741 a plot was uncovered of a slave uprising to burn New York City. All but one of the following is reported to have taken place. Which statement is false?
1)    Twenty white persons were imprisoned and two executed.
2)    More than one hundred and fifty negro slaves were imprisoned.
3)    Eighteen slaves were hanged, and fourteen burned at the stake.
4)    Seventy-one were transported out of the colony.
5)    The slaves which were deported were sent to Connecticut.

In 1741 there were an estimated twelve thousand people in the city of new York. Of these, what percentage were slaves?
1)    one-half
2)    one-quarter
3)    one-sixth
4)    one-tenth
5)    one fiftieth
 


Historical Quiz #13

In 1745 a surprise expedition by New England Troops and a British fleet was made against Louisburg, the capital of Cape Breton Island off the coast of Canada, held by the French. All but one of the following statements is correct. Which one is false?

1.  Sir William Pepperell headed the expedition, which attacked Louisburg in April, establishing a siege.
2.  The second in command was Colonel Philip Schuyler of N.Y.
3,  A road was built through a morass, and a battery established  that could rake the French fort defending the city.
4.  After several days siege, additional British frigates arrived and a combined assault was planned on the capital.
5.  The French realizing their untenable position, capitulated and the important stronghold fell to the British.

In 1745 during the action against Louisburg, vain attempts were made to hurry along the interior fortifications in the Albany region. Our New Yorkers had little success, and while they were doing this all but one of the following events took place:

1.  The French and Indians raided Saratoga, burned the village and killed or captured nearly every inhabitant.
2.  The Indians looted, and burned the the village of Hoosic (Hoosick Falls) after the residents, warned of their approach, had fled.
3.  Some Albany families, alarmed, left the city to escape the Indians and French.
4.  Two hundred men were drafted and dispatched to the relief of Albany and Schenectady.
5.  None of the outpost villages in New England were disturbed.

In 1746, flushed with the success of the Louisburg expedition, the Colonials resolved to take all of Canada. Plans were halted when a French fleet of forty warships and 4000 soldiers in transports was reported under way to relieve Louisburg. Disaster striking the French fleet, all but one of the following events took place:

1.  Storms and shipwrecks crippled the French Fleet.
2.  Hundreds of French soldiers died of disease.
3.  Too late, a cure was found for the sickness.
4.  French commander Duke D'Anville died of an apoplectic fit.
5.  Remaining ships encountered a tempest off Cape Sable.

In 1776, a plague hit Albany proving fatal to many inhabitants and Indians living nearby. It was diagnosed by the doctors as being:

1.  Diptheria
2.  Yellow Fever
3.  Typhus
4.  Smallpox

One of the last official acts of British Governor George Clinton in 1753, was to appoint James Delancey as Lieutenant Governor, a man whom he felt knew the job. However, the crown sent over a new man as governor, Sir Danvers Osborne. The remarkable thing about this last named gentleman is one of the following:

1.  His term of office was the shortest on record
2.  Ex-Governor Clinton though him to be especially competent.
3.  He was a man of great common sense and balance.
4.  He served faithfully for 25 years.
5. He was admired by everyone in the colony.
 


Historical Quiz #14

From 1748 to 1753 a semblance of peace prevailed under Governor Clinton. Here in Greene County, we find the following, except one, affecting our citizens:

1) First Greenville settlers were the Brandows with nearest neighbors living in Sandy Plains.
2) The Rev. Berkenmeyer now the second pastor at Zion Lutheran, Athens.
3) The DuBois', Overbaughs, Abeels and Brandows extending their farms along the region of Cauterskill and Catskill creeks.
4) A plan of union adopted at Albany, involving our colony and those of New England, Pennsylvania and maryland.
5) The plan rejected by the crown as it gave too little authority to the colonial assemblies.

The power of France in Canada was finally broken in 1759 removing the last major obstacle to prosperity in our colony. In the final campaigns of the French and Indian War, as we call it, all but one of the following incidents took place:

1) British General Amherst took Ticonderoga and Crown Point from the French and pushed them back into Canada
2) General Braddock was defeated in campaign against Fort DuQuesne
3) Sir William Johnson besieged and took Fort Niagara from the French
4) General Wolfe captured Quebec, though both he and French General Montcalm died in the battle
5) Montreal, Detroit and the rest of Canada surrendered.

For two decades after the war, an outstanding factor in our local History took place, that had not happened before. Which one of the statements below do you believe is correct?

1) A cholera epidemic broke out lasting five years.
2) Great numbers of British soldiers received grants of land in this region, in appreciation of services rendered.
3) A public school which could accommodate 150 children was established.
4) Connecticut was unable to to claim the land previously held on Catskill Creek, and demanded payment for it from settlers.
5) A serum was developed to prevent smallpox, and everyone was vaccinated.

Abraham Van Vechten was born at Catskill in 1762. He was one of the local-boys-who-made-good. History tells us that he did all but one of the following things:

1) Had 15 children, after marrying Philip Schuyler's daughter
2) Became one of the foremost attorneys in the State.
3) Was a leading citizen of Albany where he lived
4) Was active and aggressive in civic and business matters until 75.
5) Served during the Revolutionary War in the army

James Barker, an English lawyer settled near Cairo and Durham in the years before the Revolution. It is recorded that he contributed greatly towards the prosperity of the area. The statements below reflect some of the facts regarding him. One is false. Which one?

1) He brought 23 families with him from England.
2) He established  them on his land, and was kindly referred to as the "Patroon".
3) He fell in love with a clients daughter, and married her
4) A devout man, he held Church of England services for his tenants.
5) He was an active Patriot during the revolutionary struggle
 


Historical Quiz #15

After Canada was subdued in 1760 by the English, the Colony of New York and the Colony of New Hampshire worked themselves into war over the ownership of the land that we call Vermont. Which statement is untrue?

1) Both colonies claimed the region where only a few settlements had been made before 1760, and hostile groups vied for ownership.
2) In 1764 the Crown recognized New York's claim to the country between lake Champlain and the Connecticut River, adding fuel to the fire.
3) Jealousy at fever pitch, New York placed a bounty on the heads of the New Hampshire leaders Ethen Allen and Seth Warner, of 50 pounds each.
4) Declaring New Hampshire grants invalid, New York set up three new counties, Charlotte, Gloucester and Cumberland.
5) Colonel Philip Skeen applied for a charter, and was made Governor of Vermont, by the Kings Decree in 1775, ending the dispute.

After repeal of the obnoxious Stamp Act in 1766 why did the British claim they would have to levy a tax on imports?

1) To encourage the slave trade
2) To cover the cost of Indian wars.
3) To support troops quartered in the colonies
4) For education
5) To build roads

In 1771 Lt. Col. Bradstreet protested to Sir William Johnson against what he called an outrage against the citizens and colonists. What was the basis of his complaint?

1) That slaves were running away, and laws should be enacted to stop them.
2) That the Iroquois Indians were a serious threat to the Kings forces.
3) That in 65 years only ten families had settled in the huge Hardenburgh Patent, depriving others of land.
4) That game laws should be established to preserve the deer and beaver.
5) That the roads in the colony were in deplorable condition.

Five years before the Battle of Lexington, a clash between Americans and British soldiers took place at Golden Hill, New York City, on January 18, 1770. The Americans that were involved in this clash, several of whom were wounded, were known as:

1) The Loyal Americans
2) Lobster-backs
3) Sons of Liberty
4) Minute-men
5) The Committee of 100

In March 1772, the Colonial Legislature divided Albany County into districts, the portion (of present day Greene County) along the river below Albany being called the Coxsackie District., and the southern portion being called the Great Imboght District. All but one of the following statements is true:

1) The Colonial Legislature considered naming the whole region "Greene County" but no action was taken at this time.
2) Commissioners of roads were established
3) The Albany County line was near the present village of Saugerties.
4) The legislature also provided for a supervisor, assessors and collectors for the new districts.
5) Overseers of the poor and "fence viewers" were also provided for.
 


Historical Quiz #16

In 1774, a year before the Revolution, the New Hampshire and New York difficulties had reached such a pitch that open warfare between these two colonies was not improbable. The New York Legislature declared it a felony for any settlers in the disputed territory to resist the New York authorities by force. This felony was to be punished by one of the following penalties:

1)  Confiscation of the land that they had settled upon
2)  A fine of one hundred pounds
3)  Death
4)  A year in prison
5)  Ten years in prison

To drive a wedge between the colonies and cause dissention and arguments between each of them, the British Government in 1775 did one of the following:

1)  Withdrew troops from New York, but left troops in Boston
2)  Encouraged settlement of British soldiers in New York only
3)  Restrained the trade of all colonies except New York, Delaware and South Carolina
4)  Ordered the slave trade discontinued in the southern colonies
5)  Sent arms to New England and confiscated arms in Philadelphia

Governor Tryon, past of the pre-war British Governors, became alarmed for his own personal safety in 1775, and left by ship for:

1) London
2)  Bermuda
3)  Philadelphia
4)  Boston
5)  Halifax

At the outset of the Revolutionary War, in 1775, about how many families do you believe were living in the area which now constitutes the village limits of the Village of Catskill?

1)  10
2)  30
3)  50
4)  100
5)  150

A month after the outbreak at Lexington and Concord patriots under command of Ethan Allen took Fort Ticonderoga in the name of "God and the Continental Congress". Co-incidental with this attack, the following happened:

1)  The guns were dismounted and sent to Washington's army beseiging Boston.
2)  Crown Point was taken by the "Green Mountain Boys" under command of Colonel Warner
3)  Americans captured an armed sloop at St. Johns, and controlled all of Lake Champlain.
4)  Whitehall (then called Skeensborogh) was captured from the British
5)  A battle for Lake Champlain ensued in which the British were defeated.
 


Historical Quiz #17

Following a historical precedent, Americans determined to conquer Canada, and General Montgomery and Arnold were named, in 1775 for the campaign. All but one of the following events took place.

1)  American forces, fitted out at Fort Ticonderoga beseiged the British fort at St. John's  for two months and captured it with seven hundred prisoners.
2)  Colonel Seth Warner defeated General Carlton who attempted to come to the succor of the St. John Garrison.
3)  The city of Montreal surrendered without opposition.
4)  Montgomery and Arnold stormed Quebec in a snow storm on New Year's eve, Montgomery being killed in the first assault.
5)  After a sanguinary battle, General Arnold finally captured the city.

British Lord Howe made up his mind to keep communications open and fortify the Hudson. He wanted to meet the army he thought would come down eventually from Canada. All but one of the following happened:

1)  Two British warships, the Rose and Phoenix sailed up the Hudson as far as the Tappan Zee.
2)  Attempting to land at Haverstraw Bay, they were prevented from doing so by patriot militia which followed their advance along the shore.
3)  Five American ships, the Lady Washington, Spitfire, Shark, Whiting and Crown sailed in to do battle with the British warships.
4)  Many were killed in the hour-and-a-half Battle of the Tappan Zee.
5)  This was the last attempt the British made to take the Hudson

Joseph Brandt, whose Indians raided our region during the Revolutionary War was all but one of the following:
1)  A leader of the Iroquois
2)  A brother-in-law of Sir John Johnson
3)  A friend of Sir William Johnson
4)  In the employ of the British
5)  A member of the Masonic Fraternity

After the British had occupied New York City in 1775, the Colonial Assembly as it was called, was forced to move, several times. It met in all the following places except one. Which one?
1)  Harlem
2)  Knightsbridge
3)  White Plains
4)  Hudson
5)  Tarrytown
6)  Fishkill
7)  Poughkeepsie
8)  Kingston

In 1776 Independence having been declared, New York made ready to stem an invasion from Canada, British General Carlton. All but one of the following events occurred:
1)  A naval battle was fought near Valcour Island after which American General Arnold's ships escaped down the lake towards Crown Point.
2)  The British pursued Arnold, defeating the fleet near Crown Point, Arnolds men retreating to Fort Ticonderoga, after destroying their own ships.
3)  General Gates awaited a British attack at Ticonderoga which never came and British General Carlton returned to Canada, due to the approach of cold weather.
4)  Arnold was happy that the delaying attempt had succeeded in turning back, for a year at least, the threat from Canada.
5)  Arnold was rewarded by the Continental Congress and made commander in chief.

Historical Quiz #18

Captain Samuel Van Vechten's Company from Catskill served in what campaign?
1)  Against Frontenac in the invasion of 1693.
2)  With Governor Hunter in the expedition against Canada in 1711
3)  With the forces opposing General Carlton in 1776.
4)  During the Burgoyne invasion of 1777.
5)  With General Arnold in garrison at West Point in 1780

In 1777 the most important military campaign ever to take place in New York was carried on. This was the famous "Burgoyne Invasion". The invasion plans included all but one of the following:
1)  General Burgoyne was to descend Lake Champlain, as General Carlton had attempted to do the year before, and march towards Albany
2)  Sir John Johnson with the Iroquois Indians were to march against and capture Fort Niagara
3)  Colonel St. Leger was to penetrate the Mohawk Valley and drive towards Albany for a junction with Burgoyne.
4)  Lord Howe with the bulk of the British Army and fleet was to ascend the Hudson from New York City, thereby cutting the life line with New England and separating the colonies.

There has always been a question as to just why Lord Howe did not carry out his part of the plan, which seemed to be the easiest and most important. The generally accepted belief is:
1)  That the war ministry neglected to advise Lord Howe until it was too late to make adequate preparations.
2)  The British felt they could not get their ships past West Point.
3)  American Loyalists refused to fight against their neighbors.
4)  General Howe was secretly in favor of the colonies
5)  General Howe did not think his troops were adequate for the attempt.

A half mile south of Catskill is a low hill called Kykuit (pronounced cake-out). It was used for what purpose?
1)  To observe weather conditions in the Hudson Valley.
2)  As a gathering place for the local Imboght militia.
3)  As a place for setting warning fires.
4)  As a meeting place for the members of the Indian tribes war parties.
5) As a place to get gravel for building the roads.

Major Augustine Prevost, who became a leading citizen and benefactor in Greenville is credited with all but one of the following:
1)  He gave freely for religious and school purposes
2)  His daughter Ann organized the first Sunday School in the area.
3)  He served faithfully in the French and Indian War.
4)  Alexander Hamilton was a one time business associate and Aaron Burr was at one time his legal advisor.
5)  He served on General Washington's staff during the Revolution.
 


Historical Quiz #19

When it was finally decided to to Burgoyne's assistance Sir Henry Clinton and his British army in New York did all but one of the following things:

1) Sent word to General Burgoyne that help was coming.
2) With four thousand troops and two frigates made feint landings at Tarrytown and Peekskill.
3) Broke the iron chain across the Hudson at Anthony's Nose and captured American Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery despite gallant defense by American troops.
4) Sent General Vaughn and thirty-six hundred men up the Hudson to devastate and destroy every ship they could.
5) Assaulted and took the the fort at West Point.

In October 1777 General Vaughn sailed up the Hudson and burned Kingston. All but one of the following occurrences also took place.

1) The British and Loyalists destroyed and burned homes in East camp and in Livingston Manor.
2) Watch-fires were lit, warning of the British approach, at Catskill.
3) Cattle and sheep were driven into the woods by patriots to keep them from falling into the hands of the British.
4) Volunteer militia and scouts assembled to protect the homes of the patriots while the Loyalist sympathizers awaited the coming of the British with glee.
5) Brandt's Indians raided West Camp.

Clermont House built by the Second Lord of the Manor, Robert Livingston, was burned by the British when they raided the Hudson Valley in 1777. All but one of the following statements is true:

1) Robert Livingston was a Patriot Leader, who had built the house in 1730.
2) His lands consisting of 13,000 acres were south of the Roeliff Jansen Kill, opposite the town of Catskill.
3) The fires from the burning of homes in Livingston Manor could be seen by the watchers in the Catskill (Great Imboght) district.
4) Clermont House, after it was rebuilt, became a famous hotel.
5) Using part of the original walls, the Livingstons rebuilt the Clermont House.

The first settlers in the region known known as the town of Hunter, appear to have been:
1) Quakers
2) Cow-boys
3) Skinners
4) British Officers
5) Tan Bark Loggers

Resolved to stop British ships from again moving up the Hudson, the Americans installed a heavy iron chain on a series of booms across the river at West Point. All but one of the following is true:
1) It was floated into place in April 1778.
2) None of the links remain, all being melted up as bullets.
3) It was removed each year, when the ice filled the river.
4) It remained in use throughout the rest of the war.
5) It prevented further British invasions of the river.
 


Historical Quiz #20

1)  We celebrate Independence Day on July 4, but in Mecklenburg, North Carolina, on May 31, 1775 the patriots signed a declaration against the acts of the King. History has given much notice to the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence signed at Coxsackie. All but one of the following is correct:

a) News of the Battle of Lexington arrived in Coxsackie about April 20, 1775.
b) The settlers and farmers got together to take action. Dutch, English, Walloons, Palatines, French were all represented.
c) Two hundred and twenty five men from the Valley signed their names to the declaration, resolving never to be slaves of England.
d) The Coxsackie Declaration of Independence was signed about 16 months before the one in Philadelphia.
e) None of the "famous people" of this region signed the Declaration of Independence because they were afraid of the results.

 2)  Philip Livingston, son the second Lord of Livingston Manor, is remembered particularly because he was in Philadelphia and signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776. He is also honored for other accomplishments. Only one statement below is false. Which one?

a) He served as member of of the Colonial Assembly for ten years being Speaker in the year 1768.
b) Philip Livingston was an Alderman in New York City from 1754-1760.
c) He was Mayor of New York City from 1777-1782.
d) He represented New York in the Continental Congress from 1774-1778.
e) As a successful merchant he helped organize the New York Chamber of Commerce.

 3) The DeWitts fled their home in what is now the Town of Durham, in order to escape the Indian raids of Brandt's Indians, who in 1780 were raiding the Hudson Valley and Mohawk settlements. One thing they did, which seems incredible, but is reported to be true. Can you select what it was from the list below?

a) Left a note for the Indians telling them where they had gone.
b) Put in a large stock of firewood, so that the Indians would be pleased and not molest their homes.
c) Hid a portable grist-mill in a hollow tree which they found when they came back years later.
d) Set a series of bear-traps in the woods and captured several of their pursuers.

 4) The year 1780 was a memorable one in the Catskill Region because of all the following except one:

a) Many patriots were taken in Indian raids
b) Tories visited Samuel Van Vechten's house to capture him.
c) Indians were disuaded from attacking Colonel DuBois home.
d) Dominie Schuneman's house at Leeds was burned.
e) Peter Short and Peter Miller who lived near Woodstock were captured by Indians and taken to Canada.

 5) The Indian chieftain, Joseph Brandt, whose forces raided our region, had an encampment and fort in one of the following places:

a) In the Plattekill Clove
b) At Pine Orchard
c) In the Winter Clove
d) In the Shandaken Notch
e) On the Bataviakill
 


Historical Quiz #21

Earliest settlers in the Cairo area were the Strope family, who lived near Round Top. They were Loyalists, and friendly with the Indians. They are remembered in the locality for one unusual fact:
1) Was it because Strope was a wealthy landowner?
2) Was it because he was a close friend of Dominie Schuneman?
3) Was it because of his treatment by the Indians?
4) Was it because the Governor bestowed on him an honor?
5) or was it because he was one of the First Families?

Frederick Schermerhorn was one of the few young men of our region who was captured by the Indians in 1780 and lived to tell the tale. He reported that all but one of the following befell him:
1) His arms were bound, and he was forced to walk.
2) He was taken over mountain trails, and by canoe, to Fort Niagara.
3) The Indians received a bounty for his capture from the British.
4) He was forced to enlist with the British where he remained for years.
5) Finally, watching his chance, he escaped and came back to his home.

Robert R. Livingston, son of the owner of "Clermont House" and the patron of Robert Fulton was one of American's most famous statesmen. He did all but one of the following things:
1) He was a member of both the Provincial and Continental Congresses.
2) Though one of the Committee of Five to draft the Declaration of Independence, he was away and unable to sign it. 
3) He was in charge of the defense of New Jersey during the Revolutionary War.
4) In association with James Monroe, he effected the purchase of Louisiana from the French.
5) As chancellor of New York, he administered the Oath of Office to our first President, George Washington.

Henry Brockholst Livingston, great-grandson of the First Lord of the Livingston Manor was born in 1757, and had an exciting time during the Revolution. He did all but one of the following things. Which one?
1)At the outbreak of the war he enlisted and was made captain. 
2) In the year 1779, he accompanied John Jay, his brother-in-law, on an important mission to Spain.
3) While returning from Spain, their ship was captured by the British.
4) He rose to the rank of Lt. Colonel, before the end of hostilities.
5) He studied law in 1783, after the war, and remained a lawyer the rest of his life.

Even before the end of hostilities, settlers were drifting into the region now known as Greene County. The largest population of these new settlers came from one of the following regions. Which one?
1) New Jersey
2) Connecticut
3) New Hampshire
4) England
5) New York City
 


Historical Quiz #22

No history of the Catskill region would be complete without reference to the story of David and Anthony Abeel, who lived in the old house known today as "Bak-oven", near Kiskatom. All but one of the events listed happened to them.

1) Tories and Indians ransacked their home, captured both father and son, in 1780.
2) Though pursued by patriots, the Indians escaped with their prisoners, and made their way to Fort Niagara.
3) Both men were forced to run the gauntlet, and nearly killed.
4) Taken to Montreal, they were thrown in prison.
5) Anthony and Captain Jeremiah Snyder escaped and returned home.

After the Revolution, thousands of Loyalists felt much bitterness that they could no longer remain in the colony, under the new government. Large migrations, including whole regiments of Loyalist troops and their families left the country. The largest number of these people went to what place?

1) Nova Scotia
2) Quebec
3) Trinidad
4) Bermuda
5) Kentucky

In 1786 the town of Coxsackie reported a total population of 3288. Those were about evenly divided between men and women, but over 1400 were children under the age of sixteen years of age. Slavery was common in Coxsackie at this time. How many slaves would you estimate there were in Coxsackie in the year 1786.

1) 30
2) 116
3) 180
4) 244
5) 395

The mountain called "The Colonel's Chair" is named after which colonel?

1) Colonel Henry Slaughter who became governor in 1691.
2) Colonel Provost of the Third Regiment of Royal Americans, 1760.
3) Colonel Cornelius Du Bois, 11 NY Regt. 1776
4) Colonel William Edwards, born in New Jersey, 1770
5) Colonel Anthony Van Bergen, Commanding 11th NY Regt., 1776

About 1794 several enterprising speculators attempted to do all but one on the following:

1) Procured a large acreage of land where Athens is now.
2) Proposed to create a brand new city called Esperanza
3) Named the new streets to be laid out: Oats, Barley, Corn, Wheat, Rye, Cider, Beer, Rice, etc.
4) Were compelled to change the name to "The Landing."
5) Many lots were sold on speculation and some settlers moved in.
 


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